A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
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Sedgwick's Rents, Yard
Earlier forms of name : " Shyvethenestrat," 1257 (Anc. Deeds, C. 1202). " Syvid lane," 1258-9 (Ct. Hust. W. I. 2). " Siuethenestrate," 1280-1 (Cal. L. Bk. A. p. 150). "Seuechenelane," 13 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. 65). " Sivendestret," 1291 (Ct. H.W. I. 101). "Synchenestrate," 1293-4 (ib. iii). (" n" may be an error in transcription for "u") "Syuethenelane," 1309 (Cal. L. Bk. C. p.17'). "Syuethelane," 6 Ed. II. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1847). "Senethene lane," 7 Ed. III. (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A. Box 1, 117). "Seneden lane," 13 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, A. 1844). " Syueden lane," 21 Ed. III. (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Press A, Box I, 530). "Ceveden lane," 30 Ed. III. (Cal. L. Bk. G. p. 80). "Syvenden-lane," 1367 (Ct. H.W. II. 105). "Cyvyndonelane," 1386 (ib. 255). "Synedene lane," '397 (Cal. P.R. Ric. II. I396~, p.148). " Sevethenlane," 1418 (ib. 415). "Syvedon lane," 1524-5 (ib. 630). "Sydon lane," 1558 (Lond. I. p.m. L. and M. Arch. Soc. VII. 181).
Derivation of name: Skeat suggests that the earliest form of the name was "Siucchene," representing " Sifecan," the genitive case of the A.S. name " Sifeca," or "Seofoca," and that " Seofeca's lane" became " Siveken lane," " Sive'n lane," later " Seevin lane," altered to " Seething" or "Seeding." He puts it forward as a suggestion only (N. and Q. 10th S. XI. p. 485).
Messuage called the Christopher and two tenements adjoining in Thames Street, to wit at the corner of a lane called " Segeryneslane " in parish of St. Dunstan in the East, purchased of the Mercers Company 1566 (Lond. I. p.m. II. p.44).
From this deed it appears that the messuage in question was situated between "the high street called 'Tamystrate' and the lane called ' Sygrymes lane' towards the east, and other tenements west, stretching from the lane by which one goes to the church of St. Dunstan in Tower Ward towards the north as far as Tamysestrate south."
It would appear, then, that " Sygrymeslane" must have been either the present St. Dunstan's hill," or must have lain between that street and Harp Lane. The latter alternative seems the more probable, as St. Dunstan's hill was so named in Stow's time, and if it had been known as " Segerynes" lane so recently as 1566, he would probably have noted the fact.
He says there seems to be every reason to conclude from various passages in the City records that these selds were extensive warehouses, similar probably to the Eastern bazaars, with numerous rooms in them and fitted with aumbries, or cupboards, chests and locks and let to various tenants; while in some instances a mere vacant plot of ground (placea) within the seld is mentioned as being let (Mem. xviii.).
Thus, for instance: In 1318 John Sturmy let to Hamon Godchep "a place of ground in the great seld which formerly belonged to the Lady Roisia de Coventre situate in the Westchepe of London (Cal. L. Bk. E. p. 85). In 1320 Richard and Margery Godchep let a room in their seld in the parish of St. Mary le Bow in Westchepe, together with the chests and aumbries therein (Cal. L. Bk. E. p.134). Two chests in the seld of St. Martin le Grand mentioned in Will of 1315-16 (Ct. H.W. I. 259). Aumbry with three chests belonging to Thomas de Worstede in the seld of Richard Costantyn, 1346 (ib. 489).
See also: Tanner's Seld, Girdler's Seld, Brodeselde, Winchester Seld, Painted Seld, Brantefeldesselde, Goodchepfelde (" f " should be " s "), Crowned Seld, Aernselde or Berneselde, Arraces selde, Andoverselde, White tawyers seld.
So named after the capital messuage called" Mayster of Sempringham's Head house" situate in Cow Lane, which belonged to the Monastery of Sempriagham. It seems to have been near Holborn Cross, 2 and 3 P. and M (Lond. I. p.m. I. 142).
Other forms: " St. Sepulchre without Newegate," 49 II. III, (Anc. Deeds, A. 2610 and 2630). "S. Edmund without Newgate," 1278-9 (Ct. H.W. I. 38). "Sci Sepulcri extra Chamb'leingate," 1285 (MS. D. and C. St. Paul's, Lib. L. f. 93). "St. Sepulchre outside the bar of West Smethefeud," 31 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. No.129). " St. Sepulchre in Smethefeld," 1300-1 (Ct. H.W. I. 151). " St. Sepulchre within Neugate," 1308 (ib. 199). " St. Sepulchre de Smithefeld," 1349 (ib. 597). " St. Sepulchre within the liberty of the City," 1338 (ib. 427). "St. Sepulchre within Newgate in ward of Faryndon Within," 1 H. IV. (Cal. P.R. H. IV. 1399-1401, p.240). " St. Edmond Sepulcher without Newgate, 1578 (Ct. H.W. II. 696). " St. Poulchers," 1594 (ib. 721).
It is evident from these records that at one period St. Sepulchre's parish extended within Newgate, and in 1547 the tithes of the inhabitants of the buildings in the gate called Newgate and of that part of St. Sepulchre's parish lying within and in the said gate were granted to the mayor and citizens of London (L. and P. H. VIII. XXI. (2), p.416).
Sepulchre's (St.) Alley
Thrown into the churchyard on the occasion of the widening of Giltspur Street in 1760. In the Act of Parliament the houses taken down are described as Middle Row, and Sepulchre's alley is spoken of as the "paved alley" (Gent. Mag. Lib. XV. 228). Named after the church.
Sepulchre's (St.) Burying Ground
Strype tells us that there was a large churchyard both before and behind the church, a good part now taken away and converted into buildings. Not enough left for the burial of the dead and the Inhabitants are forced to make use of another large piece of ground in Chick I,ane (ed. 1720, I. iii. 283).
Sepulchre's (St.) Charity School
Serjeants' Inn, Chancery Lane
First mention: The messuage called " Grey's Place " in parish of St. Dunstan in the West between messuage called Clifford's Inne east, a lane called Chanceler lane west, a messuage called the " Rolles" north leased by the Bishop of Ely to the serjeants-at-law, 12 H. VII. (Add. MS. 5627, f. 38).
Serjeants' Inn, Fleet Street
In the 18th century the Serjeants here removed to the Chancery Lane Inn and this hall was taken by the Amicable Assurance Society, 1737. Now occupied by the Church of England Sunday School Institute (N. and Q. 11th S. VI. p.67).