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CP40/559: Michaelmas term 1400

Court of Common Pleas: the National Archives, Cp40 1399-1500. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2010.

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Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 055

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 100s
Case type: Assault; Bond

Pleading: William Wainnford and John Claveryng claim that Thomas Kyngesford made a bond with them in £32, but has not paid £20 of this, to their damage of £20. They show the bond in court, saying that it was made at Northfleet in Kent.

Pleading: TK says that he should not be bound, as he made the bond under duress after being assaulted by John Brewere, to whom he is also bound, on the orders of WW and JC.

Pleading: The plaintiffs deny this, saying that TK was at large and made the bond freely and not under duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff to bring jury of Newington on the morrow of All Souls. Pledges for defendant named.

Postea text: Process continued until the octave of Hilary 1402, when plaintiffs came, but TK did not come. Jury came and said that at the time of the bond TK was at large and not imprisoned, and made the bond freely and not under duress. Plaintiffs recover bond, and damages of 100s. TK amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Northfleet < Kent < England (initial) 07/10/1397
(due) 07/04/1398 < Easter
Assault Newington < Kent < England (initial) 07/10/1397
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Parker (m) Surety for defendant
John Brewere (m) Ospringe < Kent < England Creditor
John Chirche (m) Surety for defendant
John Claveryng (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff
John Knapwell (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Kyngesford (m) Newington near Hythe < Kent < England Defendant
William Asseby (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Colkyn (m) Surety for defendant
William Wainnford (m) Citizen Draper London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 091

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Assault; Breach of Statute; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: Simon Whelpole, for himself and the king, claims that John Pay was retained by him as a cordwainer for a term of one year from 2 February 1400, but left without permission or reasonable cause on 1 August 1400, in breach of the statute of Labourers and to his damage of 100s.

Pleading: JP states that he left the service of SW after SW assaulted him, which he regarded as reasonable cause.

Pleading: SW states that he left without just cause, and not for the reasons given. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff to bring jury [no date given].

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Benet Paul's Wharf < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 02/02/1400
(due) 02/02/1401 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Pay (m) Servant Defendant
Simon Whelpole (m) Cordwainer London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 091

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 30s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Hugh Kynder claims that John Couley owes him 40s, this being outstanding arrears from an account heard before Henry Sterlyng, auditor, for money payable to HK. JC refuses to pay, to his damage of 30s.

Pleading: JC denied that he accounted before Sterlyng as claimed. Both parties upon the country. Sheriff to bring jury at month of Michaelmas. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting All Hallows Bread Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 08/02/1400
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Sterlyng (m) Auditor
Hugh Kynder (m) Citizen Tailor London < England Plaintiff
John Couley (m) Innkeeper Defendant
John Empyngham (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Nicholas Charwode (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Roger Wymark (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Halle (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Wheker (m) London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 091d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Damages awarded: 5m
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: John Dovour claims that, on 21 May 1400, Thomas Noreys forcibly broke his close at Stepney, fished in his fisheries and took 40 barbels and 200 roach, and other goods, namely 12 baskets, all worth £10, against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TN denies responsibility. Both parties on the country. Sheriff of Middlesex to bring jury on morrow of All Souls.

Postea text: Process continued until octave of Hilary. Jury say that TN is responsible for this trespass as alleged, and assign damages of 5m.

Events
Type Place Date
Taking of Goods
Trespass
Stepney < Middlesex < England (initial) 21/05/1400
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Dovour (m) Plaintiff
John Everard (m) London < England Surety for defendant
John Wynkeborn (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Richard Dencote (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Roger Glovere (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Roger Smythewyk (m) London < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Noreys (m) Glover Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 095

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Kent
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Dagh claims that John Groos owes him 9m, the arrears on an account rendered by JG before William Somerton and John Pykston for sums owed to JD. JG refuses to pay, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: JG denies that he accounted before WS and JP as claimed. Both parties place themselves on the country. Sheriff to bring jury at octave of Hilary. JG appoints Simon Harpesfeld as attorney.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting Sheldwich < Kent < England (initial) 28/04/1399
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Parker (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Dagh (m) Plaintiff
John Groos (m) London < England Defendant
John Pykston (m) Auditor
Simon Harpesfeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Somerton (m) Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 104

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: William de la Chaumbre, for himself and the king, claims that he retained John Hanne as his chamberlain on 10 March 1400, to serve until the following Christmas, but JH left on 12 March 1400 without permission, in breach of the statute of Labourers and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: JH states that he was never retained by WC as claimed. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to bring jury of parish of St Mary at Hill at month of Michaelmas.

