A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Katherine Wheel and George Alley
Katherine Wheel Inn
Katherine Wheel Inn, Bishopsgate
Katherine Wheel Yard, Chick Lane
Katherine's (St.) Churchyard, East Smithfield
Katherine's (St.) Cloysters
Katherine's (St.) Court, East Smithfield
Katherine's (St.) East Smithfield
Katherine's (St.) Hospital
Founded by Q Matilda, the wife of King Stephen, before 1148 (Tanner) on ground belonging to the Priory of Holy Trinity, purchased by her from the Prior Ralph for the purpose (Ducarel, I. p 31). The land had been included in the grant made by the Cnihtegild to the Priory and lay within the Ward of Portsoken, and the custody of the hospital was given by Matilda to the Prior and convent of the Holy Trinity (Anc Deeds, A 6684). Custody surrendered 1261 (Nichols, pp. 2 and 3). Refounded by Q. Eleanor, w. of Ed. I., 1273, the Master to be nominated by the Queen (Nichols, p. 3).
It is interesting to note in connection with the date of the foundation of the Hospital given above the existence in the Calendar of Documents in France (Rolls Series) edited in recent years by Mr. Round, at p. 329, of a grant made by H. king of England and Matilda his wife of St. Katharine on the Thames to the Abbey of Holy Trinity l'Essay in 1105. It is difficult to know to what other foundation the grant could refer. It would certainly be rash in the absence of further proof to assume that this grant must refer to St. Katherine's Hospital, or to a church erected previously on or near the site of the Hospital. Such an assumption would throw some doubt upon the accuracy of the accounts given by Dugdale and others and attested by documentary evidence as to the ownership of the land and of its acquisition by Q. Matilda, w. of King Stephen, for the purposes of the foundation of the Hospital. But it may be well not to lose sight of this grant, in case further proof should be forthcoming in the future in support of the contention that a church or hospital was in existence on or near the site so early as 1105, and that the whole of the land in question could not therefore have been included in the grant made by the Cnihtegild to the Priory of Holy Trinity in 1125 as alleged.
Katherine's (St.) Lane
Katherine's (St.) New Court
Katherine's (St.) Pool
Katherine's (St.) Precinct
This precinct included the site of the hospital of St. Katherine and its adjacent domains. It consisted of about 24 acres, granted to the Hospital from the date of its foundation, and it owed its existence to the survival of the privileges conferred upon the Hospital from time to time by royal charters and other similar documents.
At the date of its demolition for the formation of the St. Katherine's Docks it contained within its limits 1250 houses and over 11,000 inhabitants. The streets, etc., removed included the following : Angel Alley, Baily Place, Brush Court, Butcher Row, Cats Hole, Christopher Court, Dark Entry, Dean Street, Flemings' Churchyard, Great Garden Street, Greenwood's Court, Greyhound Court, Gun Yard, Hall's Court, Hangmans' Gains, Hartshorn Brewhouse, Helmet Court, John's Court, Katherine's (St.), Katherine's (St.) Church and Churchyard, Katherine's (St.) Cloysters, Katherine's (St.) Court, Katherine's (St.) Lane, Katherine's (St.) New Court, Katherine's (St.) Square, Katherine's (St.) Hospital, Katherine's (St.) Stairs, King Henry Yard, Lees Court, Lower East Smithfield (part) Maidenhead Court, Maudlins Rents, Phoenix Court, Pillory Lane, Red Lion Court, Rose and Crown Court, Shovel Alley, Star Court, Swan Alley.