Additional Material For the History of the Grey Friars, London. Originally published by Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1922.
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1483. * Richard Parys, innholder. "To be buried in the body of the Church of the ffrere mynours of London. For my buriall ther to be had vj s. viij d. To the wardyn and Convent for to fet my body to burying and for an obite ther for me to be had and done and song Dirige and mass of Requiem, vj s. viij d."
1484. John Fernandes, of S. Olave, Southwark. To be buried at "Gray Freres," and to have "an abite of the moost poverest frere ther of th' Order of Saint Fraunces aboute my body at the tyme of my passing oute of this world, and to be buried in the same abite, for the which same abite so to be had I geve and bequeth to the said powere ffreres viij s. viij d. for a newe abite. Item, I bequeth to the said hous of Grey ffreres so that they may fecche my body to the same place and also to sing and say for my soule in the day of my burying masse and dirige be note with other divine service as longeth for a brother of the same place for to have, and with masse and dirige at the moneth day, and also dirige and masse at the xijth moneth day, liij s. iiij d."
Gee was buried in the second row in the third bay of the North Aisle, his grave being the last but one from the arcade. The Image of the Virgin must be the same as that referred to in the Will of William Hoton in 1447. Grey Friars, p. 120.
1485. Sir John Blount, Lord Mountjoy. To be buried "in the chapell within the Church of the Freres Mynors at London, in the which my Lord, my fader, is buried, and in such place as it shall be thought unto the Wardeyn this moost convenient. . . . I bequeth also to the house of freres mynors aboveseide xx l., and my best chalys and also my vestment of white with a reede Orpheries." There was to be "no grete pompyous herse about my body"; the money that would be spent thereabout was to be given to the poor. There is provision for performance of his father's will, "as it appereth by writing in a Cofyr at the Gray freres in London."
1488. † William Brereton, stacioner, buried at S. Nicholas Shambles. Left 10s. to the Friars Minors for a trental. "Also I bequeth to the Wardeyn and Covent of the same frires mynours a awter cloth to serve there at the awter called the Common Awter."
1488. Elizabeth Uvedale, late wife of Sir Thomas Uvedale, and daughter of Sir Henry Norbury. To be buried before the High Altar in the Hospital of S. Thomas the Martyr in Southwark, if she died in London or Southwark, or else in the "Gray ffreres" of London or at S. Mary Overey. A cope was to be made of her blue velvet gown, and a chasuble of her tawny velvet gown, for the use of the Church where she was buried; she also bequeathed a chalice of silver gilt, weight 30 oz., and two honest cruets of silver, weight 80 oz., to serve at the Altar before which she was buried. "I bequeth to the Gray Feres of London C. li. to thentent to have a masse ther morteysid perpetuall, and myn obite onys a yere for ever. And the mortesying to be made as fine as it canne be Immediatly after my deceasse or els at the freres prechours, where ye may have moost suerte of contynuaunce as canne be thought by myne executours and frendes."
She was buried at Greyfriars, "coram altaribus," in a raised tomb under the window at the Altar of S. Mary, her father's tomb being between the Altars of S. Mary and the Holy Cross. The Register records that she founded a perpetual chantry. "Morteysid" means conveyed in mortmain. Grey Friars, p. 108.
1489. John Att Woode. To be buried "in the Church of the Grayffreres of London, undre the stone where as Margaret my wif is buried." Bequeathed to the Friars for placebo, dirige, and mass of requiem, to be said and sung every day for a month, 15d., or 35s. "I wyll that myn executours do to be made an honest suete of vestementes with Dekin and subdekin and iij Copes and a Mortuary Cloth of blac velvett, the Orfraies and Mors with Flowres suche as it pleaseth my executours. And in the Orfreis the skochin of the Grocers Armes with Clowis with this wordis wretin: 'Orate pro anima Johannis Woode' and in the Mors my marc. And the Mortuary Cloth to have a Crosse of whyte Damaske: and at the Hed the skochyn with Clowys, and atte the Fete my marke: and in the myddys of the Crosse the skochyn with Clowys: and the said Cloth to be fringid and Flowrid aboute . . . to the value of lx l. sterling: and to be made within the space of iij yeres. And the forsaid sute and mortuary cloth shalbe deliverid into the keping of the Maister of the Fraternite of our Lady and Saint Stephen, founded in the parishe churche of Saint Sepulchre. . . . And I woll that the Mortuary Cloth shalbe yerely brought to the Gray Freres and layde on myn hers at my yeris mynde."