Postea text: Parties came, sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to octave of Trinity.

Postea text: Chaumbre came, Hanne did not come, defaulted. Jury did not come, in respite until octave of Michaelmas. Sheriff to take Hanne and mainpernors.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Mary at Hill < Billingsgate Ward < London < England (initial) 10/03/1400
(due) 25/12/1400 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Oundell (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Hanne (m) Defendant
John Tynmouth (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Chaumbre (m) Clerk Plaintiff
William Coombe (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Herd (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Jakes (m) London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 107

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: William Charnels, for himself and the king, claims that he retained John Herflete as a saddler on 1 November 1398, to serve until the following Easter, but JH left his service on 12 November 1398 without reasonable cause, in breach of the statute of Labourers and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: JH says that at some point before 12 November 1398, WC, on account of various debts owed by him, fled to the liberty of St Martin le Grand, from which date he no longer received the food and clothing due to him for his service. He therefore approached the guild for remedy, according to the custom of London, and the keepers of the guild placed him in the service of Edward Wynter, leaving the service of WC. He intended no injury.

Pleading: WC denies this, saying that he did find JH sufficient food and clothing between 1 November and 12 November 1398.

Pleading: JH denies this, saying that WC did not provide sufficient food and clothing as he should. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to bring jury [date omitted].

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Michael le Querne < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 01/11/1398
(due) 30/03/1399 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edward Wynter (m) Citizen Saddler London < England Other, Surety for defendant
John Bretford (m) London < England Surety for defendant
John Herflete jnr (m) Defendant
Thomas Wyneslowe (m) London < England Surety for defendant
William Charnels (m) Plaintiff
William Terne (m) London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 116d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Hanley claims that Henry Boone made bond with him and John Govaire, deceased, for £160, [payable on the vigil of the Assumption then next, but did not pay, to damage of £100. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: HB requests that the bond be read, which is done, stating that payments were due at various times, namely £10 at the vigil of the Assumption, £10 at Michaelmas, £20 at Christmas, £20 on the eve of Easter, and £20 on the vigil of Nativity of St John the Baptist, after which the bond would be cancelled, and he shows a release from Govaire, dated 22 August 1390, stating that the money had been paid by HB, John Sampson and Reginald Hill, and cancelling the bond.

Pleading: JH states that at the time this release was supposedly made Govaire was already dead, and that the release was thus not made by Govaire. He seeks enquiry by the country, and by William Cole, Stephen Derneford, Maurice Berd, William Bogherewe and William Grene, named as witnesses to the said release.

Pleading: HB says that the release was made at Plymouth. Sheriff of Devon to bring jury of Plymouth at octave of Hilary, and also the witnesses. The release to remain in the custody of William Pountfret for safe-keeping.

Postea text: Sheriff says that WC and MB are dead, SD, WB and WG were attached by David Rous and John Grene, to be here at the quindene of Easter, nisi prius they come before John Hill, justice, at Exeter on the Tuesday after Palm Sunday, to state whether or not the writing was made by Govaire.

Postea text: On 12/02/140, release delivered to the court before John Hill, and WP was quit. Parties came, some jurors came, others not, witnesses did not come, distrained as noted on dorse of writ. Jury in respite until octave of Trinity, release returned to WP.

Postea text: On 11/07/1401, release delivered to the court of William Rikhill, WP quit.

Postea text: HB came, JH did not, he and pledges amerced, HB sent without day. Release returned to court, given to TN and restored to HB.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Plymouth < Devon < England (initial) 22/08/1390
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 26/07/1390
(due) 14/08/1390
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
David Rous (m) Official
Henry Boone (m) Merchant Plymouth < Devon < England Defendant
John Cole (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Costantyn (m) Attorney of defendant
John Govaire (m) dec. Mariner (lately of) Dartmouth < Devon < England Creditor
John Grene (m) Official
John Hanley (m) Dartmouth < Devon < England Plaintiff
John Hill (m) Justice
John Sampson snr (m) Debtor
Maurice Berde (m) Witness
Reginald Hill (m) Plymouth < Devon < England Debtor
Stephen Derneford (m) Witness
Thomas Noreys (m) Attorney of defendant
William Bogherewe (m) Witness
William Cole (m) Witness
William Grene (m) Witness
William Pountfret (m) Common Pleas [court] Clerk
William Rikhull (m) Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 120

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Middlesex
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Assault; Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Robert Orchard states that on 12 January 1400, Mosburgh forcibly broke his close at Knightsbridge, assaulted him and took goods worth 10m, against the peace and to his damage of £20.

