BHO

Market Privileges 1421-1430

Borough Market Privileges the Hinterland of Medieval London, C.1400. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2006.

This free content was born digital. All rights reserved.

Citation:

Market Privileges 1421-1430

Date
Date of the granting of the privilege.
Place
The principal place(s) concerned.
Description
Description of the substance of the privilege. Bibliographic details are given in square brackets at the end of each entry. The abbreviations used may be found in the Editorial note.
26/05/1421 Bishop's Lynn (Norfolk) Order to the customers in Bishop's Lynn to allow John Cherche in that port to load a ship of 100 tuns burden and more with 800 quarters of wheat and rye, and after payment of customs and subsidies take the same to Normandy for the victualling of the earl of Salisbury. [CCR 1419-22, 146]
29/05/1421 Buntingford (Hertfordshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to William Neweland, chapman of Buntingford, for non-appearance to answer Simon Bartelot, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £11. 5s. [CPR 1416-22, 345]
18/02/1421 Gloucester (Gloucestershire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Gloucester of pavage for 1 year. [CPR 1416-22, 316]
09/11/1421 Kendal (Westmorland) Grant to the good men of Kirkby in Kendal of pontage for 1 year, in aid of the repair of 2 stone bridges by the town across the water of Kent. [CPR 1416-22, 399]
28/10/1421 Northampton (Northamptonshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Walter Clyndon, chapman of Northampton, for non-appearance to answer Thomas Burbache, citizen and grocer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1416-22, 352]
20/11/1421 Yardley (Hertfordshire)
Great Munden (Hertfordshire)
Pardon fo outlawry to John Hoge, maltman of Yardley, for non-appearance to render £8 to Margaret, late wife and administratrix of Henry Haward of Great Mundon, esquire, died intestate. [CPR 1416-22, 356]
30/11/1422 Cirencester (Gloucestershire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to William Wlles [sic], chapman of Cirencester, for non-appearance to answer Alan Everard [text: Everad], citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 100s. [CPR 1422-29, 25]
21/11/1422 Deddington (Oxfordshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to William Hornecastell, chapman of Dadington, for non-appearance to answer Thomas Clenehand, mercer of London, for a debt of £13. 6s. 8d. [CPR 1422-29, 25]
15/07/1422 Scarborough (Yorkshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Scarborough of quayage for 2 years. [CPR 1416-22, 439]
01/12/1422 Shrewsbury (Shropshire) Grant to the bailiffs and burgesses of Shrewsbury of pavage for 1 year. [CPR 1422-29, 4]
10/12/1422 Staines (Middlesex) Grant to Ralph Baker, Thomas Tanner, Richard Trotter and John Byle of Staines, of pontage for 2 years, for the repair of Staines bridge. [CPR 1422-29, 19]
11/01/1422 Staines (Middlesex) Grant to Ralph Baker, Thomas Tanner, Richard Motter and John Byle of Staines of pontage for 2 years in aid of the repair of the bridge of the town. [CPR 1416-22, 410]
08/05/1423 Beverley (Yorkshire) Grant to the burgesses and men of Beverley of pavage for 1 year. [CPR 1422-29, 99]
10/05/1423 Beverley (Yorkshire) Inspeximus and confirmation of charters of Thurstin archbishop of York and William archbishop of York granting to the burgesses of Beverley quittance from toll in the 3 feasts in which the said toll pertains to the archbishop and canons of St Peter York (St John the confessor in May, the Translation of St John, and the Nativity of St John the Baptist). [CPR 1422-29, 99-101]
18/11/1423 Cookham (Berkshire)
Bray (Berkshire)
Maidenhead (Berkshire)
Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Cookham and Bray of pontage for 3 years for the repair of the bridge of Maidenhead. [CPR 1422-29, 141]
08/11/1423 Dover (Kent) Grant to the mayor of Dover of murage for 2 years. [CPR 1422-29, 139]
04/12/1423 Leicester (Leicestershire) Inspeximus and confirmation (along with another charter) of letters patent of 12/12/1411, granting to the dean and canons of the church of St Mary Leicester (among other privileges) for themselves and their men and tenants quittance of toll, pavage, pontage, quayage, murage, passage, paage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, barbicanage and other similar charges and customs. [CPR 1422-29, 162]
20/10/1423 London
Cirencester (Gloucestershire)
