Acts and Ordinances of the Interregnum, 1642-1660. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1911.
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Whereas by a former Ordinance made in or about the Eighteenth of December, 1643. it was Provided and Ordained, That the Town of Newport Pagnel in the County of Buckingham should be Fortified, and the Garison there maintained at the charges of several Counties neer adjoyning, but no provision is thereby made for the Garisons of Bedford in the County of Bedford; of Huntington in the County of Huntington; of the Castle of Cambridge in the County of Cambridge, or Lyn Regis in the County of Norfolk; and at present there is no provision or maintenance made for the said last recited Garisons.
The Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, taking into their serious consideration, how the said Garisons may for the time to come be maintained, and have constant pay provided for the Officers and Soldiers of the said Garisons, Have Ordered, and be it by Authority of Parliament Ordained, That the said Ordinance made in or about the Eighteenth of December, 1643. for the maintaining the said Garison of Newport Pagnel, be repealed and made void from the first day of June in the year of our Lord God, 1645. And the said Lords and Commons do further Declare and Ordain, That for the maintaining the said Garisons of Newport Pagnel, Bedford, Huntington, Castle at Cambridge and Lyn Regis, from the said June 1. 1645. there shall be monthly raised within all the Counties, Cities and Places hereafter named, the Monethly Sum of Three thousand seven hundred forty and six pounds, the same to be Assessed, Raised, and Leavied within the said Counties and Cities respectively, in maner and from following: Viz.
And it is also Ordained, That the first Moneth and time of payment shall begin and be accompted from the first day of June in the year of our Lord, 1645. and to continue for the space of one whole year, next after the first of June last past.
And it is further Ordained by the said Lords and Commons, That the several Lords Lieutenants of the respective Counties of the Eastern Association, shall be, and are hereby appointed to be of the Committee of the said Association; And that the several sums of money Monethly raised within the said Counties, shall be imployed and disposed of for the maintenance and pay of such and so many Officers within the said several Garisons, as by the said Committee for the Eastern Association shall be nominated and appointed; And also for the maintenance of the several Soldiers within the said several Garisons as hereafter followeth: viz.
At Newport Pagnel Eight hundred Foot, and One hundred and twenty Horse: At the Town of Bedford Eighty Foot and Forty Dragoons: at the Town of Huntington, Eighty Foot and Forty Dragoons: At the castle of Cambridge One hundred & twenty Foot, and Ten Horse; which said Horse are to be ordered and directed by the said Committee of the Eastern Association: At the Town of Lyn Regis One thousand Foot, whereof Three hundred are to be sent to Boston, for the better securing of that Garrison, as they shall be ordered and directed by both Houses of Parliament, or the Committee of both Kingdoms, or by the said Committee of the House of Commons for the Eastern Association.
And be it further Ordained, That the said Committee for the said Eastern Association, shall and may, from time to time, nominate and appoint such person and persons to be Treasurer and Treasurers for the receiving and paying such sums of money to be raised within the said Counties as abovesaid, as they shall think fit; And that the several Collectors, and other persons within the said several Counties, do pay all moneys by them received, and to be received and collected by vertue of this Ordinance, to such Treasurer or Treasurers so to be named and appointed as aforesaid.
And be it further Ordained and Declared, That all the sums of money to be assessed and raised by vertue of this Ordinance, shall be wholly imployed in the maintaining and paying the Officers and Soldiers of the said Garrisons, and in and about the said Garisons, and necessary preservation of them, and to no other use whatsoever; And that the said Treasurer and Treasurers shall issue forth and pay no sum of money, but for the uses and intents aforesaid, and that by Warrant and Order in writing, to be from time to time had and made from the said Committee for the Eastern Association, under five or more of their hands; which said Committee are to issue forth no Order or Warrant but for the uses and intents aforesaid, other then in allowances of necessary Fees and charges to Treasurers, Collectors, and other persons imployed in the collecting, raising and paying of the said moneys; which said Treasurers, Collectors and other persons, are to have no greater Fees or alowances, then is alowed to the Treasurers, Collectors and other persons appointed for the collecting the several sums of money raised by the several Ordinances of Parliament for the payment of Sir Tho: Fairfax's Army.