Pleading: RM denies responsibility. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to bring jury [date omitted]

Events
Type Place Date
Assault
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
Knightsbridge < Middlesex < England (initial) 12/01/1400
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Robert Mosburgh (m) Innkeeper London < England Defendant
Robert Orchard (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 139

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Leicestershire
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Frenssh states that, on 16 December 1398, he delivered to John Claypole a bond whereby Thomas Peverell, bishop of Llandaff and Christopher Tyldesley, goldsmith and citizen of London, and others, were bound to him in £276. Claypole refuses to return it, to his damage of £100.

Pleading: JC says that he has always been prepared to return the bond, and presents it in court to be restored to whoever the court wishes, but says that he does not know under what conditions it should be returned. He asks that TP and CT be warned. Sheriff ordered to inform TP and CT to be here at the octave of Martinmas, to show any reason why the bond should not be restored to JF.

Case notes: Another version of this pleading, headed London and with additional postea, is on rot 205.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Peter Paul's Wharf < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 16/12/1398
Bond England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Christopher Tyldesley (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Debtor
Hugh Bronage (m) Attorney of defendant
John Claypole (m) Clerk Defendant
John Frenssh (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff
John Wyrkesworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Peverell (m) Bishop Llandaff [diocese] Wales Debtor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 169d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Surrey
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: William Olyver states that Thomas Hervy made bond with him for 75s 9d, but has not paid, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: TH says that this was not his bond. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to bring jury at quindene of Hilary. Bond placed in custody of William Pountfreyt.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Southwark < Surrey < England (initial) 09/11/1397
(due) 25/12/1397 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Gilbert Hame (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Hervy (m) Citizen Butcher London < England Defendant
William Merbury (m) Attorney of defendant
William Olyver (m) Citizen Grocer London < England Plaintiff
William Pountfreyt (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Clerk

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 176

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Jonson states that John Rothewell served as receiver of money for him in London between 24 June and 22 July 1398, for which he accounted before William Brampton and John Broun on 22 July 1398. He was found to be in arrears by 40s, but has not paid this, to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: JR states that he did not account before the auditors as claimed by JJ. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to bring jury at octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract London < England (initial) 24/06/1398
(due) 22/07/1398
Accounting St Mary Magdalen, Old Fish Street < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 22/07/1398
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Broun (m) Auditor
John Empyngham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Jonson (m) Chaplain Plaintiff
John Rothewell (m) Clerk Defendant
Richard Bukland (m) Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
William Brampton (m) Auditor
William Kirkeby (m) Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
William Misterton (m) Middlesex < England Surety for defendant
William Water (m) Middlesex < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 205

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Frenssh states that, on 16 December 1398, he delivered to John Claypole a bond whereby Thomas Peverell, bishop of Llandaff and Christopher Tyldesley, goldsmith and citizen of London, and others, were bound to him in £276. Claypole refuses to return it, to his damage of £100.

Pleading: JC says that he has always been prepared to return the bond, and presents it in court to be restored to whoever the court wishes, but says that he does not know under what conditions it should be returned. He asks that TP and CT be warned. Sheriff ordered to inform TP and CT to be here at the octave of Martinmas, to show any reason why the bond should not be restored to JF.

Postea text: Sheriff said that TP and CT had been informed by John North and Thomas Rose, but did not come. Order that bond be delivered to JF. JC made delivery and is quit.

Case notes: Another version of this pleading, headed Leicestershire and without the postea, is on rot 139.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond England
Safe Keeping St Peter Paul's Wharf < Queenhithe Ward < London < England (initial) 16/12/1398
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Christopher Tyldesley (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Debtor
Hugh Bronage (m) Attorney of defendant
John Claypole (m) Clerk Defendant
John Frenssh (m) Citizen Goldsmith London < England Plaintiff
John North (m) Official
John Wyrkesworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Peverell (m) Bishop Llandaff [diocese] Wales Debtor
Thomas Rose (m) Official

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 268d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Debt

Pleading: John Seymour states that, on 25 July 1381, William Framelyngham retained him to prosecute an extent of the statute staple of £1000 in Somerset against William de Botereus, for a salary of £20. The extent was returned on 22 September 1381, and he paid him £10 of this £20. Also, on 18 June 1397, he again retained him to be his attorney in the Common Bench to prosecute writs against Richard Talbot, lord of Archenfield and Blakemere, in pleas of debt of £553 5s 9d, Nicholas Parfet of Gloucester in a debt of £200, and Thomas Swynborne in a debt of 200m, taking for his salary the costs awarded, amounting to £4. However, WF has not paid this £4, or the earlier £10, to his damage of £40.

