A list of these is given in N. and Q.1911, 11th S. III. 149.
**Providence Place, Cartwright Street
East out of Cartwright Street (O.S. 1875-80).
Now called "Darby Street" (O.S. 25 in. 1894-6) (q.v.).
Providence Place, Middlesex Street
West out of Middlesex Street, between Stoney Lane and Ellison. Street (P.O. Directory). In Portsoken Ward.
Earliest mention : Lockie, 1810.
Built early in the 19th century.
Formerly formed part of " Seven Step Alley" (Rocque, 1746).
Provincial Bank of Ireland
On the east side of Old Broad Street, at the north-east corner of the street (O.S. 1880).
The site has been rebuilt and is now occupied by various business houses.
West out of Ironmonger Lane, between Nos. 27 and 28, to King Street. In Cheap Ward (P.O. Directory).
First mention: O.S.1875.
Former names: " Sun Alley" (Rocque, 1746-Lond. Guide, 1758).
Seems to be shown in O. and M., but not named.
See Prujean Square.
West out of Old Bailey at No. 61 (P.O. Directory).
First mention : " Prujean Court or Square" (Lockie, 1810).
Former names: 'Prugean Court" (Horwood, 1799). " Prujean Court" (Rocque. 1746-L.G. 1758). " Prideaux Court" (Strype, ed. 1720 and 1755). " Prigeons Court" (O. and M.1677). " Prugeons Court" (Hatton, 1708), so called from the late Mr. Prugeon, the owner.
In N. and Q. 6th S. IX. 397 and 8th S. V. 71, it is said to be named "Prujean Square" from the residence there of Sir Francis Prujean, an eminent physician, President of the College of Physicians, 1650-4.
The principal public library within the City area is the Guildhall Library, containing a magnificent collection of books and manuscripts.
There are also good libraries at the Bishopsgate Institute, Bishopsgate, and at the Cripplegate Institute, and at Sion College, Victoria Embankment.
Original documents and records can be consulted at the Public Record Office in Chancery Lane.
Pudding Lane, Eastcheap
South out of Easteheap, at No.2, to 120 Lower Thames Street (P.O. Directory). In Billingsgate Ward and Bridge Ward Within.
Earliest mention : " Puddynglane," 1361 (Ct. H.W. II. 45).
Other names : " Puddynglane," otherwise " Retherlane," 1372-3 (ib. 153). "Fyncheslane " alias" Pudynglane," 1413 (Cal. P.R. H. V. 1413-15, p.304). "Fynkeslane" now called "Puddynglane," 28 H. VI. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1723). " Retheresgatislane" alias dict. "Podynglane," 17 Ed. IV. (Harl. Ch. 44, F. 38). " Retherhethe Lane" alias" Podding Lane," 1552 (Lond. I. p.m. 8 Eliz. II. p.51). "Raderiff Lane" alias "Pudding Lane," 1571 (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 14).
The name "Retheresgateslane" seems to have been an earlier name than either of the others, for it occurs as follows: " Rederisgate," 1279-80 (Ct. H.W. I. 44). " Redereslane," 1301 (Ct. H.W. I. 153). " Rede Rose Lane," 1318 (ib. 278). " Redereslane," 1319 (Cal. L. Bk. E. 107). " Retheres lane," tith Ed. II. (Anc. Deeds, C. 3583). " Retheresgateslane," 1322-3 (Ct. H.W. I. 299 and 301). " Rotheresgatelane," 1325-6 (ib. 317). "Rederesgatelane," 1333-4 (ib. 393). " Rethergatelane," 1362-3 (ib. II. 76). " Rethereslane," 23 H. VI. (Anc. Deeds, C. 508). "Roderlane," 2 and 3 P. and M. (Cal. L. and 11. Feet of Fines, II. 92).
Sharpe suggests that " Rethereslane " is so called from " rother," a horned beast, from the beasts brouglit by the butchers to Eastcheap, and he says the cattle market at Stratford on Avon is known as "Rother Market " (Cal. L. Bk. I. p.22, note).
The earliest forms of the name " Rederisgate," 1279-80, " Redereslane " in 1301, and "Rethereslane" suggest this.
Stow says called " Rother Lane" or " Red Rose lane" of such a signe there, now-commonly called Pudding Lane (S. 212). But he gives no authority for his derivation, and the sign may have been of more modern origin than the name of the lane.
Possibly the name is derived from the personal name of a former owner.
Now commonly called Pudding Lane, because the Butchers of Eastcheape have their skalding Hduse for Hogges there, and their puddings with other filth of Beastes are voided down that way to theyr dung boates on the Thames (S. 212).
