A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Parish churches, five in Stow's time : St. Clement, Eastcheap ; St. Lawrence Pountney, St. Martin Orgar ; St. Michael, Crooked Lane ; and St. Mary Abchurch. Now St. Mary Abchurch and St. Clement Eastcheap alone remain.
The ward underwent very considerable changes in the early part of the 19th century owing to the erection of the new London Bridge and the subsequent formation and erection of King William Street and the other approaches to the new bridge under the Act of Parliament, passed 1829 for the purpose. Numerous streets and buildings, including the church of St. Michael, Crooked Lane, were demolished under this Act.
Candlewick Ward Chambers
Earliest mention found in records : "Candelwrichstrete," 1180-7 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 16). "Candelwrictestrate," temp. John (Anc. Deeds A., 1957). "Candewyllestrate " (ib. A. 1980), temp. John. "Candelwrithestrate," c. 1190 (ib. A. 2025).
Other forms : "Candelwritestrate," temp. John (ib. A. 7821). "Kandelwrihtestrate," H. III. (ib. A. 1961). "Cande(wille)strate " (ib.) (ib. A. 1874-6). "Kandelwrithtestrate," H. III. (ib. A. 2044). "Candelwiccestrate," 1259 (Ct. H.W. I. 4). "Candelwrihcestrate," 54 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2101). "Kandelwricgstrate," H. III. (ib. A. 2271). "Kandelwycestrate," 43 H. III. (ib. B. 2104) "Candelwryhttestrate," 1271-2 (Ct. H.W. I. 10). "Kandelwrictestrete," "Kandelwickstrate," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 23). "Candelwriste-strete," 5 Ed. I. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2469) "Candelwestrete," 6 Ed. I. (ib. A. 2001). "Candelwrihttestrate," "Candelwryhtstrate," 1272-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 14). "Candelwekstrate," 1281 (ib. 62). "Candlewystrate," 1282 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 53). "Candelwer3-strate," "Candelwer3tstrete," 1298 (Ct. H.W. I. 139). "Candelwyestrete," 1377 (ib. II. 197). "Candelwylwykstrete," 2 Ed. IV. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2098). "Canwikstrete," 14 H. VII. (ib. B. 2282). "Canwykstrete," H. VIII. (Dugdale, IV. 232). "Canninge Street " (temp. Q. Eliz.) (Proc. in Chancery, II. 277). "Candlewright," or "Candlewicke, strete" (S. 219). "Canning Street," near London Stone, 1647-8 (L. and P. Chas. I. XXII. p. 8). (Now commonly called Candlewick.)
In a will of 1372 direction is given for the purchase of cloth of "Candelwykstrete" for the making of coats and hoods (Ct. H.W. II. 145), and Dr. Sharpe says that it was famous for its cloth so late as temp. of Henry VI., and that it was at one time the centre of the cloth trade (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 136 note).
Originally Candlewick Street or Cannon Street did not extend beyond Walbrook, but in 1853-4 it was decided to continue it further west and make it a thoroughfare to St. Paul's Cathedral, removing for the purpose the narrow line of streets known as Great St. Thomas Apostle, Basing Lane, Little Friday Street, Great Distaff Lane, etc. The thoroughfare was at the same time widened throughout. This western extension was at first and until 1866 known as Cannon Street West, now the whole street is called Cannon Street.
Stow says the street took its name of Chandlers or makers of Candles, both of waxe and tallow, for Candlewright is a maker of candles or of "weeke," which is the cotton or yarne thereof ; or otherwise "wike," the place where they used to work them (S. 219). "Wrich," "wricte," "wrihte" are the earliest forms. "Wyce" does not occur until the middle of the 13th century
There were certainly wax-chandlers here in early times. In 1311 mention is made of John le Cierger de Kandelwikstrate (Cal. L. Bk. D. p. 137) of John le Chaundeler de Candelwykstrete, 1305 (Cal. L. Bk. B. 163) and of Matthew le Chaundeler de Candelwykestrete, 1326 (ib. E. p. 210).
Cannon Street House
Cannon Street Station
On the south side of Cannon Street at Dowgate Hill, extending south to the Thames (P.O. Directory), which is traversed by the railway bridge of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway Co. In Dowgate Ward.
It occupies the entire site of the ancient Steelyard (q.v.), and numerous streets and lanes were demolished for the erection of the station, and the formation of the railway lines and the approaches : "Chequer Yard," "Hand Court," southern end of Bush Lane ; "Plumbers' Hall," "Wingoose Alley," "Turnwheel Lane," the western side of All Hallows Lane ; "Double Hood Court," "Steelyard Stairs and Court."
Cannon Street West
Canterbury Court, St. Andrew's Hill, Blackfriars
In 1523, 15 H. VIII., in a wardmote inquest in Broad Street Ward, mention is made of a defective pavement before Sir Gylys Capell's house in the parish of St. Bartholomew (L. and P. H. VIII. III. Pt. 2, p. 1515).
There was a Thomas de Caponeshorse, a bureller and weaver in 1278 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 276), a juror in ward of Thomas de Basing, 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 421), who may have resided here and belonged to the Fraternity of Burellers (q.v.)
A tenement called "Litelcaponhors" stood in Candelwikstrete at the corner of Abecherchelane in parish of St. Mary de Abecherche in 1327 belonging to John Lucas (Ct. H.W. I. 323). The two tenements were probably identical.