A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Alban (St.), Wood Street
Strype speaks of the church as of great antiquity, probably not later in date than King Adelstane (Athelstan), 10th century, whose house, according to tradition, was situated at the east end of the church, and built of the same kind of stone as the church (ib. 76). In support of his opinion, he draws attention to the dedication to St. Alban, the first English martyr. and to the early work shown in the building, the Roman brichs inlaid in the walls, the turning of the arches and the heads of the pillars (ib.). In the Parish Clerks' account of the church it is said to have been built in or about 930 (p.1). Newcourt says it belonged originally to the Abbey of St. Albans, and that the Abbot in 1077 exchanged the advowson for that of another church with the Abbot of Westminster (1.236).
Alban's (St.) Court
Albion Chapel, Moorfields
Alborgth (St.), Alborought (St.)
Aldedenes, Alden's Lane
Messuages in this street are described as in the parish of St. Olave in Old Jewry in the ward of Colmanstreat, between tenements formerly belonging to the late Priory of St. Bartholomew Smithfield, north and the highway east, I552-66 (Lond. I. p.m. II.67).
It seems hardly possible that the street can be identical with Aldersgate Street, unless there is a detached portion of St. Olave's parish and of Colemanstreet Ward in or near Aldersgate Street. There is no record of any such detached portion.
Alderman Parson's Stairs
Forms of name: " Alderman Parsons Stairs" (Rocque, 1746-Elmes, 1831). " Parson's Stairs" (Horwood, 1799-Greenwood, 1827). "Lady Parson's Stairs" (Elmes, 1831). " Alderman Stairs" (O.S.). " Person's Yard " (Strype, ed. 1720).
Sir John Parsons was Alderman of Portsoken Ward 1687. Humphrey Parsons, Alderman, 1721-41, and Sir John Parsons, Fishmonger, M. 1704, is described as a son of ... Parsons of St. Katherine's, Brewer (Strype, ed. 1720, II. Bk. V.p. 152).
Earliest mention found in records: In early times there was a soke of this name "Aldresmanesberi," mentioned in a list of property in London belonging to St. Paul's (c. 1130), (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Liber L. ff. 47-50), and it is probable that the earliest references are to the district or to the church of St. Mary, rather than to the street.
Other forms of name : " Aldermanesbury," Ric. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1952). " Aldermannebury," 4 John (ib. A. 1502). "Aldermannesbury," temp. John (ib. A. 1501). "Aldermanburi," Is John (ib. A. 6884). "Lane called Aldermanbury," 10 Ed. 111.1336 (Cal. Close R. Ed. III.1333-7, p.653). See under Mary (St.) Aldermanbury.
There are frequent references temp. Ed. I. and Ed. III. to the "Capital messuage" of Aldermannebury and to "manerium" or "managium" de Aldermanbury, but it does not seem to have been in existence in Stow's time. It has been suggested by Stow that the first Guildhall was on the east side of the present Aldermanbury (Street) further west than the later building, and that the district received its name as being adjacent to, or, as having within its precincts, the "bury" or "court" of the aldermen of the city.
In the middle of Aldermanbury near St. Mary Aldermanbury Church. Commenced by Sir William Eastfield, Mayor, and by a codicil to his will dated 1445 he directed that it should be completed at his expense (Ct. H.W. II. 510).
So called from the street of Aldermanbury, of which it is the northern continuation, and as marking the site of one of the old postern gates in the City Wall. This postern was originally called the " Little Postern," but in later years " Aldermanbury Postern."
Strype tells us that adjoining to St. Botolph's Churchyard was an open passage leading to a large house and garden belonging to Francis Dashwood, deceased, and in his maps he calls this walk Dashmoods Walk (evidently an error for Dashwood). Francis Dashwood was Alderman of Walbrook Ward, 1658 (Beavan, I.222). Hence the name of the street. Sir Samuel Dashwood had a house in Devonshire Square (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 109).