A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Anne (St.) Blackfriars
This was the parish church for the inhabitants of the precinct of the Blackfriars, as distinct from the conventual church set apart for the use of the Friars only, and the Prior maintained at his own cost a curate to serve the parishioners there.
The site was appropriated by Sir Thos. Cawarden as part of the priory precincts given to him, but in the reign of Queen Mary he had to find a place of worship for the parishioners within the precincts, and this parish church Stow says was rebuilt and enlarged, 1597.
The church and churchyard were purchased by the inhabitants of the precinct, 1607. The church was again enlarged, 1613. Burnt down in the Fire 1666 and not rebuilt, the parish being united to St. Andrew Wardrobe (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 180, 194).
Anne (St.) Blackfriars' Churchyard
Anne (St.), Chapel of
Erected by John de Grantham near the church of St. Antonin, 1345 (Ct. H.W. I. 476), in honour of St. Anne and other saints. He to be buried in the chapel of St. Anne and St. John the Baptist near the church of St. Antonin 1350-1 (ib. 648).
Anne's (St.) Fraternity
Anne's (St.) School
Ann's (St.) Alley
Ann's (St.) Churchyard
Ann's (St.) Lane
Annunciation of the Virgin Mary Without Aldrichegate (Chapel of)
Other names and forms : " St. Antolin," 13 Ed. I. (Ch. Inq. p.m. (25)). " St. Antonji," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 228). " St. Antony," 1350 (Ct. H.W. I. 634). " St. Auntelin," 14 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. F. p. 43). " St. Tauntelyne," 7 Rich. II. (Cal. L. Bk. H. 225). " St. Anthony Boge rowe," 7 H. IV. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2042). " St. Antonin de Watlyng strete," 1402 (Ct. H.W. II. 352). " St. Antonin in Watlyngstrete," 1443 (ib. 500). " Antelyne in Bogerowe," 1500-21 (Arnold's Chr. p. 247). " St. Antonin de Walbrook," 1403 (Ct. H.W. II. p. 355). " Seynt Autolyns " (Arnold's Chr. p.77). " Antelyne in Bogerowe " (ib. p.247). " SeyntAncelyne " (Fabyan, p.296).
The earliest reference to the church occurs in the MSS. belonging to the D. and C. of St. Paul's, about 1119, when a dispute having taken place between William the priest " de sancto Antonino " and Derman as to their right to the church, they entered into a solemn compact not to do any injury to each other on account of the church, but to have it in common, one half to each, and they granted the church to the Canons of St. Paul, paying a rent of 12d. to the canons during their lives in recognition of the grant (H. MSS. Corn. 9th Rep. p.63).
An inquisition was taken of the ornaments, etc., in the church in 1181 (ib. 68). Chapel of St. Anne and St. John Baptist annexed to it by John de Grantham, 1345 (Ct. H.W. I. 476). Church rebuilt by Thos. Knowles, mayor, 1400 (S. 109 and 252). Again rebuilt or enlarged by John Tate, mayor, 1514 (ib. 113).
Encroachments made on the site before the rebuilding of the church (ib.). Parish of St. John the Baptist Walbrook united to it after the Fire. Church finally taken down in 1874 and site, etc., sold for £44,990. Parish united to St. Mary Aldermary with St. Thomas Apostle and St. John the Baptist upon Walbrook. There is a representation of the church in stone at the corner of Budge Row to commemorate the site.
Anthony (St.) (Hospital of)
On the north side of Threadneedle Street (S. 181). In Broad Street Ward. Stow tells us that there was built on the site in 1231 a Jewish synagogue (ib.), but the site before 1254 was granted by H. III. to the brotherhood of St. Anthony of Vienna to be a cell of that house. Mentioned in Bull of Pope Alexander of that year (MSS. D. and C. St. George, Windsor, quoted in Vict. Co. Hist. p. 181).
The house consisted of a master, two priests, a schoolmaster and twelve poor men, and was used as a hospital. It came into the possession of the King under the Alien Priories Act 1414, and became a royal free chapel (ib.). Soon after the master and wardens acquired more land and a free school and almshouses were built (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1422-9, p. 518). The church of St. Benet Fink was appropriated to the Hospital for the benefit of the school (Vict. Co. Hist. 582). The Hospital was annexed by Ed. IV. to the Collegiate Church of St. George's Windsor in 1475 (S. 186). Church rebuilt 1499 (V. Co. Hist. p. 583). After the Dissolution the Hospital was despoiled by one of the prebends of Windsor and the almsmen turned out. The church was let to the French Protestants in Elizabeth's reign, and the school, which had been important and flourishing, fell into decay (S. 186).
The following remarks of Mrs. Jameson may throw some light on the practice mentioned by Stow as to stray pigs being appropriated to the maintenance of the Hospital. She says she had read somewhere that the hog was given to St. Anthony because he had been a swineherd and cured the diseases of swine. But this was a mistake. The hog was the representative of the demon of sensuality and gluttony, which Antony is supposed to have vanquished by the exercises of piety and by Divine aid. The ancient custom of placing in all his effigies a black pig at his feet, or under his feet, gave rise to the superstition, that this unclean animal was especially dedicated to him and under his protection. The monks of the order of St. Anthony kept herds of consecrated pigs, which were allowed to feed at the public charge, and which it was a profanation to steal or kill ; hence the proverb about the fatness of " Tanthony pigs."
Antony's (St.) School
This school was founded with others in London in St. Martin's le Grand, St. Mary le Bow, St. Dunstan's in the East, etc., in response to a petition presented in 1447 to the King by the rectors of the parishes of All Hallows the Great, St. Andrew Holborn, St Peter Cornhill and St. Mary Colechurch (Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. N.S. I. (2), p. 17).
Will's Coffee House was at one time known as the " Apollo," from a music-room so Galled in the tavern, which bad been started in imitation of the " Apollo room " at the famous tavern known as the " Devil."
Formed one company with the Grocers at first. Incorporated as a separate Company 1617. Grocers petitioned against separation in vain, 1621. So long previously as 1328, the elections to the Mystery of Apothecaries were made separately from those to the Grocers (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 232), although for many years subsequently, as in 1365, there was only one Warden for the trade of Grocers, Pepperers and Apothecaries (ib.G. p. 204).