A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Olave (St.) Mogwell Street, de Mugwellestrate
Olave (St.) near Martelane
Olave (St.) next Dowgate
It is difficult to know what this means, for the plural "parishes" would not be required if it were merely an instance of a double dedication of the church of All Hallows the Great to All Hallows and St. Olave's. There is no existing parish of St. Olave near Dowgate. Perhaps the expression next Dowgate" is only intended to apply to All Saints, in which case the particular parish of St. Olave, in which certain of these tenements were situated, is not indicated.
Olave (St.) Old Jewry
Other names and forms: "S. Olave in Colchirchiane," 1293-4 (Ct. H.W. I. 113). St. Olave Upwelle in the Jewry," 16 Ed. II. 1323 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1321-4, p.302). "S. Olave en la Oldeiuwerie, 1327-8 (Ct. H.W. I. 329). " S. Olave Eldiurie," 1381 (Ct. H.W. I. p.225).
A Rectory and afterwards a Vicarage. Patron: The Canons of St. Paul's and afterwards the Priory of Butley. After the dissolution of the monasteries the patronage passed to the Crown, in whose hands it remained.
Strype says there was a well under the east end of the church lately turned to a pump but decayed 1320 (ib.). Perhaps this was the origin of the name" Upwelle." The Jewry was of course the Jewish quarter in early times.
Olave (St.) Silver Street
Other forms : " St. Olave in Syrnerstrete " (ib. 48). Sancti Olavi de Cripelesgate," 13 cent. (Anc. Deeds, A. 7933). " St. Olave near London Wall," 1294 (Ct. H.W. I. 114). "Sancti Olani de Mocwelle" or" Mokwelle," 31 Ed. I. (Lib. Cust. 230, 233). " St. Olave de Mugwellestrate," 1306-7 (Ct. H.W. I. 183). " St. Olave in Moggewellestrete," 1310 (ib. 216). "St. Olave apud Crepulgate," 9 Ed. II. (West. Abbey MS. 44, 12). "St. Olave in Silvernestret," 12 Ed. II. (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 101). " St. Olave Selverstrete," 17 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2103). " St. Olave the King in Silverstrete," 1341 (Ct. H.W. I. 449). "St Olave de Sylverstrete," 1368 (ib. 11.109). "Mary Olaf in Silverstrete," 37 Ed. III. (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1361-4, p.412). St. Olave oommonly called St. Towles parish in Silverstrete," 37 H. VIII. (Lond. I. p.m. I. 162).
Olave (St.) Silver Street Churchyard
Olave (St.) towards Alegate
Olave (St.) without Bishopsgate
Old Artillery Ground
The bounds are set out in Letters Patent, Jas. II. , transcribed in Bayley's History of the Tower, II. App. p. cxxi. , and in O. and M. map, 1677, it is shown as an open space called" Old Artillery Garden" and included within the City boundary.
Stow says that it was used by the Gunners of the Tower every week for artillery practice (S. Ed. 1603, 167-8), and Strype tells us that the ground was let out for this purpose on a long lease by William, the last Prior of St. Mary Spital (Ed. 1720, I. ii. 96).
Old Bailey (The)
Former names and forms: " In ballio," c. 1241-8 (ib. A. 7499). " The Baillie," 35 H. III. (ib. A. 2585). " la Ballie," Is Ed. I. (ib. A. 2699). " The baily," 1276 (Ct H.W. I. 26). " Le Bayl," 1290 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, II. 345). "le Baly," 1305-6 (Ct. H.W. I. 175). " The Baily without Newegate," 1307 (ib. 193). " le Baille without Ludegate," 1311 (ib. 221). " Great Old Bailey," (Rocque, 1746).
Stow says he does not know the origin of the name, but suggests that it may have been so called as containing the court of the Chamberlaine of the City (S. 374), and as Newgate seems to have been at one time called "Chamberlain Gate" the suggestion is not an improbable one.
A portion of the old wall of London was found here in the rear of No.8 adjoining the Sessions House, in 1900, 8 ft. high and 8 ft. 3 in. thick, about 18 in. below the street level, 99 ft. 6 in. from the centre of the roadway (Trans. L. and M. Arch. Soc. N.S. I. (4), p.351).
Old Bedlam Court
Old Bedlam Lane
Old Bell Inn
The inn is mentioned in 1538 in a deed of conveyance of the property, and it seems at one time, with the houses on each side of it, to have formed one large messuage called the" Bell" or" Blew Bell" Inn. It adjoined Ely Place on the north. It was one of the old galleried inns, and with its sale for purposes of rebuilding in 1897 the last of these inns existing on the Middlesex side of the river passed away.
Old Bethlehem Hospital
On the east side of Bishopsgate Street, in Bishopsgate Ward Without. Founded by Simon Fitz Mary, Sheriff in 1247, as a Priory of Canons, with brethren and sisters (S. 166) of the Order of St. Mary of Bethlehem.
Nearly a century later, viz. in 1346, Letters Patent were issued under the Common Seal of the City whereby the House and Order of the Knights (fratrum milicie) of the Blessed Mary of Bethleem without Bisshopesgate were, on the petition of Brother John Matheu, called "de Nortone" taken under the patronage and protection of the Mayor and Aldermen of the City (Cal. L. Bk. F. p.154).
From the original deed of grant of Simon Fitz Mary set out in Stow, 1633, p.173, we find that the foundation was made subject to the Bishop of Bethlehem, and that the site extended from Bishopsgate Street to the Deep Ditch west and to the land of St. Botolph's Church south.
The first reference to it as the Hospital of St. Mary Bethleem is in 1329, 3 Ed. III. (Cal. P.R. Ed. III.1327-30, p.446), and Stow tells us that it was used as an Hospital for distracted people (p.166), but when it was first so used does not appear, except that it was some time prior to 1403 (See Victoria County Hist. I. p.496). Sometimes referred to as the "New Hospital without Bishopsgate,"
After this grant in 1569 Sir Thomas Roe, the Mayor, caused about an acre of land on the bank of the Deep Ditch belonging to the hospital to be enclosed to make a burial ground for such parishes in London as were in want of a burial ground (S. 166).
In 5 Ed. VI. the Court of Aldermen ordered that the inhabitants of the precincts should be united to the Parish Church of St. Botolph without Bishopsgate (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. ii. 95), and in the reign of Elizabeth the church and chapel were taken down and houses built on the site (ib.) forming the street of "Old Bethlem" or " Old Bethlehem," etc., in the 17th and 18th centuries.
The hospital being old and decayed and too closely surrounded by houses was taken down and a new one erected in Moorfields, near London Wall, completed soon after the Fire of 1666 (Strype, Ed. 1720, I. ii. 107-8).