Lancashire Assize Rolls: 4 John - 13 Edward I. Originally published by Lancashire and Cheshire Record Society, s.l, 1903.
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30-31 Henry III (part 2 of 2)
|Robert de Lathum||sworn.|
|Adam le Mulinews|
|Simon de Halsal|
|Adam de Haynuldisdal|
|Alan le Noreys||sworn.|
|Thurstan de Holaund|
|Walter de Scarisbrec|
|Alan de Riston|
|Henry de Tylldeslegh||sworn.|
|Hugh le Noreys|
|Alan de Wyndul|
|Henry de Heytre|
|John de Mara||sworn.|
|Warin de Waleton|
|Walter de Hola|
|Robert de Lexhusum||sworn.|
|Ralph de Hola|
|Adam de Holaund|
|Ralph de Stanediss|
|Richard de Aluerton||sworn.|
|Roger de Wyrkitheleye|
|William de Wyrthinton|
|Adam de Dokesbiri|
|Ralph de Mitton||sworn.|
|Adam de Blakeburn|
|Adam de Billington|
|William de Baldeston||sworn.|
|Ralph de Cleyton|
|John de Penneston|
|John de Thelewell|
|Roger de Haspeden||sworn.|
|Jordan de Holm of Mitton|
|William de Liveshay|
|Gilbert de Kyuerdal|
|John de Legh||sworn.|
|William de Karlton|
|Hugh de Mitton|
|Adam de Hocton|
|Richard de Frikelton||sworn.|
|William de Preses|
|Richard de Thornton|
|Walter de Barton|
|Geoffrey de Wytingham||sworn.|
|Roger de Brochol|
|Walter de Soureby|
|William de Grimesaruwe|
|Alan son of Orm||sworn.|
|William son of William de Tunstall|
|Roger de Hoton|
|Adam de Herst||sworn.|
|William son of Simon|
|Roger de Staymerlid|
|Richard de Burg|
|Bendict de Gersinghaym||sworn.|
|Adam de Farleton|
|Simon de Brocton|
|Richard de Berewyk|
|Richard de Hindeleye||sworn.|
|Hugh de Haydok|
|Adam de Pemberton|
|John de Inys|
|John de Adburgham||sworn.|
|Peter de Aston|
|Adam de Wynestaneslegh|
|William de Lautun|
|John de Horhul||sworn.|
|William de Bulling|
|Adam de Cunneslegh|
|Andrew de Haydok|
|Ranulph de Mora||sworn.|
|Roger le Carpenter|
|Geoffrey son of Hugh||sworn.|
|Robert son of Syward|
|William La Wayt|
|Geoffrey son of Richard le Pestur||sworn.|
|Alan de Baunc|
|William de Wyrhal|
|Robert son of Walter|
|Roger son of Fulk||sworn.|
|Walter son of John|
|Walter le Mercer|
|William del Hill|
|Pain le Notiner||sworn.|
|Alexander son of Fulk|
|William son of Geoffrey|
|John le Clauer|
|John le Potter|
|William le Carpenter|
|Roger de Sellerdal|
These were Coroners after the same term and now are Coroners; namely, William de Clifton, Adam de Biry and William de Tunstall; and Richard de Couplaunde who is Coroner of the Liberty of the Abbot of Furnays.
William is dead: having admitted before four vills that he had been sent by outlaws to harm the Abbey of Penwurtham, he was given into the Sheriff's custody, who let him go without fine. So to judgment as to William de Lancastre, then Sheriff.
The accused were arrested and admitted to bail at Lancaster, and a jury found—that Albin and Richard were stealers of oxen and cows, and, being caught in the act, were beheaded. Chattels of Albin, ½ mark, for which Thomas de Gresley answers; and Richard had no chattels. The accused are found not guilty. Albin was a free man and held 8 acres under Robert de Lathum, whence the King's year day and waste 4s. for which Mathew de Redeman, the Sheriff, answers; and Robert took the house and lands into his own hands, so fined; and later Robert gives ½ mark fine for the King's year, etc.; and William de Lancastre, then Sheriff, fined for not seizing the land for the King. Robert de Bracington absent; his sureties fined viz:—Richard son of Hugh de Adelington, Alward Tagun, Geoffrey de Middelton, Henry son of Wenne, Mathew de Querendon, William de Holm, Elias de Rouington, William son of William de Medwecroft, Peter de Bulling, Adam de Cromton, Richard de Aluerton, Thomas de Prestwyche and Alexander de Heton. Evidence is given later that Thomas de Gresley and his ancestors always took chattels of this nature; so of Albin's chattels nothing.
Accused absent, and were attached; Warin, by Hull son of Gamel de Cleyton and Elias son of Thomas de Cleyton; Elecocc, by Geoffrey de Cleiton and Adam son of Stephen de Burnhull; Richard, by Adam Forester of Cleiton and Robert Lord (dominum) of Cleiton. Accused are taken and convicted. Appellant is told to proceed against them as far as outlawry.
Richard son of Wennok has appealed Warin son of Henry of breach of peace and robbery, after peace had been given the said Richard against the said Warin (post pacem eidem Ricardo datam de predicto Warino).
Accused absent, and was attached by John le Despencer of Claiton, Roger son of Hugh le Hope, Thomas son of John, Robert son of Gerard, Richard Doomsman [Judicator] of Cherleg and Richard de Thorp. Warin is taken.
Accused absent, attached by Thomas de Elaund and Adam son of Henry de Quelton, and he is taken. And Richard is told to proceed to outlawry against Warin and Gilbert. And 12 jurors concealed that information (loquelam), so are fined.
Thomas son of Siward le Oterhunte fell from a horse in Yarewe water and was drowned. William son of Siward found him. Verdict, misadventure. Value of horse 3s. for which Matthew the Sheriff to answer. 12 Jurors concealed the information, so fined.
Of Serjeanties (seriantiis):—they say that one Robert de Clayton was Keeper (seruiens custodiendi) of the Wappentak of Lailondesire in fee, and sold his office (balliuum) to William de Ferrars, Earl of Derby: for report.
Of new customs:—they say that Robert de Waterfal, deputy Sheriff for William de Lancastre all his time, caused to be summoned twice a year the whole country, both free men and villeins, and took fines for defaults: and the now Sheriff does the same. The jury present that never before Robert's time did such a custom exist in that county. Thereupon comes Richard Clerk, bailiff of William de Lancastre, and says that before the last Eyre in that county no such custom existed; but that, at that Eyre, Robert de Lexington ordered the Sheriff to make two turns yearly for keeping and enquiring into the King's peace. For report.
John de Adlackeston was outlawed before the Justices in Eyre in Nottinghamshire; he held land in this Wapentak, whence the King's year etc. 4s.; and Robert de Lathum and Richard de Mostun have held these lands since the outlawry till now without warrant, so fined and to account for 4s. issues. Later, Nigel de Lungeford comes, and has made fine, 1 mark, for the said year etc., surety Hugh de Menill.
Of indicted persons:—they say that William Forester of Anderton, John son of Edeneuec, Robert son of Brun de Burnhill, Adam son of Mabel de Hepay [erased], Hugh Schacheliton, Robert le Straker, Richard Daythef and Adam le Forester, suspected (rettati) of theft, escaped: so writ of exigent and outlawed.
Later it is shown that he fled to Middelton Church; and Simon de Thornton and Thomas de Singelton, bailiffs of William de Lancastre then Sheriff, who are dead, took from him 20s. that he might come to the King's peace, and took sureties. So to judgment as to William de Lancastre, whose bailiffs they were, and the sureties fined, viz., Adam de Thornham, Robert Sorhgeles, Litecock de Salford, and William de Middelton. Peter had no chattels. And because Adam and the others gave redemption for Peter, who was convicted of a man's death, and received him, they are to be taken and all their lands and chattels seized into the King's hand. Chattels of Peter Carite, 1 mark.
Gilbert absent; sureties, Robert son of Richard de Haliwell. William de Lauton of Makefeud, Peter son of Henry de Hothon and Richard son of Robert de Wynewyk. Roger absent, and was attached by Adam de Brendeschales, William son of Swayn de Clyfton and Henry son of Wrennok de Wytheton. Augustine comes and is convicted of battery, so to prison; later he is fined 40s.; sureties, John son of Godith de Haliwell and Hugh his brother.
The same Geoffrey has appealed Geoffrey de Byrun of breach of peace etc., in that he, on the eve of Holy Cross, came to him in the vill of Stanistrete, broke into his house, beat and illtreated him, went to his plough (carucam) and killed an ox of his: and that he did this he offers to prove against him as the Court decide, as a man who has passed the age [i.e., 60].
Accused absent; Algareth was attached by Adam Malerb of Hilton, Richard Schakeloc and Wyun son of Pepel; and Adam, by William son of Roger de Hilton and Richard son of Roger de Haliwell. Geoffrey to proceed against them to outlawry.
Later comes Litelcok and pays fine 10 pounds. Sureties, Geoffrey de Chetham, Robert de Byrun, Robert de Thoreswurth, Elias de Thonge, Thomas le Paumer, Henry son of Wene, Richard Reeve of Silford, Adam de Kenyan, Adam Brahegh and Robert de Crumpton.
