A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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On the east side of Monkwell Street, adjoining Hart Street (Lockie, 1810-Elmes, 1831).
Founded by Sir Nicholas Ambrose, 1578, for seven poor men and five poor widows, and left to the Salters' Company.
Rebuilt after the Fire at the charge of the Company.
Taken down 1863 to make way for the erection of warehouses and new almshouses built at Watford.
The ninth in order of the twelve Great Companies.
Grant of Livery temp. Rich. 11.1394. Incorporated 1558.
Many lived in parish of St. Dunstan in the East in Stow's time (S. 136).
Fellowship of Corpus Christi called the Salters, 14 H. VIII. (L. and P. H. VIII. III. (2), 1053).
West out of Bow Lane at No.12 (P.O. Directory). In Cordwainer Ward. Opposite St. Mary Aldermary Church.
First mention: Horwood, 1799.
See Salters' Hall Court.
North of Oxford Court (O.S. 1894-6). Formerly on the west and south sides of Salters' Hall (O. and M. 1677-O.S. 1880). In Walbrook Ward.
Wheatley says this was the garden of the Prior of Tortington's house, and afterwards of Oxford Place. If so, it was more extensive formerly than at present, because in O. and M., Salters' Garden is shown to the west, south of and adjoining the Hall, whereas in the O.S.1894-6 this site is built over and the garden is shown north of Oxford Court, but not adjoining the Hall.
On the west side of St. Swithin's Lane at No.10, south of New Court (P.O. Directory). In Walbrook Ward. The Hall of the Salters' Company.
First mention: O. and M. 1677.
In Leake's map, 1666, it is shown on the east side of Walbrook, a little north of its junction with Cannon Street. The original hall was in Bread Street and was in course of erection on land belonging to Thomas Beaumond, salter in 1457 at the time of his death, and called " Saltershalle." His will also mentions 6 houses newly erected in the parish of All Hallows (Ct. H.W. II. 534).
This Hall on the east side of Bread Street was burnt 1539. New Hall with 6 almshouses erected 1559. In 1641 the Salters' Company purchased Oxford House with the garden and the advowson of St. Swithin's Church. The gardens were for a long period one of the sights of the City (L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. I. ii. p.195).
Almshouses removed to Watford in I 863.
Present Hall erected 1823-7. H. Carr, architect. Salters' Hall Chapel adjoined the Hall and was used as a chapel by the Presbyterians and other religious bodies until it was removed for the erection of the present Hall.
The Hall, Garden, etc., occupies part of the site of the messuage known as Oxford Place (q.v.), the Prior of Tortington's Inn.
Salters' Hall Chapel
Near the gardens of the Salters' Hall, in Walbrook Ward. Not connected with the Salters' Company except as tenants.
Chapel erected temp. William III. Services discontinued 1820 and materials of the building sold soon after. Removed first to Cannon Street, to the house now known as No.101, and afterwards in 1854 to the north of London, where it still remains (L. and M. Arch. Soc. Trans. N.S. I. ii. 206).
Salters' Hall Court
North out of Cannon Street at No.109 (P.O. Directory). On the west side of St. Swithin's Church in Walbrook Ward.
First mention: Rocque, 1746.
Called " Salters' Court" in O.S.1880.
Leads to Salters' Hall.
Adjoining Queenhithe in the west, on parish of St. Michael Queenhithe
First mention : le Saltwharf," 1331 (Ct. H.W. I. 366).
Other records : " Le Saltquarf," 1361 (Cal. P.R. Ed. III. 1361-4, p.84).
A portion of the wharf belonged to Roger atte Vyne, 1336 (Ct. H.W. I, 414). In 1366 Stephen de Gloucester devised the entire wharf to John Longeneye, who in turn devised it to John Hille his apprentice, 1383 (ib. II. 93 and 233).
In 1459 it was devised by Thos. Weston, after the death of his wife, to the Wardens of the Fishmongers' Company to the use of the art within the Old Fish Market (ib. 538).
Position described by Stow as follows: "Next to Salt Wharf west is Stew Lane."
The site is now occupied by warehouses.
See Salutation Court.
North out of Lower Thames Street at No. 101, between Love Lane and St. Mary Hill, in Billingsgate Ward (Lockie, 1810-O.S. 1875).
The Salutation Tavern is shown in Rocque, 1746.
First mention: " Salutation Alley," 1560 and 1572 (Lond. I. p.m. II. 160).
The City Librarian, Mr. Borrajo, states he has a notice of the tavern as early as 1509 (N. and Q. 10th S. IX. p.33).
The Court was demolished for the formation of Monument Street, which now occupies the site.
On the south side of Newgate Street, with a passage to Rose Street (Rocque, 1746).
Much resorted to for social gatherings.
See Oxford Arms' Inn.
This sign of the "Salutation" has undergone many changes. In medieval times it represented the salutation of the Blessed Virgin Mary by the Angel Gabriel. In Puritan times the Soldier and the Citizen saluted each other. In later times it has been represented by two hands conjoined.
Salutation Tavern, Lower Thames Street
See Salutation Court.
East out of Basinghall Street at No. 24. In Bassishaw Ward (Horwood, 1799-O.S. 1880).
Former name: Sambrugh's Court" (Rocque, 1746).
Ground rent of houses of Sir Jeremy Sambrook given to the parish of St. Michael Bassishaw (Strype, ed. 1720, I. iii. 68).
Site now occupied by the Wool Exchange.
Sir Jeremy was elected Alderman of Cripplegate Ward 1687 but did not serve. Deputy Governor of the East India Co. 1683-4. Died 1705 (Beavan). The Court was named after him.
South from the Wall of London, extending east to Black Fryers,
in Farringdon Ward Within (Strype, 1720 and 1755).
Or "Wanley's Court" (P.C. 1732).
See " Evangelist Court."
In Old Broad Street (Strype, ed. I 755-Boyle, 1799).
Not named in the maps.
See Wheatsheaf Wharf.
See Chartesey House.
At London Wall.
Or "Hand Alley " (P.C. 1732).
See Hand Alley, Wormwood Street.
See Cavendish Court.
West out of Sandy's Row, in Bishopsgate Ward Without (O.S.1875).
Site now occupied by the extension of Middlesex Street into Bishopsgate, 1889-96.