His tomb was in the middle of the Nave in the second bay, with those of his wives Agnes, Margaret, and Edith. The date of his death is given in the Register as 28 Oct., 1487, which is clearly erroneous. Grey Friars, p. 112.
Buried in the middle of the Nave. Called "Portulond" in the Register, where no date is given. The name is clearly an addition by a later hand, and is an instance of omissions which were subsequently corrected. Grey Friars, p. 112.
1492. Roger Spencer. To be buried "in the Chapell of Saint Barnardyne within the convent church of the freres mynors within Newgate of London." Bequeathed 13s. 4d. for his sepulture, and to every Friar Minor there "fetchyng my bodye from my house or mansion unto my sepulture within the said Chapell, iiij d." His executors were to provide four conveniable tapers and ten conveniable torches to be "brent aboute my body at the tyme of my dirige and masse of Requiem the day of my burying"; two of these torches were to be given to the Friars, "one of them to bren at the high aulter ther at levation tyme as long as it may endure ther"; the other "to bren at levation tyme at the first masse said daily in the Church, etc." To each of the four Orders of Friars in London 3s. 4d. for placebo, dirige, and mass of requiem. His executors were to keep a yearly obit for his soul at the Friars Minors for five years, and to spend yearly at their discretion 13s. 4d.
1492. Thurstan Hatfeld. To be buried at Grey Friars "in the Chapell there where at the body of the old Lord Mongey lyeth buryed." A priest was to pray there for a year after his decease, to say De Profundis, and to cast holy water upon his grave, and to have for his labour 33s. 4d. His executors were to dispose "to the fryers for my dirige and mass of requiem, and to poor people holding torches at my burying," 53s. 4d.
1492–3. Robert Houghton. To be buried "in the church yarde of the grey ffreres of London, in the nether partie therof, where the body of William my brother there lieth buried.." Bequeathed 10s. for a trental of masses.
His tomb was in the third bay of the North Aisle of the Nave, where he and his brother William lay "sub parvo lapide." Since William had apparently died before Robert, the "church yarde" must presumably have meant the Nave. For William Hoton see under date 1447. Grey Friars, p. 120.
1493. * John Lawrence. To be buried with his wives in the Church of the Friars Minors, to whom he bequeathed 20s. "pro loco sepulture et pro labore suo." The Friars were to celebrate mass and obit by note on the day of his burial, for which he left 20s.
1493. * Rowland Hevysonne. To be buried at the "Grey Fryers," and left 6s. 8d. for five trentals of masses. For my pytt there to be hadd, vj s. viij d. To the reparation of the same place, vj s. viij d.
1493. † Agnes Arnold, widow. "Wher as I have and hold to me and myn assignes for terme of xxti yeris the Tenement Brewhouse called the Lampe before the Grey freers within Newgate of London, I woll that myn executours of the Issuys and profyttes commyng of the same yerly after my dissease distribute and dispose in the said Grey fryers for an obite there to be kept for my soull and all my frendis soullis, vj s. viij d. That is to say, iij s. iiij d. to be gevyn and spent amonges the same ffreres, and the other iij s. iiij d. to be distribute amonges pore pepull."
There are two Wills, dated 27 June, without year: the one, 3 Holgrave, proved 13 January, 1493–4; the other, 31 Blamyr, proved 9 Oct., 1503. In the latter Will administration was granted to John Cleton, who was buried in the same place in 1505.
Hudson's tomb was at the south of the second bay in the North Aisle of the Nave. Gilbert Belamy (p. 118 below), who was to be buried before Our Lady of Pity, lay at the south of the door into the Chapel of S. Mary's Altar. This confirms the statement in the Will of Alice Lucas 1524: that the Image was in the corner on the right hand of that door (see p. 67 above).
1494. John Ryver, skinner, late of S. Austyne, Watlyngstrete. To be buried in the body of the Church of the Friars Minors "nygh unto the place where the body of Johan my wyfe there lyeth buried." Mentions son John, and that he was born at Benstede, in the county of Southampton.
1497. William Gage. "To be buried within the Church of the Gray freris of London, next unto the sepulture of William Chamberleyn, esquire. . . . To the said Church of Grayfreris for my sepulture to be had and to the entent that the brethern of the same place fetch my body to the erth and do a trentale to be songe for my soule, xl s."
1497. Thomas Butside. "My body to be buried within the church of the grey ffreres within Newgate in London, and they to have for my burying place and for the fetting of my body to the same churche xl s. . . . I will that myn executours do to make a plate wt Scriptour to be sett oon the wall or pillour nere the place where my body shall ly, wt out any stone lying upon me or any other tumbe. . . . I will that vi prestes of Pappey shall bere my body to the church and so forth to the Grey freris, and every of theym to have viij d."