Later comes Adam de Thornham and pays fine 20 marks; sureties, John de Lascy, Matthew de Nocton, Robert, son of Thomas de Aston, Thomas le Paumer of Stakehull, William Smith (Faber) of Rachedal, Henry de Luseleg, Elecoc de Hoch, William de Heyerode and Jordan de Tongton.
Richard son of Eugenia de Radecliue drowned from a horse in Irwel water. Eugenia his mother first found him. Verdict, misadventure. Value of horse 3s., for which M. de Redeman, Sheriff, answers. The Jury have presented nothing as to this horse, so fined.
Henry son of Matthew was crushed to death by a cart and two oxen that drew it. Matthew his father first found him. Verdict, misadventure. Value of cart and oxen 2½ marks, for which the Sheriff answers. Robert de Rediche and Andrew de Scholgh made a false valuation, so fined.
Accused absent: William was attached by Robert de Brithemet and Thomas son of Syward de Leylaund; John, by Adam son of Paulin de Barton and Adam de Crumpton; and Hugh, by John son of Robert de Butterworth and Dande son of Edward de Butterworth: all fined and Robert to proceed against them to outlawry.
Wrongdoers unknown burnt the mill of Henry Dudeman of Uuersted. Later many attest that he himself burnt it, through hate of his lord: and he was attached by Patrick Dudeman his brother and Elias his son-in-law to come before the Justices; and now he comes not, so is taken, and all fined. Later he comes and pays fine 40s.; sureties, Henry le Wyld, Thomas his brother and Thomas de Warthull.
William Grenescleue taken and imprisoned at Lancastre, was detained in that prison for 7 weeks and later was beheaded by judgment of the County of Lancastre for that he was found outlawed in the Coroner's rolls. And the County records that such is their custom when any outlaw shall be taken, although it may be possible to keep him, they, immediately they know him to be an outlaw, cause him to be beheaded. For report.
Henry Smith of Butterwurth has appealed Thomas son of Henry de Butterwurth of breach of peace, assault, and mayhem, in that Thomas beat and illtreated him and gave him a blow on the head, maiming him, and he asks for amends.
Thomas acquitted; Henry to prison for false appeal. Later Henry pays a fine 5 marks; sureties, Ivo de Wytewurth, Adam son of Henry de Butterwurth, Michael de Akeden, William de Wytewuith and Richard de Warthull.
Thomas absent, and was attached by Alcock de Longele, Wilkoc son of Ralph de Kyrkehalgh, Henry de Blakelawe, Alexander son of William Tupeheued and William le Maynwarin. Matthew to proceed against them to outlawry.
Robert de Alte has appealed Roger Balet of the King's peace in that Roger on Wednesday, to wit Ash Wednesday (die cynerum) now a year past, about 3 o'clock, came at him in Lyme wood and struck him on the head with a sword, wickedly and feloniously against the peace; and he offers to prove it against him as the Court decide, being under age.
Roger denies the blow and says he is not told in what part of the head the blow was given, that Robert varies the appeal and has not raised hue and cry (levavit uthesium). Judgment accordingly. So Robert fined for false appeal: and a jury to enquire as to breach of peace. Later comes Robert and will not prosecute; so to custody and his sureties fined viz: William de Alte his brother and William Talliator of Legh. And the jury are satisfied and convict Roger, so both to custody. Later comes Roger and makes fine for himself and Robert, 5 marks; sureties, Robert de Aston and Ralph de Glothiche.
A woman unknown died suddenly in the house of Adam de Tornham. Adam was attached to appear before the Justices and comes not; sureties fined, Ellis del Hogh and Geoffrey son of Roger de Middelton. No one is blamed. The vill of Tornham buried her without view of the Coroner, so fined. Later comes Adam and is fined 40s. ; sureties, John de Lascy and William Smith of Rachedal.
Jordan son of Robert de Hilton killed Robert Dune and afterwards returned to the house of the said Robert his father and was received there, so the said Robert to be taken. Verdict of murder—so outlawed. No chattels.
Of cloth sold:—they say that Richard son of Ranulph de Mammecestre, Adam de Farnewurth, Dobbe son of Golda, Roger his brother, Peter de Medwecroft, Robert de Pontefract, Henry son of Hugh, Jordan son of Simon, Hugh le Fulun, Adam de Kenian and Hugh le Fulun of Aston sold cloth contrary to the Assize, so fined.
Of bailiffs who made inquest on a man's death and took fines for default:—they say that Robert de Waterfal, while he was Sheriff, took fines for defaults at the inquest on the death of a man, namely from the freemen of Rachedale 2 marks: therefore fined.
The Jury present that this Wappentak is worth yearly 10 pounds: and the Earl Ferrars holds it, and likewise two other Wapentakes, and likewise all the land between Ribel and Merse by 40s. or one goshawk (austurco) yearly. For report.
Of default:—they say that John brother of Thomas de Hulm, Annot de Bromhurst, Henry son of Alward de Farenwurth, Dande de Farenwurth, William son of Agnes de Swynton, David de Werkidel carpenter, Pimme de Sale. Richard son of Robert de Lostoc, Roger son of Alan de Rupewurthe, William son of Eve de Bradehurst, Dobbe de Knol, Thomas son of Bibby Miller, Adam son of Bimoc de Rowinton, Thomas son of William, the Prior of Kersale, William de Hawerthen, the heir of Ralph de Beston, Jordan de Treton, Robert Clerk of Anlawesarwe, Roger Carpenter of the forest of Totenton, Robert Poli, Dike son of Syward, Hugh son of Robert le Crucher, Richard de Routhesthorn, Thomas Clerk of Haselendene, John le Archer, Matthew son of Matthew de Totenton, Dobbe de Strangesti, William de Haggelewe, William Chaplain of Dedesbiry, Henry de Laplot, Humund Mascy (sick), Simon son of Luke, Richard brother of Robert de Redich, Stephen de Bredbury, Robert de Bredbury, Angaret, Richard son of Hauwyse forester, Jordan [erased] Gervase de Burnendene, Hugh de Wytewrthe, Henry de Totmardene, William Sping, Adam de Stanesfeld, Richard son of Andrew de Stanesfeld, Richard son of Iua de Clege, Henry son of Emma de Clege and Licoc son of William son of Gerard, came not on the first day; so fined: likewise William son of John de Aspyll.
The Jury present that Adam Gerard held two oxgangs of land in Dereby, by service of making judgment of the pleas of the Wapentake of Dereby; and he ought to do that service with a man and horse and victuals when so far from home as to be unable to return daily, and the Earl Ferrars now holds the land, and performs the said service by his serjeants.
Of persons indicted:—They say that John son of Henry de Castelton [erased], Elias de Akeden, Eva Kardunel, Henry Maynard of Tottemerden, Dobbe Macus, Simon le Piper of Chadwych, William Schayf, Hull Hudidan of Hatherwyk, Dobbe son of Thomas de Wude, John son of William de Perpunt, Adecok son of Martilia, John son of Henry Nubbe [erased], John Spadeberd, Uthred de Wereford, Pipot de Turtun, Digge de Torot, Henry le Masun [erased]. Adam de Dunandesgreue, William son of Peter de Middelton [erased]. Auecok de Leuer, Roger Drake of Elleton, Adecok Orkoc, Adam Wynternot, Robert de Wydal [erased], Scaine de Elleton, Alexander his brother [erased], Dowe de Bothemes, William Springemare, Adecok Bradefot, Gouun de Asselawe [erased], Brun de Lewyneshulm, Thomas son of Matilda de Blakerode in Haselenden, Thomas Wynter, Jordan de Quickenlawe, Geoffrey his brother [erased], Richard Hildigrim. Geoffrey de Hawurth, Leucok Schayf, John Bradere of Crumpton, Alecok Boloc, Roger de Folenhurst [erased], Henry Glore, Annot de Bromihirst, Henry son of Award Bart, Roger Blacker [erased], John de Crikelston son-in-law of Peter Charite, John de Hernesden and Elecok son-in-law of Gilbert de Tonge, suspected of larcency, absconded: so all but Elecok exigent and outlawed, and Elecok to return if he will, but his chattels forfeited by his flight.
The chattels of John son of Henry 2 marks, for which the Sheriff is to account; of Elias de Aggeden 30s. for which etc., and he had lands whence the King's year day and waste 11d; of Dobbe Macus 20s. etc.; of John son of Henry Nubbe ½ mark [erased]; of Henry le Mazun 5 marks; of Adam de Dunandesgreue 2 marks; of John Spideberd 22s.; of Uthred de Wereford 5 marks; of Pipot de Turtun 30s.; Dogge de Turrot had lands whereof the King's year etc. 3s.; of Luvecok Schayf 1 mark and lands whereof etc. 12d.; of Auecok de Lever ½ mark; of Ellecok 40s.; of Adecok Orecok 2s.; of Adam Wynternote 1 mark; of Robert de Wydal ½ mark; of William Springemare 40s.; of Gouin de Assele 50s.; of Roger de Falenhirst 5s.; of Annot de Bromhurst 4 marks, and lands whereof, etc. 3s. [erased]. All the others had no chattels. Later comes Richard de Butiller and pays fine 20s. for William son of Peter de Radecliue to return to the peace; surety, Elias de Tonge.
Hawe de Mora of Raby was found burnt in her own house at Raby. Adam her son, who first found her, comes not; he was attached by Roger de Mora of Raby and Adam de Knusele, so fined. Verdict, misadventure.