Pleading: WF states that he does not owe this £14 or any other money as claimed by JS. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to bring jury at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Michael Bassishaw < Bassishaw Ward < London < England (initial) 25/07/1381
Contract (not Service/employment) Somerset < England (initial) 22/09/1381
Service/employment Contract St Michael Bassishaw < Bassishaw Ward < London < England (initial) 18/06/1397
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Seymour (m) London < England Plaintiff
Nicholas Parfet (m) Esquire Gloucester < Gloucestershire < England Other
Richard Talbot (m) Lordsec Archenfield < Herefordshire < England alias Blakemere < Shropshire < England Other
Robert Busshey (m) Attorney of defendant
Thomas Swynborne (m) Knight Other
William Botereus (m) Knight Other
William Framelyngham (m) Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 271d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: William and Robert Mildenhale, executors of Peter Mildenhale, state that Joan Mahun, at various times between 1 July 1381 and 24 June 1387, bought from PM various parcels of fur, gris, miniver, ermine, lettice and other furs for various sums [detailed in annual amounts], paying only part of the sums owed each time [specified], and leaving £126 17s unpaid. JM has refused to pay PM or his executors, to damage of £200. Plaintiffs show the will in court, by which they are executors and administrators.

Pleading: JM states that she does not owe this money as claimed. Ordered that Joan wager law, with named compurgators, at octave of Hilary. Attorney ordered to have Joan here at that term.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods St Mary Aldermary < Cordwainer Street Ward < London < England (initial) 01/07/1381
(due) 24/06/1387
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Joan Mahun (f) Defendant
John Gamelgeye (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Hornere (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
John Lopenford (m) Attorney of defendant
Peter Mildenhale (m) dec. Creditor
Robert Mildenhale (m) Executor, Plaintiff
Thomas Adam (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
William Mildenhale (m) Executor, Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 272

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Essex
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £40
Case type: Debt; Real action / rents / damage to real estate

Pleading: Robert Excestre, prior of Holy Trinity Aldgate, London, states that Nicholas Algate, former prior of Holy Trinity Aldgate, his predecessor, was seised of an annual rent of 26s 8d by the hand of John Cambrigg, former parson of Black Notley, predecessor of the defendant, payable at Black Notley at Michaelmas, Christmas, Easter and the Nativity of St John the Baptist, held by his predecessors from an unknown date. However, 11¾ years before the date of the original writ (12 October 1399), the present parson, John, withdrew the rent, and now refuses to pay the arrears, now amounting to £15 13s 4d, to the prior's damage of £40.

Pleading: John, parson of Black Notley, states that he is parson of Black Notley, but that he found the church exonerated of the said rent, and he is not able to burden the church without the prior of Holy Trinity London, patron of that church, and Robert, bishop of London, ordinary of that church. He seeks the assistance of the patron and ordinary, and he should have this. The patron and ordinary are summoned to be here at the quindene of Martinmas next to answer RE, prior of Holy Trinity London, together with parson John.

Postea text: Parson John made essoin to quindene of Easter 1401. The patron and ordinary, summoned, did not come, so parson John ordered to respond without them.

Postea text: RE came by attorney, parson John in person. John states that RE, prior of Holy Trinity ought not maintain his action, since he states that a certain former prior of Holy Trinity, predecessor of RE, in the time of Henry III, was seised by right of his church of the advowson of Black Notley, and held it to the proper use of his church, and not that the said Nicholas Algate and the predecessors of the present prior were seised of the annual rent aforesaid from JC and his predecessors, as the prior has claimed. The prior repeats that NA and his predecessors were seised of this annual rent as claimed. Enquiry by country, jury here at octave of Trinity.

Events
Type Place Date
Rental Agreement Black Notley < Essex < England (due) < Michaelmas
(due) < St John the Baptist, Nativity of
(due) < Easter
(due) < Christmas
Writ England (initial) 12/10/1399
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
John [un-named] (m) Parson Black Notley [church] Black Notley < Essex < England Defendant
John Cambrigg (m) Parson (lately of) Black Notley < Essex < England Other
John Grene (m) Attorney of defendant
John Seymor (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas Algate (m) dec. Prior Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate [priory] (lately of) London < England Other
Robert Braybrooke (m) Bishop London [diocese] Other
Robert Excestre (m) Prior Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate [priory] London < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 305

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (loan)
Damages claimed: £30
Case type: Loan

Pleading: John Raynold states that Thomas Saunderton owes him £37 13s 4d, which he loaned to him at Christmas 1397 and has not re-paid, to his damage of £30.