Pardon of outlawry to John Lovekyn, tanner of Cirencester, alias Lukyn, chapman, for non-appearance to answer Geoffrey Yermouth, "lyndraper" of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 143]
16/06/1423 Ludlow (Shropshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Ludlow of murage for 1 year. [CPR 1422-29, 105]
15/11/1423 Oxford (Oxfordshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VI of Henry IV's confirmation of the charters of Henry II and Henry III and their confirmations by Edward I, Edward III and Richard II, granting and confirming to the burgesses of Oxford (among other privileges) quittance from toll and passage throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 94-95]
15/6/1423 Portsmouth (Hampshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VI of Henry VI's confirmation of charters of Richard I, John, and Henry III, and their confirmations by Edward II, Edward III and Richard II, granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 12-13]
18/11/1423 Retford (Nottinghamshire)
Nottingham (Nottinghamshire)
Inspeximus and confirmation of (among other charters) letters patent dated 17/11/1225, being a lease by the burgesses of Nottingham to those of Retford of certain tolls. (cf. Records of the Borough of Nottingham, vol. I, p. 18) [CPR 1422-29, 162]
14/12/1423 Scarborough (Yorkshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Scarborough of pavage and quayage for 2 years. [CPR 1422-29, 156]
27/10/1423 Shrewsbury (Shropshire) Grant to the bailiffs and burgesses of Shrewsbury, which is near Wales and needs better fortification to resist the king's enemies, of murage for 1 year. [CPR 1422-29, 140]
09/02/1423 Thaxted (Essex)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Thomas Alwyn, chapman of Thaxsted, for non-appearance to answer Thomas Clenehand, mercer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 27]
07/06/1424 Abingdon (Berkshire)
Andover (Hampshire)
Pardon of outlawry to John Vyge, chapman of Andover, for non-appearance to satisfy John London of Abingdon for a judgement debt of £8 and 20s. damages recovered in court. [CPR 1422-29, 204]
16/11/1424 Barford (Bedfordshire) Pardon of outlawry to Robert More, maltman of Barford, for non-appearance to answer John Swaunton of Barford for a debt of £4. 18d. [CPR 1422-29, 241]
15/07/1424 Beverley (Yorkshire) Grant to the burgesses and good men of Beverley of pavage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 212]
17/02/1424 Bristol (Gloucestershire) Grant to the mayor, bailiffs and good men of Bristol of quayage for 6 years, except on merchandise of the inhabitants of Tenby (Pembrokeshire), to be applied on the repair of the quay and its walls and on the walls and pavement of the said town. [CPR 1422-29, 226]
12/10/1424 Dover (Kent)
Margate (Kent)
Gore End (Kent)
Birchington (Kent)
Wade (Kent)
Kingsdown (Kent)
Ringwould (Kent)
Mandate to all royal officials and others to allow the men of the towns of Margate and Gore End, the parishes of SS. John, Peter, Nicholas and All Saints of Birchington, Wade in the Isle of Thanet, Kingsdown and of the parish of Ringwould near Dover, which are limbs and advocants of the port of Dover and the men are of the its liberty, to be quit of toll, custom, lastage, tallage, passage, quayage, rivage and pontage, according to the privileges of the Cinque Ports. [Dover Charters, 178-181]
08/11/1424 Gloucester (Gloucestershire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Gloucester of pavage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 253]
06/06/1424 Launceston (Cornwall)
Plymouth (Devon)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Cadelegh for non-appearance to answer William Wonston for a debt of 48s, nor Dennis Bampton, merchant of Plymouth for a debt of £10, nor Laurence Hampton, citizen and mercer of London for a debt of £40, being impleaded by the name of John Cadley, chapman of Launceston. [CPR 1422-29, 152]
10/02/1424 Newport Pagnell (Buckinghamshire)
Stony Stratford (Buckinghamshire)
London
Coventry (Warwickshire)
Pardon of outlawry to Simon Trikelowe of Newport Pagnell, alias Simon Trykkeloue, mercer, alias Simon Trykloue, chapman of Stony Stratford, for non-appearance to answer Thomas Cressy, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £15, nor William Bedeford, merchant of Coventry, for a debt of £7, nor Richard Toures for a debt of £8. [CPR 1422-29, 148]
15/04/1424 Whitby (Yorkshire) Grant to the abbot and good men of Whitby of quayage for 2 years. [CPR 1422-29, 189]