Richard Clerk of Bothelton was drowned in a ditch near Werington. Hugh son of Gervase, first finder, comes not, and was attached by Simon son of Robert de Werington and William son of Alexander de Werington, so fined. And it was witnessed that Richard got up at night at the instance of a certain disease that he had, and went out of the house of the said Hugh and was drowned by mishap. Hugh and others who were in the house not attached; so to judgment as to the Sheriff and Coroner who should have attached them.
Henry convicted, and to prison; so to judgment as to the Coroner and Sheriff who attached the said Henry, as appellant found no sureties to prosecute. Appellant absent and no sureties. Later Henry pays 1 mark fine, sureties Robert de Samlesby and William de Waleton.
Hugh le Careter of Werington killed Henry de Haydok in Werington and fled. Writ of exigent: chattels 20s. 4d. for which the Sheriff is to account. The vill of Werington did not pursue, so fined; also Roger le Cuuerur of Werington, Richard de Sonky, Ralph de Pulton and Robert de Flixton made a false valuation of the said chattels, so fined.
William is outlawed, no chattels; and it is witnessed that he killed Roger by day, and the vill of Werington did not take him, so fined; further the vill received him for one day after he had wounded Roger, until Roger died.
Edith de Litherlaund has appealed Yarwerth de Litherlaund that he came to her house on Thursday next before Palm Sunday and robbed her of a cow value 5s.; and she brings her appeal as a woman against a man, as the Court decides.
Yarwerth says she is his villein, and he took the cow from her for his service: and he is acquitted and Edith is fined for false appeal, but is poor. Richard le Walays and Henry de Stanedishe abetted her appeal, so fined.
Richard Wythaund has appealed Hugh de Crokhurst that, when he was in the King's peace, on Thursday before the Purification B.M. about nine o'clock, now 5 years ago, the said Hugh came to his house at Raynford [cancelled].
Richard Wythaund has appealed Robert Poydras miller that, when he was in the King's peace, on Thursday before the Purification B.M. about nine o'clock, now 5 years ago, in his house at Reynford, the said Robert came there with premeditated assault, dragged him by the feet out of the said house and with a mace gave him severe blows and robbed him of 5s. 4¼d.
This the plaintiff offers to prove by his body, as the Court decide. And Robert, in defence, offers to defend by his body. The Court considers that Robert made reasonable suit; and the Coroner testifies that the appeal was for assault, and that Richard was not robbed of so large a sum of money and that he had not followed his appeal. Richard is fined for false appeal, and the jury to enquire into the breach of peace.
They ask particulars. The jury say that Robert is not guilty of assault and robbery, nor Hugh and the others of force, except that Robert and the others displaced a lodge that was in dispute between the parties. Richard to custody for false claim; the others acquitted, but to custody for trespass. Later Robert pays fine for himself and the others, 2 marks; surety, the Abbot of Cokersand. Later Richard pays fine 1 mark; surety, Richard his brother.
Robert son of Gilbert de Dalton and Thomas son of Kadigam took Thomas son of Warin and conducted him to the house of Gilbert, imprisoned him there, beat him and detained him in prison till he gave them 2s. Robert, Thomas and Gilbert, to be taken; later it is witnessed that Thomas has died. Gilbert pays fine for himself and Robert 5 marks; sureties, Gilbert son of Gilbert and John de Oren.
The Jury present that William de Waleton is Chief Serjeant of that Wapentake, and holds 14 oxgangs of land by Charters from the King, by the service of doing the services which pertain to the custody of the Wapentake with one horseman and one footman; and his lands are worth yearly 2 marks. For report.
Of defaults:—they say that the Prior of Norton, John de Haselwell [erased] (at Ganok), William Russell of Nortmoles, Roger de Ireland [erased] (sick), Robert de Prestcote, William son of Richard, Richard White of Cnueslegh, Thomas son of Beatrice, Richard de Hurlton, William son-in-law of Richard de Chyrchele, Adam de Burtonheued, Richard de Eccleston [erased] (sick), Richard de Horfalling, Elias de Horfalling, Richard Bole, Robert his brother, Nicholas de Frodesham, William de Threliffal [erased] (has nothing), Robert de Dalton [erased] (under age). Richard son of Gilbert and Hugyn son of Master Roger de Dereby, came not on the first day of pleas, so fined.
William de Wydnes, a bailiff of that Wapentake, for his fine for many transgressions, 10 marks; sureties, Geoffrey de Chetham, Hugh de Haslum, Richard de Strafford, Thurstan de Holaund, Adam de Knouesle, William de Waleton and William de Neuton.
Of persons indicted:—they say that Hugh de la Grene of Gerstay, Henry son of Dande de Hale, William de Mulinaus, Roger son of Robert de Holecroft, Dobbe de Perpunt, Roger de Rymeur of Acton, Ralph de Saunky and Ranulph his brother, Adam Fayrarmful, Hugh brother of Agnes de Ledian, Hugh de la Legh, Robert de Merklokhurst, Richard Dingyl, Luke Bole, Wylke de Chyrchele and Matthew de Chyrchele, suspected of theft, absconded— all outlawed. Chattels of Hugh de la Grene, 2 marks; Henry son of Dande 18s.; Ralph Sonky ½ mark; Hugh de la Legh 17s. 6d., and he held land for which the King's year 3s. 6d.; Robert de Merclokhurst 17s., and he held land for which the King's year ½ mark; Richard de Dingyll 4½ marks; the rest nothing.
The Jury present that Robert de Waterfal, while Sheriff, summoned both freeman and villeins to make inquisition concerning the death of a man and other Crown pleas at Makefeud and there took fines and defaults; so fined.
Of persons indicted:—they say that Luuecok de Middelton, Thomas le Turnur of Wygan, William Blakape of Pemberton, Maddok le Walays and Cuuin son of Maddok, suspected of theft, absconded; so outlawed. Chattels of Luuecok 3s.; William 5s. 6d.; Maddok 11s.; for which the Sheriff to account; the rest, nothing.
Alan de Scheyl a beggar boy took a portion of meal (farine) worth three pence, and was caught and detained at Liuerpool, and escaped from custody; so to judgment for escape at Liuerpool. The jury acquit him of any other misdeed—so to return if he like: but his chattels forfeited by his escape, 3s. 6d. for which the Sheriff is to account.
Ralph was taken and imprisoned and released under the King's writ on bail to appear before the Justices at the first Assize; sureties, Henry de Lancastre, Herbert Fuller of Preston. Richard Ruff of Preston, Baldewyn de Preston, William de Cruce, Adam le Simple, Hugh son of Matilda de Preston, Roger son of Alan, Hugh le Spusage, Richard son of Mabbe, Henry Fisher (Piscator) of Penwertham and Martin de Penwertham, who now do not produce him, so are fined. And William is told to proceed against him to outlawry.
This he offers to prove against him in person. Matilda and the others ask particulars before they can plead, but later they relinquish that answer and put themselves on the country for good and ill, and ask that the truth may be enquired into. Moved by the poverty of Matilda and the others the Justices decide that the Amounderness jury and the Preston jury shall enquire; who find the defendants not guilty in any way of the said death, and they are acquitted. William to custody for false charge.
Walter de Mirscho has appealed Adam son of Syward, Roger his son, Roger son of Roger and Richard son of Uthred, that they held him and waylaid him so that he could not go to the help of the said Henry his brother when Ralph killed him.
Plaintiff comes not; his sureties, Adam de Sydegreues and Richard de Thyncoleheued. Gilbert is convicted, and to custody. Later he pays fine ½ mark; sureties, William de Mirscho and Walter his brother.
Of Eschaets:—they say that 2 burgages and 4 acres of land in Preston, are eschaets of the King; and are put by eschaet (eschaetarium) of the King at ½ mark yearly. And Adam son of Syward holds them, by the aforesaid eschaets, by half a mark yearly. For report.
Elyas son of Henry de Harewud was drowned in Caldre water. Richard de Harewud his brother, who first found him, comes not, and was attached by Elyas son of Alexander de Harewud and Alan son of Ralph de Harewude—all fined. Verdict, misadventure.
Cecily late wife of Ralph de Kyrchaym has appealed Robert son of Richard de Alvetham, William son of Bernard de Dunkythele, Thomas son of Elias de Wynkythele, Robert son of John de Wynkythele, Thomas brother of John de Bradehull, Richard Colstan, Robert de Warwyk, John de Wynkythele and Richard his brother, of robbery.
Cecily does not now prosecute; sureties, Adam son of Gilbert de Boulton in Lonnesdal and John de Oxcliue. Robert son of John de Wynkydele, John de Wynkydele and Richard his brother come; and the jury are not satisfied of their guilt, so acquitted. The others come not and were attached, viz:—Robert son of Richard, by William de Bollerhon and William de Reued; William son of Bernard, by Thomas de Wurthesthorn and Gilbert de Dunkythele; Thomas son of Elias, by Adam son of Thomas de Morton and William de Stygholmes; Thomas brother of John de Bradehull by Hugh de Acton and John de Bradehull; Richard Colstan by John de Dunkythele and Gilbert son of John de Dunkythele; Robert de Warwyk by Richard del Held and Geoffrey de Cheydesle; all fined. Later come Robert son of John de Wynkydele, John de Wynkydele and Richard his brother and are fined 20s. for trespass, and each is surety for the others.