Pleading: TS states that he does not owe this money, or any other. Court orders that he wager his law at the octave of Martinmas. Attorney to have master here on that day. Compurgators named.

Postea text: TS made essoin, to quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: Thomas came, John did not come. John and pledges amerced, Thomas dismissed.

Events
Type Place Date
Loan St Mary Magdalen, Milk Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 25/12/1397
(due) 29/09/1398 < Michaelmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Raynold (m) Citizen Hatter London < England Plaintiff
Robert Foorde (m) Attorney of defendant, Surety of law (compurgator)
Roger Wymark (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Saunderton (m) Clerk Defendant
Walter Cok (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 305

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Detinue
Damages claimed: £200
Case type: Detention of goods; Safe keeping

Pleading: John Curson states that on 10 November 1399 he delivered a bond to Peter Jay by which Nicholas Seintleger was bound to JC in 1000m. PJ has refused to return it, to damage of £200.

Pleading: PJ showed the bond, saying that it was delivered to him as claimed, to be returned to either JC or NS under certain conditions made by them both. He will return it to whoever the court orders, but does not know whether Curson has met the conditions, and asks that NS be summoned.

Pleading: Sheriff of Essex to summon NS at octave of Hilary, to show any reason why the bond should not be delivered to JC.

Postea text: Sheriff says NS not found, and has nothing by which he can be distrained. Sicut prius, to quindene of Easter.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut pluries to five weeks of Easter.

Postea text: Sheriff says that NS was summoned by John Wykes, Walter Gryffet, Robert DY and Ralph Dyonus, but did not come. JC to recover the bond by default of NS.

Events
Type Place Date
Safe Keeping St Gregory by St Paul's < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 10/11/1399
Bond England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Curson (m) Knight Plaintiff
John Wykes (m) Official
Nicholas Seintleger (m) Debtor
Peter Jay (m) Chaplain Defendant
Ralph Dyonus (m) Official
Robert Dy (m) Official
Walter Gryffet (m) Official

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 305d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Plaintiffs say that Henry Golofre made bond with them in £12 on 2 October 1397, which they show in court, payable in four equal instalments. However, he has not paid, to their damage of £10.

Pleading: HG states that the bond is invalid, as it was made under duress, since he was imprisoned at the time by Nicholas Byrell at Aldeby in Norfolk, and detained until he made the bond.

Pleading: The plaintiffs deny this claim, saying that H made the bond freely and willingly, and not while in any prison. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Norfolk to bring jury at octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Bride Fleet Street < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 02/10/1397
(due) 07/04/1398 < Easter
(due) 29/09/1398 < Michaelmas
(due) 30/03/1399 < Easter
(due) 29/09/1399 < Michaelmas
Imprisonment Aldeby < Norfolk < England (initial) 02/10/1397
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Golofre (m) Esquire Defendant
John Barnetcastell (m) Plaintiff
John Boteler (m) Somerset < England Surety for defendant
John Sewale (m) London < England Surety for defendant
John Werkesworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas Byrell (m) York < Yorkshire < England Plaintiff
Nicholas Charwood (m) Norfolk < England Surety for defendant
Thomas Harwood (m) London < England Plaintiff
William Ryngston (m) London < England Surety for defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 364d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 100s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: John Clerk states that William Placidewe made bond with him in £12 on 15 October 1389, pledging all his goods for payment. However, WP did not pay, to his damage of 100s. He shows the bond in court.

Pleading: WP states that he is no longer bound, as JC, on 10 March 1392, by another document which he shows in court, discharged him of all debts and actions before that date.

Pleading: JC denies that he made the release shown by WP. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Sussex to have jury from Woodmancote here at octave of Hilary. Documents to remain in the custody of William Pountfreyt, king's clerk, in safe keeping.

Postea text: Sicut prius to quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Release (from Debt/obligation) Woodmancote < Sussex < England (initial) 10/03/1392
Bond St Audoen < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 15/10/1389
(due) 08/12/1389
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Gilbert Hamme (m) Attorney of defendant
John Clerk (m) Chaplain Plaintiff
John Norton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Placidewe (m) Chaplain Defendant
William Pountfreyt (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 365

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Oxfordshire
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 40m
Damages awarded: 40s
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Amice, formerly the wife of Robert Bardolf, states that on 4 November 1396 Thomas Goodlak made a bond with her in £20, but has not paid, to her damage of 40m. She shows bond in court, stating that Goodlak and a certain Richard Littelyngton, citizen and vintner of London, were bound in this £20. The bond does not say where it was made, but she states that it was made at Mapledurham.

