BHO

Market Privileges 1431-1490

Borough Market Privileges the Hinterland of Medieval London, C.1400. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2006.

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Citation:

Market Privileges 1431-1490

Date
Date of the granting of the privilege.
Place
The principal place(s) concerned.
Description
Description of the substance of the privilege. Bibliographic details are given in square brackets at the end of each entry. The abbreviations used may be found in the Editorial note.
21/12/1433 Norwich (Norfolk) Extract from Norwich Liber Albus, fol. 38. Mandate to all royal officials and others throughout the realm to allow the citizens of Norwich, which is of the ancient demesne of the crown, to be quit from toll throughout the realm, according to custom. [cf. London Letter Book K, fol. cxxxiij] [Norwich Records II, 258-9]
1436 Ludgershall (Wiltshire) The request of 4 Germans from Westphalia to live in Ludgershall, granted in 1436, suggests commercial opportunities. [VCH Wilts XV, 128]
20/5/1439 Northampton (Northamptonshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VI of (among others) a charter of Henry III and its confirmations by Edward I and Richard II, granting to the burgesses of Northampton quittance from toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Northampton Records I, 75-76]
2/6/1451 Colchester (Essex) Acknowledgement by the bailiffs and aldermen of Colchester of the right of the Archbishop of Canterbury and all his men to quittance from passage, paage, lastage, stallage, tallage, carriage, pesage, picage, throughout the whole kingdom, as granted by charter of William the conqueror and other ancestors of the king. [Red Paper Book]
20/11/1453 Oxford (Oxfordshire) Confirmation by Henry VI to the burgesses of Oxford of the privileges granted to them by previous charters, including quittance from toll, passage and other custom throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 106-111]
1457-58 Norwich (Norfolk) The bailiffs of Norwich account for £4. 6s. 8d. for the custom and toll of the gates collected this year, viz. of Fybriggates 7s. 6d. of St Augustin's Gates 11s. 4d. of St Giles' Gates 13s. of Coslanygates 6s. 8d. of Westwick Gates 4s. 6d. (? 14s. 6d.) of Nedham Gates 33s. 4d. [Norwich Records II, 73]
21/12/1461 Portsmouth (Hampshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward IV of Richard II's confirmation of charters of Richard I, John, and Henry III, and their confirmations by Edward II and Edward III, granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 14-15]
16/12/1461 Southampton (Hampshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward IV of the charters of Henry II, Richard I, John, Henry III, Edward II, Edward III and Richard II granting to the burgesses of Southampton (among other privileges) quittance from toll, passage, pontage, pavage, quayage and murage throughout the realm. [Southampton Charters I, 98-119]
10/7/1462 Northampton (Northamptonshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward IV of (among others) a charter of Henry III and its confirmations by Edward I and Richard II, granting to the burgesses of Northampton quittance from toll and lastage throughout England and the sea ports. [Northampton Records I, 92-3, 363-72]
10/2/1461-2 Norwich (Norfolk) Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward IV of (among other charters) Richard II's confirmation of his previous confirmation of the various charters of the citizens of Norwich, granting them (among other liberties) quittance from toll, pontage, pavage, picage, passage, murage, quayage, rivage, carriage and lastage throughout the realm. [Norwich Records I, 40]
12/1/1463 Oxford (Oxfordshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Edward IV of Henry VI's first confirmation of the charters of Henry II and Henry III and their confirmations by Edward I, Edward III, Richard II and Henry IV, granting and confirming to the burgesses of Oxford (among other privileges) quittance from toll and passage throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 117-18]
1471 Amesbury (Wiltshire) Wine may have been marketed in Amesbury in 1471. [VCH Wilts XV, 46]
11/5/1484 Oxford (Oxfordshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Richard III of Edward IV's confirmation of the charters of Henry II and Henry III and their confirmations by Edward I, Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV and Henry VI, granting and confirming to the burgesses of Oxford (among other privileges) quittance from toll and passage throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 119]
29/6/1484 Portsmouth (Hampshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Richard III of Edward IV's confirmation of charters of Richard I, John, and Henry III, and their confirmations by Edward II, Edward III and Richard II granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 14-15]
20/1/1487 Northampton (Northamptonshire) Copy of the liberties of Northampton in the form of a passport for Richard Baxster, burgess of Northampton, reciting among other privileges quittance form toll, lastage and wall-tax throughout England and the seaports. [Northampton Records I, 378-79]
4/8/1487 Reading (Berkshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VII of Henry VI's charter of confirmation of a charter of Henry III granting to the burgesses of Reading (among other liberties) quittance from toll, passage and carriage throughout England, and its confirmation by Edward III and Richard II. [Reading Charters, 4-5]
26/1/1489 Portsmouth (Hampshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VII of Edward IV's confirmation of charters of Richard I, John, and Henry III, and their confirmations by Edward II, Edward III and Richard II granting to the burgesses of Portsmouth an annual fair for 15 days at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula (i.e. 1 August), a weekly market on Thursdays, and quittance from toll, pontage, passage, pedage, payage, stallage and tallage (as well as other liberties). [Portsmouth Charters, 16-17]
10/2/1490 Oxford (Oxfordshire) Inspeximus and confirmation by Henry VII of Edward IV's confirmation of the charters of Henry II and Henry III and their confirmations by Edward I, Edward III, Richard II, Henry IV and Henry VI, granting and confirming to the burgesses of Oxford (among other privileges) quittance from toll and passage throughout England and Normandy. [Oxford Royal Letters, 120]