A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Mary (St.) de Crichirche (Fraternity of)
Mary (St.) de Newechirche
Land and chief messuage of Thomas de Exeport in the parish of St. Mary de Neucherch. The premises lie opposite the cemetery of the Church west and run up to the land late of Richard de Abedon east and between the street (regium vicum) running to Longebrod north and a lane (viculum regium) south, 1 Rich. I. and 1252 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, H. III. I. pp. 407 and 424).
Mary (St.) de Vaucherche
Mary (St.) de Westcheping
In the Charter of Eudo Dapifer "de fundatione Ecclesiae S. Johannis de Colcestre" is : "Et ecclesiam S. Mariae de Westcheping London quae vocatur Niewecherche, concedente Ailwardo Grosso presbytero, qui in eadem ecclesia ex donatione antecessoris mei Huberti de Ria personatum consecutus fuerat xxd. Praeterea ecclesiam S. Stephani super Walebrock et domum meam petrinam juxta Niewchurch, etc." (Dugdale, IV. 609).
Mary (St.) Fenchurch
Other forms : "St. Mary de Farncherch," 15 Ed. II. 1322 (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 169). "St. Mary de Vaucherche," 1350-1 (Ct. H.W. I. 648). "St. Mary Fanchirche," 1407 (ib. II. 370). "Oure lady Fanchirche," 1479-80 (ib. 579). "Mary Foundchirch," c. 1500-21 (Arnold's Chr. p. 251).
Mary (St.) Hill
Mary (St.) in Fleet Street
Mary (St.) le Bow
Other forms of name : "St. Mary de Archis," c. 1193 (Anc. Deeds, A. 1513). "St. Mary of Arches," temp. John (ib. A. 2542). "St. Mary de Arch." (temp. H. III. ib. A. 1474). "St. Mary le Bow," 55 H. III. (ib. D. 309). "le clocher des Arches," 56 H. III. (Fr. Chron. p.11). "Sce Mar' ad Arcub," 3 Ed. I. (Rot. Hund. I. 407). "St. Mary atte bowe," 1323 (Ct. H.W. I. 304). "St. Mary atte Bowe," 1335 (ib. 405). "St. Mary atte Boghe," 1343-4 (ib. 472). "Our Lady of the Arches" (nostre dame des Arches), 37 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 150). "Our Lady of the Bow," 1486 (H. MSS. Com. Var. Coll. II. 296). "Our Lady of the Bowe," 1517-18 (Ct. H.W. II. 625).
A Rectory. Patron : Archbishop of Canterbury. One of the 13 peculiars in the City belonging to the Archbishop and exempt from the jurisdiction of the Bishop of London. The Court of Arches for these parishes was held in this church until the peculiars were abolished in 1847.
The crypt under the church is of Norman work and forms one of its most interesting features. Roman bricks have been used in its construction possibly belonging to some Roman building on or near the sites.
A pavement and temple of Roman work found under the church and a Roman causeway beneath the tower, 4 ft. thick, at a depth of 18 ft. Underneath lay the natural clay (Wren's Parentalia, 265, and Arch. XL.).
Derivation of name : Stow in his first edition says it was called "de arcubus" of the stone arches or bowes on the top of the steeple or bell tower, which arching was as well on the old steeple as on the new (p. 199). The new steeple was finished 1512, the arches being built of stone from Caen.
But in his second edition he has abandoned this derivation, and speaks of it as so-called as being built on arches of stone, and the name may have been given originally to a church or chapel in the crypt (ed. 1603, pp. 255-6 and 258).
There is a church in Exeter called "St. Mary Arches" or "de Arcubus," but no satisfactory derivation of the name is forthcoming from this source. It is a 12th century church, one of the oldest in the City.