A hunted stag killed William son of Agnes, and that stag was immediately drowned in Schyrthe water. Agnes mother of William, who first found him, comes. Verdict, misadventure. Value of stag 12d. for which the Sheriff to account.
Drogo, parson of Ribbecestre, was drowned from a horse in Rybel water and the horse was drowned likewise. The first finder is dead. Verdict, misadventure. Value of the hide of the said horse 18d. for which etc.
Richard is outlawed, chattels 40d. for which etc.; he held lands, of which the King's year day and waste ½ mark, for which etc. The vill of Salebyry fined for receiving him. And Alexander [erased] Ranulph de Salebyry sold the land to Richard de Kerden who took issues to the value of 1 mark before the King had his year and day—so Alexander (sic) and Richard fined, and Richard to account for 1 mark.
Appellant does not now prosecute; sureties, Richard son of Thomas de Acton and Elias son of Ralph de Wlypschyre. Accused come not and were not attached; and it is witnessed that William de Singelton, bailiff, was ordered to attach them and did nothing—so to judgment as to him. Accused convicted and fined.
Geoffrey de Buderiding killed Peter de Billington and fled; so outlawed, chattels 15s. 6d. for which etc.; lands of which the King's year etc. 9s. 8d. for which etc.; Elias de Dunkythele and Siward de Salebiry carried off the chattels, fined; and William de Thornton took the land without warrant before the King's year and day, fined, and to answer for the issues assessed at 1 mark. The vill of Billington fined for not taking Geoffrey. Later comes Adam de Tokholes and makes fine for the said year day and waste, 1 mark; sureties, William de Rouinton and Henry de Bromicroft.
The Jury and four neighbouring vills—Cotton, Clayton, Salebyry and Clyuacher—find Robert guilty of stealing cows, pigs and other things: and Hugh gives 1 mark for good enquiry; surety. Ralph de Mitton. The Jury and the said four neighbouring vills find Hugh and Adam not guilty of any misdeed, so acquitted. And the four vills fined for not coming more fully (plenarie) before the Justices. Chattels of Robert 28s. for which etc., and land of which the King's year etc. 2s. for which etc.
The Jury of that Wapentake and of Leylondschyre acquit Roger, and find Adam guilty of burglary and other robberies. Chattels 23s. And Adam had found sureties de fidelitate elsewhere, viz. Robert de Clogh of Beyley, Richard son of Richard de Grenehurst, Walter de alibi (sic) Beyley, Jordan and Ralph his sons; all fined.
Convicted, no chattels. One William son of Uthred de Thornthon taken in their company is a thief, but no one proceeds against him; and sureties were taken but they come not, and it is witnessed that he is dead, but was not essoined; sureties fined. Later comes John de Chauncefeud and pays fine ½ mark, for the sureties; surety, Ralph de Mitton. Later comes Alan Grenhed servant of Alice de Stauelay. to whom the above cattle belonged, and pays fine for the cattle ½ mark; surety, Ralph de Planaz.
The Jury say that Henry was a wandering thief, and Robert and others with the whole province caught him with a cow that he had stolen, and beheaded him; and that otherwise they killed him not: so acquitted. And Cecily fined for false appeal—she is poor.
Siward de Alsston was struck by a horse and died. Verdict, misadventure. Value of horse 10s. And Adam de Hocton, Roger son of Roger de Preston, and Baldwyn de Preston put a false value on the horse, so fined; and Bernard de Mitton took away the horse before it was seen by the Coroner, so fined; and the vill of Wetelay allowed him to take it away, so fined.
Of Churches:—they say that the Church of Wallay is in the gift of the King by reason of the wardship of Edmund de Lascy, and is worth yearly seven score marks; and Peter de Cestria holds it. And the church of Ribbechestre is in the gift of the King by reason of the same, and Imbertus the clerk holds it; and it is worth yearly 40 marks. For report.
Of defaults:—they say that the Abbot of Neubo, John de Lunguilers, Henry le Waleys, John de Wrydelesford, John de Punchardon, Jordan de Boghurst, Jordan de Baylay, Adam Baret, Robert de Frikelton, William son of Richard Thurger, Richard de Mora, Jordan son of William, Richard son of Henry, Hugh Arbalaster, Roger de Wyllouston, Matilda de Blakeburn and Walter de Parva Mitton came not the first day, so fined.
The Jury present that Alexander Daunger, Richard his son, Robert son of Byby, Alan de Marchesden, Henry Was, John Wastepayn, Walter de Dunecotes, Roger son of Bimme, Benne de Blakeburn, Swayn de Harlecroft and Alan Burdun, elsewhere indicted, found sureties to come now before the Justices and to stand aright, and they come not; so their sureties fined, viz. of Alexander and Richard his son, Thomas de Quithale, Adam son of Jordan, David de Liuesay, Adam son of Ketel, Adam de Liuesay, Robert son of William de la Lawe, Alan son of Orm Forester and Richard de Roteleswurt: Robert son of Byby, no sureties; of Alan de Marchesden, Adam Loterhunt, Thomas son of Robert de Dene of Aluetham, Adam son of Warin de Hapton, Reginald brother of Adam le Oterhunter (dead): of Henry Was, John de Rascok, Peter son of Henry, Robert son of Hugh de Athelington, Dike son of Ralph de Penket, Peter de Bulling and Robert son of Morewyth: of John Wastpeny, Dike son of Thomas de Hayhurst and Adam son of Richard de Hayhurst: of Walter de Dunecotes, Alexander son of Syward de Merlay, Roger de Dunhum, Peter son of William de Dunhum, and Geoffrey son of Alexander de Dunum: of Roger son of Bimme, Geoffrey Cuc of Chepin, William son of Lewaynrith, Gilbert de Dinkedelay, and Uthred son of Bernard: of Benne de Blakeburn, Alan son of Swayn de Acton, John son of Herui, Bernard de Eccleshull, Alexander Fuller of Blakeburn, and Geoffrey le Flaxbeter of Waleton: of Swayn de Harlecrofte, Elias le Mazun de Billington (dead), William de Gayrgreue, Ralph de Magna Penilton, and Hugh de Penilton: of Adam Burdun, Robert son of Hamelin de Rochedale, William Lingard and Adam Lingard.
Later comes Adam de Hothon and pays 20s. fine for Gilbert son of Matthew de Samlebir, Robert son of Ulf de Samlebir, and Richard son of Alexander de Samlebir, that they may return to peace; surety, William de Samlebir.
Of persons indicted:—they say that Gilbert son of Matthew de Salebiry, Nicholas son of the Priest son of Henry de Salebiry, Robert son of Ulf de Salebiry, Richard son of Alexander de Salebiry, Henry Dune [erased] of Salebiry, Robert son of Warin de Schadesle [erased] (dead), Jordan son of Eve de Hedisford, Adam Croueberye, Richard Kygelpeni of Salebiry, Adam Hert, Adam de Quitacre, Reginald Castepac of Skypin, William son of Tunnok de Dunum, Thomas son of Ranulph de Kerbrok, Elbe de Kelbrok, Geoffrey de Calne, Richard son of Christian de Calne, Robert son of Gena de Calne, Alexander Caldwegge of Merkelesden, John de Kykeleswyk, Adam son of William Chaplain of Calne, Alecok Ronde del Wurth, John le Mazun of Bouelton, Roger son of Henry de Helton, Henry Mainard of Merkelesden, Richard son of Waldef de Exineshull, Thomas brother of Adam Arthur, Richard de Goldburn, Pipot de Turton, Pimme Forester of Anderton, Brun brother of Henry Capil of Aschelindene, Roger Godinpriche [erased], Richard de Ricroft of Heselindene, Robert his son, Hugh de Ascheley of Aselindene, Henry Capel of Aselindene, William Bulax and Alexander de Thornhurst, suspected of theft, absconded.
Exigent and outlawed. Chattels; Robert son of Ulf, 2 marks; Richard son of Alexander, 25s. 2d.; Henry Dune of Salebir, 17s. 6d.; Richard Kygelpeni, 22s. 5d. and land of which the King's year etc. 8s., for which etc.; Geoffrey de Calne, 21s.; Alexander Goldwegge of Merkelesden, 6s.; Roger Godinpriche, 32s.; Richard de Ricroft, 10s.; Thomas brother of Adam Arthur, 31s. and land etc., 5s.; the rest no chattels.
The Jury and four neighbouring vills find William guilty of burglary and several thefts; his chattels 22s. 2d., for which the Sheriff to account. Hugh is acquitted. Later Hugh pays 1 mark fine for trespass; sureties, Simon Reeve (prepositus) of Merkesden and Jordan son of Elias de Merkesden.
The Jury present these for taking of the chattels of Walter de Tadham, viz.:—Richard de la More, a cow value 5s.; Thomas son of Sygherith de Tornelay, 2 cows value 10s.; Biby de Knolie, 7 cows value 35s.; Dobbe son of Robert de Schyppin, 2 cows value 10s.; they are all fined, and to account for the said values: and Richard pays 1 mark, sureties, William son of Gamel and Roger son of Gervase; and Thomas son of Syerith pays ½ mark, same sureties; and Bybi de Cnolle pays ½ mark, same sureties.
