A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Lambard Hill Lane
Other forms : "Lamberdeshul," 1283 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. p. 19). "Lambardeshull," 1331 (Ct. H.W. I. 367). "Lamberteshull," 1377-8 (ib. II. 200). "Lamberdyshel," 1359 (ib. 14). "Lambert's Hill," 30 H. VIII. (Lond. I. p.m. II. 76). "Lambarde hill," 26 Eliz. (ib. III. 74). "Laumberth Hill," 36 H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. XX. (1), p. 124). "Lambart, Lambard Hill" (S. 354 and 358). "Lambath Hill" (43 Eliz. L.C.C. Deeds, Harben Bequest, 1600-1700, No. 50, to Rocque, 1746). "Lambeth Hill" (Leake, 1666). "Lambeth Hill" (O. and M. 1677).
Founded by William Lamb, a cloth worker, to whom Henry VIII. granted the site of St. James' Chapel in the Wall (q.v.) after the dissolution of Garendon Monastery, to which it had been a cell (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII (1), 201).
Rebuilt about 1825 by the Company with a row of almshouses. Pulled down 1872 and site built over (N. and Q. 11th S. VI. p. 357), quoting MS. Collection Guildhall, 1159/1, 2, and See (Gent. Mag. Lib. XV. 288-91).
Lamb's Chapel Alley
Lamb's Chapel Court
Lamb's Court, Abchurch Lane
Former names : "Tidewaiter's Court" (western portion) (Strype, ed. 1720, Pt. 1, 55-Elmes, 1831). "Trinity Court" (Rocque, 1746-Lond. Guide, 1758). "Wright Street," 1771 (Tomlinson, p. 329). "Wright's Rents" (eastern portion) (Horwood, 1799).
It seems to have been called "Lancaster Place" at least prior to 1825, as it is recorded in the Vestry Minute Books of Holy Trinity Minories' parish that the Vestry granted a lease of vacant ground in Lancaster Place in that year (Tomlinson's Minories, p. 330).
Lancaster, Soc. of
One of the 26 wards of the City, at no point touching the City walls, bounded north by Aldgate, Lime Street and Bishopsgate Wards, west by Bridge Ward, south by Billingsgate and Tower Wards and east by Aldgate Ward.
Other forms : "Warda de Langeburne," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 417). "Ward of Langeford," 1285 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 209). "Ward of Langeborne," 1209-1300 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 57). "Ward of Lambourne," 34 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2123).
From the notices of the ward set out above it would appear that the earliest forms of the name were : "Langebord," "Longebrod," "bourn" or "burn" being merely a later corruption, and both these forms, together with the description of the ward in later deeds as Lombard Street Ward, suggest that, as in the case of other wards, it took its name from that of the main street intersecting it from east to west. For further notes as to the derivation of the name See under Lombard Street. The derivation from the "Langbourne" (q.v.) given by Stow is inconsistent with the levels in the neighbourhood, as has been shown.
Places of interest in the ward : All Hallows, Lombard Street ; St. Edmund the King and Martyr ; St. Dionis Backchurch ; St. Mary Woolnoth ; St. Gabriel Fenchurch ; All Hallows Staining ; St. Nicholas Acons. The three last are not now existing ; Pewterers' Hall.
According to Stow this stream ran down Fenchurch Street and Lombard Street to the west end of St. Mary Woolnoth Church, when turning south and breaking into small shares, rills or streams, "it left the name Share borne lane or South Borne lane as I have read because it ran south to the River of Thames" (S. 201). So called of the length thereof (S. 14).
There was no sign remaining of the brook in Stow's time and his derivation of the name seems to be purely mythical. There is no reason to suppose that there was ever a brook or stream running in this direction in this part of the City, and the levels along the streets do not indicate the existence of the bed of a stream.