A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Artirce, The King's
Stow describes it as a mansion house of the Kings, 14 Ed. I. (S. 152), and Strype says that Queen's Square was erected on the site of a large house, anciently supposed to belong to the Kings and Queens (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 89).
Described as the King's mansion called the kynges " artery " in Lymestrete, 14 Ed. IV. 1474 (Cal. P.R. Ed. IV. 1467-77, p. 439). Ed. I. is evidently an error for Ed. IV. in Stow and the ' c ' probably an error for ' e,' which would make the word " artiree."
It does not seem to be possible to arrive at any satisfactory explanation or derivation of this word unless it is a contracted form of the word " artelries "=" artillery," and was a storehouse for arms. The word " artelleries " occurs in this sense in Chaucer's " Tale of Melibeus " and " artery " might be a contraction, originally written thus : " arteries." The form " artry " is given in N.E.D., s.v. " artillery."
The Artizans' Industrial Dwellings were commenced in 1884, and with the Metropolitan Railway occupy the site of several former Courts, viz. : " Allen's Court," " Ebenezer Square," " Mount Court," " Barnes's Buildings," " Meeting House Yard," Gravel Lane, "Sadlers' Hall Court."
Ashen Tree Court.
Ashentbee [Ashentree?] Court
Athel Street, Athelestreet
It seems probable from a comparison of some of these deeds, in which the names of the parties and witnesses are identical, that these forms are merely variations of the same name and relate to " AEtheling (or Noble Street) as Leyland termeth it, commonly called Wathling Streete " (q.v.) (S. 252).
The property is described as " a quay with houses and shops built thereon extending from the High Street to the Thames and from the angle of the lane called ' Aubrees Watergate ' to the quay of William, son of Edmund de Essex " (Anc. Deeds, A. 7283).
These " watergates," whether lanes, quays or gates to the river were very numerous and often had no distinguishing prefix. Three of them are mentioned simply as " le Watergate " in the enquiry held in 17 Edward III. into the condition of the approaches to the Thames (Lib. Cust. II. 446).
Auction Mart Sale Rooms
A messuage so called in the suburbs of London outside Aldersgate. Described in an inquisition 10 Edward II. 73, as in a ruinous condition and therefore valueless. Held of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's.
Other forms and names : " St. Audoen within Neugate," 1396 (Ct. H.W. II. 321). " St Audewin within Neuwegate," 1361 (ib. 44). " St. Andoem," 1569 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 121). " St Ouen," 1220 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 23). " St. Owyn," 1322 (Ct. H.W. I. 296). " St. Owan within Neugate," 1349-50 (Ct. H.W. I. 628). " Seynt Iweyne," 1374 (ib. ii. 162). " Sancti Owini, St. Iwyn," 1385 (Cal. P.R. Rich. II. 1385-9, p. 50). " St. Ewenna, 1542 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVII. 393). " St. Edwin," 1543 (ib. XVIII. (2), p. 60).
Ewin is the same saint as Owen or Audowen called " Sancti Audoeni juxta fratres minores " (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 193). " Seint Ewen." " Owyn wtin Newgate " (Arnold's Chronicles, pp. 77 and 253). " Seynt Yeuan " (Fabyan's Chr. p. 296).
After the dissolution of the monasteries, temp. H. VIII., and the suppression of the Greyfriars monastery, the parishes of St. Nicholas Shambles, St. Audoen, and St. Sepulchre within Newgate were united to form the parish of Christ Church, Newgate (q.v.).