Pleading: TG requests that the bond and endorsement be read in court. The endorsement states that the if the debtors should pay to Amice or her executors, etc, in her house in Cousin Lane in London, four instalments of 50s at the feast of the Purification, Pentecost, St Peter ad Vincula and All Saints 1397, then the bond shall be cancelled. Thomas states that Littelyngton complied with the terms of the endorsement, in the parish of St Martin, Vintry ward.

Pleading: AB states that RL did not pay her the 50s due at the feast of St Peter ad Vincula 1397. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of London to have jury here at octave of Hilary. Pledges named.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite until quindene of Easter 1401. AB came, TG and jury did not, to Easter five weeks.

Postea text: Process continued, jury in respite to octave of Trinity, nisi prius they come before William Thirnyng, CJCP, at St Martin le Grand on 14 May 1401. On this day, Amice came, WT sent record that on that day, before WT and William Malory, jury find against TG by default, say that RL did not pay this 50s. Damages to AB of 40s. Order that AB recover debt and damages, TG amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond Mapledurham < Oxfordshire < England (initial) 04/11/1396
(due) 02/02/1397 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
Payment St Martin Vintry < Vintry Ward < London < England 02/02/1397 < Blessed Virgin Mary, Purification of
10/06/1397 < Pentecost
01/08/1397 < St Peter ad Vincula
01/11/1397 < All Saints
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Amice Bardolf (f) Cousin Lane < London < St Martin Vintry < Vintry Ward < England Plaintiff
Guy Teukesbury (m) Surety for defendant
Nicholas Agnell (m) Surety for defendant
Richard Edmond (m) Surety for defendant
Richard Littelyngton (m) Citizen Vintner London < England Debtor
Robert Bardolf (m) dec. Knight Other
Simon Harpesfeld (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Thomas Billyngdon (m) Surety for defendant
Thomas Goodlak (m) Esquire Defendant
William Malory (m) Justice
William Thirnyng (m) Chief Justice Common Pleas [court] Justice

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 398

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £60
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Agnes, formerly the wife of Richard Mot, states that John Burgeys made bond with her and her late husband on 24 March 1397 in £43 6s 8d, but he has not paid £40 of this sum, to their damage of £60. She shows the bond in court. AM states that the bond was made in London.

Pleading: JB requests that the bond and endorsement be read in court. The endorsement says that the bond should be cancelled if JB or others pay to RM and AM £5 at Easter 1397, £8 6s 8d at the Nativity of St John the Baptist 1397, and £8 6s 8d at Michaelmas 1397. JB then says he paid RM this £21 13s 4d during his life, at Maldon in Essex, as required by the endorsement.

Pleading: AM states that JB did not pay this money as he claims. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Essex to have jury here at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Michael Bassishaw < Bassishaw Ward < London < England (initial) 24/03/1397
(due) 22/04/1397 < Easter
Payment Maldon < Essex < England 22/04/1397
24/06/1397
29/09/1397
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Agnes Mot (f) Fobbing < Essex < England Plaintiff
John Burgeys (m) Maldon < Essex < England Defendant
Richard Mot (m) dec. (lately of) Fobbing < Essex < England Creditor
Robert Charyngworth (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 418

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Cambridgeshire
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Reckoning of account

Pleading: Richard Seryn states that Walter Skynner, accounted at Newmarket on 28 February 1396 before William Chevele and Nicholas Bocher, auditors, for money payable to RS, and was found to be in arrears by £23. WS did not pay, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: WS states that he never accounted before WC and NB as claimed by RS. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at quindene of Hilary.

Postea text: Sheriff said writ came too late, to quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting Newmarket < Cambridgeshire < England (initial) 28/02/1396
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Wiltshire (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Nicholas Bocher (m) Auditor
Richard Edmond (m) Attorney of defendant
Richard Seryn (m) Currier London < England Plaintiff
Walter Skynner (m) Newmarket < Cambridgeshire < England Defendant
William Chevele (m) Auditor

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 418

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (account)
Damages claimed: £10
Case type: Arbitration; Reckoning of account

Pleading: John Bredon states that Robert Halom accounted in London on 4 October 1397 before John Hopeswych and Peter Tharthe, auditors, for various sums and receipts collected by him for JB, and was found to be in arrears by £11 9s 10d. He has not paid, to his damage of £10.