The Jury present that Adam, Richard, William and Roger, sons of Roger parson of Blakeburn, burned the Grange of the Abbot of Stanlegh at Staininges; so exigent and outlawed, no chattels; and Bernard de Schamelesbyr, Richard his brother, Was de Schamelesbiry, Alexander de Horewud, Adam de Salebiry, Henry son of Robert de Blakeburn, Richard de Cawud of Liuesay, William son of Matilda de Eccleshull, Gilbert de Eccleshull, Adam de Tokholes, Maddok de Blakeburn, William Bustoch, Richard son of Pettel. Geoffrey de Tokholes, Roger le Fraunceys, Richard de Singelton, Matilda mother of the said Richard, William and other wrongdoers aforesaid, Wyun son of Roger de Haselingden, Thomas son of Matilda de Haselingden, Christian de Aluetham, John Kay of Blakeburn, Robert son of Robert de Blakeburn, Henry son of John de Haselingden, Henry de Plesington, Henry de Hocton, Brunc his brother, Ekke de Tokholes, John le Leuit, Roger de Netton, Richard son of Henry de Viseual, William son of Robert de Nitton, Richard de Hundecliue, Wyon son of Wervill, Robert de Euot, Adam de Aluetham, Alexander Knit of Little Harewud, Henry de Vunntlay and Robert de Aldaine in Salesbiry received the said Adam and others after they did the same.
Later it is witnessed that the King, by his writ, has ordered the custodian of the land of John late Earl of Lincoln to attach all those who were suspected of the arson of the said grange; and he found none of them save only the above Adam son of Roger, who is attached by Robert de Rauenesden, Adam son of Robert de Blakeburn of Aluetham, Adam brother of Henry de Sutteleswurth, Richard de Osewaldetwysel of Eluetham, Adam son of Stephen de Aluetham, Robert son of Margery de Aluetham, Bibby son of Richard de Aluetham, Roger son of Robert de Hapton, Adam son of William de Aluetham, Adam son of Albreda de Wlipschyre, Geoffrey de Tokholes, Gilbert de Dinkidele, Henry son of Elias de Plesington, Roger de Bradelay, Henry de Sutheleswurth, Benne de Ecclesille and Bernard de Salesbiry, to come before the present Justices: and they have him not here, so fined. See back [of membrane].
And Wyun son of Warvill, suspected of receiving the said Adam and his brothers pays fine 1 mark; surety, William de Werleworth: Robert de Eywode for same, 1 mark; surety, William Smith of Rachedal: Adam de Eluetham for same, 1 mark; surety, Adam Noel: Alexander Knycht for same, ½ mark; surety, William de Samlesbyri: Henry de Hunteley for same, ½ mark; same surety: Robert de Holden for same, 1 mark; same surety: Henry son of Robert de Blakeburn for same, ½ mark: Robert son of Robert de Blakeburn for same, ½ mark.
Later comes the said Matilda and pays 60 marks fine for herself and Adam, Richard, William and Roger her sons by the following sureties: Adam Noel for 20 marks; Henry de Schutlesworth, 10 marks; Ralph de Clayton, 5 marks; Thomas de Elueteham, 5 marks; Adam de Hennethyrne, 5 marks; Richard Fitun, 40s.; Jordan de Mitton, 40s.; Thomas de parva Penilton, 40s.; Hugh Querderay, 40s.; Henry son of Uctred de Whalley, 1 mark; Ralph de Mitton, 2 marks.
And Wasse de Samlesbiry, Bernard de Samlesbiry, Richard son of Adam de Samlesbiry and Henry de Houton, suspected of receiving Adam and his brothers, pay 4 marks fine; sureties, William de Samlesbyry, Adam de Merton: Adam de Salesbir, for same, pays 2 marks; surety, Syward de Salesbir: Alexander de Harewod, for same, pays 20s.; sureties [blank]: Richard de Eywode of Lyuesay, for same, pays 2 marks; surety, Adam de Blakeburn: William son of Matilda de Ecleshull, for same, pays 20s.; same surety.
They present that Richard de Singelton was in company with Adam son of the parson of Blakeburn and his brothers at the burning of the Grange of Stayninges; so exigent and outlawed; no chattels, but land for which the King's year, etc., 1 mark. Later it is witnessed that the said Richard was taken for other offences (molestis) and released on bail, sureties, Alan de Singelton (dead), William de Thornton, Roger de Stainol, Richard de Dutton, Adam de Frekilton, Thomas de Singelton (dead), William son of Alan de Stainol, Roger son of John de Stainol, Jordan son of William de Stainol (has nothing), William son of John de Stainol and Michael de Toncroft (has nothing), who have him not here; so fined.
Peter de Bradele, Richard Emod and Adam de Wakershal are tried for burglary and acquitted. Gilbert de Bromlegh, attached for the same, absent; sureties, Adam de Wakerehal and Peter de Bradeleg, fined: and Gilbert is found not guilty, so excepted from the said suspicion (retto).
Gilbert de Ecleshul for receiving those who burned the said Grange pays 20s. fine; surety, Robert de Ecleshul: Adam de Tocholes, for the same, 2 marks; surety, William de Ruynton: Maddok de Blakeburn, for the same, 20s.; surety, Adam Noel: Richard son of Petel, for the same, 1 mark; surety, William de Caldekotes: Roger le Franceys, for the same, 40s.; sureties, William de Lyuesey and Robert de Plesington: Wyun brother of Roger de Haselingden, for the same, 4 marks; surety, John de Lascy: Thomas brother of Matilda, for the same, 1 mark; surety, Thomas de Blakelawe: Henry de Plesinton, for the same, 2 marks; surety, Ralph de Mitton: Brun de Hooghton, for the same, ½ mark; surety, William de Samlesbiry: Elyas de Tokholes, for the same, 2 marks; surety, William de Liueseye: John de Lewed, for the same, 20s.; surety, Robert de Ecleshull: Roger de Wytton, for the same, 2 marks; surety, Adam de Bilington: Richard son of Henry de Wysewell, for the same, 20s.; surety, Jordan de Hennethyrn: William son of Robert de Wytton, for the same, 20s.; surety, Adam de Bylinton: Richard de Cumbecliue, for the same, 20s.; surety, Richard de Cuhill.
Richard Clerk of Legh has appealed Richard son of Roger de Cotum, Alan son of Roger, Was son of Roger, Wilkin son of Henry son of Milla, Adecok son of Richard de Caybel and Roger son of Sibill of robbery.
Adcock and Roger are outlawed at his suit; no chattels. The rest absent; Richard attached by Adam de Billesburg, William son of Hamo de Billesburg and Richard brother of Alan de Singelton; Alan, by Roger de Cotum his father, Robert Blundun of Cotum (dead), William Carpenter of Ingol and Grimbald de Slere; Was, by Robert son of William de Cotum (dead), Gregory Ruffun of Cotum (dead), Roger le Bacheler of Wirkidele (dead); Wilkin, by Richard son of Swayn de Samlesbir, Robert son of Henry de Leheued, Alan son of Henry de Le and Henry father of the said Wilkin. And Richard Clerk is told to proceed against them to outlawry.
Robert absent; sureties, Adam de Hetheleswyk, Alan son of Roger de Eccleston. Thomas and Luuecok absent; sureties of Thomas, Robert de Cleyton and Warin de Waleton; of Luuecok, Richard le Iniur and Richard Banastre. And Richard and Hugh come, and Hugh gives ½ mark for a good inquisition; surety, Grimbald de Barton: and the Jury are not satisfied of their guilt, so acquit them. Later comes Richard de Soureby and pays ½ mark fine for transgressing; surety, Hugh de Eccleston.
Richard does not prosecute; sureties, William de Gayrstang and Hugh de Gayrstang. Adam comes, and the Jury are satisfied that he struck Richard a blow with a sword: so to custody. Later Adam pays 40s. fine; sureties, Robert de Wedacre and Henry son of Tyok.
Alice daughter of Gilbert de Flayale has appealed Roger son of Uthred de Brockhol of rape, on the third Monday before Whitsun day in that year, about nine o'clock, at or near the vill of Brokhol, near Rible water.
She offers to prove this against him as woman against man, as the Court decides. Roger comes and puts himself on the country, whether her suit is reasonable. And it is witnessed by the Coroner's roll that she did not raise hue and cry when she made suit against him as she ought. (Non leuauit vthesium ut secuta fuit uersus eum prout sequi debuit). So the Court decide that the appeal fails; and as to the breach of peace, the jury say that Roger is not guilty in any way, and he is acquitted. Alice to custody for false appeal, and she is poor.
Of Ladies:—they say that Alice who was wife of Alan de Singelton is in the King's gift and marriageable, and William de Lancastre has her marriage for the King. Likewise Eve who was wife of Geoffrey Arbalaster and Alice who was wife of Richard de Katerhale are in the King's gift and marriageable; but they know not the value of their lands; and William de Lancastre holds their marriages for the King.
Of Churches:—they say that the Church of S. Michael super Wyre is in the King's gift, and James de Monasteriis holds it for the King; yearly value 70 marks. And the Church of Kyrkhaym is likewise in the King's gift, and William de Ebor, Constable of Beverle, holds it of the King's gift; yearly value 12 score marks.
They present that William de Singelton holds 4 oxgangs of lands by Serjeanty as Keeper of the Wapentakes of Amundernes and Blakeburnshire, with one serjeant mounted and two footmen and they are worth yearly 12s. For report.