He was buried under the window in the second bay of the North Aisle of the Nave, according to the Register "sub lapide"; the Register appears to reproduce part of the inscription. Grey Friars, p. 118.
1498. Gilbert Belamy. To be buried in the "Gray friers within Newgate of London: that is to saye in the bodie of the same church byfor the Image of our Lady of Pitie there." For his "sepulture there to be had" 6s. 8d. "To the Warden and Covent of the same place to fech my bodie at my parishe church, and they to sey for my soule placebo and dirige, xx s."
1498. † Richard Triplarde. Buried at S. Nicholas Flesh Shambles. "The Grey Friers to bring my body to my sepulture and synge dirige and mas solemply by not for my soule within there owne place, and for the same to be had and done I geve and bequeth to theym xx s."
1498. * Thomas Paynell. To be buried "at the churche of friers mynors of London"; his executors to pay at their discretion. Left his messuage or place called Paynelles in Norgate Strete, Clare, Suffolk, to his brother Richard.
1498. Margaret Chircheyard, widow of Richard Chircheyard, gentleman. To be buried "within the body of the Chirche of the Gray ffreers within Newgate," by her husband. "For my burial to be had and to pray for me," 20s.
1500. Richard Godfrey. To be buried in the Church of "Grey Freres" with his wives Alice and Emma. Bequeathed 20 marks to the "Wardeyn and brethern of the said place of the Grey Frerys towardes the sustentacion and werkes therof, for my burial to be had and made as is aforesaid, and for an obite by note the day of my deceasse yerly duryng xxti yeres."
1501. Margaret Yonge. To be buried in the south part of the Grey Friars Church at London: "that is to say afore the ymage of our Lady within the valens of the said church." Bequeathed 10s. to the High Altar; to the "Wardeyn and Covent" 10l., to sing once in every year for twenty years placebo, and dirige and a mass of requiem by note, and also to say a trental of masses for the soul of her and her husband John Yonge. "To the hows of the Ostrye of the same hows and ffreris ij basynes, ij ewers, ij playne towelles and half a garnyssh of peawtre vessell with a charger therto. Also I bequeath to the Office of the Kichin of the same ffreres a Cawderyn, with ij Rynges of Iron, my best brass pott, a Spitt, and ij Rakk of yron."
The "valens" was probably the screen between the Altars and the Nave. Margaret Yonge's tomb was immediately within the screen, before the Jesus Altar, which was on the south side; having regard to the explicit terms of the Will, it would seem that this was where she intended to be buried, and consequently that there was an Image of the Virgin there. This Will contains what is perhaps the only definite reference to the "Ostrye" or guest-house. Friar Ralph Hasilden is mentioned only here. Grey Friars, pp. 110, 237.
1501. Stephen Kelk, citizen and goldsmith. To be buried in the Church of the Grey Friars of London. "To the friers to fett my body to my sepulture and for my burienge ther to be had" 40s., and for a trental of masses 10s. "I bequeth xxvj s. viij d. for a marble stone to be ordeyned by my executours to ley on my grave."
Probably the Stephen Kelke who was buried in the centre of the sixth bay of the Choir in the Chapel of S. Mary with his wives Katherine and Joan. The Register has the date of death 7 July, 1415, probably an error for 1501; but there is no mention of his wives in the Will. Another Will was not proved till 1511, but seems to belong to the same Stephen Kelk. Grey Friars, p. 85.
1502. Thomas Grayson. "Oon of the wrecches of this worlde." To be buried "in the myddes of the Church of the Grey Freres of London." His executors were to "ordeyne a stone to lye upon my grave with an ymage of a yard longe closed in a shete kynt at both endes of the same ymage."
He was buried in the third bay in the North Aisle of the Nave, where, after the record of Maryner's tomb, the Register has the entry "et in eodem loco jacet Johannes Hebson." Maryner did not die till 1512, but in his Will he describes his tomb as already made, probably after the death of his first wife Agnes in 1500. See p. 127 below. Grey Friars, p. 119.
1504. * Sir Henry Heydon. "My synful carkeys, if I dye in Norff., to be buried in the Cathedrall Church of the same shire in the chapell where as my faders body lyith buryed, that is to say ayenst the West ende of his grave. And if I happe to decesse in London then I to be buried in the grey freres of London in the Chapell of our Lady." In the latter case the Prior is to have 6s. 8d., the sub-prior 5s., and every other friar 8d.