Pleading: RH states that the case should not continue as later, on 3 February 1399, at Southwell in Nottinghamshire, they both placed themselves under the arbitration of John Kyngeston and John Daly, regarding this debt and other trespasses, and the arbitrators decided that RH should pay JB 10s, in return for which he would be quit of this debt and all other allegations. This 10s was paid.

Pleading: JB refuses to withdraw the suit, saying that he never placed himself in arbitration as claimed by RH. Both seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff of Nottinghamshire to have jury here at quindene of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
Abritration Southwell < Nottinghamshire < England (initial) 03/02/1399
Accounting St Martin Ludgate < Farringdon Ward Within < London < England (initial) 04/10/1397
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bredon (m) Cordwainer London < England Plaintiff
John Daly (m) Arbitrator
John Hopeswych (m) Auditor
John Kyngeston (m) Arbitrator
Peter Tharthe (m) Auditor
Robert Halom (m) Nottinghamshire < England Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 418d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: 60s
Damages awarded: 13s 4d
Case type: Sale of goods

Pleading: Nicholas Patyn states that he sold to Margery, wife of John Derby, 120 dozen loaves of white bread for 60s, payable at Easter next. The bread then came to the use and profit of Derby, but JD did not pay, to his damage of 60s.

Pleading: JD says that he does not owe NP this or any money. Ordered to wager his law at quindene of Hilary. Pledges named.

Postea text: JD did not come. NP to recover debt, and damages of 13s 4d. JD and pledges amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Sale of Goods Holy Trinity the Less < Vintry Ward < London < England (initial) 24/09/1397
(due) 07/04/1398 < Easter
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Henry Parkar (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Derby (m) Defendant
Margery Derby (f) Other
Nicholas Patyn (m) Citizen London < England Plaintiff
Richard Neyland (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Olivested (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 418d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: 20m
Case type: Bond; Imprisonment

Pleading: Richard Tirwhit and John Middilton state that John de Wilton made bond with them in 5m, but did not pay, to their damage of 20m. They show bond in court.

Pleading: JW says that he should not be bound to this sum, as the bond was made under duress while he was imprisoned by JM and others.

Pleading: Plaintiffs say that JW was not imprisoned and made the bond freely and not under duress. Both parties seek enquiry on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at the quindene of Michaelmas.

Events
Type Place Date
Imprisonment St Andrew Holborn < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 18/10/1398
Bond St Dunstan in the West < Farringdon Ward Without < London < England (initial) 18/10/1398
(due) 25/12/1398 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Middilton (m) Walkington < Yorkshire < England Plaintiff
John Norton (m) Attorney of plaintiff
John Wilton (m) Beverley < Yorkshire < England Defendant
Richard Tirwhit (m) Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 446d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: Essex
Writ type: Account
Damages claimed: £100
Case type: Contract (service/employment); Reckoning of account

Pleading: William Hall states that John Bockyng served as his receiver from Michaelmas 1398 until the feast of St. Philip and St. James 1400, and received 48m at various times from John Kyng at Moreton for which he was to render reasonable account. However, he refuses to do so, to his damage of £100.

Pleading: JB states that on 16 August 1400, he made full account of this money before Richard Ramseye and Richard Waltham.

Pleading: WH states that JB did not render his account as he claims. Both parties seek enquiry. Sheriffs of London to have jury of St Botolph's without Aldersgate here on the morrow of the Purification.

Postea text: Various posteas, to quindene of Easter 1402.

Events
Type Place Date
Accounting St Botolph without Aldersgate < Aldersgate Ward < London < England (initial) 16/08/1400
Service/employment Contract Moreton < Essex < England (initial) 29/09/1398
(due) 01/05/1400 < SS Philip & James
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Bockyng (m) London < England Defendant
John Kyng (m) Other
Richard Waltham (m) Attorney of plaintiff
William Hall (m) Norfolk < England Plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 562

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (force and arms)
Damages claimed: -
Case type: Housebreaking; Taking of goods

Pleading: Plea that John Ludby, with John Fox and Richard Tucker, forcibly broke into John Benyngton's house in London and took goods worth £40. Day given at octave of Hilary.