In support of this theory we find it granted in 1402, 3 H. IV., by the name of "Bethereslane "in parishes of St. Magnus and St. Botolph, to the butchers of Eastcheap, with licence to build a bridge over the Thames with houses thereon, whence they might cast offal into the Thames at ebb-tide (Cal. L. Bk. I. p.22).
The Great Fire of 1666 commenced in this lane and an inscription was set up on the house to that effect. It was then a baker's, but now a Cooper's (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 173)
Said to have originated in the house now known as No.25.
A wall of tiles and ragstones found here 1836-41.
Pudding Lane, Queenhithe
Formed the eastern boundary of a wharf called" Tymber hyde" in parish of St. Mary Somerset bounded on the south by the Thames, 26 H. VI (H. MSS. Com. 9th Rep. 18), and the western boundary of a great messuage in parish of St. Michael Queenhith containing the structures known as Marowelowes Key, Dockinges Key and Brokes Key, 1544.
"Poddyng Lane" (L. and P. H. VIII. XIX. (2), 69).
Qy. = Gardner's Lane.
South out of Upper Thames Street at No. 1 at the southern end of St. Andrew's Hill (P.O. Directory). In Castle Baynard Ward.
First mention: Leake, 1666.
Former name : " Puddle Wharf," temp. Eliz. (Proc. in Chanc. II. 242).
Stow says it was so named of one Puddle, that kept a wharf on the west side and now of Puddle water by means of many horses watered there. A water-gate there (S. 41, 366).
Called in records the West Water-gate (Hatton, 1708).
Puddle Dock Hill
See Andrew's (St.) Hill.
Puddle Dock Stairs
At the southern end of Common Lane and Dung Wharf (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).
No later mention.
See Puddle Dock.
Pui, Fraternity of the
A brotherhood of French and English traders in London united for certain charitable purposes and the cultivation of music and poetry, the original society having apparently been formed at the city of Le Puy, the ancient capital of Velay in Auvergne (Riley's Memorials, p.42).
The rules of the Fraternity are set out in the Liber. Cust. p.216 et seqq., and "le Feste de Pui" was to be celebrated annually in London.
Provision made for the collection of weekly alms for the support of the Chapel of Our Lady near Guildhall founded "pur tote la compaignie du Pui" (ib.).
Henry le Waleis gave to the Confraternity of the Pui (de Podio) 5 marks annual quit rent on all his tenements in London for maintenance of a chaplain to celebrate divine-service in the new chapel at the Guildhall (Cal. L. Bk. E. pp. 1 and 2).
See Mary (St.) Magdalen of the Guildhall.
In Albion Place, Moorgate (L.C.C. List, 1901).
A hostel in the city of London formerly belonging to John de Pulteney called "Pulteneysyn." The master and chaplains of the college of St. Laurence Pulteneye granted it to Richard, earl of Arundel and Surrey, 8 Rich. II. (Anc. Deeds, D. 805).
Mentioned in 1367 (Ct. H.W. II. 103).
It was given to the college by John Pulteneye.
Identified with the Manor of the Rose.
See Rose (Manor of).
On the north side of Skinner Street at No.62 Snow Hill (Lockie, iS16). Removed for the formation of Holborn Viaduct and its approach.
North-west out of Crutched Friars. In Aldgate Ward (Strype, 1720-Lond. Guide, 1758).
Site now occupied by the Fenchurch Street Station and railway. So named from Aldgate Pump.
East out of Moor Lane, in Cripplegate Ward Without (Horwood, 1799-Elmes, 1831).
Mentioned but not yet named in Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 93.
"New Pump Court" (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799).
The site is now occupied by Moorgate Street Station on the Metropolitan Railway, erected about 1865.
East out of Middle Temple Lane, within the Temple precincts (P.O, Directory). In Farringdon Ward Without.
First mention: 1620 (Middle Temple Records, p. 50).
Present buildings erected 1826.
West out of Minories, opposite its junction with Rosemary Lane (Rocque, 1746-Boyle, 1799). In Portsoken Ward.
Former name: "Pump Yard" (W. Stow, 1722-P.C. 1732).
The site probably rebuilt, towards the end of the 18th century.
One in Glasshouse Yard, and one in Holland Street, Blackfriars (Dodsley, 1761).
Not named in the maps.
South out of White's Alley. In Coleman Street Ward (Strype, ed. 1720-Lond. Guide, 1758).
The site is now covered by Moorgate Street Buildings.
West out of Townsend Lane to Queenhithe. In Queenhithe Ward (Strype, 1720-Boyle, 1799).
"Pump Yard " in O. and M.1677, and P.C. 1732. Site now occupied by business houses.
Out of Dunnings Alley. In Bishopsgate Ward Without (Strype, ed. 1720, I. ii. 108).
Not further identified.
In Three Foxes Court, Long Lane (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.