A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Helmet Court, Wormwood Street
South out of Wormwood Street at No. 12 (P.O. Directory). In Broad Street Ward and Bishopsgate Ward Within, leading into Sutton Court.
First mention : Strype, 1720, I. ii. 131.
Out of Petticoat Lane, in Portsoken Ward (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
Out of Creechurch Lane, in Aldgate Ward (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
Hemp yard, Seething Lane
See John de Vere's Yard.
Hen and Chickens Court
North out of Fleet Street at No. 183, east of St. Dunstan's church, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).
First mention : O. and M. 1677.
Called "Hen and Chick Court" (Rocque, 1746).
Now gives entrance to a business house.
Name derived from the sign.
See Walnut Tree Yard.
Mentioned in the description of the bounds of the parish of St. Katherine Creechurch, opposite to Duke's Place and west of the lane leading to Bevis Marks (Stow, ed. 1633, p. 150).
Bevis Marks was given to Thomas Heneage at the time of the dissolution of the Abbey of Bury (S. 148), and his house and subsequently the lane were named aftcr him "Heneage House" and "Heneage Lane" respectively.
South out of Bevis Marks at No. 16 (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward.
First mention : Strype, ed. 1720.
Other names and forms of name : "Beavis lane" (O. and M. 1677). "Henneage lane," otherwise called "Lousie or Lousy" lane (W. Stow, 1722, and Rev. of London, 1728). "Henege Lane" (Rocque, 1746). "Innage Lane" (Horwood, 1799). "Heneagle lane" vulg. "louse lane" by Creechurch lane (P.C. 1732).
Derivation of name : Stow tells us that Bevis Marks was given to Thomas Heneage at the dissolution of the Abbey of Bury (S. 148), and we find Heneadge House mentioned in the description of the bounds of the parish of St. Katherine Creechurch, opposite Duke's Place, west of the lane leading to Bevis Marks (S. ed. 1633, p. 150). The house and subsequently the lane were named after this Thomas Heneage.
See Rutland Wharf.
Herald's College, Office
See College of Arms.
Herb Market, Leadenhall
The southernmost portion of Leadenhall Market. In Bishopsgate Ward Within (O. and M. 1677-Strype, 1755).
"Skinner's Place" occupied the site later.
See Leadenhall Market.
Rebuilt in 1730 and called the "New Market" or "Nashe's Rents" with shops chiefly for butchers, and a new passage into Lime Street (Maitland, 1775, II. 1003).
A mansion on the east side of Dowgate, near to the church of St. Mary Bothaw (S. 233). In Dowgate Ward.
Earliest mention : "lerber," 1368 (Ct. H.W. II. 122). "Erber," 1373 (Cal. Close Rolls, Ed. III. 1369-74, p. 606). "Herber," 13 Rich. II. (Cal. L. Bk. H. p. 349). "la Herber," 16 Rich. II. (ib. 385). "le Erbere," 1410 (Deed in Lappenberg, Pt. II. p. 35).
In 1373 it belonged to the widow of John de Hatfield (Hust. R. 101 (174), etc.), who gave it to Wm., lord Latimer.
In 1410 it is described as the great "placeam Comitis Westmerland vocatam le Erbere," with Carter lane (=Bush lane) next to it south, and itself forming the northern and western boundaries of a tenement in Gofairlane (=Cross Lane) called "the George."
The grant of the tenement called "le Erber" in the ward of Dowegate to the earl of Westmoreland was made in 1399, it having previously belonged to Wm. Lescrope (Cal. P.R. H. IV. 1399-1401, p. 149).
In 1392 the common beam and balance were there and the wardenship of them was given to John Spencer in that year on the understanding that he occupied the house in person (ib. Rich. II. 1391-6, p. 144).
The earl of Salisbury lodged there in 1457 (Chron. of Lond. p. 168).
The site is now occupied by part of Cannon Street Station.
The derivation of the name is obscure. Prideaux suggests "Arbour" as the equivalent (N. and Q. 11th S. III. p. 121).
Lappenberg suggests its derivation from the Norman French "erbier," French "erbois," a "Grasplatz"=garden.
Apparently a house so called in the parish of All Hallows Bread Street.
Mentioned in will of John de Walpol, 1349 (Ct. H.W. I. 564).
Not further identified.
See Harbour Lane.
North-west out of Threadneedle Street at No. 54, and Old Broad Street (P.O. Directory). In Broad Street Ward.
Former name : "French Court" (O. and M. 1677-Elmes, 1831).
Hercules' Pillars Alley
South out of Fleet Street, in Farringdon Ward Without, to the north of the Temple Church (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).
Mentioned temp. Jas. I. (Noble, p. 111). Still a small court by No. 27 Fleet Street "without a name" (ib. ed. 1870).
So called from the tavern there.
Site now occupied by Temple Bar House, a block of chambers.
"Hercules' Pillars" was the classic name for the Straits of Gibraltar, considered by the ancients the end of the world, and so adopted on the outskirts of towns. This house was near the City boundary.
See Hart Street, Mark Lane.
A tenement so called in the parish of St. Giles without Crepelgate, 1308 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 49).
Not further identified.
Hermit of Crepelgate
See Cripplegate Hermitage.
See Hermitage Entrance.