A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Mary (St.) de Crichirche (Fraternity of)
Bequest to the Fraternity, 1379 (Ct. H.W II. 209).
Mary (St.) de Newechirche
St. Mary "que Niwekirke" dicitur, mentioned in Charter of Wm. I. to Westminster Abbey (Cott. Ch. vi. 3, B.M.).
Dart suggests that this is St. Mary le Bow (II. 21).
"Newecirce" in Londonia mentioned 1175 in Harl. Ch. 84, F. 46.
Rector of S. Mary de Neucherche mentioned in will of Godfrey le Coffrer, 1277-8 (Ct. H.W. I. 31).
Shops in Baremanelane in parishes of St. Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary de Newechirch, 1285 (ib. 73).
Parish of St. Mary Newcherche mentioned in 38 and 46 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 2274, and A. 2631) and in 54 H. III., deed endorsed St. Mary Wolchirch (ib. B. 2110 and 2112).
Land and chief messuage of Thomas de Exeport in the parish of St. Mary de Neucherch. The premises lie opposite the cemetery of the Church west and run up to the land late of Richard de Abedon east and between the street (regium vicum) running to Longebrod north and a lane (viculum regium) south, 1 Rich. I. and 1252 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, H. III. I. pp. 407 and 424).
The lands of Thos. de Exeport are elsewhere described as in the parish of St. Mary )f Woollechurchehawe, 1260 (ib. II. 33).
Most of the deeds above set out indicate that it is St. Mary Woolchurch that is usually referred to under this designation.
See Mary (St.) Woolchurch, Mary (St.) le Bow, Mary (St.) de Westcheaping.
Mary (St.) de Vaucherche
See Mary (St.) Fenchurch.
Mary (St.) de Westcheping
In the Charter of Eudo Dapifer "de fundatione Ecclesiae S. Johannis de Colcestre" is : "Et ecclesiam S. Mariae de Westcheping London quae vocatur Niewecherche, concedente Ailwardo Grosso presbytero, qui in eadem ecclesia ex donatione antecessoris mei Huberti de Ria personatum consecutus fuerat xxd. Praeterea ecclesiam S. Stephani super Walebrock et domum meam petrinam juxta Niewchurch, etc." (Dugdale, IV. 609).
Qy.=St. Mary le Bow, or St. Mary Woolchurch. Probably St. Mary Woolchurch, which belonged to the monks of St. John of Colchester.
Mary (St.) Fenchurch
Earliest mention : "S. Mary de Fancherche," 1315 (Ct. H.W. I. 255).
Other forms : "St. Mary de Farncherch," 15 Ed. II. 1322 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 169). "St. Mary de Vaucherche," 1350-1 (Ct. H.W. I. 648). "St. Mary Fanchirche," 1407 (ib. II. 370). "Oure lady Fanchirche," 1479-80 (ib. 579). "Mary Foundchirch," c. 1500-21 (Arnold's Chr. p. 251).
Identified with St. Gabriel Fenchurch (q.v.).
Mary (St.) Hill
See Mary (St.) at Hill (Street).
Mary (St.) in Fleet Street
Mary (St.) le Bow
On the north side of Cheapside at No. 56 at the north-west corner of Bow Lane (P.O. Directory). In Cordwainer Ward. The parish extends into Cheap Ward.
Earliest mention found in records : "Ecclesiae Sancta Mariae quae dicitur ad Arcus" (Annales de Margam, p. 5). Date 1091.
Stow says it was built in the reign of William the Conqueror (S. 255-6).
Other forms of name : "St. Mary de Archis," c. 1193 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1513). "St. Mary of Arches," temp. John (ib. A. 2542). "St. Mary de Arch." (temp. H. III. ib. A. 1474). "St. Mary le Bow," 55 H. III. (ib. D. 309). "le clocher des Arches," 56 H. III. (Fr. Chron. p.11). "Sce Mar' ad Arcub," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 407). "St. Mary atte bowe," 1323 (Ct. H.W. I. 304). "St. Mary atte Bowe," 1335 (ib. 405). "St. Mary atte Boghe," 1343-4 (ib. 472). "Our Lady of the Arches" (nostre dame des Arches), 37 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 150). "Our Lady of the Bow," 1486 (H. MSS. Com. Var. Coll. II. 296). "Our Lady of the Bowe," 1517-18 (Ct. H.W. II. 625).
In 1091 a storm blew the roof off (Ann. de Margam, p. 5).
In 1271 the steeple fell down and killed many people (Ann. Lond. p. 81).
The curfew was rung there, 37 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 150).