Of wreck of sea:—they say that two casks of wine stranded (applicaverunt) on the sea shore at Roshal, and Matthew de Redeham (sic), Sheriff, took them to Lancastre Castle, and also an empty barrel stranded there, and the same Sheriff had it; value of wine, 43s. 4d.
Of wreck of sea:—they say that three casks of wine stranded at Hacunesho on the land of John de Hacuneshou, value 6½ marks, and John took and has them. Later comes John de Hacuneshou and says that King Richard enfeoffed one Geoffrey his father of all his lands so freely that, if wreck of sea stranded on it, he might have it to his own use; whence, he says, it happened in the time of King John, when he was in those parts, that three casks of wine stranded on Geoffrey's land; and when this was shown to the King he granted it to Geoffrey, by the name of wreck. And the said Geoffrey his father all his time had the wreck when it occurred on his land, and he, the son, should have it. And he appeals to a jury, and offers the King 10 marks for a search; and it is received on condition that he come on the morrow of the Nativity of our Lord [26 December] before the King, wherever he may be; and if the King allow that he ought to have the wreck he shall have it, and if not he shall answer for the said offence; surety, John de Hakun.
The Jury present that Adam, Richard, William and Roger, sons of Roger Parson of Blakeburn burned the Grange of the Abbey of Stanlawe at Staining, and Henry Tales, John son of Alan de Hulkotes, Cadigan de Heton, Dodin his comrade (socius) and Richard de Singelton conducted the burners to make the said arson and brought them back: so all exigent and outlawed; no chattels.
William de Singelton, fine for several offences, 10 marks; sureties, Adam de Aynuluesden, Adam de Blakeburn, Gilbert de Kyuerdale, Richard de Knolle, William de Balderston, Thomas de Coupmanewro, Richard Fithun, Geoffrey de Whallay, Ralph de Cleyton and William de Mulynaus.
The Jury present that Adam de Muston and Lawrence son of Roger de Tatham took two beasts, value 10s., of Walter de Tatham and took them to the house of John Harang, where they ate them; so fined, and to account to the King for 10s Later Thomas de Coupmanwra pays 2 marks fine for John Harang, sureties, himself and William de Kyrketon; and likewise 1 mark fine for Adam, same sureties.
The Jury present that Warin de Ethelaston, Dobbe son of Thomas, Alexander de Etheliston, Wasse son of Roger de Cotum, William son of Henry son of Mylla, Jordan Excommunicatus, Roger son of Lyelf, William son of William Crune, Gregory de Clacthon and Robert de Etheleston, elsewhere indicted before the Justices at the other Eyre, found sureties to appear before the now Justices and to stand right if anyone wished to plead (loqui) against them.
They come not. Sureties of Warin, William Barnefader, Jordan son of Ralph de Etheleston, Richard son of Walter de Etheleston, Adam son of Robert West, Robert and Roger sons of Sigherht: of Dobbe, Richard son of Walter de Etheleston, Warin son of Thomas de Etheleston, Jordan son of Ralph de Etheleston, Adam son of Robert West, and Henry de Ingol: of Alexander, William his son, Richard brother of Alexander, Robert son of Thomas de Etheleston, and William son of Robert de Etheleston: of Wasse, Richard de Singelton, Alan brother of Wasse, Matthew brother of Roger de Cotum (dead) and Adam son of the same Roger: of William son of Henry, Henry his father, Benedict le Large, John son of Henry de Le and Dyke de Chypendale: of Jordan, Adam de Barton and Adam Fetherel: of Roger son of Lyelph, William son of Alexander de Ethereston, Richard de Udereshale, Roger de Grimesargh and Richard son of Walter de Halueston: of William son of William, Adam son of Ketel de Gersingham, John son of Benedict de Farleton, William his father and John son of Richard de Wytington: of Gregory de Clagthon, William de Wynmarley, Adam de Solam, Hugh son of Adam Parfay of Preston, Roger del Tuncroft, and Matthew son of Ralph de Claghton: of Robert, John de Etheleston, William brother of Robert, Dogge son of William Ceci and Richard de Marays.
Of persons indicted:—they say that Richard son of Lecelin de Halleston, William de Blakewelbanc, Kandelan de Sclene, Peter Lur of Neuwesum, Roger son of Alexander de Legh, Henry Wyterwater, Thomas son of William de Trefeud, Dobbe son of Albin Priest, Simon Dete of Chippin, Adam son of Adam de Sunderlaund, Dogge son of Elias de Dingele and Tille Wudeward, suspected of theft, absconded; so exigent and outlawed; chattels, William 8s., Roger 16s. 7d., the rest nothing.
All of that Wapentak complain against John de Wythington, serjeant of Master John Le Rumayn, that he by the advocacy of the said Master John takes money and corn from them against their wish at his will; and if they will not give he has them taken to his capital house and there they are at once fined; so that by such deeds the country is being ruined. So to judgment.
Nicholas comes and pleads that there is nothing against him in this appeal for which he should be put to law, and he is overruled, and to custody for false claim, and the trial proceeds. Verdict, not guilty. Roger pays ½ mark fine for false appeal; sureties, Michael de Adkerlith and Roger de Cleyston.
Robert is outlawed, no chattels. And Alan le Kinge, Adam de Rothery and Dobbe de Oregraue, attached for being present at the said slaying, are acquitted, but fined for not taking Nicholas and Robert. The vill of Cleston made no pursuit, so fined: and 12 jurors concealed that appeal, so fined. Adam son of Adam the Reeve and Roger son of William, attached for being present, are acquitted, but fined for not taking Nicholas and Robert, ½ mark; surety, William de Fornell. Alan and the others are poor.
The Jury present that one Henry le Pestur was wounded in a stable (stablo) of the Abbey of Fornell, so that he died: and it is found by the Coroners roll that Robert le Tayllur was summoned (interrogatus) at four County Courts for the said death and after was outlawed. On this comes the said Robert and produces the King's writ in these words:—"Henry, by the grace of God, etc., to all bailiffs and faithful subjects to whom, etc., greeting. Know ye, that at the instance of our beloved and faithful William de Lancastre we have remitted to Robert le Tayllur, valet of the said William, the outlawry promulgated against him by reason of his flight for the death of Henry Pistor of Fountains of which he was suspected, and we grant him our peace therefrom, so that he may make peace with the friends of the said Henry and may stand aright thereof if anyone, etc." And he gives to the King 10 marks that his writ may be enrolled; sureties, Rouland le Franceys and Richard le Butiller. And it is shown that the said Henry was outlawed in the county of York for the death of Geoffrey son of Adam. And no one appears to prosecute, so it is granted that he have the peace as the King commands.
Adam le Rus was killed by a mad bull; William Coldbord first finder is dead, but no essoin of death; so his sureties fined, namely Philip de Roos, the other surety dead. Verdict, misadventure; value of bull 4s. for which the Sheriff to answer.
Henry son of Michael de Furness fell from a horse in Cleston fields and died shortly after. Verdict, misadventure; value of horse ½ mark. The vill of Cleston buried him without view of the Coroner, so fined.
Wrongdoers unknown broke into the house of John de Likyl; and Thomas del Water and Hugh his brother, suspected of that burglary, have absconded, so outlawed; chattels not known, as they were strangers (extranei).
Richard is outlawed, no chattels. And Benedict de Corlous, Simon de Topias, Henry de Sline, Simon son of Gunilda, Henry son of Henry de Bigetwayt and Nicholas de Bigetwayt, attached for being present, are acquitted. The vill of Kokerhaim did not take Richard, so fined.
She comes, but will not prosecute; so to custody and sureties fined, viz., Adam Clerk her husband, no other surety. Richard comes not, and not attached because not found. Verdict, not guilty, so let him return if he wishes; no chattels.
Wrongdoers unknown broke into the house of Gilbert de Lek: and Gilbert was attached to appear before the Justices and comes not; sureties, Benedict son of Ralph de Lek and Robert son of Uthred de Lek.
John is outlawed; chattels 61s., for which the Sheriff and (erased) the Master of the Hospital to answer: and John de Celarer, William de Neuton of Kertmel and Gregory Belle made false valuation of chattels so fined.
Robert Prior of Horneby was killed through a horse, which carried him on to a certain cross, throwing him at the cross, so that he died thereafter. Value of horse 40s. Hugh le Porter of Horneby, then present, attached, but comes not; sureties, Thomas Thothe of Horneby and William Hyrdman of Horneby: Richard de Hindelegh, Warin de Waleton and Hugh de Mitton made false valuation of the horse, so fined.
John comes not; sureties, John de Lethton and Alan de Dalton: accused absent, and not attached. John son of Adam de Tunstall, attached in that he was in league (ligatus) with the said John, comes not; attached by John Nuteman of Dalton and Robert del Heued of Dalton.
Roger comes not; sureties, Gervase his brother, the other surety dead. The accused are all found guilty, and to custody; later Maurice pays 20s. fine for himself and all the others; sureties, Rouland de Reuegil and Richard Le Butiller.
Gilbert Gosman was drowned in Candovere water. Mabel de Caldecotes, first finder, absent and not attached: so to judgment as to the Coroner and as to Adam de Kellet, chief serjeant, who ought to have attached her.
Wrongdoers unknown broke into the house of Robert Parson of Clacton. Robert comes not, and the jury witness that he is dead, but no essoin of death; so sureties fined, Adam Gernet and John de Erghum. The vill of Clacton did not pursue, so fined.
