Additional Material For the History of the Grey Friars, London. Originally published by Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1922.
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I. Extracts from Wills Relating to Grey Friars, London.
The great majority of these Wills come from those registered in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury (P.C.C.). These Wills are noted simply by the name of the volume with the number of the quaternion in which the Will is to be found. The next in order are the Wills proved in the Court of the Commissary of London; these Wills are noted Comm. Lond., with the name of the volume and the number of the folio. Between 1395 and 1414 some Wills are given from the Register of the Archdeacon of London; noted Archd. Lond., Reg. I, with the number of the folio. There are very few Wills from other sources. Amongst the numerous Wills registered in the Court of Husting which contain references to the Grey Friars (chiefly bequests for masses) there are only six instances where the testator desired to be buried at Greyfriars. It has not appeared necessary to include these here, but it may be useful to give the names and dates. 1286 John de St. Meynak; 1389 John Philpot; 1425 John Basset; 1436 Guy Terry; 1439 John Barre alias Markeley; 1466 William Burton. Of these Philpot, Basset, and Barre (or Barowe) appear in the Register, and Wills of Basset and Barre are given below.
1384. * Peter atte Lane, baker, of S. Ewen's. To be buried among the Friars Minors of London. To the work of the church and houses of the said Friars, 20s. To each of the four Orders and to the Crutched Friars, 30d. for placebo and dirige.
1385. * Hugh Mason, butcher, of S. Nicholas Shambles. To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors. Left the Friars 60s. "Lego fratri Willelmo Browe et fratri Waltero Spenser de ordine fratrum Minorum, cuilibet eorum x.s., sub condicione quod quilibet eorum celebret pro anima mea trigintale Sancti Gregorii . . . Lego fratri Henrico Stanyng de ordine Minorum, iij s. iiij d."
Buried in the midst of the Choir and described in the Register as "venerabilis Magister et dominus Edwardus Burnell, filius domini de Burnell" (Grey Friars, p. 75). He occurs as Archdeacon of Ely in 1373 and 1380 (Le Neve, Fasti, i, 351). The lords Burnell had a residence near Holborn Bridge, within a short distance of Greyfriars (Cal. Letter Book, H, p. 372).
1390. * William Ramundi. "In domo suo habitacionis in carreria Douegate nobilis et potens Baro, dominus Willelmus Ramundi de Madelhano, miles, dominus de Rosano, patrie Acquitanie." (fn. 1) To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors of London, but afterwards his body was to be removed for burial at S. Marie de Puyolys with his ancestors. He left 10 marks to the Friars for his first burial and exhumation. "Frater Guillelmus Fabri, conventus Fratrum Minorum" was an executor.
1393. Sir John Devereux. "Mon corps destre enteres a les freres menours en Londres. Item ieo devyse cynq taperes de syre entour mon corps en le quyze dune Croyse et vj torches par vj homes tenantz les ditz torches, checun vestu en blanc drap et eyant checun xi d. pur leur travayl, et checun poure home qui vyent le iour de mon sepulture j d. en almoyngne pur prier pur mon alme et de touz cristienes. Item ieo diveyse a les ditz freres pur mon sepulture xl marcs."
1393. * Maud Organ, late wife of Hugh atte Stone. To be buried at Friars Minors, London, and left 10s. for her sepulture. Two torches were to burn about her, and one was left to the Friars and the other to S. Michael Bassynghawe. "Lego fratri Johanni Bauel dicte ordinis fratrum Minorum ad celebrandum et exorandum pro anima mea, ij s. Lego fratri Johanni Leghes, eiusdem ordinis, ad celebrandum pro anima dicti Hamonis nuper viri mei et anima mea, etc., v marcas."
John Bavell was buried in S. Mary's Chapel, and is described as "valens pater" (Grey Friars, p. 85); his date was not known. John Leghes is new. Maud Organ or Atte Stone was, according to her will, sister of John Organ (sheriff in 1385–1386).
1396. * John de Sancto Gracio, merchant of Genoa, son of Stephen de Sancto Gracio. To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors of London, who are to be remunerated as his executors think fit. "Datum in domo habitacionis Reginaldi Grelli in parochia sancti Swythini, London."
1396. William Kyngman, vintner. To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors, London. Left the friars 20s. for his sepulture and for his soul to be had in remembrance. Mentions his tavern "le Holebole" in Cheap.
1401. * John Huggford. Nuncupative Will made "in quodam hospicio vulgariter nuncupato the Kyngeshed in suburbio de Fletstrete." Son of William Huggford, of Shropshire. To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors.
1403. Nicholas Uske, late Treasurer of the Town of Cales (Calais). To be buried in the Conventual Church of the Friars Minors at the discretion of his executors. John Norbury, esq., father of his wife, was overseer of his will, and Richard de Lodelowe, Rector of S. Mary Somerset, one of the witnesses. Dated "in curia sua," in the parish of S. Mary Somerset.
1404. * Thomas Horwell or Orwell, "Episcopus Aladene." To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors of London, if he happened to die there. Left 10s. to the Friars and a chalice to the Church of Killala.
1404. Thomas Fovent or Favent. To be buried in the Friars Minors. Left 6s. 8d. to the Friars of the Holy Cross, London, for masses; and 40d. to the sub-prior. His will was dated in S. Mary Hospital beside London.
1406. * Richard Covyntre, skinner, of S. Ewen's. To be buried "in ecclesia Fratrum Minorum juxta ymaginem sancti Christofori . . . Lego ffratri Waltero Spenser et ffratri Edmundo Rous ad celebrandum trentale sancti Gregorii" [no amount given]. To the Convent, 6s. 8d. Mentions wife, Maud.
