A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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All Hallows, Bread Street
Other forms : "All Hallows de Bredestrete," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 24). "Bredstrate church," 19 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1970). " All Hallows in Watling Street," 1464. (Rolls of Parlt. V. 544a). " Allhallowes in Watling Street," (Leake, 1666).
In 1349 a plot of land for the enlargement of the church was assigned to Nicholas de Rothewell, parson of the church; the plot was 12 ft. long and 27 ft. broad (Cal. P.R. Ed. 111.1348-50, p.295), and in 1350 another plot 40 ft. in length by 20 ft. in breadth adjoining the church, for a chapel to be built on it (ib. 479).
Repaired and beautified 1625. Burnt in the Fire 1666, but rebuilt 1680-4 by Sir C. Wren at a cost of over £3000, and the parish of St. John the Evangelist united to it (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 199).
Taken down 1876-7 by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners and parish united to St. Mary le Bow. Warehouses erected on the site. John Milton was baptised in the church 1608, and a tablet has been fastened to the corner house erected on the site recording the fact.
A Rectory, and one of the thirteen peculiars belonging to the Archbishop of Canterbury. Patrons : Prior and Chapter of Christ Church, Canterbury, and granted to the Archbishop in 1365 (Newcourt, I.244).
All Hallows, Cornhill
A grant of land by Stephen the prior and the convent of Holy Trinity to John the goldsmith held of them by Walter the Goldsmith is endorsed "Omnium Sanctorum de Cornilla" (Anc. Deeds, A. 7288, and See Anc. Deeds, A. 2122).
All Hallows, Fenchurch
Forms of name: " All Hallows de Phanchurch," 1283-4 (ib.). "All Hallows de Fancherche," 1285 (Ct. H.W. I. 75). " All Hallows near Fancherch," 1289-90 (ib. 88). " Omnium Sanctorum de Fenchirche," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230 and 234). "All Saints Fanchurche" (L. and P. H. VIII. 1540, D.S. xvi. p.54).
All Hallows, Honey Lane
Burnt in the Fire 1666 and not rebuilt, the Market occupying the site of both church and parsonage house. Parish united to St. Mary le Bow. A Rectory. Patron : In private hands, and in 1399 in possession of T. Knoles, Grocer. Devised by his will dated 1435-1436, to his son Thomas (Ct. H.W. II. 476), and by the Will of Simon Strete grocer, dated 1456, the advowson of the church of All Hallows Hony lane is devised to the Grocers' Company, on condition that they observe the obit of Thomas, son of Thomas Knolles (ib. 540).
All Hallows, Lombard Street
" Brihtmaer gave at 'Gerschereche' to Xres chereche at Cantwarberi-alre Halgene chereche," after the death of his wife and children. Grant witnessed by Leofstan, portreeve, etc. (Thorpe, Dip. Ang.-Sax. p.372-3, transcribing MS. Reg. C.C. Cantuar, C. v. fol. 11b. and A. fol. 153b.).
Names and forms of names : "All Hallows towards Gars-chirch," Rich. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2124). "All Hallows Garschirch," temp. John (ib. A. 2215-I 6). "All Hallows Grascherch " (ib. A. 2228). " All Hallows de Gerschirch," 1278 (Ct. H.W. I. 36). "All Hallows in Lombardstrete," 1505 (ib. II. 610). " All Hallows in Lombardstreete," otherwise called " All Hallows in Gracioustreete," 1599-1600 (ib. 725).
Lately new builded I494-John Warner built the south aisle. Robert Warner his son finished it 1516-Steeple or bell tower finished 1544. Stone porch from the dissolved priory of St. John of Jerusalem, Clerkenwell (S. 203). Repaired and beautified 1622-3 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 155).
All Hallows, London Wall
It seems to have been described in various ways : " All Hallows by the Wall," 1285 (Ct. H.W. I. 73). " Omnium sanctorum de Bradstte," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's MS. liber. L. fo. 117a). " Omnium scor secus murum " (Ed. I.) (Anc. Deeds, A. 2012). " Omnium Sanctorum ad Murum," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 230). " All Hallows near London Wall," 1313 (Ct. H.W. I.243). " All Hallows under the Wall " (ib. II. 33), 1361. " All Hallows atte Walle," 1388 (ib. 268). " All Hallows within the gate of Bishopesgate," 1344-5 (ib. I. 476). " All Hallows opposite the Augustine Friars," 1350-1 (ib. 645).
Strype says that Maud, Queen of H. I. gave the church to the prior and convent of Holy Trinity (ed. 1720, I. ii. 5), and it was probably included in the grant of the soke of Aldgate, which she made to the Prior (Lansdowne MS. 448, p.9). Since the dissolution, in the hands of the Crown. A Rectory (Newcourt, I. 256). The portion of the parish in Aldgate Ward is detached and formed, prior to 1441, the parish of St. Augustine Papey.
Many interesting details relating to the church and parish are contained in the transcript of the Churchwardens' Accounts of the parish for '455 to 1536, edited by Charles Welch (Pub. L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans.), and not the least interesting are the particulars relating to the famous ankers or anchorites and the anker-hold connected with the church and parish which are so frequently referred to in early London records.
It has been found, in the course of recent excavations in 1905, that the church was built on the Wall of London, and that the foundations of the bastion here were used in the rebuilding of the circular vestry in the 18th century. This was exposed to view in 1905 by the removal of houses, and the excavations and discoveries made are set out in Arch. lx.
All Hallows, Tower Street
Erected c. 1628, by Edward Alleyn, the comedian, in Petty France and removed to Lamb Alley when Petty France was rebuilt as New Broad Street. For ten poor men and women. Rebuilt 1733 in Gingerbread Court, Lamb Alley. Still standing in 1901, End. Ch. Rep. of that year.
The word occurs very frequently in early documents, and from the descriptions given the houses seem often to have been built out so as to project over these alleys or passages, which appertained to the owners or occupiers of the respective houses and were in no sense streets as they are to-day. The term "alley" was in use in its modern signification in Stow's time, but the original alleys were for the most part unnamed.