1506. Thomas Hastynges. To be buried "in the conventual church of the Freers Minors, within Newgate, where the body of Agnes, late my wif, lyith buryed. . . . To the freres for my burying with theym to be had and to pray for my soule, xx s. To freres prechours of London, toward the building of ther cloister, iij l. vj s. viij d." He made a bequest to the High Altar of S. Nicholas Wolhouse, at London.
He was buried in the second bay of the North Aisle of the Nave. His wife Agnes had died in 1500. It is not clear what church is meant by "S. Nicholas Wolhouse," but perhaps it may be a corruption for S. Nicholas Olave; Hastynges was a fishmonger, and S. Nicholas Olave was close to a fishmongers' quarter. Grey Friars, p. 118.
1506. Thomas Huddylston. "To be buried in the body of the church of the Fryers Mynores within Newgate. . . . And for my burying ther to be had I give and bequeth such certeyn dutie as is accustumed for the same in that behalf to be had." Left 10s. for a trental of masses at Grey Friars.
1506. * John Ryver. To be buried in the body of the Church of the Friars Minors "that is to wite in the same place wher the body of John Ryver my fader ther restith buried. To the Wardeyn and Convent for my burying ther to be had and to the workes of the same church, xx s."
1507. * Elizabeth Sothill. To be buried "at the Gray Freeres at London in that same place that my sone Henry Sotehill is buryed, and my hert to be take out of my body and buryed at Stokfaston by my housbonde."
1509. John Talley. To be buried in the Church of the "Grey ffreres," within Newgate. "Also I bequeth x l. for my burial ther to be had, and for my dirige and masse of requiem ther to be solemply kept and doon, and to thentent that they shall provide daiely to pray for my soule with this collect, Deus cui proprium: Minor, at the masse ther kept at vij of the cloke in the fore none of the day and at their high masse, during the space of three yeres next and immediatly ensuyng my decesse. Also I bequeth to Doctour Standish, mynister of the same place, to pray for my soule, xx s. Also I bequeth to Mr Wardeyn of the same place to pray for my soule, xiij s. iiij d. Item, I bequeth to every doctour of the said place to pray for my soule, iij s. iiij d. Item, I bequeth to every bacheller of divynitie and scoller ther to pray for my soule, ij s. Also I bequeth to every preest of the place to pray for my soule, xij d. Also I bequeth to every brother of the same place beyng freer to pray for my soule, vj d. . . . Also I bequeth x l. for my tombe to be made and doon within the church of the gray ffreeres aforesaid, ther as my body shall rest buried, to be made after the tombe of the doctour Hallyswele beyng within the church of the blake freeres in London."
He left 5l. for 24 torches and 4 tapers to burn at his burying. To Friar Davy, of Carmarthen, towards his exhibition to make him doctor, 13l. 6s. 8d. To the Friars Minors of Carmarthen 10 marks. "Doctour Standissh, provynshall of the grey friers of Englond," was a witness.
Talley or Tavlle, who was Chancellor of St. David's, was buried at the east end of the South Aisle in a raised tomb under the window to the right of the Altar—probably the Altar of S. Louis. The Will shows that Standish was Provincial as early as 1509 (see p. 73 above). Grey Friars, p. 124.
1510. William Kebyll. To be buried at the Grey Friars: "that is to wete bifore the aulter of seynt Michell on the south side of the same covent church within the parclose there redy made of tymber and pyked with yron pykes: ffor the which my burying place there soo to be hadde, and the which to me ys graunted by the Wardeyn and Covent of the saide place, I have redy contentid, paid and delivered beforehand unto Mr Doctour Cuttler, nowe beyng there Wardeyn, and to Mr Marshall, of the same place, three angelles of gold in value of xx s., and a maser with the bande and borsell of silver and gilt, conteynyng a large quarte, and weying x ounces di., di. quart., whereof and wherwith they have knowleched to hold theym fully satisfied and contentid, and soo they doo holde theym fully satisfied and contentid for my said laystowe and burying place ther soo to be had in maner and fourme aforsaid." Ten shillings were bequeathed to every of the five houses of Friars in London to sing placebo, dirige and mass of requiem. "Item, I bequeth unto the saide place of Gray freers iij l. vj s. viij d., to be delivered unto the Wardeyn of the same place in fyve yeres next ensuyng after my decesse: that is to wete yerely xiij s. iiij d., whereof I wold that x s. of the said yerely xiij s. iiij d. shalbe to thuse of the same place, and the iij s. iiij d. yerely residue I woll shalbe for a repaste to be had and made amonges the covent of the same place and to theym to be delivered to the same cause, to thentent and under condicion as it foloweth: that is to wite I woll that the saide Wardeyn and Covent yerely during the saide v yeres nexte after my decesse shall doo cause to be songe and saide for my soule and all cristen soules within their Covent Church v masses of the v woundes of our Lord Jesu Crist at v severall convenyent tymes, that is to wite at every oon tyme oon masse oonlye of the v woundes, soo that v masses may soo be songen and saide every yere duryng the said v yeres; and over that twoo masses by note every yere to be songen and said by the saide Wardeyn and Covent in their said Covent church for my soule and all cristen soules at such seasons as shall seme theym moost convenyent to be doon by the good advise and discrecion of myn executors; the oon of the said twoo masses so to be songen solemply by note, to be of that high and moost glorious name of Jhesus: and the other of the blessid nativitie of his glorious moder and Virgyn Immaculate, our blessed seynt Mary. And thes said twoo masses to be songen yerely by note duryng the v yeres as I have afore appoyntid the v masses to be doon."
