A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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North out of Dunning's Alley. In Bishopsgate Ward Without (Rocque 1746-Boyle, 1799).
The site is now occupied by Liverpool Street Station and the railway lines. Named after the owner or builder.
On the west side of Shoe Lane, in Farringdon Ward Without (O.S. 1880, and Collingwood, 1907).
First mention : " Richards Buildings " or " Court" (Lockie, 1810).
Former names: " Rickards Court" (Horwood, 1799). "Cockpit Court" (q.v.).
Now rebuilt for business purposes.
Named after the owner or builder.
Richards' Court, Lime Street
See Riches Court.
Richardson's (Robert) Wharf
On the Thames, 27 ft. west of the watergate at the Tower, and formerly called Pike's Corner, opposite Petty Wales.
Mentioned in circumference of the Tower set out in patent of James II. (Bayley, II. cxviii. App.).
East out of Lime Street, south of Leadenhall Street (Bacon, 1912).
First mention : " Rich's Court "(P.C. 1732).
Other form : " Richard's Court" (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).
In Goose Alley, Fleet Market. Founded by the Armourers' Co. 1559 under the will of Mr. John Richmond for 8 old men and women (Dodsley, 1761).
See Richards' Buildings.
In Coleman Street (Strype, ed. 1755-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
Houses of Roger Brounig in Riderestrete in parish of St. Mary de Monte. Alto, 1298 (Ct. H.W. I. 137).
Not further identified.
Qy. = Knightrider Street.
A tenement called "Ryngedehall" on the south side of "Kniyghtryderestrete" in the parish of St. Thomas the Apostle, belonging 26 Ed. III. to Benedict de Foisham. It adjoined a corner tenement in the parish of Holy Trinity the Less, which was situated on the east side of Cordewanerstrete (Anc. Deeds, C. 189). Called " Rengedhall," 19 Eliz. 1577 (Lond. I. p.m. III. p.4).
Stow says that Henry VIII. gave it to Morgan Philip, alias Wolfe, in the 32 year of his reign (S.249, and L. and P. H. VIII. XVI. 580).
It must have been situated on the west side of the present Queen Street at its junction with Great St. Thomas Apostle.
See Greenwood's Court.
A tenement and afterwards a street. In the parishes of St. Michael Paternosterchurch and St. Thomas Apostles, in Vintry Ward.
Street identified with College Hill (q.v.).
First mention of tenement: All the tenement in London called La Ryole" which Thomas Bat gave by charter to Simon de Beauveys for 360 marks, 5 Ed. 1.1276 (Cal. Ch. Rolls, II. 202).
First mention of street : " la Ryole," 1303-4 (Ct. H.W. I. 161). " la Riole," 13 Ed. II. (Cal. L. Bk. E. p.117). "la Reol," 4 Ed. III. (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1330-4, p.37). "le Royall," 34 H. VI. (Anc. Deeds, A. 9048). " Royall Strete " (S. 241).
The King's houses in" la Reol "were granted to Q. Phillippa for life for her wardrobe, 4 Ed. III. 1331 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1330-4, p.37).
Named from the town of "la Reole" near Bordeaux, from whence the merchants imported their wine as early as 1282 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p.49).
See College Hill and Tower Royal.
In the parish of St. Botolph Bishopsgate, mentioned in will of Robert Ripley, 1568 (End. Ch. Rep. 1901, p.7).
Not further identified.
River of Wells
This is the name adopted by Stow as the translation of the" rivulum foncium " of the charter of William I. to St. Martin's le Grand.
The words of the charter are as follows: "Totam terram et moram extra posterulam quae dicitur Cripelesgate, ex utraque parte posterulae, viz.: ab aquilonari cornu muri civitatis, sicut rivulus fontium ibi prope fluentium, ipsam a muro discriminat usque in "aquam currentem quae ingreditur civitatem."
Stow identifies this River of Wells, as he calls it, with the Fleet, but the " rivulus fontium ibi prope fluentium," which separates the moor from the wall can hardly be the brook now called the Fleet, which has a course due north and south, half a mile west of the" cornu muri."
It was probably a stream connected with the celebrated wells Clerkenwell, Skinners' Well, Fagswell, Goswell, enumerated by Stow, which stream might have taken its rise in Highbury, and flowing down through Moorfields towards the City wall may have thence turned in an easterly direction to join the Walbrook in its descent to the Thames.
It may well have been identical with the "water" mentioned in an Inquisition of 3 Ed. I. as "coming down from Smethefield del Barbican in the ward of Cripplegate towards the Moor, over which an arch has been erected at the White Cross occasioning a stoppage of the water on account of its narrowness."
The portion of the moor given to the church of St. Martin le Grand by William I. would seem to be that portion lying adjacent to Cripplegate and extending from the north corner of the City wall by St. Giles' Church to the Walbrook, viz. Finsbury Fields and the neighbourhood.
Documents contained in the Lansdowne MS. 170, p.62, emphasize the contiguity of the property to Cripplesgate and make it unlikely that it lay much further west than the north corner of the wall above mentioned.
It seems almost impossible that the " Rivulus fontium " could be so far west as the Fleet.
The name "River of Wells" does not occur in early records, and is only Stow's translation of the Latin as stated above, and adopted by later writers in deference to him. Thus in 1652 the Common Ditch or sewer, described as "Fleet Ditch," and the River Wells, also "Tremel-brook," was to be cleansed and encroachments removed (Sewers, Bt. Museum, 669, f. 16/88).
The name is also used by Bagford in a letter to T. Hearne in Leland's Collectanea, I. lxiv.
See Savage Gardens.
See Love Lane, Billingsgate.
Robin Hood Court
South out of Thames Street, west of Trig Lane, in Queenhithe Ward (O. and M. 1677-Boyle, 1799).
The site is now occupied by Trig Wharf.
Robin Hood Court
West out of Bow Lane at No.19. In Cordwainer Ward (O. and M. 1477-Elmes, 1831).
Called " Robin's wood Court" (Rocque, 1746).
Removed for the western extension of Cannon Street and the formation of Queen Victoria Street.
Named after the sign.