Events
Type Place Date
House-breaking
Taking of Goods
London < England
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Benyngton (m) Plaintiff
John Fox (m) Other
John Ludby (m) Defendant
Richard Tucker (m) Other

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 563d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (other)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (general); Sale of goods

Pleading: Plea of debt of £34. Robert Asshecombe states that on 1 December 1393, he made agreement with Thomas Wroghton that he would embroider certain items for him, paying a reasonable price. According to the agreement, he embroidered a maunch of blue velvet with intertwined wynde and eglantine in gold and 'cipre' worth £4, and a long robe of red velvet worth 66s 8d, and he also made 8 banners worth 20s, and embroidered six coats of arms worth 42s, and one entire bed of red worsted with a large round compass, and within that compass a griffon, worth £28 10s 9d, amounting to a total of £38 19s 5d. He has received £4 19s 5d of this, but the rest is not paid, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TW states that he does not owe this or any money. He is ordered to wager his law at the quindene of Hilary. Compurgators named.

Events
Type Place Date
Contract (not Service/employment) St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 01/12/1393
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
John Carlton (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Asshecombe (m) Citizen Embroiderer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Causton (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Thomas Wroghton (m) Clerk Defendant

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 563d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (sale of goods)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Contract (general); Sale of goods

Pleading: Robert Asshecombe states that on 19 July 1388 he delivered to Thomas Gerberge a bed of red worsted, embroidered with white lilies, worth £10, on the condition that, if TG were to secure payment to RA of debts owed to him by the Duke of York between 19 July and the following Christmas, then he shall pay nothing, but if not he shall pay this £10 immediately after that Christmas. He did not secure this payment, but he also did not pay for the bed, to his damage of £20.

Pleading: TG says he did not owe this or any money. Ordered to wager his law at quindene of Hilary. Pledges for law named.

Postea text: RA did not prosecute his suit, so he and pledges are amerced.

Events
Type Place Date
Contract (not Service/employment)
Sale of Goods
St Alban Wood Street < Cripplegate Ward < London < England (initial) 19/07/1388
(due) 25/12/1388 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Edmund Langley (m) Duke York [dukedom] Debtor
John Carlton (m) Surety of law (compurgator)
Robert Asshecombe (m) Citizen Embroiderer London < England Plaintiff
Thomas Gerberge (m) Knight Defendant
William Causton (m) Surety of law (compurgator)

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 592

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Trespass (against statute)
Damages claimed: 10m
Case type: Breach of Statute; Contract (service/employment)

Pleading: Richard Worthy states that he retained Ellen Poyar on 30 June 1399 as a serving girl for one year, but on 29 March 1400 she left his service without good cause, in breach of the Statute of Labourers, in contempt of the king and to his damage of 10m.

Pleading: EP states that she was never retained by RW as he claims. Both parties on country. Sheriff to have jury. Pledges named.

Events
Type Place Date
Service/employment Contract St Matthew Friday Street < Bread Street Ward < London < England (initial) 30/06/1399
(due) 30/06/1400
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Place Role
Edmund Hamelyn (m) Surety for defendant
Ellen Poyar (f) Defendant
Hugh Cobbe (m) Clerk Cambridgeshire < England Surety for defendant
John Gamelyngey (m) Surety for defendant
Richard Worthy (m) Plaintiff
Robert Neweman (m) Surety for defendant
William Mekesburgh (m) Attorney of plaintiff

Court of Common Pleas, CP 40/559, rot. 593d

Term: Michaelmas 1400
County: London
Writ type: Debt (bond)
Damages claimed: £20
Case type: Bond

Pleading: Guy Mone, Bishop of St David's, states that Rose Caru, before her marriage to William Caru, as Rose, formerly wife of Andrew Cavendyssh, made bond with him in £20. She did not pay before her marriage to WC, and they still refuse to pay, to his damage of £20. Shows bond in court.

Pleading: WC and RC say that the bond was not made of RC. Both parties on the country. Sheriff to have jury here at octave of Hilary. Bond given to William Pountfreyt for safe-keeping.

Postea text: Sheriff did not send writ, sicut prius to quindene of Easter.

Events
Type Place Date
Bond St Gregory by St Paul's < Castle Baynard Ward < London < England (initial) 14/06/1395
(due) 25/12/1395 < Christmas
Individuals
Individual Status Occupation Institution Place Role
Andrew Cavendyssh (m) Knight Other
Guy Mone (m) Bishop St David's [diocese] Plaintiff
John Halle (m) Attorney of plaintiff
Rose Caru (f) Defendant
William Caru (m) Defendant
William Pountfreyt (m) King's Clerk Common Pleas [court] Official