Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1911.
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The Lords and Commons in Parliament taking into their consideration the danger to which the associated Counties of Essex, Suffolk, Norfolk, Cambridge, Hertford, and Huntington, are lyable, in case the Inhabitants of Lyn, who have now declared themselves against the Parliament, should not be reduced to their obedience; or the Popish Northerne Army, or any other Armies or Forces should make a passage into any of the said associated Counties, have thought good to afford the Inhabitants of the said Counties all fit meanes for the timely suppressing the Rebellion at Lyn, and the preventing and withstanding all mischievous designes which now are, or hereafter shall be plotted against any of the said Counties. And doe therefore the better to strengthen them, Ordaine that the County of Lincolne, and the County of the City of Lincolne shall be added to the said association. And further to enable them to maintaine and pay the Forces of Horse and Foote, now raised or hereafter to be raised by them. That there shall be rated taxed and leavied upon the severall inhabitants of the said Counties: viz. Upon the County of Essex, one thousand, one hundred, twenty and five pounds. Upon the County of Suffolke, one thousand, two hundred and fifty pounds. Upon the County of Norfolke, with the City of Norwich, one thousand, two hundred, and fifty pounds. Upon the County of Cambridge, three hundred threescore and fifteene pounds, upon the Isle of Ely, one hundred forty seven pounds, 10 shillings. Upon the County of Hertford, the summe of foure hundred, and fifty pounds. Upon the County of Huntington, two hundred and twenty pounds. And upon the County of Lincolne, and City of Lincolne, eight hundred and twelve pounds, ten shillings, weekely to be collected within the severall limits and hundreds of the said Counties and places. The first payment of the said weekely sums so assessed by this Ordinance to be made at or before the third day of October, 1643. And the said weekely payment to continue weekely, for three months next ensuing, from the said third day of October. And for expediting the said service in leavying, assessing, and collecting the said weekely summes in the said Counties: Be it Ordained, that the persons hereafter named shall be Committees for the severall and respective Counties hereafter named, That is to say.
For the County of Essex, Sir Thomas Barrington Knight and Baronet, Sir Harbottle Grimstone Knight and Baronet, Sir William Hicks, Sir William Massam, Sir Richard Everard, Baronets; Sir Martin Lumly Knight and Baronet, Sir Thomas Cheeke, Sir Henry Mildmay of Wanstead, Sir William Rowe, Sir Henry Holcroft, Sir Thomas Honnywood, Sir William Martin, Sir John Barrington, Knights; Harbottle Grimston, John Sayer, William Massam, Timothy Middleton, Henry Myldemay, William Umphrevill, Nathaniel Bacon, Oliver Raymond, Anthony Luther, Deane Tindell, John Wright, Robert Smith, Thomas Cooke, Carey Mildmay, Richard Harlackenden, Robert Wiseman of Mayland, John Eldred, John Jocelyn, Robert Bouon, John Meed, John Eden, Thomas Clapton, Arthur Barnardiston, Isaac Allen of Hasely, William Coldingham, William Atwood, John Atwood, Peter Whitcome, John Brooke, Henry Wiseman, Robert Young, Francis Stonehard, George Walton, Captaye Cletheroe, John Watkins, Edward Berkhead, George Thorowgood Esquires; Richard Wiseman, John Langly of Colchester, Thomas Cooke, John Sorrill, William Turner of Wimbich, Robert Vesey, Jeremy Ayler, William Collerd, Robert Crane, Doctor Read of Beauchanger, Robert Calthrop, Thomas Adams of Thackstead, Richard Hankin of Harwich, John Allistone, William Harlackenden, John Thorowgood of Wadden, Isaac Wincoll, Samuel Playne, Francis Williamson of Walden, Francis Nicholson, John Fening, Robert Talcot of Colchester, Thomas Allyet, and Robert Maidstone Gent.
For Colchester, the Mayor for the time being, Harbottle Grimston Recorder, John Jocelinne Deputy Recorder, Henry Barrington, John Langly, Robert Buckstone, Ralph Harrison, and William Cooke, Aldermen.
For the County of Suffolke, Sir Edmond Bacon Baronet, Sir Nathaniel Barnardistone Knight, Sir William Spring Baronet, Sir William Parker, Sir Roger North, Sir Thomas Barnardistone Knights, Bramton Gurden senior, Robert Reynolds, William Heveningham, Nathaniel Bacon of Freston, Nicholas Bacon, Henry North, Robert Brewster, Francis Bacon, Theophilus Vaughan of Becklesse, William Cage, Edmund Harvy, John Gurdon Esquires, John Bates Gentleman, Sir William Plater Knight and Baronet, Sir John Wentworth Knight, Sir Philip Parker Knight, Morrice Barrow, William Lawrence, James Hubard, Nicholas Bacon, William Bloyse Esquires, Francis Brewster Gentleman, Sir Butts Bacon Baronet, Sir Robert Brooke, Sir John Rowce, Sir William Soame Knights, Thomas Baker, Brampton Gurden junior, Wiseman Bockenham, Isaac Apleton, Henry North, Edward Read, Thomas Cole, Richard Peapes, Nathaniel Bacon of Ipswich, Gibson Lucas, Esquires.
