A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Almshouses, Mincing Lane
The alleys were called Harp Alley and Lilley Alley in 1656, and consisted of 22 small tenements, while two other tenements in Mincing Lane made up the 24 tenements forming the almshouses. When the annuity was originally given by Wm. Sevenoak in 1426, the property consisted of three tenements in Mincing Lane, and these were subsequently acquired by the parish for the almshouses. After the removal of the two alleys, the almshouses were not rebuilt, but money payments were granted to the poor in place of the habitations pulled down (End. Ch. Rep. 1902).
Measurer of cloth by the " aulne " (Latin "ulna") or ell for the purpose of collecting the " aulnage " (or duty per ell) paid to the King on all cloths sold, 1315 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 53). Office abolished 11 and 12 Wm. III.
Alphage (St.) Churchyard
On the north side of London Wall, opposite the present church of St. Alphage. Enclosed by iron railings, showing remains of the old Wall of London. In Cripplegate Ward Within. Shown in O. and M. 1677.
Alphage (St.) London Wall
The church is said to have been built prior to the charter of William I. to the foundation of St. Martin's le Grand in 1068, and to have been included in the gifts of churches, etc., mentioned therein. It is not mentioned by name in the charter.
Other forms : " St. Alfego," 1189-98 (Anc. Deeds, A. 7926). " St. Alphegi," 1189-98 (ib. A. 11,858). "Sce Aliphegi sone day," 1241-59 (Fulk Basset's Register in D. and C. St. Paul's MSS. W.D. fo. 49). " St. Elfegi beside Crepelgate," 1275 (Anc. Deeds, A. 11,859). " St. Alphege de Cripelgate," 1279-80 (Ct. H.W. I. 43). " St. Alfige within Cripelgate," 1283-4 (ib. 68). " St. AElphege de Wodestrate," 1291 (ib. 102). " St. Alphege near Crepelgate," 1304 (ib. 165). "Alphey within Crepilgate " (Arnold, 1500-21, p.247).
In 1328 mention is made in a will of the parish of " St. Alphage within Bisshopesgate " (Ct. H.W. I. 339). There does not appear ever to have been any other church in London dedicated to St. Alphage and the passage may probably refer to the church of St. Alphage within Cripplegate.
Stow tells us that at the suppression of the Priory of Elsing Spital, temp. H. VIII., part of the priory church on the south side of London Wall was converted into a parish church for St. Alphage and the old parish church, which stood on the north side near the wall of the City by Cripplegate, being ruinous was pulled down and the plot made a carpenter's yard. The old churchyard, containing remains of the old Wall of London, is enclosed by an iron railing on the north side of London Wall Street.
A Rectory. Patrons : Dean of St. Martin's le Grand (Lib. Cust. I. 235), until the Dissolution of the Monasteries, when the patronage fell to the Crown and was given by Queen Mary to the Bishop of London (Newcourt, I. 259).
Alphege (St.) Within Bishopsgate
Alphey Within Crepilgate
Ambrose Thurstan's Key
In the earlier edition the southern portion of the square is called by another name, which looks like " Berners Place," but is nearly obliterated. Removed for the extension of the Metropolitan Railway, c. 1884.
It has been suggested that this name together with Paternoster Row, Ave Maria Lane and Creed Lane mark stages in the processions of the Cathedral clergy-the Lord's Prayer in Latin being said in Paternoster Row, the Amen at the corner, which was at the bottom of the Row, the " Hail Mary " in Ave Maria Lane, while crossing Ludgate, the chanting of the Credo took place (N. and Q. 9th S. IV. pp. 190-1).
A brew house stood on the site in 1746 and 1763 in Rocque's maps. The Square must have been erected between 1761 and 1774, as a letter written to Lord Dartmouth in August, 1774, is dated from this square (H. MSS. Com. 14, Rep. 223).
Behind the south-west corner of America Square below the natural gravel was found a Roman wall, 7 ft. 6 in. thick, parallel to the line of the Minories (Arch. XL. 296). The base of the wall was at a depth of about 20 feet. Traces of the City Ditch have also been found here.