A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
The references seem to suggest St. Benet. See the charter in Thorpe quoted above, in which All Hallows is separately mentioned, the description in Ct. H.W. I. 202 and 222, II. 8, together with the position of St. Benet's at the junction of Gracechurch Street and Fenchurch Street, where the cornmarket was held, 7 Ed. I. (Ct. H.W. I. 39).
There are frequent references in the Liber Albus and the City Letter Books to the sale of corn at "Graschirche" during the 14th and 15th centuries, and it appears from a proclamation of 1374 that there was a regular market held there at that time, for it was provided in the proclamation that those who brought corn to the City for sale from Cambridgeshire and the neighbouring counties should take their corn to be sold "a la Marche sur la Pavement a Graschirche" (Lib. Albus I. 433, and Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 330).
The market must have been held by St. Benet Gracechurch at the junction of Gracechurch Street with Fenchurch Street and Lombard Street, and from Lib. Albus I. 247, it appears there was a regular scale of customs levied on the corn, etc., brought to "Gerchirche" or "Graschirche" for sale.
The existence of such a market for hay, corn, etc., in early times suggests the derivation of the names of some of the neighbouring churches and streets "Graschirch," "Fanchurch," from O.E. "gaers," "gers"=a blade of grass, herb, hay, and L. "faenum"=hay.
South from Cornhill and Leadenhall Street to King William Street and Fish Street Hill (P.O. Directory). In Bishopsgate and Bridge Wards Within. A few houses on the eastern side are in Lime Street Ward.
Other forms : "Grescherchestrete," 1329 (Ct. H.W. I. 353). "Gressecherchestrete," 1361 (ib. II. 28). "Grascherchestrete," 1347-8 (ib. I. 501). "Gracechirche strete," alias "Graschirche strete," 16 H. VI. 1437 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1436-41, p. 143). "Gracious Street" (V. Agas). "Graciousstreate," 1526 (Ct. H.W. II. 631). "Graces strete," 1558-9 (ib. 669). "Grasse street" (S. 165). "Grasse streete," alias "Gracechurchstreete," 12 Chas. I. 1636 (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 37).
It is evident from the forms set out above that the earliest form of the name was "Garscherchestrete," and that the later corruptions were by metathesis "Gres-cherch" and "Gras-cherche," while such forms as "Gracious strete" and "Grasse street" did not appear until the 16th century.
Walls discovered at the south-west corner of Fenchurch Street built across Gracechurch Street at a depth of 22 ft., and at Corbet Court on the opposite side of Gracechurch Street (Arch. LX. 224 et seq). At Nag's Head Court the gravel is reached at a depth of 16 ft. below the surface (Tite, xviii.).
Roman foundations found on the site of the Mercantile Bank of India on the western side of Gracechurch Street 7 ft. wide, descending to a depth of 30 ft. below the pavement. At the northern end of the street also remains of large Roman public buildings have been discovered.
Gracehurch (The Corn Market of)
Grand Junction Street
Grand Junction Wharf
In an inquisition taken at this time complaint was made that John de Grantham had closed up the lane with two great stones and two iron bars, so that, whereas it had been open to all from the "regia strata" to the Thames, there was now no ingress or egress to and fro to the injury of the community.
Gravel Lane, Houndsditch
In 1677 and until the end of the 18th century it covered a much wider area than it does at the present time. The northern portion communicating with New Street (Hand Alley) and Middlesex Street was demolished for the erection of the extensive warehouses of the East India Company now occupied by the Port of London Authority.