For the County of Norfolke Sir Thomas Woodhouse Knight and Baronet, Sir John Holland Baronet, Sir John Pots Baronet, Sir John Hoberd Knight and Baronet, Sir Miles Hobert, Sir Thomas Hoggin, Knights; James Calthrop, John Cooke, John Spelman, Philip Beddinfeild, Samuel Smith, the Bailiffs of Yarmouth, Thomas Toll, and John Percevell of Lynne, Thomas Wyndeham, Francis Jeremy, Robert Wood, Gregory Gausey, John Haughton, Thomas Weld, Martin Sidley, Thomas Sotherton, Esquires, William Heveningham, William Cooke, Robert Rich, Esquires; Sir Richard Berney, Sir Isaac Ashley, Sir John Palgrave Knights Brigg Fountaine Esquire; Sir Edward Barkham Barronet; Sir Thomas Gaudy, Sir Edward Ashly, Sir Thomas Guibon Knights; Thomas Russell, John Walpoole, Robert Wilton, Robert Jeremy, John Guibon, Robert Shepherd, John Reyves, Philip Calthorpe, Esquires; Toby Fryer, Samuel Parkes, Thomas Johnson, Robert Rower, Gent.
For the County of Cambridge, Sir Dudley North, Sir John Cutts, Sir Tho. Martin, Knights; Thomas Symmonds, Dudley Pope, Esquires, Sir Myles Sands Knight, Francis Russell, Oliver Cromwell, Thomas Duckett, William Fisher, James Thompson, Walter Clapton, Robert Castle, Tho. Bendish, Edward Clerke, John Welbore, Rob. Clerke, Michael Dalton junior, Tho. Parker, Iohn Hobert, George Glapthorne, Iohn Towers, Henry Butler, Edward Leeds, William Marsh, and Humberstone Marsh, Esquires.
For the County of Hertford, Charles Lord Viscount Cranborne, Robert Cecill, Esquire, Sir Iohn Ierrat Baronet, Sir Thomas Dacres, Sir William Litton, Sir Iohn Witterong, Knights, Sergeant Atkins, Richard Iennings, Edward Wingate Iohn Tooke, Ralph Freeman, William Leman, William Presley, Iohn Hayden, Alexander Wylde, Gabriel Barber, Richard Porter Captaine Scroggs, Ralph Freeman, Thomas Tooke, Esquires, Sir Iohn Read Baronet, Doctor King, Doctor of Physicke, Iohn Humberstone Gentleman.
For the County of Huntington, Thomas Cotton Baronet, Sir John Newett Knight, Onslow Winch, Terrill Joceline, Thomas Templer, John Castle, Oliver Cromwell, Abraham Burwell, Edward Mountague, and John Bulkeley, Esquires.
For the County of Lincolne, Francis Lord Willougby of Parham, Sir John Wray, Knight and Baronet, Sir William Armyne, Sir John Brownloe, and Sir William Brownloe, Sir Thomas Trallop, Baronets, Sir Edward Ascough, Sir Hamond Whitchcoat, Sir Christopher Wray, Sir Anthony Irby, Knights, Thomas Grantham, Thomas Hatcher, John Broxholme, Montague Cholmely, John Archer, William Ellis, Esquires, Edward Ascough, Maurice Cave, Thomas Cornwallis, John Harrington, Thomas Coppledike, Francis Fines, Henry Massingberde, John Disney, Senior, Thomas Lister, Mullenax Disney, Edward King, Edward Rocetter, Thomas Savyle, William Savyle, Humphrey Walcott, Captaine John Harrington, Thomas Irby, Samuel Leigh, William Bury, John Willesby, Esquires, Edmund Tilson, Samuel Cast, Christopher Hudson, Drayner Massingberde, Richard Bryan, Master Massingden, Master Woolley, Master William Hobson, Master Hall, of Kettlethorpe, Allexander Emmerson, Thomas Welcome, Esquires, William Luddington, Edward Nelthorps, Edmond Anderson, Master Bowtall, John Sheffeild, Robert Cawdron, Esquires, Edward Skipwith, Charles Empson, Tho. Welby, the Major of Boston for the time being, John Wincock. Master Thompson, Wyat Parkins, Martin Johnson, John Browne, John Bernard, Nathaniel Tharrald, Gentlemen; Captaine Thomas Hall and Nehemiah Rawson, and Master Hall, of Kettlethorpe.