Outlawed; chattels 34s., for which the Prior of the Hospital of S. John of Jerusalem to answer. The vill of Kellet did not take him, so fined. Later it appears that Geoffrey Clerk of Wytingham, then bailiff, had the chattels in his charge and delivered them to the said Hospitallers without warrant; so to judgment.
Sibilla daughter of Hugh le Tunewrith has appealed William son of Hugh le Forester, that he, on Saturday next before Pentecost about the hour of vespers, caught her in his arms on Elhal road and carried her to his house and forcibly raped her.
William comes and denies the charge, and puts himself on the Country whether the Justices consider the suit is reasonable. It is proved by the Coroners' rolls that Sibilla did not raise hue and cry and that she has appealed William elsewhere. The Court considers that there is no appeal by which he should be put to law except for breach of peace; of this the jury acquit him. Sibilla to prison for false appeal, and she is poor.
Walter nephew of Simon de Kyrkelay was drowned from a horse in Kenet water. Simon de Kyrkelay, first finder, comes not and was attached by Thomas Barfot of Barfat (erased) of Lancastre and Roger Smith of Lancastre. Verdict, misadventure. The Jury witness that the horse also was drowned, value of hide 3d., for which, etc.
Hamo son of Philip was drowned from a horse in Lone water; John son of Robert le Passur first finder. Verdict, misadventure; value of horse 10s. The jury witness that he was found stripped of all his clothes (pannis) and things; and that John Makeles of Horneby, William Hyrdman of Horneby, Sander le Parcur of Horneby and William de Wenitton stripped the said Hamo of his said things, so to be taken; and to judgment as to Adam de Kellet, serjeant, for not attaching them. Later comes William de Kyrketon, constable of Horneby, and pays 2 marks fine for John Makeles and the others; sureties, Richard de Berewyk and Adam Gernet.
Adam asks for judgment as neither day nor hour is named etc., and it is decided that the appeal is void, and John is fined for false claim; and as to breach of peace, the jury say that Adam beat John, so he is fined; but Adam took nothing from John, so John is fined for false claim.
Of Boys (Valettis) and Maidens who are in the King's custody:—they say that John son and heir of Walter de Tatham is in custody of the King; and John le Fraunceys holds his land for the King, and it is worth yearly 20 pounds. So for report.
Of Ladies:—they say that Margaret Countess of Kent is in the King's gift and marriageable, and her lands in that county are worth yearly 35 pounds. And Margery late wife of John de Katon is so likewise, and her land in that county is worth yearly ½ mark. Also Juliana late wife of Vivian de Hesham, and her land is worth yearly 40s. Also Godith de Kellet, and her land is worth yearly 50s. Also Katherine late wife of William de Kellet, and she has married William son of William de Tunstal, by what warrant is unknown; so for report.
Later comes the said William and pays 2 marks fine; surety, John de Chauncefeud: and be it known that William de Lancastre, then sheriff, took from the said William 4 marks, for which he should answer.
Of Churches:—they say that the church of Tatham is in the King's gift by reason of the custody of the heir of Walter de Tatham, and it is worth yearly 10 pounds, and Richard Ingeram holds it for the King.
Of Serjeanties:—they say that Roger Gernet of Halton holds 3 carucates in demesne and 5 in service in Halton and Lek by Serjeanty as Keeper of the King's forests in that county; worth yearly 7 pounds. And Adam de Kellet holds 3 carucates in Kellet by Serjeanty as Keeper of that Wapentake; and he shall have in the liberty of Forness one serjeant mounted and one on foot, and in the body of the Wapentake two mounted and two on foot, and his land is worth yearly 5 pounds. And Roger de Hesam holds 2 carucates in Hesham by Serjeanty of sounding his horn when the King enters that county and when the King goes out of that county, worth yearly 4 pounds. And John de Ouelton holds ½ carucate by name of Reeve (praepositus), of which he holds 2 oxgangs in demesne, worth yearly 10s., and 2 oxgangs have been taken into the King's hands because he had enfeoffed others, worth yearly 10s. And John de Oxecliue holds one carucate by service of making carpentry in Lancastre Castle when needed, and he to have his food or a penny a day; out of which he holds in demesne 6 oxgangs, and 2 oxgangs have been taken into the King's hand because he has enfeoffed others, and the land is worth yearly 30s. For report.
Of Serjeanties:—they say that William de Parles holds one carucate in Thornholm by service of making the King's larder in Lancastre castle, out of which he pays yearly 3s. 1½d. to the King when he does not do that service; and the land is worth yearly 40s. And Ralph de Bolrun holds one carucate by service of doing rough masonry (faciendi cementarium) in Lancastre Castle, out of which he pays a yearly rent of 5s. when he does not work in the Castle; and the land is worth yearly 20s. And Ralph de Kellet holds 2 oxgangs in Sline, which used to find one carpenter in Lancastre Castle but now pays 8s. rent yearly; and also he ought to harrow one acre of land in the King's fields and mow with 8 men one day in autumn and to have everything at the board (ad cibum) of the King; and the land is worth yearly 10s. And Robert son of Roger held one carucate in Skerton by name of Reeve; and it is now escheat of the King and in his own hand, and is worth yearly 15s. And John le Blund holds 10 acres by service of carpentry at Lancastre Castle and he shall have as above; and his land is worth yearly 5s. And William le Gardiner holds 7 acres and a garden by service of finding potherbs and leeks (olera et porectas) for the kitchen of Lancastre Castle, and now he pays yearly 5s.; and the land is worth yearly 5s. And Walter le Rus and Alice late wife of William Tynctor hold 12 acres in Eggefeld by service of repairing the ironwork of the King's ploughs (ferramenta ad carrucas), and now pay yearly 5s.; and the land is worth yearly ½ mark And Thomas de Gressingham holds 6 oxgangs of land and Thomas his nephew (nepos suus) 1 oxgang in the vill of Gressingham by service of forestry as the King's gamekeepers in Wyresdale; and the land is worth yearly 40s. For report.
Of defaults:—William de Lancastre, Margery Countess of Kent, William son of William de Kertmel, the Abbot of Croxton, the Prior of Kertmel, William de Couentre, Thomas de Hothweit, Augustine Miller of Kellet, Richard de Quixelay and Gilbert son of Adam de Berewik came not on the first day of pleas, so fined.
The same John took Richard Dailwrunt while thieving, took 5s. from him and let him go. So he is taken and to judgment as to Adam de Kellet whose serjeant he was. Later John pays fine 40s.; sureties, Ralph de Bodelton, Adam de Bouelton, John de Oxecliue and Thomas son of John de Gersingham.
The Jury say that Robert Cokelberd and other Bedelli of Master John Romain, Archdeacon of Richmond, wrongfully took dues (garbas) in Autumn, wool and flax, sheep and lambs, poultry and pence, butter, milk and cheese, to the damage and destruction of the whole country. For report. Later Robert Cokelberd pays 20s. fine; sureties, Adam de Kellet, Geoffrey Clerk and Walter son of Hugh.
Of persons indicted:—Alexander Horn, Richard Ireland, Hugh son of Richard, William le Stubbore, Richard Illeman, Hamo Sutor of Gresemere, Richard Fisher, one William of the Bishopric of Durham, William son of Roger son of the Chaplain, Jordan son of Bernard, Jordan son of Richard, Gilbert Dun, Canne son of William de Slene, Geoffry Ganth, Gille de Halton, Walter de Killington and Roger Scoticus are all thieves and wrongdoers, and come not; so exigent and outlawed: chattels, Richard de Ireland 14s.; Jordan son of Richard 10s.; Gille de Halton 12s. 9d.; the rest nothing.
The Jury present that the Abbot and Monks of Sees hold the Church of Lancastre by gift of the King's ancestors, and ought to find a chaplain to celebrate divine service in Lancastre Castle. For report.
The Jury of Lonnesdal Wappentak say that the Burgesses of Lancastre took a man, Hulle de Elhale by name, with the mainour (cum manu opere) in the Town of Lancastre and hanged him without Coroner and without Sheriff, by judgment of their own court. Upon this come the said Burgesses and say that they have such liberties in their Town as the burgesses of Northampton have in their Town, and they produce the King's charter which bears witness to this. For report.
The Jury of the Wapentake of Laylaundshyre present that Lonard Brantschyne, Gilbert son of Lanard, Dogge son of Ythel, Ivo le Bagger, Dike del Filde, Thomas son of William de Cleyton and Peter de Withenhull, indicted before the Justices last in Eyre, found sureties to come before the now Justices to stand aright etc., and come not.
Sureties fined, viz:—of Lanard, Adam de Bradeschales, Henry his brother, Warin son of Hugh, Dobbe and Adecok sons of Swayn de Halueston, Dobbe de Aula of Anderton and John de Rachecok: of Gilbert, Henry Wasse, Robert son of Hugh de Croft, Adam de Blakerode and Hugh de Alueston: of Dogge, Richard son of Ythel, Hugh son of Ythel, Henry his brother and John son of Alsi: of Ivo, Thomas brother of Ivo, Elias son of Leweke de Rouington, William son of Ivo de Rouington, Roger de Longetre and Hugh son of Blenin: of Dike del Filde, William son of Alditha, Richard de Thorp, John his son, Henry son of Gamel de Bretherton and Hull son of Magge: of Thomas, William his father, Patrick de Clayton, William his brother, Adam del Kar of Samelesbiri and John son of Robert: of Peter, Richard de Allerton, Alan de West Legh, Gilbert de Welton and Thomas de Wythenhull.