21/11/1425 Bridport (Dorset)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Richard Hore, chapman of Bridport, for non-appearance to answer John Thomelyn, citizen and grocer, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 307]
20/05/1425 Dunstable (Bedfordshire)
Southam (Warwickshire)
London
Deddington (Oxfordshire)
Pardon of outlawry to William Spetilman or Spytilman, or Spitilman, or Spytelman, of Southam, latterly described as "chapman" for non-appearance to answer Robert Domynyk, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 60s., or John Draper of Deddington for a debt of £15, or Thomas Fauconer, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £4, or William Coterell of Dunstaple for a debt of £17. 9d. [CPR 1422-29, 249]
30/11/1425 Ipswich (Suffolk)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Greyne, chapman or merchant of Ipswich, for non-appearance to answer John Colbroke, citizen and tailor of London, for a debt of £20, or John Chirche or Cherche, citizen and mercer of London for a debt of £17. 13s. 4d. [CPR 1422-29, 308]
16/02/1425 London
Bury St Edmunds (Suffolk)
Pardon of outlawry to Robert Methewold, chapman of Bury St Edmund, for non-appearance to answer Robert Marchall, citizen and grocer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 245]
26/05/1425 Marlborough (Wiltshire) Inspeximus and confirmation of (among other charters) a charter dated 28/5/1408, being a grant that the mayor and burgesses of Marlborough shall be free from murage, quayage, coverage and cheminage throughout the king's dominions. [CPR 1422-29, 285-6]
10/07/1425 Marton (Warwickshire)
London
Order to the sheriff of Warwick not to levy until further order any moneys of any of the lieges passing over a bridge in the town of Marton by Kenilworth castle for repair of the bridge [pontage], especially when the bridge is not in need of repair; as the king has learned that the bridge which was of old appointed for public passage of men of those parts, lately became so weak and ruinous that for its repair the sheriff did for a long time collect money from all lieges passing thereby with goods and merchandise; and John Middilton, late of London, who was born in that town, of his devotion and zeal and his compassion for poor passengers thereby for their discharge and peace caused in his lifetime the bridge to be new built of stone and lime, so that for a long while it will need no repair. [CCR 1422-29, 176]
07/07/1425 Merton (Surrey) Inspeximus and confirmation of a charter of Richard I granting to the prior and convent of Merton (among other liberties quittance of toll, passage, pontage, stallage, and lastage. [CPR 1422-29, 288]
14/02/1425 Northampton (Northamptonshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Thomas Hogekyns, chapman of Northampton, for non-appearance to answer Alan Everard, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 100s. [CPR 1422-29, 244]
02/07/1425 Windsor (Berkshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of New Windsor of pontage for 2 years. [CPR 1422-29, 289]
04/01/1426 Barton-upon-Humber (Lincolnshire) Grant to the good men of Barton on Humber of pavage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 318]
28/04/1426 Caldecott (Rutland)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Robert Gosehawek, chapman of Caldecott, for non-appearance to answer John Clerk, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 44s. [CPR 1422-29, 311]
18/05/1426 Hereford (Herefordshire) Grant to the mayor and bailiffs of Hereford of murage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 336]
14/05/1426 Ludlow (Shropshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Ludlow of murage for 4 years. [CPR 1422-29, 333]
08/07/1426 Lutterworth (Leicestershire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Tryp, chapman of Lutterworth, for non-appearance to answer Henry Purchas, citizen and grocer of London, for a debt of £12. [CPR 1422-29, 314]
06/11/1426 Scarborough (Yorkshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Scarborough of quayage and pavage for 2 years. [CPR 1422-29, 384]
24/10/1426 Southampton (Hampshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VI of Henry V's confirmation of the charters of previous kings granting to the burgesses of Southampton (among other privileges) quittance from toll, passage, pontage, pavage, quayage and murage throughout the realm. [Southampton Charters I, 40-53]