William Kebyll is presumably to be identified with "— Kepell, civis et aurifaber," who was buried before the Common Altar, which we know was also called the Altar of S. Michael. Kepell lay "in plano" in the tomb next to that of Sir John Devereux, which was between the Common and Jesus Altars: the description "in plano" does not well accord with the elaborate tomb which, according to his Will, was already prepared. Yet the Register was compiled within twenty years of his death. For the importance of this Will for the succession of Guardians see p. 73 above. Grey Friars, p. 105.
1510. Thomas Pykeryng. To be buried at Grey Friars, "in the ambulatory bifore the choir, and I will that the forsaid place have for my burying xl s., and the covent to fetche my body to ther place. Item, I bequeth to the Covent and place to have a broder, beyng a preest signed by the Wardeyn of the Covent, to syng daily masse the space of an hole yere for my soule and for the soule of my grand moder, x marks." His son William was to have a basin and ewer of silver, on condition that he "find and stablissh at the friars an anniversary, that is to say a dirige and a masse sung by note, to be continually done on that day that I shall depart out of this world." One witness was "Frater Johannes Hervy."
1510. William Aleyn. To be buried at Grey Friars, "before the aulter of seynt Mighell within the valence of the same freers." For his burial there, 4l. To each of the four Orders of Friars in London, 10s.
Mr. Shepherd (Archæological Journal, 1902) places Aleyn's tomb close to the valence before the Jesus Altar, but only just inside the doorway leading to the Common Altar, or Altar of S. Michael. For the "valence" see p. 66 above. Grey Friars, p. 110.
1511. John Robynson, citizen and broderer of London. To be buried in the "Conventuall Church of Freer Minors in the Cite of London." His body to be brought from his house "atte Vyne" in Battersea, to the Parish Church there, and thence after dirige by water to Broken Wharf. "I will that the iiij orders of freires in London and the preestes of Pappey doo receyve my body at Broken Warf and bring it to the conventuall church of freirs Minors aforsaid." Each Order and the priests were to have 6s. 8d. for their labour. His executors were to provide 12 torches to be carried by 12 poor men from his house to the church, and thence to Broken Wharf and Grey Friars. "I will my executors provide and ordeyne a convenient stone off marbill after their discretions, to be leyd upon my grave with my name and picture, my wives and childerns pictures to be graven in laten and fixed in the same stone." There was to be a trental of masses at the Friars Minors the day before his burial. "To the Warden and Convent of Freres Minors for my burying place to be had within ther sayd church, if they suffre me to be buried in such a place as I have appoynted with theym, xx s."
1512. William Maryner. To be buried "in the body of the Conventual Church of the Freers Minors by the body of Agnes, late my wife, there as my sepulture or tombe is redy made." He bequeathed: "for the reparacion and paving of the said conventuall church, to thentent there to be prayed for amongst other benefactors, x l.: for the exhibucion of a vertuous scoler of the said friers minors to be provided and ordeyned by the good discrecion of the wardeyn of the same place, v l.": for the reparation of the church, 40s.; to the high altar, 6s. 8d.: to every friar present at his burying, 4d.
He was buried in the third bay of the North Aisle of the Nave in a raised tomb under the window. His wife Agnes had died in 1500, and in 1502 John Ebson had directed that he should be buried "near unto the tomb of Master Maryner," indicating that it had already been erected (see p. 121 above). Grey Friars, p. 119.