A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Golden Lyon Inn
West out of Red Cross Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O. and M. 1677).
"Wheatsheaf Brewhouse," in Rocque, 1746.
The site is now occupied by the Metropolitan Railway lines.
Golden Mine Court
See Golden Lion Court.
Certain tenements adjoining the church of St. Benet Sherehog on their east side are described as having for their southern boundary "Goldhoper Lane" and on the north "Bucklersbury," 33 H. VI. (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 6a.) This suggests that the old name of Pancras Lane was "Goldhoper Lane."
See Pancras Lane.
On the north side of the Temple Church, within the Temple precincts, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).
First mention : L.C.C. List, 1901.
Formerly called : "Churchyard Court" (q.v.). "Pissing Alley" (O. and M. 1677).
It contains Goldsmith's grave, hence the name.
The present buildings were erected 1861 (Baylis, p. 2).
The south side of East Harding Street from 9 Great New Street to Gunpowder Alley, Shoe Lane, was so called in Lockie, 1810, and Elmes, 1831.
Not named in the maps.
West out of Wood Street at 124 to Gutter Lane at No. 7 (P.O Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within and Cripplegate Ward Within.
First mention : O. and M. 1677.
In Rocque, 1746, "Gold Street."
Named after the Goldsmiths there.
The Goldsmiths' quarter ("orfaveria") in Cheapside, extending from Wood Street to Foster Lane and Old Change. In parish of St. Matthew, Friday Street, 1310-1l (Ct. H.W. I. 219).
Earliest mention : "Orfaveria in foro London," H. III. (Cal. Ch. I. p.m. Vol. I. p. 308). "Aurifabrica in foro," 1235 (Cal. Charter Rolls, I. 201-2).
Other names : "The Goldsmithery," 1278 (Ct. H.W. I. 35). "Aurifabria," 6 Ed. I. (ib. 29). Shop in "Aurifabria" opposite the church of St. Peter de Wodestrate, 1290 (Ct. H.W. I. 94).
Gold and silver to be sold there or at the King's Exchange, 1327 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1327-30, p. 43).
Perhaps Goldsmiths' Row occupied this site later.
North out of Jewen Street to Nixon's Square, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).
A Methodist chapel occupied the site in O.S, 1875-80, now offices and business houses.
The fifth in order of the twelve Great City Companies.
Existed as a Guild, apparently of foreign origin from a very early period, perhaps as the "Gilda Aurifabrorum."
It is mentioned in 1180 as one of the adulterine guilds which had to pay a fine to the king.
Incorporated 1327. Elections to the Mistery of the Goldsmiths made 1328 (Cal. L Bk. E. p. 232).
The privilege of assaying and stamping all articles of gold and silver manufacture was reserved to them by charter, and as lenders of money they were the precursors of the great banking houses.
The Company is very wealthy, and in addition to numerous other charitable works has endowed the Goldsmiths' Company's Institute at New Cross, a great educational centre.
West out of Great New Street at No. 4, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).
First mention : Hatton, 1708.
On the east side of Foster Lane, south of Gresham Street, between Foster Lane and Gutter Lane (P.O. Directory).
Site purchased about 1323.
First mention : Stow, p. 308.
He describes it as a proper house but not large.
Old building erected after the Fire, by Wren, taken down 1829, and new Hall opened 1835. Architect of present Hall, P. Hardwick.
Maitland says it was originally built by Sir Drew Barentin about 1407 ; since the Fire it has become a stately structure of brick and stone and a spacious Hall (ed. 1775, II. 763).
Seems to have been a name given to Great New Street (q.v.), either to the whole or to some portion of it.
First mention : L. and P. Chas. II. 1668-9, p. 486, and Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 282.
Goldsmiths' Rents, Newgate
On the north side of Newgate Street, near the Gate. A few houses only.
Shown on a plot of the Greyfriars 1546 and 1617 in Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. V. 421.
Perhaps belonged to the Goldsmiths' Company.
In Cheapside, on the south side, extending from Bread Street to the Cross in Cheap at Wood Street in Bread Street Ward (S. 298 and 347).
Stow describes it as the most beautiful frame of Fayre houses and shoppes in London or elsewhere in England, built by Thomas Wood, sheriff and Goldsmith in 1491. Beautified with the Goldsmiths' arms and likeness of woodmen (ib.).
Meaner trades allowed to creep into Goldsmiths Row, the glory and beauty of Cheapside 1622 (L. and P. Ed. VI., etc., X. 457).
New painted and gilt 1594 (S. 347).
Said to be in Cheapside and Lombard Street in 1635-6 (L. and P. Chas. I. 1635-6, p. 280).
The origin of the name is indicated above.
South out of East Harding Street, at No. 9, to Pemberton Row (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.
First mention : Horwood, 1799.
Gonne Powder House
Messuage in parish of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate, "the Gonne Powder House," 36 H. VIII. 1544 (L. and P. H. VIII. Dom. S. XIX. Pt. 1, p. 501).
Not further identified.
Probably "f" is an error for "s"=Goodchepselde. See Unicorn, Cheapside.
See Goodwin's Yard.
East of the Minories Precinct. In 35 H. VIII. Roland Goodman, fishmonger, had a tenement, with a garden and three closes of land abutting towards the garden east and towards the late priory of Minoresses west and two parcels of pasture leased with it and together with it lying in the parish of St. Mary Matfelon and belonging to the priory (L. and P. H. VIII. Dom. S. XVIII. Pt. 1, p. 538).
In Stow's time a farm, and still represented as open ground in O. and M. 1677. But when Strype wrote in 1720, the Fields had been converted into fair streets with very good brick houses well inhabited by merchants-Mansell Street, Prescott Street, Leman Street, and Alie Street.
Now converted into places of business, but the former name of the site is recorded in Bacon's map, 1912.
Mentioned in the bounds of Portsoken Ward as set out in Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 26. Probably north of Goodman's Yard, at the point before the boundary turns west.