BHO

AIRE, William

Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640 Database. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2004.

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William AIRE

Biography

Name William AIRE (AEYER, AYRE, EIER, EIRE, EYRE)
Gender Male
Primary occupation medical physician (MD) (Physician 1605-1626 ?1639?)
Period of medical practice 1605-1639
Place of birth London (b in the City)
Date of birth c. 1567
Address [??Winchester 1610s]
Other notes ?LRCP 1 Sep 1620. Many appearances before & some after (1615-29).

College membership

Medical education (university) Leiden
Date of MD 1608
Degree incorporated into Oxford University Yes
Date became Licentiate /09/1620
In trouble before membership Yes
In trouble after membership Yes
Other notes Leyden 1596. MD where, when?
Date of birth c.1567

Censorial hearings

7 Feb 1606
Entry 'Dr. Eyre of Leyden was accused of illicit practice, but because there was no reliable evidence, he was ordered to abstain until sufficient information had been more fully presented to us.'
Action taken Ordered to abstain pending more evidence.
Verdict not proven
6 Feb 1618
Entry To be indicted.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken To be indicted
Verdict case not completed
4 Dec 1618
Entry Christiana, wife of Martin Pollard, wrote to complain that A had given her 6 emetics for 9s.
Initiator of the complaint patient
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken College replied, cd do nothing but fine A heavily.
Number of crimes 1
m S Thomas 1618
Entry The Pollards called to complain of the College's delay in the matter of A.
Initiator of the complaint patient
Second initiator of the complaint spouse of the patient
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken Agreed to fix a day to summon A.
Number of crimes 1
5 Feb 1619
Entry Martin Pollard wrote again. A was present & denied blooding, giving emetics or accepting money. The Pollards & Mr Tonte, apothecary, swore against A, who produced letter on case from Capt John Myllerd.
Initiator of the complaint spouse of the patient
Second initiator of the complaint patient
Third initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Attitude of the accused denied
Pressure applied by College yes
Action taken Deferred as there was no clear evidence.
Number of crimes 1
9 April 1619
Entry A appeared and said he thought he could practise because he was born in the City. He was told that he would be indicted. Dr Pattison charged him with treating one Russell with emetic lozenges of Stibium. A denied it and said he did not remember the charge reported by Dr Herring from Darnell, apothecary, nor administering an emetic to Darling & Hodgson of the Custom House.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Second initiator of the complaint college member
Third initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Action taken Censors gave A indemnity on previous practice for £20.
Number of crimes 4
7 May 1619
Entry John SHEPHERD 666, apothecary, said that A had treated Mrs Newport in Bashing Lane. A said he had got the medicine from Hogheburt, apothecary, and had let her blood with assistance from Wilson, barber. Drs Winston & Ridley were summoned, & she died next morning. A denied that he had said that the College admitted none of worth.
Initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Action taken See below.
Number of crimes 1
7 May 1619
Entry Examined for the first time.
Action taken Approved.
4 June 1619
Entry Dr Ridgeley, quoting Mr Newport, said that A examined Mrs N in childbed, brought purgative powder, ordered a vein opened. Ridgeley said she had almost no pulse and was sweating. Dr Winston said A had summoned him. Shepherd and all apothecaries having refused, Winston gave his own powder, had a vein cut and 8oz drawn.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Second initiator of the complaint spouse of the patient
Third initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken See below.
Number of crimes 1
14 Jan 1620
Entry A appeared. Statute on bad practice read; earlier evidence (Shepherd, Mr Newport, Ridgley, Winston) presented. A denied purging Mrs N, but admitted ordering vein cut, & said the syrups he gave were only coltsfoot, & he knew that Mrs Newport would die.
Attitude of the accused submitted to the College
Action taken Fined £10, prison remitted on public confession. Paid fine & agreed
Verdict guilty
Sentence Fined £10. Prison remitted if he made public confession
Number of crimes 1
21 April 1620
Entry Made public confession concerning Mrs Newport.
Action taken Prison remitted.
Number of crimes 1
6 Nov 1607
Entry 'Thomas Dowsing and his wife Elizabeth complained about Dr. Aire because he had given their daughter Anna Crakill, the wife of Miles Crakill, a medicament in the shape of a cake: its strength was such that she did not cease vomiting firstly fluid and finally blood until after making attempts to stop it, which were unsuccessful, she died.'
Initiator of the complaint relative of the patient
Action taken See below.
Number of crimes 1
2 June 1620
Entry Examined for the second time.
Action taken Approved.
7 July 1620
Entry Examined for the third time.
Action taken Not approved (result not to be entered in the records).
1 Sep 1620
Entry A was examined again (?for Candidate). He failed and was not admitted, but was told that he should summon Fellows in serious cases.
Action taken Not approved ?but LRCP/connivance?
10 Nov 1626
Entry Dr. Aire who had fastened bills on doors appeared and was questioned about gout.
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
m S Thomas 1626
Entry The President asked us to report quacks: he named Blanke, DuVal, Butler, Aire and Bugg and the charge against them.
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
6 Dec 1639
Entry 'Eyres his wife appered in beehalf of her husband who sete up bills'.
Action taken None.
Verdict case not completed
Number of crimes 1
4 Dec 1607
Entry 'On this day they summoned Dr. Ayre who showed letters testimonial from the University of Leyden, Holland, which stated that he had been created a doctor there. He was charged with having given an extremely dangerous medicine to a woman in childbed: he did not deny that he had given the medicament but said that it had been safe and eased her labour and that it was rhubarb with beavers stones and a few drops of chemical oil of juniper, to bring forth the lochia. He was charged however because contrary to the injunction given him in the time of the President, Dr Langton, he had dared to practise without approval or a licence; this he could not deny.'
Attitude of the accused made an excuse
Action taken Ordered to abstain until examined & licensed.
Verdict guilty
Sentence To abstain until examined and licensed
Number of crimes 1
14 July 1609
Entry 'They appeared: ... Dr. Eyre who replied to the questions as is shown in the Book of Examinations: with regard to him it was decided that he should be indicted.'
Action taken To be indicted.
Verdict case not completed
16 Oct 1612
Entry President (MOUNDEFORD) made a list of 10 illicitly practising MDs, and selected 4 for indictment, incl. A who was MD of a foreign university. See also ANTHONY 19, BARKER 52, DEE 212.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken To be indicted. See below.
13 Aug 1613
Entry Finally appeared on President's charge.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Second initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken Convicted & fined.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Fined, but to be ?let off if apologized to Dr. Atkins
7 Oct 1614
Entry Begged for grace because he was born "here". Confessed he no longer had letters from certain universities.
Action taken President advised him to attend Censors for exam.
4 Nov 1614
Entry Examined, 'making use of a language very like Latin'.
Action taken ?
15 Dec 1615
Entry To be summoned.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken To be summoned
Verdict case not completed