Which said severall Committees of the said severall and respective Counties and Places or any two of them, according to the former Ordinances for weekely Assessments, shall nominate such persons as they shall thinke fit within their respective Divisions, who shall have power to Assesse all and every person and persons chargeable by this Ordinance according to the weekely Rates and Proportions in this Ordinance mentioned.
And the said Committees or any two of them shall likewise have power within their severall Limits and Divisions, to nominate Collectors, who shall Collect the said mony so Assessed, and pay the same to such person or persons as the Deputy-Lieutenants of the said respective Counties or any two of them, shall appoint to be Treasurers for the said severall Counties: And if any person or persons, chargeable by this Ordinance, shall not upon Demand pay the summe or summes on him or them Assessed, it shall bee lawfull for the said respective Collectors, or any two of them, to leavy the same by way of distresse and sale of the Goods of the person or persons so Assessed; and to call to their assistance any of the Trained Bands, or Companies of Voluntiers or other Forces, who are hereby required to bee ayding and assisting to the said Collectors in the premises, as they will answer the contrary thereof. And if any person which shall bee assessed, as aforesaid towards the payment of the said summe of mony, shall refuse or neglect to pay his Rate or assessment, to the Collector appointed, within six daies after it shall be demanded, the said Committees, or any two of them shall charge the said person so refusing or neglecting, with treble as much as the said person shall bee Rated at: And if the said person shall refuse or neglect to pay the same so trebled upon him, that it shall bee lawfull for the said Committees, or any two of them, to commit the said person, so refusing or neglecting, to prison; and also to Sequester his estate till the same bee satisfied.
And bee it Ordained, that every person shall be Rated for the estate he hath, in the severall places, in each severall County; And if the Land bee set or let, to or neere the yearely value thereof, such person or persons to whom the Rent thereof belongeth, to be solely chargeable therewith; But if the same be let under value, then the summe Taxed to bee apportioned betweene the party to whom the Rent belongeth and the Tennant as the Taxer shall thinke meet; And if they, or any of them, shall doe any injury in making their Assessements, the same to bee rectified by the said Committees, or any two of them, within their severall Divisions, according to their discretions; And if any Assessors or Collectors shall refuse the said service or prove negligent or faulty therein the said Committee or any two of them shall have power to Commit such Assessors or Collectors to Prison, or to set such a fine upon him or them as they shall think fit, not exceeding the summe of one hundred pounds, and the said Fine to bee Levyed by Distresse and sale of the Offenders goods.
And it is Ordained, That the Treasurers appointed by the said Committees, for the Respective Counties in manner aforesaid, shall keepe a Register Booke of the several summes received and paid out by them, that so they may give a just & perfect account thereof unto the Committees of the said severall Counties, when thereunto they shall be by them required; And for the better incouragement of the said Collectors & treasurers, It is Ordained that two pence in the pound shall bee allowed to the said Collectors for every summe of money Collected and paid by them to the said Treasurers, and two pence in the pound to the said Treasurers for every summe of Money received and disbursed by them according to this Ordinance; And that the Treasurers of the said Counties shall issue out no summe or summes of Money to any person or persons without Order under the hands of the Deputy-Livtenants of the said respective Counties, or any two of them at least.
Power to Deputy-Lieutenants to advance money on loan,; And to give Warrants for the same.; Treasurers that will not pay on sight of Warrant.; Tenants to pay rates, and deduct same out of Landlords' Rents.; Lincoln to have same benefit of Ord. for rating such as have not contributed as the other associated Counties.; Standing Committee. Powers.