The Jury of the Wapentake of Salfordschyre present that Thomas de Luselegh, Jordan de Wytewurthe, Adam de Hocton, Dobbe de Hocton, Roger de Salinghurst, Simon de Fasteswurth, Dike son of Maddok, Dande de Leuer, Roger de Gateley, Hugh de Goldburne, Adam de Sinhull, Gilbert Clerk of Shafteswurth, William son of Ythayn, Richard son of Margery de Crumpton, Steyne de Holton, Roger Deacon, Alecok de Totington, Brunt Junt, Dobbe son of Margery de Crumpton, Richard son of Adam son of Thorold and Simon de Quintefeld, indicted before the Justices last in Eyre, found sureties etc., etc., and come not.
Sureties fined, viz.:—of Thomas, Adam de Heyuuode, Richard Reeve (praepositus) of Salford, Gilbert Urdi and Hugh de Lungewurth: of Jordan, Ranulph his son, Henry de Tunwaleclif, Henry son of Akemone, and John Lenginur: of Adam, Richard de Rumewurth, Matthew de Hocton, John de Leuer and Alexander de Tonge: of Dobbe, Alexander de Akinbothun, William de Hocton, Adam de Hulton and Ranulph de Farenwurth: of Roger, Uthred de Whereford, William de Bradesaghe, Roger de parva Bothelton [erased] (has nothing), Augustine son of Durand [erased] (dead), Hugh brother of the said Roger and Robert de Buri [erased] (has nothing): of Simon, William his father, Robert his son in law, Adam son of Orm [erased] (has nothing), Richard his brother and Roger de Bothelton [erased] (has nothing): of Dike, Jordan son of Robert de Wudese of Penilton, Thomas son of Robert de Kershale, Thomas, Robert and William, sons of Maddok and Maddock de Halketon: of Dande de Leuer, Elias son of Gene, William son of Matthew, Richard de Leuer, Adam son of Matthew de Harewod [erased] (have nothing) and Elias son of Henry de Farenwurth: of Roger de Gatele, Richard his son [erased] (is beheaded), Elias de Gatele, Robert Clerk of Halghton, William son of John de Scharples, Hugh son of Blenin, William son of Blenin and Richard son of Elias de Bouington: of Hugh, Maddock de Halghton, Hugh de Hadburgham, Gilbert de Goldburn, Hugh and William sons of Blenin de Halghton: of Adam de Sinhull, Robert son of Mary [erased] (dead), Thomas his brother [erased] (dead), Elias son of Henry and Robert de Wyrkithele: of Gilbert Clerk, Roger de Haliwell [erased] (fled), Richard de Rumwurth, Hugh de Hoghton and Ralph de Farenwurth: of William, Richard son of Ythel de Hulton, Richard son of Ythayn, Roger son of Dolfin and Robert son of Richard: of Richard son of Margery, Thomas le Muner of Trafford, Jordan and Robert brothers of Richard de Trafford, Henry son of Alsi de Trafford: of Steyn, John Reeve (praepositus) of Redinall, Roger de Helton, William son of Dolfin and Matthew son of Amaria de Buri: of Roger Deacon, John de Greacris and Adam son of Orm de Hahulm: of Alecok, Alecok de Langele, William son of Eve de Totington, William son of Agnes the widow and William son of Ralph de Kyrkedale: of Brunt, Uthred le Lewet, Thomas son of Agnes de Hindelay, Uthred de Wynstanesle and Robert son of Robert de Hindele: of Dobbe, Brun his brother and Jordan his brother: of Richard son of Adam, Adam his father [erased] (dead), Thoraldus [erased] (dead), Luuecok Schayfe [erased] (fled) and Judde Rampe: of Simon de Wythefeld, Jordan Tybothe, William son of Richard de Crompton, Peter de Althume [erased] (dead) and William son of Robert Skayf [erased] (fled).
The Jury of the Wapentake of Derebyschyre present that William son of Ralph de Bedeford, Roger son of Orm, Simon Uttinge, Richard brother of Matthew le Bolde, Colbus de Melling, Bimme de Mulinaus, Henry del Pek, Henry de Northcroft, Vivian de Welwemore Roger de Welwemore, Sauasin de Par, Grifin del Ruding, Thomas Bule, Roger le Pilur, Dobbe de Merklokhurst, Dike le Pilur, Dobbe son of Cecily, John de Merklok, Richard son of Robert de Wllemore, Robert de Brockolhurst, Robert son of Cecily, Hobekin son of Nicholas, Richard son of Adam son of Ingelard, Dike le fiz Ulf and Adecok Kay, indicted before the Justices last in Eyre found sureties etc., but come not.
Sureties fined, viz.:—of William son of Ralph, Ralph his father [erased] (dead), Hugh Smith of Tiddesle [erased] (has nothing), Roger de Brithsmete, Thomas de Hulm of Salford, Robert son of Herbert, Hamo de Bedeford and Elias de Bedeford: of Roger son of Orm, Alan son of Hudde de Pesefurlanig, Augustine his brother, Geoffrey son of Orm and Henry Smith: of Simon, Henry de Herefalling, William de Reynford son of Ranulph [erased] (dead), William son of Ralph Cythariste, John son of Beatrix de Reynford: of Richard, Dande son of Richard de Dithon, Henry Otsiteheued, Robert le Mercer, John son of Ranulph de Bolde, Richard de Northale and Richard son of Award de Crosseby: of Colbes, Thomas son of Albert de la Qoucque, Richard son of Adam de Dithon, Jordan de Holaund, Thomas and Richard brothers of Colbes: of Bimme, Simon his father, Henry son of Richard de Melling, Bartholomew de Borestok, Henry son of Simon de Cuschoteheued: of Henry Pek, Richard and Hull his brothers, Henry son of William and Henry son of Edrith: of Richard de Northcroft, Henry de Cunnescok, Roger de Cunnescok, Adam son of William de Northcroft and Simon son of Roger de Ruthand: of Vivian, Roger de Hurlton, Richard brother of Bartholomew de Borestok, Augustine de Taneletford and Gilbert de Wulwemore: of Sauasiun, Alexander son of William de Wyndhull, Dike son of Richard Haversegge, Roger son of Adam de Par and Henry son of Ralph de Par: of Griffin de Ruding, Alexander de Crulle, Brun de Eccleston and Roger de Birkes: of Thomas Bule, Richard son of Award de Ayntre, William [son] of Godith de Litherlaund, Roger son of Richard de Skermerdale, and Henry son of Adam [erased] Alan de Holaund: of Roger le Pilur, Richard son of Geoffrey de Acton, Roger le Waleys (Walensis) of Litherlaund and Richard le Pilur: of Dobbe de Merklekhirste, Richard son of Alwyn de Skyrmerdale, Henry son of Dobbe de Dalton, William son of Dobbe de Dalton and Gilbert Smith: of Dike le Pilur, Richard de Acton, Roger de Litherlaund and Roger brother of the said Dike: of Dobbe son of Cecily, Simon de Holecroft, Geoffrey son of Orm de Culchyt, Roger son of Richard de Culchyt and Dogg son of Orm de Culchyt: of John de Merklok, Richard Quithaund, William his brother, Walter de Greteby and Richard de Wahsemore: of Richard son of Robert, Richard de Welshemore, Richard Wytthend, Walter de Greteby and Richard Osebert: of Robert de Brokholhurst, Roger son of Gunyld de Lathum, Adam son of Mary, Richard son of Ralph de Welshmore, and Henry de Waletonley: of Robert son of Cecily, Adam de Waterfalclegges, Dobbe de Mercleghurst, Henry son of Philip and Thomas de Ellerbek: of Hobekinn, Dike son of Adam de Ditgthon, Richard Miller, John son of Nicholas, William de Eccleshull and Hudde de Fayrwayt: of Richard son of Adam, Dike de Rughthwayt, Adam de Northcroft, Bernard de Melling and Richard de Northcroft: of Dike son of Ulf, Thomas his brother, Alan his brother, William Reeve of Knouwesley and Gilbert de Knouwesley: of Adecok, Robert del Cleg of Baylay, Richard son of Richard de Grenehurst, Walter de Baylay, Jordan and Ralph his sons.
The Jury of the Wapentake of Makefeud present that Alecok de Wygayn, Henry Clerk of Legh, Maddok son of Joanas, Richard son of Godith de Orul and Dobbe son of Joanas, indicted before the Justices at the other Eyre, etc., found sureties etc., and come not.
Sureties fined, viz.:—of Alekok, John son of Benedict de Wygain, Syward son of Orm, Leysing son of William and Richard son of Henry de Wygain: of Henry, Henry de Hindele and William Clerk of Hindele: of Maddok, Henry son of Wrenou, Thomas son of Yowayn de Bulling, Perot his brother, Thomas son of Uthred de Bulling, Dike son of Yarwyt de Wynstanelay and Adam de Wynstaneley: of Richard son of Godith, William son of William de Orul, John son of Adam de Orul, Richard de Quitelawe. Henry son of Robert de Orul and Richard son of Thomas de Pemberton: of Dike (sic), Yarewyt de Litherlaund, Thomas son of Joanas de Windul, William Clerk, Adam son of Leysing, William his brother and William son of William de Windul.