72 Broughton v Bridgnorth

The Court of Chivalry 1634-1640.

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Edward Broughton of Kington, co. Hereford, gent v Thomas Bridgnorth of the same, baker

October - November 1637


Broughton petitioned that in September 1637, in the city of Hereford, Bridgnorth, alias ap John gave him the lie, calling him a rascal and 'a paltrie fellow' and 'one that pryed into every man's business, a kill bushel [sic]' who 'had undone all the Countrie.' Process was granted on 11 October 1637, and Thomas Price of Grosmont, Monmouth, gent, served notice on Bridgnorth at Kington, Herefordshire, on 31 October 1637. There were further proceedings before Lord Maltravers, on 28 November 1637, but no indication of sentence survives. [For another action brought by Broughton see cause 74].

Initial proceedings

3/135, Petition to Arundel

'The petitioner is a gentleman descended of an antient familie as appeareth by the records remayneing in the office of Armes. That Thomas ap John alias Bridgnorth of Kington in September 1637 in the citie of Hereford did revile and abuse the petitioner with many unseemely termes, and amongst other unfittinge words then and there used, Thomas ap John said that the petitioner was a paltrie fellow, <and one that pryed into every mans business, a kill bushel, and that the petitioner had undone all the Countrie> and that the petitioner did lye, and did lye like a rascall with many other disgracefull words.'

Petitioned that Thomas ap John alias Bridgnorth be brought to answer.

Duck desired process be granted, 11 October 1637.

Signed by Arthur Duck.

3/136, Plaintiff's bond

12 October 1637

Bound to appear 'in the said Court in the painted Chamber within the Pallace of Westminster'.

Signed by E: Broughton.

Sealed, subscribed and delivered in the presence of Humphrey Terrick.

17/3g, Monition

Thomas ap John alias Bridgnorth of Kington, co. Hereford.

Dated 12 October 1637.

At the special direction of Gilbert Dethick, registrar.

Introduced 28 November 1637.

Thomas Price of Grosmont, co. Monmouth, gent 'sayeth that he did serve this process upon the within named Thomas ap John on All Hallows Eve being the last day of October 1637 in Kington in the County of Hereford and left a copy of the contents thereof with him.'

Summary of proceedings

There were proceedings before Lord Maltravers, the earl of Bath and Sir Henry Marten on 28 November 1637, with Dr Duck as counsel.


Edward Broughton was the eldest son of William Broughton of Kington, co. Hereford. He married Isabel, daughter of Rafe Beeston of Warwickshire. In November 1639 Edward Broughton of Kington, co. Hereford, was taken into custody in the Court of High Commission and faced sentence in January 1640.

M. P. Siddons (ed.), The Visitation of Herefordshire, 1634 (Publications of the Harleian Society, news series, 15, 2002), p. 24; CSP Dom. 1639-40 , p. 284; CSP Dom. 1640 , p. 386.


  • Initial proceedings
    • Petition to Arundel: 3/135 (11 Oct 1637)
    • Plaintiff's bond: 3/136 (12 Oct 1637)
    • Monition: 17/3g (12 Oct 1637)
  • Proceedings
    • Proceedings before Maltravers: 8/30 (28 Nov 1637)

People mentioned in the case

  • Bridgnorth, alias ap John, Thomas, baker
  • Beeston, Rafe
  • Bourchier, Henry, earl of Bath
  • Broughton, Edward, gent
  • Broughton, Isabel
  • Broughton, William
  • Dethick, Gilbert, registrar
  • Duck, Arthur, lawyer
  • Howard, Henry, baron Maltravers
  • Howard, Thomas, earl of Arundel and Surrey
  • Marten, Henry, knight
  • Price, Thomas, gent
  • Terrick, Humphrey, lawyer

Places mentioned in the case

  • Herefordshire
    • Hereford
    • Kington
  • Middlesex
    • Westminster
  • Monmouthshire
    • Grosmont
  • Warwickshire

Topics of the case

  • giving the lie
  • High Commission
  • nicknaming
  • other courts