A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Lucca (Society of)
The society of Luka held in common with John le Mazerer, a tenement by the bridge of Walbrook near Bokerelesbere, and were responsible with tenants of adjoining premises for keeping the bridge in repair in 1291 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 178).
A society of Italian merchants residing in England for purposes of trade and commerce. Compare the "Bardi" (q.v.).
One of the principal gates in the Wall of London, on the western side.
Supposed by Stow to be one of the most ancient, but no proof is forthcoming of this.
Mentioned by Geoffrey of Monmouth, who stated that King Lud built it, B.C. 66, and was buried by the gate called to this time in the British tongue after his name "Parthlud" and in Saxon "Ludesgata" (p. 137). King Lud seems, however, to be quite a mythical personage, and no reliance can be placed upon the statements made by Geoffrey of Monmouth. He has been followed by later writers, as Matthew of Westminster, Roger of Wendover, but they are only quoting from Geoffrey of Monmouth and not offering any independent testimony.
It was probably a gate in the later Roman wall, after the extension of the western boundary of the City.
First mention : "Lutgata," 1100-35 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 25).
Other forms : "Ludgate," 1235 (Cal. P.R. H. III. 1232-47, p. 106). "Lutgate," 6 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. 93). "Ludgate," 1285 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's Lib. L. f. 93).
Repaired 1260. Made a free prison 1378. Prison abolished 1419 (Cal. L. Bk. H. p. 97 and note). Rebuilt 1586 (S. 39).
Demolished 1760 and materials sold (N. and Q. 5th S. IX. 19).
The statues of King Lud and his two sons which ornamented the gate were given by the City to Sir Francis Gosling to set up at the east end of St. Dunstan's Church. However, this was not done, and they were eventually put up in the garden front of St. Dunstan's, a house erected by the Marquis of Hertford in Regent's Park (N. and Q. 7th S. I. 214-15).
It has been suggested that the name "Ludgate" is a Celtic survival, "Lud" being a Celtic god of water worship. Another suggestion is that it is derived either from the personal name "Luda," "Lude," "Ludda," or from the O.E. "hlidgeat" or "hlydgeat," a postern, which separated the City from the fields beyond. Bosworth gives the form "ludgeat"=a postern gate (ib. 11th S. IV. 485), and this seems to be a possible derivation.
On the north side of Ludgate Hill at No. 73, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).
First mention : L.C.C. List, 1901.
On the east side of Church Entry, Blackfriars (Rocque, 1746)
At the junction of Ludgate Hill and Fleet Street (P.O. Directory).
In Farringdon Ward Without.
Ludgate Circus Buildings
On the east side of Farringdon Street at No. 1, in Farringdon Ward Without (P.O. Directory).
First mention : L.C.C. List, 1901.
The entrance to Old Ludgate, north out of Half Moon Street, in Bishopsgate Ward Without (Lockie, 1816).
Not named in the maps.
At the south-east corner of Giltspur Street, partly in Farringdon Ward Within, partly in Farringdon Ward Without.
The prison originally formed part of the Gate, and was first made use of for the purposes of a prison temp. Rich. II. Afterwards the prisoners were removed to Newgate, but in 1419 the prison was restored to Ludgate (Riley, 676).
Enlarged 1454 and a chapel built. Water conveyed to the prisoners there 1432 (S. 17 and 37).
Burnt in the Fire, but restored and repaired. Taken down with the Gate 1760-1 and the prisoners removed to London Workhouse, Bishopsgate Street.
West from St. Paul's Churchyard to Ludgate Circus (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward, Farringdon Ward Within and Farringdon Ward Without.
First mention : Temp. Eliz. (Proc. in Chancery II. 232, and S. 393).
Former names : "Flete strete "-from Ludgate to Flete bridge, 1274 (Ct. H.W. I. 19). "Ludgate Street" (q.v.)-from Old Bailey to St. Paul's (Leake, 1666, Weller's map, 1861).
Widened in 1864 at the time of the formation of Ludgate Circus, and again in 1893, from 47 to 60 ft., at a cost of about £200,000.
See Bowyer Row.
Ludgate Hill Station
Between Water Lane and New Bridge Street, in Farringdon Ward Within, on the east side of New Bridge Street at its junction with Union Street. Station of the South-Eastern and Chatham Railway (P.O. Directory).
First mention : O.S. 1875.
Occupies the site of many small alleys and streets, etc., as Pav'd Alley, Scouts' Hall, etc.
South out of Ludgate Hill, east of Bridge Street (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).
Not named in the maps.
West out of Creed Lane at No. 7 (P.O. Directory). In Farringdon Ward Within.
First mention : O.S. 1894.
Former names : "Holiday Yard" (Strype, 1720-O.S. 1880). "Holliday Court" (O. and M. 1677-Horwood, 1799).
In O. and M. and Strype there are two entrances from Creed Lane to Holyday Court.
West out of St. Paul's Churchyard to Old Bailey, in Farringdon Ward Within and Castle Baynard Ward (Weller's map, 1861).
Now called Ludgate Hill (q.v.), 1865.
First mention : "Lutgatestrate," Rich. I. (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 15, No. 1357).
Other names : "In Vico de Ludgatestrete alias Bowiarresrowe vulgariter nuncupato in parochia sancti Martini de Ludgate," 1359 (ib. Box 70, No. 1774). "Ludgate street " (Leake, 1666).
See Ludgate Hill and Bowyer Row.
See Farringdon Ward Within.
See Lad Lane.
Lugg Yard, Bow Lane
See Half Moon Court.
See Lord Lumley's House.
East out of Grub Street to Moor Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Strype, ed. 1720).
Called "Cluns Alley" in O. and M. 1677, and leading into Harp Alley, now Harp Court (q.v.).
A company of merchants, whose house stood in Austin Friars (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 132).
On the north side of Trinity Lane at the north-east corner of Little Trinity Lane (O. and M. 1677 and Strype).
Occupied the site of Holy Trinity the Less (q.v.).
Site now occupied by Mansion House Station.