19/11/1426 Tintagel (Cornwall) Inspeximus and confirmation of Richard II's confirmation of a charter of Richard of Cornwall, granting the burgesses of Tintagel freedom from pontage and stallage throughout Cornwall, a market every Wednesday, and an annual fair for 3 days beginning on the vigil of St Faith. [CPR 1422-29, 382]
08/02/1426 Willingham (Cambridgeshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Bolle, drover of Willingham, for non-appearance to answer William Lyrpole, goldsmith of London, for a debt of 60s. [CPR 1422-29, 309]
17/11/1427 Acle (Norfolk) Inspeximus and confirmation of (among other charters) a charter of Henry II granting to the men of Acle freedom from toll etc. [CPR 1422-29, 449-450]
28/05/1427 Banbury (Oxfordshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Kyrkeby, chapman of Banbury, for non-appearance to answer William Rumbold, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £4. 12s. [CPR 1422-29, 373]
18/09/1427 Beverley (Yorkshire) Grant to the burgesses and good men of Beverley of pavage for 7 years. [CPR 1422-29, 425]
09/05/1427 Christchurch (Hampshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Thomas Broun, chapman of Christchurch, for non-appearance to answer William Pekke, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 70s. or Henry Parmenter, citizen and grocer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 365]
13/02/1427 Faringdon (Berkshire)
Cirencester (Gloucestershire)
Pardon of outlawry to John Cook, chapman or woolman of Faringdon, for non-appearance to answer John and William Freeke, both of Cirencester, for a debt of £18. 6s. 3d. [CPR 1422-29, 364]
27/01/1427 Godmanchester (Huntingdonshire) Order to all royal officials and others to allow the men and tenants of the manor of Godmanchester, which is of the ancient demesne of the crown, to be quit of toll, pavage and murage throughout the realm, as the men of the ancient demesne ought to be according to custom. [CCR 1422-29, 287]
10/07/1427 Great Yarmouth (Norfolk) Grant to the bailiffs and burgesses of Great Yarmouth of murage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 411]
01/02/1427 Leek (Staffordshire) Inspeximus and confirmation to the abbot and convent of Dieulacres at Leek of (among other charters) a charter of Ranulf earl of Chester granting the monks exemption from toll. [CPR 1422-29, 407]
16/11/1427 Naseby (Northamptonshire) Order to all royal officials and others to allow the men and tenants of Naseby of Humphrey duke of Gloucester, being tenants of the honour of Gloucester, to be quit of toll on their goods and property as they ought to be and their ancestors have been, as the tenants of the said honour have been quit of such payment by custom. [CCR 1422-29, 352]
11/8/1427 Reading (Berkshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VI of Richard II's charter of confirmation of a charter of Henry III granting to the burgesses of Reading (among other liberties) quittance from toll, passage and carriage throughout England, and its confirmation by Edward III. [Reading Charters, 3]
13/10/1427 St Michael's Mount (Cornwall)
Lands End (Cornwall)
Grant to William Morton of St Michael's Mount, chaplain, and the governors of the works there, of quayage for 7 years, in aid of constructing a harbour between the Lizard and Lands End, viz. from every vessel of 120 tuns and over anchoring by the said Mount 12d.; from every vessel between 120 and 60 tuns 8d.; from every vessel under 60 tuns 4d. so often as they anchor; from every strange fishing boat fishing in the bay for the fish called "hake" 12d yearly or "hake" of that value. [CPR 1422-29, 447-8]
05/09/1427 York (Yorkshire) Grant to the citizens of York of murage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 425]
03/07/1428 Ashover (Derbyshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Robert Shoter, chapman of Ashover, for non-appearance to answer John Halle, citizen and grocer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 441]
15/06/1428 Bildeston (Suffolk)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Thomas Howard, late of Bildeston, chapman, for non-appearance to answer Everard Fleet, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £24. [CPR 1422-29, 441]
21/04/1428 Boston (Lincolnshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Bendele, chapman of Boston, for non-appearance to answer William Brigge, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £8. 12s. [CPR 1422-29, 437]
