A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Inns of Court
For the study and practice of the law.
These were four in number, viz.: Inner Temple ; Middle Temple ; Lincoln's Inn and Gray's Inn.
Possess the sole right of admitting persons to practice as barristers.
So called as being anciently held in the Aula Regis, or Court of the King's Palace.
In 1633 mention is made of "Little Inns of Court" under St. Dunstan's Church (Land P. Chas. I. 1633-4, p. 17).
It is interesting to note that in the 19 H. III. it was ordained that Schools of Law were not to be held in London (Close Roll, 19 H. III. m. 22).
Further historical and topographical details will be found under the respective Inns.
Insurance Office, Birchin Lane
See London Insurance Office.
In the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle, in the ward of Vintry, belonging to Lady Joan Frowyk, 22 H. VII. (Lond. I. p.m. 22 H. VII. No. 55, I. p. 23).
She granted it to Thomas Wodde, late Justice of the King's Bench and the sergeants-at-law.
Stow says it was named after William Ipres, a Fleming, who was the first builder. He came out of Flanders with other Flemings to the aid of King Stephen against the Empress Maud in 1138, and was so high in favour with the King that he built his house near the Tower Royal, where the King then lodged for greater safety (S. 248).
"Ypres Inn," 8 Chas. I. (L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 193).
Site shown in O.S. 1875 ed., on the north side of Great St. Thomas Apostle.
Ipswich Arms Inn
At the east end of Cullum Street, before it turns south into Fenchurch Street. In Langbourn Ward (O. and M. 1677-Lockie, 1816).
Site now occupied by offices, etc.
South out of Ireland Yard, Blackfriars, in Farringdon Ward Within (O. and M. 1677-Strype, 1755).
Site rebuilt and occupied by offices and business houses.
Named after the Yard (q.v.).
West out of St. Andrew's Hill, at No. 7, to The Times Printing Office (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within.
First mention : O. and M. 1677.
Shakespeare purchased a house here in 1612, and in the Deed of Conveyance the house is described as abutting upon a street leading down to Puddle Wharf, and now or late in the tenure or occupation of William Ireland, and erected over a great gate leading to a capital messuage sometime in the tenure of Wm. Blackwell and since of the Earl of Northumberland.
The yard was named after the Ireland family.
Iren on the Hope
A tenement so called in parish of St. Mary Magdalene in Olde fisshe-strete, in ward of Castle baynard, 16 Rich. II. 1393 (Cal. P.R. Rich. III. 1391-6, p. 281).
Not further identified.
For the origin of the expression "on the Hope" See Hoop Yard.
Out of Glasshouse Yard, Goodman's Yard, Minories (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).
Not named in the maps.
South out of Upper Thames Street to the Thames on the boundary of Farringdon Ward Within and Castle Baynard Ward (O.S. 1875-80).
Former name : "Mr. Hood's Iron Wharf" (Horwood, 1799).
Site now occupied by St. Paul's Station of the South-Eastern and Chatham Ry.
Between the Tower Wharf and Little Thames Street (O.S. 25 in. 1894).
First mention : The Irongate in St. Katherine's used in 1598 for delivery of grain, etc. (L. and P. Ed. VI. etc. Dom. S. Vol. V. p. 17).
Irongate and St. Katherine's Steam Wharf
East of Tower Wharf (P.O. Directory).
Former name : "Irongate Wharf" (Horwood, 1799-to O.S. ed. 1894).
A landing-place on the Thames. Leading down from the Irongate at the bottom of Little Tower Hill to the Thames, at the south-eastern corner of the Tower Precincts (Rocque, 1746-O.S. ed. 1875).
"Irongate Staires," 1664, on tradesman's token (Burn, 107).
Now Irongate Wharf (q.v.).
See Irongate and St. Katherine's Steam Wharf.
South out of Gresham Street to Cheapside at No. 90 (P.O. Directory). In Cheap Ward.
Earliest mention : "Ysmongeres lane," 1213-16 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1988).
Other forms of name : "Ismongers Lane," 1227 (Cal. Charter Rolls, I. 54). "Irmongerelan," 34 H. III. (Ch. I. p.m.). "Ismongerelane," 5 Ed. I. (Cal. L. Bk. B. 265). "Ismongeres lane," 1322-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 300). "Ismongares lane," 1324 (ib. 308). "Ismanghere lane," 1321 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1317-21, 583). "Irmongeres lane," 1348-9 (Ct. H.W. I. 513). "Iremonger lane," 22 H. VI. (Anc. Deeds, C. 3414). "Ironmonger lane," 1 H. VII. (ib. C. 596).
From O.E. "isen"=iron, being the Ironmongers' quarter in early days, where they mainly carried on their trade.
Stow says the Ironmongers had moved from Ironmongers lane into Thames Street before his time (p. 82).
"Ferronerye (le)" (q.v.) was in this part of Cheap Ward.
The tenth of the Twelve Great Companies. Incorporated 3 Ed. IV. 1463-4.
Mentioned as a guild 1330, and an ordinance regulating the trade was issued 29 Ed. I.
Elections to the Mistery of Ironmongers took place in 1328 (Cal. L. Book E. p. 232).
There is a book of Orders of the Company of 1498.
In Stow's time the Ironmongers lived mostly in the parish of St. Dunstan's in the East (p. 136).
On the north side of Fenchurch Street at 1171/2 (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward, east of Fishmonger Alley.
First mention : S. 141, 148.
Site acquired 1457. Rebuilt 1587.
The old Hall, an Elizabethan building on the present site, escaped the Fire and was used for service in 1673 by the parishioners of All Hallows, Staining (Povah, 308-10).
The Turkey Company held their meetings here (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 164).
Scorched by the Fire 1666, but not burnt down.
Hall rebuilt 1748-52 (ib. ed. 1755, I. 485). Archt., Thos. Holden.
A small stone coffin was found beneath the courtyard 1860 (Povah, 308-10).
Chambers in Grays Inn so called 1569 (Lond. I. p.m. I. 32).
East out of Shoe Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).
Called "Isaiks Rents" in Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 282.
Site now covered by warehouses, etc.
Named after the owner or builder.
See Isaacs Rents.