Repaired and beautified 1620. Burnt in the Fire and rebuilt 1671-80. Archt., Sir C. Wren. Steeple 125 ft. high.
The church has always been famous for its bells, which were replaced after the Fire, but not completed until 1762.
St. Pancras Soper Lane and Allhallows Honey Lane united to this parish after the Fire.
A Rectory. Patron : Archbishop of Canterbury. One of the 13 peculiars in the City belonging to the Archbishop and exempt from the jurisdiction of the Bishop of London. The Court of Arches for these parishes was held in this church until the peculiars were abolished in 1847.
The church possessed from early times the right of sanctuary, and many disputes occurred in the course of its history in connection with this privilege.
The crypt under the church is of Norman work and forms one of its most interesting features. Roman bricks have been used in its construction possibly belonging to some Roman building on or near the sites.
A pavement and temple of Roman work found under the church and a Roman causeway beneath the tower, 4 ft. thick, at a depth of 18 ft. Underneath lay the natural clay (Wren's Parentalia, 265, and Arch. XL.).
Derivation of name : Stow in his first edition says it was called "de arcubus" of the stone arches or bowes on the top of the steeple or bell tower, which arching was as well on the old steeple as on the new (p. 199). The new steeple was finished 1512, the arches being built of stone from Caen.
But in his second edition he has abandoned this derivation, and speaks of it as so-called as being built on arches of stone, and the name may have been given originally to a church or chapel in the crypt (ed. 1603, pp. 255-6 and 258).
There is a church in Exeter called "St. Mary Arches" or "de Arcubus," but no satisfactory derivation of the name is forthcoming from this source. It is a 12th century church, one of the oldest in the City.
In Lincoln the church of St. Peter at Arches is so called from its proximity to the Stone Bow, a gateway with three arches across the high street.
Mary (St.) le Bow School
This seems to have been one of the three schools in London, mentioned by Fitzstephen in 1175, the other two being at St. Paul's and St. Martin's le Grand.
Later it seems to have been regarded more as a Ward School for Cordwainer Ward and afterwards for Bread Street Ward.
Removed to Old Change 1766, Distaff Lane 1818, and Anglesea House, Shooters' Hill, in 1855 (Hutton's History of St. Mary le Bow).
Mary (St.) le Quern
Bequest to the church of St. Mary le Quern, 28 Ed. III. (Ct. H.W. I. 685).
Would seem to be an error for St. Michael.
Mary (St.) Lothbury
A parish and chapel so named 1255 in Cal. Close Rolls, H. III. I. p. 449, and 1321, 15 Ed. II. (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1321-4, p. 8).
Probably an error in transcript for St. Margaret Lothbury.
Mary (St.) Magdalen at the Fishmarket, de la Fishstrete
See Mary (St.) Magdalen, Old Fish Street.
There was an altar in the Priory Church to St. Mary Magdalen used by the Parishioners until they built St. Katherine's church or chapel in the churchyard (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 56).
The parish is referred to in early records after its absorption by the Priory (27 and 29 Ed. I. Cal. L. Bk. C. pp. 33 and 92, and Auc. Deeds, A. 2417, and A. 6884).
Mary (St.) Magdalen in Piscar', by Westpiscar
See Mary (St.) Magdalen, Old Fish Street
Mary (St.) Magdalen of the Guildhall
The chapel within the precincts of the Guildhall, in Guildhall Yard (Fabyan, p. 297). In Cheap Ward.
First mention : Grant by Henry le Waleys to the Confraternity of the Pui (de Podio), 5 marks quit-rent charged on his tenements in London for the maintenance of a chaplain to celebrate Divine service in the new chapel at the Guildhall, 1299 (Cal. L. Bk. E. pp. 1 and 2).
This statement is especially interesting, as confirming the suggestion that the Chapel of the Pui is identical with the Guildhall Chapel (See also Lib. Cust. I. 227) and that it did not stand within the precinct of St. Martin le Grand as stated by Dr. Sharpe in Cal. L Bk. C. p. 139, note.
The Confraternity appears to have come from Le Puy in Auvergne, from whence the name is derived (See Pui, Fraternity of). (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 1, note.)
Other names and forms of name : "Chapel of Blessed Mary of the Pui" (de Podeo), 1304 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 139). "Capelle Gildaule," 1326 (ib. E. p. 215). "Chapel of S. Mary de Gyhalle," 1349 (Ct. H. W. I. 586). "Chapel of St. Mary adjoining the Guildhall," 1358 (ib. II. 7). "Capella de Gealda," 1368 (ib. 107). "Chapel of la Gyhalle," 1368 (ib. 119). "Chapel of the Guyhalde," 1421 (Anc. Deeds, A. 12349). "le Yeldehall chappell," 4 Ed. VI. (Pat. Roll. Pt. 9).
