BHO

ANTHONY, Francis

Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640 Database. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2004.

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Francis ANTHONY

Biography

Name Francis ANTHONY
Gender Male
Primary occupation medical physician (MD) (Physician/Quack)
Period of medical practice 1596-1623
Place of birth London (Son of Derrick Anthony, goldsmith of London)
Date of birth ?1550
Date of death 26 May 1623
Address Bur St Bart the Great 1623. (Practised everywhere.)
Other notes History of 'crimes' 1600-16. MD Cantab 1608 12 years after MA. Son John = 20

Known London address

St Bartholomew the Great
Parish St Bartholomew the Great (by the Priory)
Ward Faringdon Without
Date 1623

Censorial hearings

5 July 1600
Entry MA Cantab of 26 years' standing. Had been practising in London for 6 months. Had cured 20 or more people 'diversis gravioribus morbis laborantes'. Gave all kinds of medicine, but had no licence or authority.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken Asked to appear.
3 Aug 1602
Entry Mr Tippar appeared to claim back £20 given in surety for A, who was still (?or again) in prison.
Action taken None. Surety of £20 not returned.
6 Aug 1602
Entry Mr Tippar again presented a petition on behalf of A, sending his ring by a servant.
Action taken College to write to the Keeper to release A from prison.
3 Aug 1604
Entry Dr Taylior accused A of treating Sir Edward Semor & his wife within the last 6-7 weeks, and also of making a woman's teeth fall out in the Poultry. Poe said that A had caused the death of Captain Lee. Dr Langton said that A had treated Mr Harris. (A was not present.)
Initiator of the complaint college member
Second initiator of the complaint college member
Third initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
Number of crimes 4
7 Nov 1606
Entry Thomas PATTENSON (566, qv), MA Cantab, told the President & Censors that A had given Mr Martin, priest, 'a chemical medicament' causing vomiting, diarrhoea and death.
Initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Number of crimes 1
9 Jan 1607
Entry Pattenson, Susan Martin & William Gylley accused A of causing the death of Martin of Gutter Lane. Martin had blamed A for his death, and A had declared that the cathartic medicament he'd used would either kill or cure - a final attempt.
Initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Second initiator of the complaint spouse of the patient
Third initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
Number of crimes 1
3 July 1607
Entry Accused by Dr Pope.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
10 April 1609
Entry President announced 'many complaints' against A.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken See below.
14 April 1609
Entry See the Book of Examinations.
Action taken See E & see below.
28 April 1609
Entry Summoned but did not appear, 'and we waited an hour'.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
3 Aug 1610
Entry Letter from A was brought to the President & Censors, together with 'a small printed book concerning the Aurum Potabile'.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken Both letter & book were handed to the Registrar.
7 Nov 1600
Entry Appeared. Admitted 1 year's illegal practice incl 'medicamentum diaphoreticum, ex Auro et Argento vivo confectam. D. Magno Camerario: D. Spensero Eq. aurato: < Anthonio Pawlet eq. aur.' Examined in all parts of medicine & found inadequate in all.
Attitude of the accused confessed
Pressure applied by College yes
Action taken Forbidden to practise. (`Praxis illi omnino interdictus.')
Verdict guilty
Sentence Forbidden to practise
3 May 1611
Entry A's Aurum Potabile was mentioned. He was called 'Dr Anthony'.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
16 Oct 1612
Entry President (MOUNDEFORD) made a list of 10 illicitly practising MDs, and selected 4 for indictment, incl. 'Dr Anthony' who was MD of 'our universities'. See also AIRE 9, BARKER 52, DEE 212.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken To be indicted.
Verdict case not completed
18 April 1614
Entry A was discussed, together with other empirics.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
13 Sep 1616
Entry A was discussed.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken To be indicted.
Verdict case not completed
5 Dec 1600
Entry Accused of practice on Colly in Coleman Street.
Action taken Fined £5 and to be imprisoned in the Counter, Wood Street.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Fined £5 and imprisoned
Number of crimes 1
22 Dec 1600
Entry Let out of prison on letter from the Archbishop.
Attitude of the accused absent
Pressure applied by College yes
Action taken Letter to be written to the Archbishop.
6 Feb 1601
Entry Submitted to the privilege of the College. Agreed to abide by their decisions & begged for more merciful treatment. Agreed to pay fine and 'went away quietly but was absolutely forbidden to practise'.
Attitude of the accused submitted to the College
Action taken To pay previous fine of £5 to Dr Forster (Treasurer) by 3 pm 7 Feb.
6 May 1601
Entry Francis Anthony appeared again on a charge of practising. Indeed he confessed that he had given a pill to an epileptic: the same pill he had given to Paul Samond who was dead within three days. Because he had practised against the Statutes and against his promise, he wasa fined £5. As he refused to pay this fine he was committed to prison with a fine of £20.
Attitude of the accused confessed
Action taken Fined £5, refused to pay, imprisoned with fine of £20.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Fined £5, refused to pay, imprisoned with fine of £20
5 Feb 1602
Entry 'It was decided with regard to Anthony that legal action should be taken.'
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken College to take legal action against A.
19 Feb 1602
Entry Confessed to practice for 3 years in London. Had lately treated Ward and Roger Cotton's servant, leaving one dead and the other dangerously ill.
Attitude of the accused confessed
Action taken [Must have been imprisoned - see below.]
Verdict guilty
Sentence Imprisoned
Number of crimes 2
11 June 1602
Entry A's wife pleaded unsuccessfully for his release.
Action taken Release refused.