A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Tenement so called near "le brodegate" in parish of St. Margaret, Fish Street Hill, 1383 and 1394 (Ct. H.W. II. 234, and Anc. Deeds, B. 2043).
Not further identified.
Out of Philpot Lane, near Gracechurch Street (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).
Also called : "None-such Court."
Not named in the maps.
Named after an owner or builder.
Tenement of Alice de Mondene called "la Hole" in parish of St. Owyn, 1322 (Ct. H.W. I. 296).
No later mention.
Tenement situate at "le Hole" in the parish of St. Magnus, 1393-4 (Ct. H.W. II. 306).
"Le Fisshwharf at le Hole" in the parish of St. Magnus, 1400 and 1446 (ib. 346 and 508).
From these entries it would appear that the word "hole" is used here either like the O.E. "hol"="hollow," "cave," or in the sense of "a deep place in a pond or stream" (which is one of the definitions given in the N.E.D.), and that it was either a natural cave in the river shore, forming a shelter for boats coming in to the wharves, or a deep water suitable for the accommodation of larger vessels approaching the shore at this point. But in either case forming some kind of natural harbour for the various craft plying there.
It is interesting to note that the word "hole" is used locally in the United States to denote an indentation, an opening in the coast, a small bay, a cove.
Compare in the same neighbourhood : "Churchyard Alley Hole," "Gully Hole" (q.v.).
The Two penny wards in the two Compters were so described (S. 116).
Hole Bole (le), Honey Lane
A messuage, of such a sign, in the parish of All Hallows Honey Lane, in Cheap Ward. Near Blossom Inn.
Earliest mention : "le Hole Bole," 1459-60 (Ct. H.W. II. 540).
Other forms of name : "le hole Bulle," 1499 (Arch. XIII. 199). "Le hole Bulle," 1527 (Lond. I. p.m. I. 89). "the Hole Bull," 1550 (Loud. Topog. Rec. IV. 87).
No later record.
"Hole" in M.E.="whole," "bole"="bull."
The "bull" has always been a favourite shop sign.
Hole in the Wall Court
At No. 6o Fleet Street (Lockie, 1810).
Named after the public house so called.
The name is said to have originated from the hole in the wall made in debtors' and other prisons, through which to supply the prisoners with money, meat, etc.
See St. Dunstan's Court.
Described by Stow as a "bourne that sometimes ranne downe Oldbourn hill." But there does not seem to be any authority for this statement, as to a burn or brook running down and giving its name to Holborn Hill.
The name Holborn appears in Domesday as "Holeburne," i.e. the "brook in the hollow" from A.S. "hol"="hollow," and was probably applied to the rivulet which entered the Thames as the Fleet, or rather to the northern portion of it which flowed through the neighbourhood of Clerkenwell.
In the register of Clerkenwell nunnery Cott. Faust. B. ii. the lands of the nunnery are described as lying "juxta Holeburne in ripam Holeburne," while the garden of the hospitallers is "super Holeburne," indicating that the stream came down north and west from Clerkenwell to Holborn Bridge and not in an easterly direction down Holborn Hill.
The form "Oldbourne" is one of Stow's gratuitous guesses, and rests on no authority whatever. Unfortunately he persisted in spelling the word throughout his work in accordance with his fancied etymology, instead of in the usual manner, with the result that his derivation of the word has, in the past, been very generally accepted.
In later times this northern portion of the Fleet is referred to as Turnmill Brook (q.v.).
See Fleet (The).
See Howford Buildings.
See Ludgate Square.
East out of Water Street to Printing House Street. In Farringdon Ward Within (W. Stow, 1722-L. Guide, 1758).
Former name : "Banister's Lane" (O. and M. 1677). "Printing House Street" (Strype, ed. 1720 and 1755).
See Earl Street.
Hollar's Plan of London
Wenceslaus Hollar was appointed by the King to make exact plan and survey of the City after the Fire, Sept., 1666, and the Lord Mayor and Aldermen were requested to render assistance to him (L. and P. Chas. II. 1666-7, p. 111).
Spent seven years on a ground plan of the City, of great value in consequence of the Fire.
It had cost him £100, so that he was in need of pecuniary help (ib. 430-1).
The basis of Leake's Plan, 1666.
In Great St. Helen's, in Bishopsgate Ward.
Founded by Lady Holles, 1539 (Dodsley, 1761).
Not named in the maps.
A chapel in St. Paul's, on the north side, founded 1400 by Roger Holmes, Chancellor, and called "Holmes College," with 7 chaplains (S. p. 330).
Chapel commonly called "Holmechapell," 1448 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 55).
"Holmes College," within the precinct or cemetery of St. Paul's, 1465 (ib. 21).
Suppressed Ed. VI. (S. 330).
West out of Poor Jewry Lane, between Three Crown Court and Carpenter's Yard (Strype, 1720 and 1755).
No further reference.
Named after the owner or builder.
See Cross (Holy).
See Holiday Yard.
In the parish of St. Mary at Hill, in Billingsgate Ward, on the Thames.
Earliest mention : 1289. "la holirode warf" (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 17).
At one time belonged to Holy Trinity Priory, 28 H. VIII. 1536 (L. and P. H. VIII. D. S. X. p. 530).
The site seems now to be occupied by Billingsgate Market.
Perhaps named after a wayside cross or crucifix in the neighbourhood.
West out of St. John's Court, Chick Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).
Site now covered by Charterhouse Street, and the London, Chatham and Dover Railway lines.