BHO

TRIGGE, William

Physicians and Irregular Medical Practitioners in London 1550-1640 Database. Originally published by Centre for Metropolitan History, London, 2004.

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William TRIGGE

Biography

Name William TRIGGE
Gender Male
Primary occupation non-medical (Shoemaker 1630. Servant of Queen 1631. Last maker. Distiller of waters. Surgeon. Apothecary 1638.)
Period of medical practice 1620-1663
Place of birth England (from Canterbury, Kent)
Date of death after 1663
Address Near Coale Harbour 1630. Thames Street, Tower Hill, 1634. ?St Benet Pauls Wharf, 1655-63.
Other notes Accused 1630-1 (fined & imprisoned), 1632-8. Practised surgery 1637.

Known London address

near Coale Harbour
Parish All Hallows the Less (in the Ropery)
Ward Dowgate
Date 1630
Thames Street, Tower Hill
Parish Tower Liberty = St Peter ad Vincula (in the Bailey)
Ward Tower (Street)
Date 1634
St Benet's Paul's Wharf (??)
Parish St Benet Paul's Wharf (Hithe)
Ward Castle Baynard
Date 1655-63

Censorial hearings

10 Dec 1630
Entry Trigge, a shoemaker neare 'Coale harbor', was to be summoned on account of practice. Mr. Dalsfield was to be summoned.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken To be summoned.
11 June 1632
Entry The Warden of the Fleet had handed over the £20 to Dr Hodson, who now gave it to the Treasurer, Dr Fox.
Action taken T's bail of £20 was accepted.
23 Dec 1633
Entry Dr Hodson said that T had given physic to a child for rickets in Aldermanburye on the 22nd December 1633.
Initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
Number of crimes 1
5 Dec 1634
Entry 'Dr Spicer related that Trigge who liues in Thames street towards Tower hill, gaue phisicke to one Mr. Eels a Cooke in Tower street Nouember 12 1634.'
Initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
Number of crimes 1
10 March 1637
Entry 'Dr. Oxenbridge complayned that Trigg vndertooke to cure an hydropicall woman by way of paracentesis and that the patient died within 14 dayes after. her name was goodwife Thomson, she lay at one Mr. Jones his house vpon Colledge Hill.'
Initiator of the complaint college member
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken ?Summoned to appear
Number of crimes 1
5 May 1637
Entry 'Trigs wife came to excuse her husbands absence. She confessed he was by his breeding a shoomaker. butt now he made profession only of distilling waters, and that he did vse to give certaine powders, and Cordials to such as were infected with the plague.'
Action taken Failed to appear.
20 Oct 1637
Entry Henry Aron, surgeon, said that he'd been called to view widow Thomson's body (see above, entry 13), and had seen that Trig had opened her belly in the wrong place. Dr Oxenbridge and Dr Rant [sic] had also witnessed this. Mrs T had died within a few days [of the operation.
Initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Second initiator of the complaint college member
Third initiator of the complaint college member
Action taken See next.
Number of crimes 1
10 Jan 1638
Entry T was brought to the College by a Messenger of the Counsell Table. He confessed that he had operated on Mrs Thomson, but only in Mr Pordage's presence and with his help. He had learnt this surgery by watching Mrs Nokes a midwife dissect the body of a patient who had died of the dropsy. 'Butt the Censors iudged it a bold dangerous and vnlawfull practise'.
Action taken Fined £20 and imprisoned in Newgate.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Fined £20 and imprisoned in Newgate
Number of crimes 1
19 Jan 1638
Entry 'Triggs wife appeared as a sutor for her husband lying in Newgate, and being questioned touching her husbands practise, she affirmed that he made his pills and electuaries himself, and particularly, that he makes mithridate and London Treacle. That he hath practised physique in London this 4 yeares viz. since he came from Canterbury. and that otherwise he could not have lived.'
Attitude of the accused confessed
Action taken T was released on payment of the £20 fine by his wife.
26 Jan 1638
Entry 'Mr Trig appeared vpon summons at which tyme he was interdicted to practise physique any more vpon payne of the severest punishment. He professed that he was bred and brought vp in the distilling of waters to which trade he purposed to apply himself. and complayned that many distillers of Aqua vitae in London made vse of the Lees of Starch wash and such trash ...' and he would prove it.
Action taken Warned and dismissed.
11 Sep 1640
Entry Emery, Hubbart and Trigg were to be summoned to appear in the next Comitia.
Attitude of the accused absent
Action taken To be summoned.
Verdict case not completed
28 Jan 1631
Entry T, a servant of the Queen, confessed that he had given medicines to children for rickets, and also for dysentery, the plague and gout. But since he understood he was not permitted to do these things, from henceforth he would observe the President's commands and would entirely abstain from practice.
Action taken Promised to abstain in future.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Promised to abstain in future
11 Feb 1631
Entry T, a last maker, was included in a list of illegal practitioners who gained immunity as royal servants. This list was sent with a petition to the Lord Chamberlain. (Others on it were BLANKE 92, BLAYDEN 93, BUGGS 130, BUTLER 135, DUNCOMBE 240, HILL ?395 and GLOVER friend of BUTLER.)
Action taken Petition sent. Reply said Coll. could prosecute these people.
Verdict guilty
Sentence To be prosecuted at law
3 June 1631
Entry Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Goodridge of Holy Ghost Stairs, accused T of giving G medicine for 20s., for which she pawned clothes &c.: drink, pills, plaster, vomit, purges, poultice, cordial, more pills. No cure. Asked whether he was the K's or Q's servant, T said he was God's. He admitted treating G (after BUTLER, 135), with 1, 2, 3 & 4 (below), then neglecting him. 8 satisfied patients spoke for T.
Initiator of the complaint spouse of the patient
Attitude of the accused confessed
Action taken Found guilty of bad practice. Imprisoned till he paid £10 fine.
Verdict guilty
Sentence Fined £10 and imprisoned till he paid it
Number of crimes 1
23 Sep 1631
Entry 'Mr Cooke the Chirurgeon [COOKE 184, qv] reporteth that Mr. Trigg gave phisicke to Mrs Barnabye.'
Initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Action taken See next.
14 Oct 1631
Entry 'Mr Cooke the Chirurgeon informeth that vpon the 13th of August 1631 one Trigge came to Mrs Barnabye in Fanchurch street who was sick of a Burning feauer, that hee gave her a clyster and a cordiall, and that one the 14 of August hee gave her a vomitt of his owne preparinge, after which shee grew worse, still declining till the 18th of August vpon which daye shee dyed.' Written evidence was given to the College.
Initiator of the complaint other medical practitioner
Action taken ?
Verdict case not completed
Number of crimes 1
2 Nov 1631
Entry 'Consideration to bee had about collecting good proofes against George Butler, John Buggs and William Trigg.'
Action taken Evidence to be collected (for lawsuit)
Verdict guilty
Sentence To be prosecuted at law
26 March 1632
Entry 'Phillip Tiller of London bridge clothworker and William Ley of Lumberd street, who weare bayle for Trigge desyred to bee releeved by the Colledge. Answeare was made that if they restored the prisoner they should be freed.'
Action taken ?
30 May 1632
Entry Dr Winston said that T had escaped from the Fleet prison and his bail of £25 was due to the College from the Warden of the Fleet. The Warden requested a mitigation and offered the College £20. The College agreed to accept the £20 (leaving the business to Dr Winston's discretion) provided that if the Warden ever recovered the other £5 from T (or his sureties) he should pay that to the College too.
Action taken College accepted £20 for T's bail.