A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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See Chick Lane, Tower Street.
See Chick Lane, Tower Ward; also Chick Lane, West Smithfield.
On the south side of Fleet Street, at No. 1, by Temple Bar, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).
Est. temp. Q. Elizabeth. Lately rebuilt.
Occupied the site of the tavern called the Marygold, at Temple Bar.
House devised in 1697 to St. Dunstan's in the West, and leased by the Rector and churchwardens to Messrs. Child and Co. (End. Ch. Rep. 1902, p. 12).
South out of Fleet Street, adjoining Child's Bank (O.S. 1880).
First mention : Horwood, 1799.
Site occupied by the Bank, since it was rebuilt.
The Devil's Tavern formerly occupied the site (Middle Temple Records, p. 228).
East out of Coleman Street in Coleman Street Ward, (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).
Mentioned in Ct. H.W. II. 776, under date 1680.
Strype describes it as very ordinary with decrepid houses, ready to fall (ed. 1720, I. iii. 64).
Site occupied by offices and chambers.
West out of Finsbury Square, at No. 1. to 32 Beech Street (P.O. Directory). Outside the City boundary.
First mention : Mentioned as "Chysel strate," the northern boundary of land and houses in the parish of St. Giles without Cripplegate, the western boundary being "Grobstrat," temp. H. III. c. 1217-43 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 8). In the prebend of Finsbury.
Other forms : "Chisel Street " (ib.). "Cheselstrete," 36 H. VI. (L. and M. Ft. of Fines, I. 201). "Chiswell Street," O. and M. 1677.
From Stow's description it would appear to have been called "Everardeswellestrete" (q.v.) in his time (S.433).
Chitterling Alley, Tower Street
See Rose Court.
In Church Entry, Blackfriars.
Founded by Lady Cholmondeley for three poor women (Dodsley, 1761).
No later reference.
Christ Church Hospital
See Christ's Hospital.
Christ Church Lane
Mentioned in Charter 14 Ed. II. (Strype, ed. 1720, ii. 14).
Christ Church Passage
North out of Newgate Street, on the west side of the Church (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within.
First mention : Lockie, 1810.
In Strype it is called "Passage to the Hospitall."
Name derived from the church.
Christ Church Priory, Aldgate
See Trinity (Holy) Priory of.
Christ Church Streate
Messuages in the street called "Christ Churchstreate" in parish of St. Katherine Christchurch within Algate, parcel of the possessions of the lately dissolved monastery of Holy Trinity. Held of the Queen in socage by fealty, 28 Eliz. (1586) (Lond. I. p.m. III. p. 86).
Qy.=Cree Church Lane (q.v.).
Christ Church, Newgate Street
On the north side of Newgate Street at No. 94, in Farringdon Ward Within (P.O. Directory). The parish extends into Castle Baynard Ward.
First mention : Christ Church, Newgate Street, to be a perpetual vicarage, 38 H. VIII. 1547 (L. and P. H. VIII., XXI. (2), 416).
Church of the Grey Friars to be a parish church to be called the church of Christ within Newgate for the inhabitants within the site of the Grey Friars and within the parishes of St. Nicholas and St. Audoen and within that part of St. Sepulchre's parish which lies in and within Newgate, 1547 (ib. 416).
Other references : The parish of Christ Church within Newgate lately called the "Graye Fryers," 1562-3 (Ct. H.W. II. 680).
Messuage in parish of Christ's late in parish of St. Nicholas ad Macellas, 1554 (Lond. I. p.m. I. 131).
Messuage and garden in parish of Christchurch formerly the parish of St. Ewin in Newgate market, 34 Eliz. (ib. III. 163).
There was a Lady Chapel and a "Postles Chapel" (S. 322-3).
The church was 300 ft. long, 89 ft. broad, 64 ft. high. It was consecrated 1325, surrendered 1538. Reopened 1546 as Christ Church (S. 320).
Repaired and beautified 1605. Gallery erected 1628. Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt with a lofty beautiful steeple 1704 (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 132), at a cost of over £11,700.
The new church only occupied the eastern portion of the old monastic church, the vacant western portion being left open to form a burial ground for the parish. St. Leonard Foster Lane united to it (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 132).
A Vicarage. Patrons : Governors of St. Bartholomew's Hospital, who present alternately with the Dean and Chapter of Westminster for St. Leonard's, Foster lane.
See St. Audoen and St. Nicholas Shambles.
See Howford Buildings.
Christopher (St.) le Stocks
On the north side of Threadneedle Street, west of the Bank of England. In Bread Street Ward.
Shown in Leake's map, 1666-Rocque, 1746. The parish is in Broad Street and Cornhill Wards.
Earliest mention : 10 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. 10 Ed. I. (22)).
Forms of name : "St. Christopher upon Cornhull," 1348-9 (Ct. H.W. I. 520). "St. Christopher in Bradestrete," 1385-6 (ib. II. 251). "St. Christopher de Bradstrete," 1387 (ib. II. 261). "St. Christopher near le Stokkes," 1361 (ib. 41). "St. Christopher at lestokkes," 1375 (ib. 179). "St. Christopher near le Shambles," called "le Stockes," 40 Eliz. (Lond. I. p.m. III., 257).
Rebuilt 1462 (P.C. p. 53). Re-edified 1506 (S. 187, and Hatton, s.v.), and again 1621, the steeple, etc. (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 132).
Partly burnt in the Fire and rebuilt (ib.) 1671, and repaired 1696. Removed 1781 for the extension of the Bank of England and parish united to St. Margaret Lothbury.
A Rectory (P.C.). Patron : 10 Ed. I. John de Nevyle (Ch. I. p.m. (22)).
Advowson granted to Prior of Charterhouse, 21 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2031). Afterwards belonged to the Bishop of London.
The garden with the fountain within the Bank marks the site of the Churchyard to the north of the church.
A tenement called "the Cristofer" and house called the "Preestes house" in parish of St. Andrew at Baynard's Castle, 3 Eliz. 1561 (Lond. I. p.m. I. 221).
Not further identified.
West out of St. Martin le Grand to Bagnio Court, in Aldersgate Ward and Farringdon Ward Within (Elmes, 1831, and O.S. 1848-51).
Called "Bagnio Ct" or "Christopher's Alley " in P.C. 1732.
First mention : "Christopher Aley," 32 H. VIII. 1541 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVI. 243).
Site now occupied by the new General Post Office buildings.
Messuages in this alley in Goldinge lane in parish of St. Giles with-out Creplegate, in the Ward of Creplegate, 15 Eliz. 1573 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 165).
No later mention.