July 1645: An Ordinance for the raising and collecting of Ten thousand pounds, for and towards the Redemption of distressed Captives

Pages 732-734

Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1911.

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July, 1645

[9 July 1645.]

Act for relief of Captives.; Ord. 24 Oct. 1644.;Names of Committee appointed for receiving Merchants Bonds and Money due thereon.; Powers.; Merchants to be repaid.

Whereas by an Act made this present Parliament, Intituled, An Act for the relief of the Captives taken by Turkish, Moorish, and other Pirats; and to prevent the taking of others in time to come, a Subsidy of one per cent. was imposed on all Goods and Merchandize exported out of, or imported into this Kingdom of England and Dominion of Wales, which was to be one first part more then the Customs and Subsidy of Tonnage and Poundage, according to the Book of Rates: Since the passing of which Act, the House of Commons by Order of the Tenth of March 1641. for divers reasons did Order, That Bonds should be taken by the Collectors of that duty to stand to the Order of Parliament: And whereas both Houses of Parliament intending to carry on that good work, did on the 24. of October 1644. Order, That only one fourth part of the moneys due by the said Bonds, being one shilling in every twenty shillings Custom, should be paid by the respective Merchants of the City of London, having by their Petition set forth the great inconveniency that might happen, as well in relation to the Advancement of the work, as to the unequal burthen that might rest upon the wellaffected Merchants, in regard sundry persons ill disposed to that work, and disaffected to the Parliament, did, during the time of the said Act, make ill use of the favor of the Parliament; and did fraudulently make entry of their Goods in the names of insolvent and unknown persons, by whom Bonds were likewise sealed. And the duty being now required, no such persons appear, nor moneys can be collected for the carrying on of that work; yet the said well-affected Merchants being desirous that the work might go on, are ready not only by way of Advance forthwith to pay in all such moneys as they themselves owe upon those Bonds, but likewise willing to discover the fraud in those ill-affected persons, and to use their best endeavors to recover in the moneys due upon such bonds, so as they might be enabled by an Ordinance of Parliament, for continuance of that duty of one fourth per Cent. for another year to reimburse themselves out of the one moyety of the Collections of that duty, or otherwise, all such moneys as they shal pay in and advance as aforesaid; It is therefore Ordained by the Lords and Commons assembled in Parliament; That Samuel Avery, Esquire, Alderman of the City of London, Walter Pell, Robert Lowther, Rouland Wilson Senior, Thomas Hodges, William Methold, Edmund Cason, Robert Abdy, Samuel Mico, Charles Snelling, Richard Leg, Thomas Rich, Ionathan Andrews, Nathanel Wright, Thomas Burnel, Richard. Chiverton, Nathan Wright, Richard Hill, Benjamin Delannoy, William Vincent, Henry Hunt, and Hugh Wood, or any three of them shall be a Committee, and have power to receive from the Chamberlain of London, who is hereby required to deliver all such Bonds of Merchants heretofore taken for the satisfying of that duty by vertue of the said Order of the Tenth of March, 1641. And shall have further power to receive all Moneys due upon the said Bonds, from the several Merchants, according to the Rule following: That is to say, of all such Merchants that shall before the 24. of July next, voluntarily pay in the one fourth part of the One per cent. in obedience to the Ordinance of the 24. of October, 1644. upon their said Bonds they shall accept thereof, and deliver up their Bonds cancelled to the respective Merchants; but of all others, which shall refuse to accept of the benefit of this Ordinance, and to pay in their Moneys on their Bonds by the day prescribed, or any others that they shall discover fraudulently to have made their Entries in unknown Names to elude the Ordinance of Parliament, They shall have power to require and receive the whole duty of One per cent. or the whole penalty of the said Bonds as they shall think fit. And if any shal refuse upon demand to make such payment, then to leavie the same by distresse upon the Goods and Estates of such persons, and the same to sell and dispose of for the satisfaction of the said Bonds, and the overplus if any shall be, to return it to the parties so refusing. And for the better execution of this service, they shall have power to send for Parties, Witnesses, other then Peers, Papers and Records at a certain time and place where they shall constantly sit. And it is further Ordained, That after the sum of Ten thousand pounds shall be raised and Collected upon the said Bonds for the carrying on the said work, such Merchants, as shall, on or before the said 24. day of July, pay in their said Moneys in obedience to this Ordinance, shall be repaid the same out of the surplus of such Moneys as shall arise upon the said Bonds in turn as they did pay in their Moneys, and what part shall be wanting for the full reimbursement of every particular Merchant, shall be paid out of the one Moyety of the Receipts that shall be Collected in the Port of London, on an Ordinance of Parliament passed this present day, for the continuance of the said duty of one fourth of one per cent. from the 10. of December next inclusive. Provided, if any Merchant shall not pay in the Money due by his Bond, on or before the 24. of July as aforesaid, shall not enjoy the benefit of this clause, or any thing in this Ordinance contained.

Committee may appoint Treasurer

And it is further Ordained, That this Committee shall have power to appoint a Treasurer to receive and issue out all such moneys as shall be Collected on the said Bonds, as he shall receive order from time to time from the Committee of the Navy appointed by Parliament, which shall be to him a sufficient discharge, and to imploy such other person or persons in the execution of this service, and to give such reward for their care and pains, as to them with the approbation of the Committee of the Navy shall be thought fit.

Penalty for elusion of Ord. after July 24.

Lastly it is Ordained, That if after the said 24. day of July, any person or persons shall be discovered eluding of the said Ordinance of Parliament for the payment of that duty to have made fraudulent entries, and to cause Bonds to be given in the names of unknown or insolvent persons, such persons so discovered shall be liable to the penalty of the said Bonds, and to such further punishment as shall be thought fit by Parliament to be due to offences of that nature; one Moyety of the said Fine and penalty shall be to such person or persons that shall make such discovery, and the other Moyety to the State, to be imployed, to and for the Redemption of the said distressed Captives; And the Committee of the Navy are to take care for the putting this Ordinance in execution, and to give such further Instructions from time to time, as shall be needful for the better carrying on of this Service.