A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Jack Alley, Bow Lane
See Crown Court, Trinity Lane.
North out of St. Paul's Churchyard to Blow Bladder Street, in Farringdon Ward Within, at the western end of Cheapside (P.C. 1732-Boyle, 1799).
Removed to widen the thoroughfare.
Named after a tavern which stood there 1652 (Lond. Top. Rec. IV. 47).
East out of Redcross Street, on the north side of Paul's Alley (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).
Not named in the maps.
Named after the owner or builder.
East out of Currier's Alley and north to Canterbury Court, in Castle Baynard Ward and Farringdon Ward Within (O. and M. 1677-Elmes, 1831).
Removed for the formation of Queen Victoria Street.
Jacob and his Twelve Sons Inn
East out of Red Cross Street, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O. and M. 1677).
The site is now occupied by the Midland Ry. goods office.
This sign must have been a variant of the more familiar sign of "Jacob's Well" and may have been suggested by the "Jacob's Well" in Golden Lane, Cripplegate.
Jacob's Well Alley
East out of Golden Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without (O. and M. 1677-Strype, 1755).
The site is now occupied by offices and business houses.
See Jacob's Well Passage.
Jacob's Well Alley
In Thames Street (Strype. ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
Jacob's Well Passage
South out of Barbican, at No. 20, to Paul's Alley, crossing the Metropolitan Railway lines (P.O. Directory).
First mention : "Jacobs Well," (Horwood, 1799). "Jacob's Well's Court" (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).
In Rocque, 1746, it is called "Black Horse Alley," and in O.M. 1677 "Play House Yard" ; "Jacobs Well Alley" in O. and M. lying further north out of Golden Lane.
Named after the sign, which seems to have been a familiar one in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Jamaica Coffee House
In St. Michael's Alley on the east side, next the Church Tower, 1863.
Built over the south cloister and part of the churchyard and on the site of the old Quest House, erected 1674 after the Fire (Overall, p. 289, and End. Ch. St. Michael's Cornhill parish, 1903, p. 2).
James' (St.) by the Thames
See James' (St.) Garlickhithe.
James (St.) Comyns
See James (St.) Garlickhithe.
James' (St.) Court
North out of Bury Street (east to west portion), between Nos. 31 and 32 (P.O. Directory).
First mention : "James Court" (Rocque, 1746).
Named after St. James' Church.
James' (St.) Duke's Place
On the east side of Mitre Square (Duke's Place). In Aldgate Ward (O.S.).
First mention : About 1572 there was a church standing in Duke's Place, called Trinity or Duke's Place Church, being the parish church, not meddling with St. Catherine's parish, but being a parish within itself. After the church fell down the inhabitants of Duke's Place had service in Woodmongers Hall, then called the Duke's Hall, in Duke's Place, and went to other churches to be married, etc., but not as parishioners. By direction of the King a new church was built on the site of the Chapter House of the Priory at the City's charge by the Mayor and Aldermen (L. and P. Ed. VI., etc., Dom. S. XII. p. 649). Church consecrated 1623 (ib. X. p. 479).
First called Trinity Christ's Church, but afterwards "St. James" in honour of the King (Stow, ed. 1633, 147).
In the consecration service the Bishop said that he had dedicated the Church to the worship of the Holy and Undivided Trinity, and he named it the Church or Chapel of St. James within Aldgate (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 60).
Adjudged temp. Chas. I. that St. James' was a Parish Church and not a precinct of St. Katherine Creechurch (ib. 61).
Privilege of marrying without licence taken away by Act of Parliament (ib. 81).
A perpetual curacy (Newcourt I. 368).
Patrons : Lord Mayor and Commonalty of London.
Church pulled down 1874 under the Act for the Union of City benefices and the living united to St. Katherine Creechurch.
James' (St.) Garlickhithe
On the east side of Garlick Hill at No. 18 and south of Maiden Lane. In Vintry Ward (P.O. Directory).
Earliest mention found in records : "St. James apud viniteriam," c. 1196 (Anc Deeds, A. 6457).
Other forms of name : "St. James by the Thames," c. 1204 (MSS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 12). "St. James apud Tamisyam," 1222 (ib.). "St. James de Garlecheythe," 1275-6 (Cal. L. Bk. B. p. 260). "St. James near the Vintry," 1275 (Ct. H.W. I. 24). "St. James in the Vintry," 1281 (ib. 63). "St. James in Garleckhithe," 1281 (ib. 53). "St. James de Garlekheth," 1293 (ib. 110). "St. James Garlechethe," 1304 (ib. 166). "St James de Garlekhegh," 1324-5 (ib. 310). "St. James de Garlelhude," 1349 (ib. 583). "St. James Garlekhithe," now called "Saint James Comyns," 1481 (Cal P.R. Ed. IV. 1476-81, 252).
Called at "Garlick hith" or "Garlick hiue," for that of old time on the banks of The river Thames, neare to this Church, Garlicke was usually solde (S. 250).
Said to have been new built by Richard Rothing, one of the Sheriffs, in 1326 (S. 250).
