A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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George (St.). Botolph Lane
On the west side of Botolph Lane and at the south-east corner of George Lane. In Billingsgate Ward (O.S.).
Earliest mention : Temp. H. II. "St. George's in Estehepe" (Anc. Deeds, A. 1686).
Other names : "Sancti Georgii de Estehepe," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. I. 229). "S. George in Botolph Lane," 1313 (Ct. H.W. I. 243). "S. George the Martyr near Estchep," 1375 (ib. II. 174). "S. George Estchep," 3 Ed. III. (Ane. Deeds, C. 2390). "St. George Buttolph" (Leake, 1666). "Seynt George in Podynge lane," 1516 (Fabyan's Chr. p. 295).
Repaired 1360 (Ct. H.W. II. 56). Repaired and beautified 1627 (Strype, 1720, I. ii. 171). Burnt in the Great Fire and rebuilt 1674.
The church of St. Botolph, Billingsgate, was united to it after the Fire.
Church closed as being in a dangerous condition 1899 and pulled down 1904. Parishes united to St. Mary at Hill, 1901 (Builder, 9.2.07), and End. Ch. Rep. 1903, p. 7.
A Rectory. Patrons : the Abbot and Convent of Bermondsey ; after the dissolution, the Crown.
Register from 1546 in custody of Mr. H. Bird, 19 Eastcheap, Hon. Vestry Clerk, 1912 (N. and Q. 11th S. V. p. 463).
Dedication to the patron saint of England. It is curious that it should be the only church in the City with this dedication.
Enclosure of way through Spittle fields from the George to Smock Alley, 1673 (L. and P. Chas. II. Dom. S. XV. 351).
Perhaps gave its name to George Alley (q.v.), Spitalfields.
On the north side of Lombard Street. In Langbourn Ward.
A common Osterie for travellers, called "the George" of such a signe (S. 203).
Said to have belonged to the Earl Ferrers and to have been his London lodging in 1175.
"le George," 1455 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 56).
Rebuilt 1601 (Overall's St. Michael's Cornhill, p. 255).
Since the Fire rebuilt with very good houses well inhabited and warehouses, being a large open yard called George Yard (q.v.) (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 156).
Messuage called "le George" with a wood wharff adjoining in Eastsmithfeilde in parish of St. Botolph without Algdate, 37 Eliz. (1595) (Lond. Inq. p.m. III. p. 224).
No later mention.
The original sign is probably St. George and the Dragon.
George (The), Aldersgate
On the east side of Aldersgate Street, adjoining Thanet House, opposite London House, in Aldersgate Ward Without (Lond. Guide, 1758).
First mention : Strype, ed. 1720.
In O. and M. 1677 the George Inn is on the west side of Aldersgate Street, opposite St. Botolph's Church.
Strype says it was formerly called the "White Hart" (ed. 1720, I. iii. 122).
A brewhouse or inn called the George in Aldersgate street is mentioned 1557 and 1567 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 71).
One of the old galleried inns (Strype). Removed to Aldersgate Street from Little Britain (ib.).
The site is now occupied by Shaftesbury Place (q.v.).
George (The), Leadenhall Street
Adjoined the Black Bull Inn, parish of St. Peter Cornhill, and was one of three messuages left to the parish by Thomas Hinde, 1635 (End. Ch. St. Peter, p. 2).
No later mention.
-South out of Lombard Street. In Langbourn Ward (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 163).
Not further identified.
South out of Aldgate High Street with a passage into Poor Jewry Lane (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).
Called "Three Tun Tavern" in Rocque, 1746.
Site now occupied by business houses, etc.
North out of Lombard Street. In Laughourne Ward (O. and M. 1677-Elmes, 1831).
Passed through the George and Vulture into Cornhill.
The site is now occupied by Barclay's Bank.
Messuage with garden and stables in parish of St. Katherine Colman in a place there called "George Alley," 4 Ed. VI. (London, I. p.m. I. 82).
"The George" is mentioned in the bounds of the parish of St. Katherine Colman on the south side of Fenchurch Street. Perhaps the alley derived its name from this sign
(P.C. 1732, p. 74).
In the parish of St. Sepulchre, 1646 (Ct. H.W. II. 763).
Perhaps identical with George Yard, West Smithfield (q.v.).
West out of Bishopsgate Street in Bishopsgate Ward Without, south of Skinner Street (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1709).
"George Yard," in Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 108).
Site is now occupied by the railway lines.
South out of Upper Thames Street, at No. 98, west of Old Swan Lane (P.O. Directory). In Dowgate Ward.
First mention : O. and M. 1677.
It seems to have been called "Cock and George Alley" in some of the records of the Dyers' Company (L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. V. 462).
West out of King Tudor Street to Salisbury Court in Whitefriars, in Farringdon Ward Without (Hatton, 1708-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
See George Yard, Dorset Street.
See George Yard, Seacoal Lane.
See George Court, Coleman Street.
George Alley, Birchin Lane
See Bengal Court.
George Alley, Fleet Market
West from Fleet Market to Shoe Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (Leake, 1666-Lockie, 1816).
In 1708 it had three passages into Rose and Crown Court (Hatton).
Removed for the erection of Farringdon Market, c. 1826. Site now covered by Farringdon Avenue.
In 1432 a tenement called the Tabard is described as lying between "the Castel" east and "the George" at Scholane end (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 265).
Perhaps the George here mentioned gave name to this alley.
George Alley, Spitalfields
Messuages and one alley called the "George Alley" and a garden adjoining in parish of St. Botolph without Bisshopisgate, parcel of the priory or new hospital of St. Mary without Bisshoppisgate (St. Mary Spital), 32 H. VIII. 1540 (L. and P. H. VIII. XV. p. 411) and 43 Eliz. 1601 (Lond. I. p.m. III. p. 309).
Perhaps named after the George (q.v.), an inn there.
George and Catherine Wheel Alley
East out of Bishopsgate at No. 260 (P.O. Directory). In Bishopsgate Ward Without.
First mention : Lockie, 1810.
Other names : "George Wheel Alley" (O.S. 1875 and 1880). "Catherine Wheel and George Yard," "Katherine Wheel and George Alley" (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799). "Rose Alley" (Rocque, 1746).
In P.C. 1732 there are two courts here out of Bishopsgate named "Catherine Wheel court" and "George yard" respectively, and it is probable that different portions of the court were known originally by the two distinct names, and that in course of time one or other of the names began to be used for the whole court, and finally the two were used together as one name.
There was an inn of the same name here (Lockie, 1810).