And it is further Ordained, that the Deputy-Lievtenants of the said severall and respective Counties, shall hereby have power and authority to advance Monyes by way of Loan for this Service or other necessary charges, tending to the safety and preservation of the said Counties; And for the security of such persons as shall lend any Monyes for the uses aforesaid, to give them Warrants under their hands or the hands of three of them at least, to receive the same againe of such Treasurer or Treasurers, to whom such Warrant or Warrants shall bee directed, who shall upon the sight of the said Warrant, and a Copy thereof left with them, detaine so much of the Monies which he or they shall receive as aforesaid, to discharge the said Warrants; And if the said Treasurers or any of them to whom such Warrants shall bee directed, shall not after sight of such Warrants and a Copy thereof left with them as aforesaid, stop and detaine so much of the next Monyes which he shall so receive to satisfie the person or persons, the Money so lent as aforesaid, upon proofe thereof made, the said Deputy-Lievtenants or any two of them, shall for his or their neglect or default make out their Warrants to the high Constables of the Hundreds where such Treasurer or Treasurers shall dwell or inhabit; or to what other person or persons they shall thinke fit to Leavie so much Money as the Warrant or Warrants were made for, upon the goods of the said Treasurer or Treasurers, by way of distresse and sale of their Goods, to the use of the person or persons so lending as aforesaid: And it is also Ordained, That whatsoever summes of Money are, or shall be set, or imposed by vertue of this Ordinance upon any Land-lords, for and in respect of any Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments held of them by any Tenants, the same summe of Money shall bee paid by their severall respective Tenants, which said summes of Money so to bee paid by the said Tenants, for their Land-lords, they shall deduct and defalke; out of the next Rents payable by them to their Land-lords, and for so doing, the said Tenants, their Heires, Executors, Administrators, and Assignes, shall be acquitted and saved harmlesse, against the said Land-lords, their Heires, Executors, Administrators, and Assignes, any Grant, Covenant, Condition, Writing Obligatory, or other matter whatsoever made to the contrary notwithstanding: and it is Ordained, That the County of Lincolne, and the County and City of Lincolne, shall have the advantage and benefit of the Ordinance for the Rating of such as have not contributed upon the Propositions, or not in proportion according to their Estates, to bee raised in the same manner by the Committees named in this Ordinance for that County, and to the same uses, for the maintaining their associated Forces, as the Lords and Commons have already by another Ordinance confirmed and setled the same upon the rest of the said Associated Counties; And it is Ordained, That the Deputy-Lievtenants and Committees of the said Counties, or any five or more of them, three whereof to bee Deputy-Lievtenants, shall bee a standing and constant Committee in their severall and respective Counties, who shall have power to take the accompts of all Treasurers of Money or keepers of Stores, or Ammunition belonging to their severall and respective Counties, and to Order all other the affaires of their severall Counties, according to the Ordinances of Parliament now made; or which hereafter shall be made.
Committees, or five of them, to reside within said Counties.; And to relieve each other fortnightly.; Troops raised by Associated Counties to be paid equally by them.; Governor for Holland and Marshland.
And for the better effecting of the premises, The Said Deputy-Lievtenants and Committees, or any five of them as aforesaid, shall bee resident in some convenient place within their said respective Counties, and shall have power to adjourn themselves from time to time, and from place to place within their severall Counties as they shall thinke fit, and after they or more of them shall have set fourteen dayes, Then the Minor halfe of the said Committee to be free, and they to send for so many others in their stead, and the Major halfe there still to remaine other fourteen dayes, and then they also are free, and then they also to send for three others, and so to change the Committee successively during these troubles, or till further order bee taken, giving notice from time to time, to them which are to succeed six dayes before they are to make their appearance at their appointed place; And the DeputyLievtenants and Committees of the said severall and respective Counties, are hereby required, to appoint a meeting at some convenient place within their severall and respective Counties so soone as conveniently they may, and they then present are to agree amongst themselves of the first five who are to begin this Service: And whereas Colonell Cromwell hath ten Troopes of Horse already Armed, which were heretofore raysed in the said Associated Counties, It is Ordained that all the now associated Counties shall discharge their pay till this time, and so long as the said Troopes shall be thought fit to be continued together as one intyre Regiment, they shall be payd equally by all the said Counties: And for as much as the preservation of the Isle of Ely, Holland, and Marshland, in respect of the Avynewes and passages leading to them doth mutually depend each of them upon the other, and that Colonell Cromwell is already appointed Governour of the Isle of Ely, but no speciall Provision is yet made for the parts of Holland & Marshland, the same is hereby recommended to the Earle of Manchester, who by vertue of this Ordinance is authorized to place such Governour or Governours in Holland or Marshland aforesaid (with the approbation of the Lord Generall) with such directions for the mutuall preservation of them and the Isle of Ely, as in his judgement he shall conceive to bee most effectuall for their joynt preservation.
And lastly it is Ordained, That if any person or persons inhabiting within the said Associated Counties, shall receive harbour, and conceale, any that have beene, or shall hereafter bee Imprested by vertue of any Ordinance of Parliament, to be commanded by the Earle of Manchester, Major Generall of the said Associated Forces, who shall withdraw themselves from the Service they now are or shall bee by him the said Earle ingaged in, for the Service of the Parliament, without licence from the Captaine which he or they shall serve under: It shall bee lawfull for the Deputy-Lievtenants of the severall and respective Counties, or any two of them, to commit such persons as shall so withdraw themselves, as also such as shall knowingly harbour and conceale the persons so withdrawing themselves, or to Fine any of Them as they shall thinke fit, not exceeding the summe of tenne pounds, and if the persons so withdrawing, or the persons so concealing, shall refuse upon demand, to pay the said Fine so imposed upon him or them as aforesaid, that then it shall bee lawfull for the said severall and respective Deputylievtenants or any two of them, to Sequester the Estates of the said Offenders, and Imprison their persons, untill the said Fines be satisfied and payd.