North aisle rebuilt and the Church repaired and beautified 1624 (Strype, ed. 1720. I. iii. p. 10) at a cost of £700.
Burnt in the Great Fire and rebuilt by Sir C. Wren. Foundation stone laid 1676, opened 1682, finished 1683 (ib.). Restored 1877.
A Rectory. Patrons : Abbot and Convent of Westminster, until the dissolution of the monasteries-afterwards the Bishop of London.
See James (St.) super ripam.
James' (St.) in the Temple
See Temple Church.
James' (St.) in the Wall Hermitage
A chapel or hermitage adjoining the north-west corner of the Wall of London near Cripplegate in Farringdon Ward Within. (Site shown O.8. 1880.)
Enown as "Cripplegate Hermitage" and "Saint James in the Wall."
First mention : Given by Richard I. to his chaplain Warin, mentioned in 39 H. III. 1255 (Cal. Pat. Rolls, H. III. 1247-58, p. 402).
But in an Inquisition, 8 Ed. III. 2nd Nos., No. 78, it is said to have been founded "per Johannem quondam Regem Anglie de assensu communitatis ciuitatis London."
In an Inquisition taken 27 Ed. I. (No. 127) the hermitage is said to have been built on ground upon which in time of war perambulation ought and is accustomed to be made, and that the chapel ought to be destroyed if the city were beseiged on that side, as the city could be easily taken on that side.
In the 18 Ed. I. a lane was granted for the enlargement of the place (loci) of St. James Chapel by Crepilgate to the chaplains and hermits thereof (Cal. P.R. Ed. I. 1281-92, p. 401).
A cell to the Abbot of Garendon in 1289 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 118, note).
The tenement of the Hermit of Crepelgate is mentioned in a will of 1297-8 as in the parish of St. Nicholas Hakoun, and this was probably a tenement devised to him for maintenance.
Henry de Causton in his will made a bequest to the Abbot and hermits of the hermitage withim Crepelgate, 1350 (Ct. H.W. I. 638).
Described as the parish of "St. James in the Wall," 1580 (London, I. p.m. III. 99-101).
From these entries it would appear that the chapel and its appurtenances were more considerable in importance and extent than is generally implied by the use of the term "Hermitage," and it seems probable that the cell was originally founded as an Hermitage and that other and perhaps more extensive buildings were added at a later date, possibly at the time of the enlargement of the "place" mentioned in the Inquisition, 8 Ed. I.
In the reign of Edward I. it was placed under the protection of the Mayor of London and afterwards of the Constable of the Tower (Gent. Mag. Lib. XV. 288-90).
It came into the King's hands in 1537 by reason of the suppression of the monastery of Garadon in Leicestershire, the chapel being a house or cell of the abbot (L. and P. H. VIII. XII. (1), p. 142).
The chapel was granted in 1543 to William Lambe, together with the cemetery adjoining beside London Wall, described as within Creplegate in the parish of St. James within London, 34 H. VIII. 1543 (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII (1), p. 201).
In 1632 it is described as in the parish of St. Olave (ib. Chas. I. V. p. 491).
See Lamb's Chapel.
With reference to the date of the foundation of this chapel and Hermitage, very interesting discoveries were made on the occasion of the rebuilding of Lamb's Chapel, c. 1825. The demolition of the upper part of the edifice rendered accessible a curious crypt below, the groined roof of which was supported by short columns of Norman work. The stonework was adorned with the zigzag ornament characteristic of that period, and the remains suggest an even earlier origin for the Hermitage than the earliest record set out above.
At a few paces from the eastern end of the building is the base of a round tower which strengthened the north-western angle of the Wall of London (Gent. Mag. Lib. XV. 288-91, and See Trans. Lond. and Midd. Arch. Soc. I. 345).
James' (St.) in Walbrook
St. James parish in Wallebroke, 29 H. VIII. (L. and P H. VIII. XII. (1) p. 589).
Probably an error for St. John Walbrook.
James' (St.) in, near the Vintry
See James' (St.) Garlickhithe.
James' (St.) Place
East out of Garlick Hill, north of Maiden Lane and St. James' Church (P.O. Directory). In Vintry Ward.
First mention : O.S. 1875.
Named after St. James' Garlickhithe Church.
James' (St.) Place, Aldgate
South-east out of Duke Street at No. 33 (P.O. Directory). In Aldgate Ward.
First mention : O.S. 1848-51.
Former names : "Duke's Place" (Leake, 1666-Elmes, 1831). "Duke's Place Court" (O. and M. 1677, and Strype). "Broad Court" (Rocque, 1746-Maitland, 1775).
Named after the Church of St. James', Duke's Place. It was called Duke's Place after the Duke of Norfolk, who held the property by marriage with the daughter of Thomas Audley.
Duke's Place Court, or Broad Place, as Maitland calls it, led out of Duke's Place under an arch. The Dutch Jew's Synagogue stood at the south-eastern corner (Maitland, 1775).
Duke's Place occupied the site of the Great Court of Holy Trinity Priory, Aldgate. Plans of the site, etc., are mentioned in H. MSS. Com. 7th Rep. 192, as in existence in that Collection.