And it is further Ordained by the Authority aforesaid, That for the assessing, levying and raising the several Monthly sums aforesaid upon the several counties aforesaid, the Committees, or any three or more of them of the several counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Cambridge, Isle of Ely, Huntington, Northampton, Bedford, Buckingham, and city of Norwich respectively, already established and appointed by Parliament for the assessing, raising and levying the several sums of money for the payment of the Army under the command of Sir Tho: Fairfax, shall and may have power to nominate Assessors, Collectors, and other Officers and persons for the assessing, raising, collecting and levying the monethly sums of money within the said several counties, cities and places; and shall have power to assess, tax, raise, collect and levy the said several sums of money within the said respective counties, with the best equality they may, upon each Parish, Township or place within the said several counties: And shall and may send forth their Warrants to the high Constables, or such other persons as they or any three of them shall think fitting for the rating, assessing and collecting of the several sums taxed or rated upon the said several Parishes, Townships and Places; which sums so rated and taxed, to be raised by distress and sale of the goods of all and singular such persons as shall refuse or neglect, after lawful demand, to pay their proportions so rated upon them, by Warrant under the hand of any two or more of the said Committees respectively: And if any person shall finde himself grieved by any such tax, That such person, upon complaint to the said Committees, or any two of them respectively, if they shall think fit, shall be relieved in such sort as they or any two of them respectively shall finde reasonable: Provided, That such complaint be made within six days after notice of his said tax; And if any person or persons within the said respective counties, which by vertue of this Ordinance shall be rated to pay any sum or sums of money, shall obstinately refuse to pay the same; And if no goods of such person or persons can be found, whereby he may be distrained for payment thereof, That then it shall be lawful, to and for the said Committees, or any three or more of them respectively, to cause such person, not being a Peer of this Realm, or Assistant of the House of Peers, so refusing or neglecting, to be imprisoned, & there to be detained & kept, until he or they shal pay their rates & taxes.
And it is further Ordered and Declared, That all sum and said several sums of money within the said several counties, that all person and persons, Bodies Politique and Corporate; all Manors, Lands, Tenements. Rents and Hereditaments, Goods and Chattels whatsoever within the said counties, that are liable and chargeable with the taxes and payment of any money for the payment of the said Army under Sir Tho: Fairfax, within the said counties, are and shall be liable to the payment of the said several sums to be raised by vertue of this Ordinance: And the said Committees of the said several counties, or any three or more of them, shall and may do and execute all such Power and Authority for the raising of the said several sums of money to be raised within the said counties by vertue of this Ordinance, as to them or any three of them is given by vertue of the said Ordinances for the payment of the Army under the command of Sir Tho: Fairfax, upon all persons not being a Peer of this Realm, or Assistant of the House of Peers; and shall and may give such alowance and alowances to Officers, and Fine and Imprison, except as aforesaid, such as shall neglect or refuse their several duties and offices, in such sort and manner as in and by the said Ordinance for the payment of Sir Tho: Fairfax's Army is appointed.
And it is further Ordered and Declared, That all sum and sums of money not yet assessed, collected or paid from the several counties, named in and by the said Ordinance, made in or about Decemb. 18. 1643. for the erecting and maintaining of the garison of Newport Pagnel until the said June 1. 1645. shal and may be forthwith assessed, collected and paid in such maner, and by such person and persons, as in and by this Ordinance is appointed and declared, unto the said Treasurer and Treasurers to be appointed by vertue of this present Ordinance; which said sums of money shall be paid and disposed for the payment and discharge of the Billet and Quarter due by the Officers and Soldiers of Newport Pagnel, unto the Inhabitants of Newport Pagnel, and three hundreds of Newport, and other Towns and places neer adjoyning; and after such Quarter and Billet first paid, then the remainder and overplus (if any be) to such person and persons, as by the said Committee for the Eastern Association shall be appointed and declared.
And it is further Ordained and Declared, That the said Committee for the Eastern Association, shal and may from time to time, cause Musters to be taken within the said Garisons, so often as they shall hold sitting; and that they shall and may nominate and appoint such person & persons as they please to take such Musters.