A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Riley (Mem. xi.) identifies it with Cornhill Ward and suggests that the ward was so called at an earlier period when it formed the soke of the Bishop of London. But Sharpe says it is Lime Street Ward and that Thomas Sely, described in Letter Book B. as Alderman of Ferthing Ward, is elsewhere spoken of as Alderman of Lime Street Ward, and that John de Causton is similarly described in 6 Ed. III. and the 8 and 10 Ed. III. respectively.
In Hust. Roll 191 (11) W. Hulyn is witness, in his character of Alderman of the Ward, to a deed relating to property in parish of St. Andrew Cornhill, 1460, "in Warda de Lyme Street al dicta 'Ferthyngward' " (Beavan I. 178).
The word "farthing" or "ferling" was sometimes used to denote the fourth part of an acre, and in Camden's Britannia, ed. Holland, I. 497, it is used as the equivalent of a ward, "There were in this borough foure ferlings, that is quarters or wards" (N.E.D. s.v.).
Former names and forms of name : "Faytureslane," 20 Ed. I. (Hust. Roll 21, No. 20). " Faitereslane," 1312 (Ct. H.W. I. 230). "Faytoreslane," 1315 (ib. 252). "Fayturlane," 1329-30 (ib. p. 357). "New lane called Faitereslane," 11 Ed. III. (Hust. Roll 56 (31)). "Le Newestrete called Faytoreslane," 17 Ed. III. (ib. 70 (41)). "Faytourlane," 1345 (Ct. H.W. I. 481). "Faitourslane," 1361 (Ct. H.W. II. 44). "Faytereslane," 41 Ed. III. (Chancery I. p.m.). "The new lane called Faiturlane," 1357 (Ct. H.W. I. 698). "Faterlane," 1536 (L. and P. H. VIII. xi. 378). "Fewtars lane" (S.375).
It has also been suggested that the original name was "Viteri," "Viter," found in the Ct. of Hustings Wills in the 14th century (I. 119 and 139). But this does not seem to be possible, for the property mentioned in these Wills as lying in this street was situated in the parish of St. Sepulchre without Newgate.
Fetter Lane Court
Feyre (la Novele)
Feyre (The Nane)
Instituted temp. Ed. I. to be held after dinner in Soper lane. But had speedily to be abolished on account of strifes and murders arising therefrom, 25 Ed. I. 1297. Had been instituted by strangers, foreigners, mendicants and others living three or four miles from London (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 236).
It appears to have been levied by a careful valuation and assessment of the movable goods of each citizen in a city or township, whether clothes, jewellery, furniture, cattle, only certain specified goods being excepted, while the poorest citizens were in many instances exempt.
About the year 1334 the practice grew up of allowing the communities of cities and boroughs to treat with the royal commissioners appointed to assess and collect the tax and to agree upon a fine or sum to be paid as a composition for the fifteenth, tenth, etc., and the sum thus agreed upon was to be entered on the rolls as the assessment to the tax of that particular city or borough. Thus it came about that when a fifteenth was levied in subsequent years, no fresh assessment had to be made, and it was understood that the sum previously agreed upon would form the amount of the city's contribution. Thus the fifteenth came to be a convenient and well-understood unit of taxation.
The Letter Books of the City of London contain frequent references to the fifteens and we find the Mayor and Commonalty compounding with the royal commissioners in this way, and offering to pay £2000 or £3000, or whatever the sum might be that they thought would be acceptable as their contribution.
It is very interesting to compare the figures of different years. In the 8 Ed. II. there was a levy in the City of 1000 marks, and everyone assessed to the last fifteenth granted to the King to pay one mark in every £1 assessed and so more or less according as each was taxed in the said fifteenth (Cal. L. Bk. D. p. 307).
A careful comparison of the assessments of the various wards for fifteenths or fractions of fifteenths, etc., will show that in many instances the assessment of the wards remained unaltered from about the middle of the 14th century to the end of the 16th century, and each ward continued to contribute the amount at which it had been assessed originally, which was regarded as its fair proportion of the City's contribution (Cal. L. Bk. F. 3, 4).
In some of the later assessments, as set out in the Letter Books, it is to be noted that the totals contributed by certain wards do not correspond with the totals of these earlier assessments, whilst in others the totals are identical, and the same discrepancies are to be noticed in the figures of Stow's assessments as compared with those in the Letter Books.
Though in its origin an imperial tax, it is evident that in later times the City made use of the tax for its own purposes, as a convenient and easy method of raising a specified sum, for repair of walls, ditches, etc., and that a fifteen levied by the Mayor and Aldermen on the city was similar in amount to the same tax for imperial purposes.
Fig Tree Alley, Barbican
Fig Tree Court
Fig Tree Court
Former name and forms : "Fynkeslane," 1274-5 (Ct. H.W. I. 22). "Fynkeslane," 1293 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 14). "Fynghis Lane," 1305-6 (Ct. H.W. I. 177). "Fenkislane," 5 H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. I. 1509-14, p. 590).
So called, Stow says, of Robert Finke, of Robert Finke his sonne, James Finke and Rosamund Finke. Robert Finke new builded the parish church of Saint Bennet Fink and lived on the west side of the lane in the ward of Broadstreete (S. 184). Rosamund Finke is mentioned in Cott. MS. Faust, B. II. (B.M.).
A court baron of the Mayor and citizens for the Manor of Finsbury was held in 1636 ; Grub Street, Golden Lane, and Whitecross Street were included within the manor (L. and P. Chas. I. 1636-7, p. 389).