"Chappell or colledge of our Lady Mary Magdalen and of All Saintes by the Guildhall called London colledge" (S. 275).
Bequests made to complete the work 1326 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 215).
A college or chantry founded in the Chapel and a custos and four chaplains to be maintained there, 30 Ed. III. (Inq. p.m. cited in Price, p. 112, and App.).
In 8 H. VI. 1430, the chapel had become ruinous and greatly in need of repair, so it was ordained that the old chapel should be pulled down and a new one built over the site of the messuage of the custos John Bernard on the south side of the Guildhall in the parish of St. Lawrence, the messuage for the custos and other chaplains to be on the north side of the Guildhall (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1429-36, p. 58).
Stow says the chapel was granted 27 H. VI. to the Parish Clerks of the Guild of St. Nicholas (S. 275).
This Guild being suppressed temp. H. VIII., the chapel was granted 4 Ed. VI. to the Mayor of London (P.R. Pt. 9).
As stated above, the chapel was dedicated to St. Mary Magdalen and All Saints.
It was only partly destroyed in the Fire of 1666, and was of the Gothic order with a nave and aisles, the upper windows being restored in the Tuscan style (Price, p. 134). In 1782-3 it began to be used for secular purposes, the Court of Requests being held there.
By an Act of Parliament, 1815, power was given to pull down the Chapel, but the order was not carried into effect until 1822, when it was demolished and the existing Monuments, etc., removed to St. Lawrence Jewry (ib. 135).
The site is now occupied by the various Courts of Law belonging to the Guildhall.
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Aldgate
Mentioned by Stow as an old Parish, forming with S. Michael, S. Katherine and the blessed Trinitie, one parish of the Holy Cross or holy Roode, absorbed by the Priory of Holy Trinity and called the Parish of the Holy Trinity (S. 142).
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Eldefisshestrete
See Mary (St.) Magdalen, Old Fish Street.
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Lamberdyshel
=Mary (St.) Magdalen, Old Fish Street.
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Milk Street
On the east side of Milk Street, in Cripplegate Ward Within (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 75).
The parish extended into Bread Street Ward.
Earliest mention : "St. Mary Magdalene in foro Londoniarum," 1162 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 19).
Other names : "St. Mary Magdalene, Milk Street," 1203-15 (ib. 18).
Repaired and beautified 1619 and 1633.
Burnt in the Fire 1666 and not rebuilt. Parish united to St. Lawrence Jewry (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 75 and 90).
A Rectory. Patrons : Canons of St. Paul.
The site was subsequently occupied by Honey Lane Market and the City of London School.
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Old Fish Street
On the north side of Little Knightrider Street, at the south-west corner of Old Change, in Castle Baynard Ward (O.S. 1880).
The parish extends into Bread Street and Queenhithe Wards.
Earliest mention found in records : "St. Mary Magdalen," 1181 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 68).
Other forms : "St. Marie Magdal in Piscaria apud sanctum Paulum," 1196 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2507). "St. Marie Magdal parish at the Fishmarket"(Cal. I. p.m. H. III. 47 (10) p. 308). "St. Marie Magdalen by Westpiscar," 36 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1487) St. Marie Magdalen in noua piscar'," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's Lib. L. f. 93). "St. Marie Magdalen de la Fishstrete," 1327 (Ct. H.W. I. 326). "St. Marie Magdalen Eldefisshestrete," 1325 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1324-7, p. 162). "St. Mary Magdalen near Oldefishstrete," 1344 (Ct. H.W. I. 472). "St. Mary Magdalen at Lamberdyshel," 1359 (Ct. H.W. II. 14). "St. Mary Magdalen Oldefisshstret," 9 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, C. 259, and C. 2802). "la Maudelyne in Eldefihsstrete," 36 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 139). "St. Maudlins" (Leake, 1666).
Grant of a void piece of land in parish of St. Mary Magdalen by Olde Fissh strete between the tenement of John Phelipot south, tenement of Barth. Burwasshe west, tenement of prioress and convent of Halywell north and the highway on Lambardeshill east for a burial ground, 26 H. VI. 1448 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1446-52, p. 151).
Repaired and beautified 1630. Burnt down in the Fire and rebuilt (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 225).
Parish of St. Gregory by St. Paul's united to it.
Seriously damaged by fire 1886, and afterwards pulled down and not rebuilt.
Parish united to St. Martin Ludgate.
A Rectory. Patrons : Canons of St. Paul and afterwards the Dean and Chapter.
Mary (St.) Matfellon
See Mary (St.) Whitechapel.