The Image of S. Christopher is mentioned in the Will of James Gyfford in 1473. It was very probably in the fifth bay of the North Aisle of the Nave, where was the window of S. Christopher. Friar Walter Spenser is mentioned in the Will of Hugh Mason in 1385. Friar Edmund Rous is a new name.
1410. Thomas Cornton. To be buried in the midst of the North Aisle of the Nave of the Church of the Friars Minors, London. A marble stone with sculpture was to be put on his tomb at a cost of not more than 26s. 8d. Left the Friars 40s. for masses, and to be remembered amongst their benefactors for a whole year. To each of the Friars that bore him to the Church 12d. Left two torches to the Friars.
1410. * William Conynggrove. To be buried "in claustro Fratrum Minorum, London." For his sepulture and their prayers, 20s. Bequests to the Church of S. Mary, Northall, and to the works of S. James, Clerkenwell.
This Image seems clearly to have been in the South Aisle of the Nave. The Will of Joan Golding in 1464 mentions an Image of Our Lady, but again we do not know the position of the tomb. William Gee in 1485 mentions an Image of the Virgin in the Nave; but he was buried in the North Aisle. There was an Image of the Virgin in the Chapel of S. Mary: see Joan Elveden, 1420.
1413. * Gaillard Denbidan, merchant of Bordeaux, "in domo habitacionis Thome Couston in parochia sancti Martini in Vinetria." To be buried in the Conventual Church of the Friars Minors, London. Left "fratri Geraldo de Crugiacha, ordinis Minorum, meo confessori," 1 mark of English money, to pray for him. Friar Gerald was an executor, and Friar Thomas Wolor, "ordinis Minorum," a witness.
1414. * Alice Creke, widow of Geoffrey Creke, citizen and physician. To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors. Left the Friars 20s. to be divided equally amongst them, to pray for her and her husbands Elys Weston, William Bromtholme, John Heure, and Geoffrey Creke. Left 3s. 4d. to each of the five Orders of Friars and two torches to the Friars Minors. Amongst numerous bequests occurs a "pouder box scriptum cum istis verbis Anglice Strawe on pouder enough."
Not in the Register, unless she may be identified with Alice Croker, for whom there is no date (Grey Friars, p. 116). Elys Weston occurs 1370–88; he was a butcher of S. Nicholas Shambles (Cal. Letter Book, H); "Geffrey Creek, ffesicien" was party to a suit in Chancery which can be dated between 1391 and 1396. Early Chancery Proceedings, 7/283.
1414. John Tibbay, Archdeacon of Huntingdon and Chancellor of the Queen. To be buried in the Conventual Church of the Friars Minors, London. Left John Langthorn, priest, his book "Pupilla Oculi." His Will was made in the hall of the dwelling-place of Thomas Tykhull, in S. Lawrence Jewry.
Tybbay died of a murderous attack made on him in Lad Lane (which was close to S. Lawrence Jewry) on 22 July, 1414. He was buried in the fifth bay of the Choir in the Chapel of S. Mary, "sub longo lapide et lato." Grey Friars, p. 81.
Will dated 20 Nov., 1419. Proved 19 Nov., (fn. 2) 1419. 46 Marche.
Brother of Robert Hallam, bishop of Salisbury. Was buried before the fifth (fn. 3) window from the east in the North Aisle of the Nave. Grey Friars, p. 122.
1420. John Bailley or Bayly. To be buried "coram imagine Salutacionis beate Marie in ecclesia Fratrum Carmelitarum in Flete-strete," and 6s. 8d. was left for that purpose. If this could not be obtained he was to be buried at the Friars Minors "coram altari vocato Hatton Aweter," paying 6s. 8d. General mass was to be celebrated at all Orders of Friars in London and suburbs on his burial day.
Died on 6 November, 1420, and was buried in the seventh bay in S. Francis' Chapel, i.e., near the west end of the Chapel. The altar may have been endowed by Thomas Hatton, "qui multa bona fecit in conventu." Hatton died on November 20, 1419, and was buried in the fifth bay in S. Francis' Chapel. Grey Friars, pp. 95, 99.
1421. Joan Elveden. To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors beside Newgate at the discretion of her executors. Bequests to her dread lady the Duchess of Clarence and her daughters. Left the Friars Minors "a 'cerkle' of silver gilt with divers gems, to be used on the head of S. Mary the Virgin when my body is buried, at the discretion of my executors; and I will that the said 'cerkle' be in no wise sold by the Friars." Bequests to the Carmelites of London 40s., to the Austin Friars 20s., and to the Friars Preachers 20s.
He was buried in the middle of the Nave. Cotyngwyth, who was a proctor of the Court of Canterbury, was buried near Basset in 1428 (Grey Friars, pp. 114–15). See also Cal. Wills Husting, ii, 447, where the Will was not proved till 1428.
1426. * Joan de Tybbay. To be buried at the Friars Minors. Bequeathed two nobles to be distributed amongst the Friars on the day of her burial. Mentions her sons, Thomas—clerk, deceased—and John de Tybbay, and her daughter, Agnes Wynslaw.
Probably connected with John Tybbay, who was buried in 1414 in the Chapel of S. Mary. Agnes Wynslaw is the Agnes Wynsley of 1444, and may be mother of John Wydeslade (or Wynslade), who died in 1468. Grey Friars, pp. 81, 101.
1429. * John Halman, of Patryngton, York, "valectus equorum domini Comitis Warrewyc." To be buried in the Church of the Friars Minors of London, "secundum disposicionem fratris Johannis Geffrey, eiusdem ordinis," if he died in London; in that case he left 20s. to the Friars for his sepulture and their prayers.