A Dictionary of London. Originally published by H Jenkins LTD, London, 1918.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
Shepheard and Dog Alley, Shepherd and Dog Alley
Shepherd and Flock Court
In 1543 it is described as " Mede Lane " alias " Shepherds alley," but it can hardly be identified with "Mede Lane" alias "Maiden Lane," so that possibly the description is due to some confusion of names. The alley and wharf adjoining belonged to St. Bartholomew's Priory at this date (L. and P. H. VIII. XVIII. Pt. I, p.202).
Shepherd's Garden, Minories
Shepherd's, Sheppard's Court
Former names: "Shipey's Yard" (O. and M. 1677). "Shippey's Yard" (Hatton, 1708-Strype, 1755). " Shepherds Garden" (Rocque, 1746). " Ship Yard " (Lockie, 1810). " Sheppy Yard " (O.S. 5 ft. 1875 to 1897) (L.C.C. List of Streets, 1902).
Former names and forms of name: " Shitteborwelane," 1272-3 (ib. 1.13). "Shiteburn lane," 22 Ed. I. (Ch. I. p.m. 136). " Shiteb(ur)uelane," 1300 (Ct. H.W. I. 147). "Shiteburlane," 1303-4 (ib. 162). "Schiteburuelaue," 1305 (ib. 171). "Shitheburniane," 1311 (ib. 220). " Shitebournelane," 1313 (ib. 240). " Shiteburgh lane," 1321 (Cal. P.R. Ed. II. 1317-21, p. 589). " Schetebournelane," 17 Ed. III. (Anc. Deeds, B. 2103). "Schittebourne lane," 1348-9 (Ct. H.W. I. 528). " Shetebournelane," 41 Ed. III. 2nd, Nos. 40 (Ch. I. p.m.). "Scheteboruelane," 1370 (Ct. H.W. II. 136). "Shitbourn lane," 1394-5 (Cal. L. Bk. H. p.421). " Shirbouruelane" otherwise "Shetbouruelane," 1467 (Ct. H.W. II. 586). "Sithebourne Lane," 1532 (L. and P. H. VIII. V. p. 690). "Shetenborn Lane," 1539 (ib. XIV. Pt. 2, p.591).
Stow's derivation from the stream turning south and breaking into small shares, rills, or streams, and so giving the name Shareborne Lane or Southborne Lane must be left out of account as a possible derivation, inasmuch as it ignores the earliest forms of the name to be found.
The first syllable " shitte," " shite," "schite," presents considerable difficulty, and it is hard to See from what A.S. word it can be derived, as the suggested derivation from A. S. "scir "= a share, "sciran "= to divide, seems to leave the "t" out of account. The word "borwe," "borue" suggests O.E. "burh," "burgh," "borough," rather than "burn" or "bourne," as the original form. "Burgh "= fortress, walled town, later perhaps "a mansion," "fortified house."
Where the word occurs as a place name, as in Shirburn in Oxfordshire, Sherbourn in Warwickshire, and Sherborne in Dorsetshire, the earliest forms are: "Scirburne," "Scireburne," "Shirburn," "Sireburn," "Shyreborn"; and the derivation is regular enough.
Prior to the formation of King William Street, 1832, this lane extended into Langbourn Ward, and was considerably longer than it is at the present time. Its northern end communicating with St. Swithin's Lane was cut off for the formation of King William Street.
London has two sheriffs, elected annually by the livery men of the City. Frequent references to their elections occur in the City records, as well as to the maintenance of their authority within the City against the King's officers.
In 1308 the King directed a writ to the Sheriff of Middlesex as to the right of Master Wm. de Ewelle, Canon of St. Paul's, to a tenement in the parish of St. Giles without Crepelgate. But the Sheriff returned answer that he could not execute the writ, as it was not within his bailiwick, but within the precinct of the liberty of the City of London (Cal. L. Bk. C. p.160-1).
A tenement so called in the parish of St. Mildred in the Poultry belongmg to the Ironmongers' Company, and lately called " le Pewter Dishe," 38 H. VIII. 1547 (L. and P. H. VIII. XXI. Pt. 2, p.415), and 4 and 5 P. and M. 1557 (Lond. I. p.m. I. p. 160).