24/01/1428 Boston (Lincolnshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to William Symond, chapman or gentleman of Boston, to answer Walter Hunspill, citizen and draper of London, for a debt of 14 marks, or William Foucher, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 40s., or William Erdyngton, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 435]
27/10/1428 Gayton (Norfolk)
London
Pardon of outlawry to William Beteryng, chapman of Gayton, for non-appearance to answer Everard Flete, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £13. [CPR 1422-29, 505]
17/01/1428 Maidenhead (Berkshire)
Cookham (Berkshire)
Bray (Berkshire)
Gran to the bailiffs and good men of Cookham and Bray of pontage for 5 years, to be applied to the repair of the bridge of Maidenhead. [CPR 1422-29, 456]
06/05/1428 Melbourn (Cambridgeshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to John Skipton, chapman of Melbourn, for non-appearance to answer Robert Archebold, late of London, mercer, for a debt of £14. [CPR 1422-29, 439]
15/05/1428 Shaftesbury (Dorset)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Edmund Eggeworth, late of Shaftesbury, chapman, for non-appearance to answer William Olyver, citizen and grocer of London, for a debt of £8. 6s. 10d. [CPR 1422-29, 440]
06/11/1428 Shrewsbury (Shropshire) Grant to the bailiffs and burgesses of Shrewsbury of murage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 519]
26/03/1428 Staines (Middlesex) Grant to Ralph Baker, Thomas Tannere, Richard Trotter and John Byle of Staines, of pontage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 427]
20/10/1428 York (Yorkshire)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Thomas Copeland, alias Midelton, chapman of York, for non-appearance to answer William Burton, grocer of London, for a debt of 40s. [CPR 1422-29, 506]
14/06/1429 Droitwich (Worcestershire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Droitwich of pavage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 540]
08/07/1429 Hereford (Herefordshire) Grant to the mayor and bailiffs of Hereford of murage for 3 years. [CPR 1422-29, 543]
12/02/1429 Maldon (Essex)
Writtle (Essex)
London
Grittenham (Wiltshire)
Iden (Sussex)
Pardon of outlawry to John Burgeys, chapman, merchant or husbandman of Maldon, for non-appearance to answer the following men for the following debts: Robert Grey, fishmonger of London £4; William Wyght of Grittenham (Wilts.), 6 marks; Thomas Elden of Writtle (Essex), 60s.; Robert Pellican, citizen and stockfishmonger of London, £12; John Glover of Maldon (Essex) £10; William Cambrygge, citizen and ironmonger of London, 113s. 4d.; Walter Cherteseye, citizen and draper of London, 8 1/2 marks; John Hake, citizen and draper of London, 40s.; John Esgaston, citizen and ironmonger of London, £10; Hugh Stafford, knight, £20; Robert Doun £22; John Hogham 40s; nor to render £9 to the administrators of John Welles of Maldon, or £20 to the executors of John Salerne of Iden (Sussex) [CPR 1422-29, 510]
14/02/1429 Norwich (Norfolk)
London
Pardon of outlawry to Nicholas Brethenham, chapman of Norwich, for non-appearance to answer William Hales, citizen and mercer of London, for a debt of £40. 5s. 11d. [CPR 1422-29, 511]
22/02/1429 Staines (Middlesex)
Egham (Surrey)
Commission to Ralph Baker, Richard trotter, John Edmed and John Byle of Staines to collect pontage for 7 years and apply the same to the repair of the bridge of Staines and the highway leading from that town to Egham Hill. [CPR 1422-29, 527]
16/07/1429 Wallingford (Berkshire) Grant to the bailiffs and good men of Wallingford of pontage for 2 years, as the bridge is so ruinous that many accidents have occurred to people, horses and carts crossing the same. [CPR 1422-29, 542]
17/7/1430 Norwich (Norfolk) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VI of his father's confirmation of the various charters of the citizens of Norwich, granting them (among other liberties) quittance from toll, pontage, pavage, passage, picage, murage, quayage, rivage, carriage and lastage throughout the realm. [Norwich Records I, 37]
27/4/1430 Winchester (Hampshire) Ordinance by indenture between the mayor and the bailiffs of Winchester, granting to all merchants who are not members of the gild merchant of Winchester quittance from all fines, custom or toll due to the bailiffs or any other official of the said city except for foreign butchers and fishmongers. [Winchester Black Book, 70-71]