Mary (St.) le Bow School
Mary (St.) le Quern
Mary (St.) Lothbury
Mary (St.) Magdalen at the Fishmarket, de la Fishstrete
Mary (St.) Magdalen in Piscar', by Westpiscar
Mary (St.) Magdalen of the Guildhall
First mention : Grant by Henry le Waleys to the Confraternity of the Pui (de Podio), 5 marks quit-rent charged on his tenements in London for the maintenance of a chaplain to celebrate Divine service in the new chapel at the Guildhall, 1299 (Cal. L. Bk. E. pp. 1 and 2).
This statement is especially interesting, as confirming the suggestion that the Chapel of the Pui is identical with the Guildhall Chapel (See also Lib. Cust. I. 227) and that it did not stand within the precinct of St. Martin le Grand as stated by Dr. Sharpe in Cal. L Bk. C. p. 139, note.
Other names and forms of name : "Chapel of Blessed Mary of the Pui" (de Podeo), 1304 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p. 139). "Capelle Gildaule," 1326 (ib. E. p. 215). "Chapel of S. Mary de Gyhalle," 1349 (Ct. H. W. I. 586). "Chapel of St. Mary adjoining the Guildhall," 1358 (ib. II. 7). "Capella de Gealda," 1368 (ib. 107). "Chapel of la Gyhalle," 1368 (ib. 119). "Chapel of the Guyhalde," 1421 (Anc. Deeds, A. 12349). "le Yeldehall chappell," 4 Ed. VI. (Pat. Roll. Pt. 9).
In 8 H. VI. 1430, the chapel had become ruinous and greatly in need of repair, so it was ordained that the old chapel should be pulled down and a new one built over the site of the messuage of the custos John Bernard on the south side of the Guildhall in the parish of St. Lawrence, the messuage for the custos and other chaplains to be on the north side of the Guildhall (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1429-36, p. 58).
It was only partly destroyed in the Fire of 1666, and was of the Gothic order with a nave and aisles, the upper windows being restored in the Tuscan style (Price, p. 134). In 1782-3 it began to be used for secular purposes, the Court of Requests being held there.
By an Act of Parliament, 1815, power was given to pull down the Chapel, but the order was not carried into effect until 1822, when it was demolished and the existing Monuments, etc., removed to St. Lawrence Jewry (ib. 135).
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Aldgate
Mentioned by Stow as an old Parish, forming with S. Michael, S. Katherine and the blessed Trinitie, one parish of the Holy Cross or holy Roode, absorbed by the Priory of Holy Trinity and called the Parish of the Holy Trinity (S. 142).
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Eldefisshestrete
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Lamberdyshel
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Milk Street
Mary (St.) Magdalen, Old Fish Street
Other forms : "St. Marie Magdal in Piscaria apud sanctum Paulum," 1196 (Anc. Deeds, A. 2507). "St. Marie Magdal parish at the Fishmarket"(Cal. I. p.m. H. III. 47 (10) p. 308). "St. Marie Magdalen by Westpiscar," 36 H. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1487) St. Marie Magdalen in noua piscar'," 1285 (D. and C. St. Paul's Lib. L. f. 93). "St. Marie Magdalen de la Fishstrete," 1327 (Ct. H.W. I. 326). "St. Marie Magdalen Eldefisshestrete," 1325 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1324-7, p. 162). "St. Mary Magdalen near Oldefishstrete," 1344 (Ct. H.W. I. 472). "St. Mary Magdalen at Lamberdyshel," 1359 (Ct. H.W. II. 14). "St. Mary Magdalen Oldefisshstret," 9 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, C. 259, and C. 2802). "la Maudelyne in Eldefihsstrete," 36 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 139). "St. Maudlins" (Leake, 1666).
Grant of a void piece of land in parish of St. Mary Magdalen by Olde Fissh strete between the tenement of John Phelipot south, tenement of Barth. Burwasshe west, tenement of prioress and convent of Halywell north and the highway on Lambardeshill east for a burial ground, 26 H. VI. 1448 (Cal. P.R. H. VI. 1446-52, p. 151).