Historical Account of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne Including the Borough of Gateshead. Originally published by Mackenzie and Dent, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1827.
This free content was digitised by double rekeying. All rights reserved.
SUBURBS OF WESTGATE.
The suburbs beyond Westgate are almost entirely without the liberties of the town; for a small runner, which intersects the road to Carlisle a few yards westward of the House-carpenter's Hall, divides the county of Northumberland from the county of Newcastle upon Tyne. A gallows stood formerly on the Northumberland side of this runner; and a temporary one is still occasionally erected on the same scite, for the execution of criminals convicted of murder belonging to that county.
The street which ranges on each side of the Carlisle road, above the scite of the old gate, has lately been much enlarged and improved, by the erection of several very neat and commodious houses. It is called The Westgate, and may now be considered as a continuation of the street below the gate. Each side of the road that ascends to the toll-gate is now almost covered with new buildings. The houses on the north side are pretty uniform, and are ornamented with flower-plots in front, having also gardens and conveniences behind. This long range of buildings is called Cumberland Row. At regular intervals there are passages that lead to buildings be hind. Villa Place consists of a row of very neat and comfortable houses. On the south side of the road were the extensive nurseries of Mr. William Elliott, but which are now partly occupied by genteel dwelling-houses, and partly parcelled out into private gardens. At the bottom of these grounds, a row of new houses, called Summer Hill Terrace, fronts the west. A long range of large, well-built houses, extends from near this place to the summit of the hill. The first division is named Swinbum Place, the next Greenfield Place, and the uppermost High Swinburn Place. Behind part of these buildings are several houses and shops, which face the turnpike road. At the southern extremity of the nursery-ground are a few large, well-built villas, which command a pleasant and extensive prospect towards the west and south, and also a view of the neat gardens which occupy the ground on the east, and the front of the houses at Swinburn and Greenfield Places. Exactly opposite to the toll-house is Summer Hill, upon which the late Hadwin Bragg, Esq. erected a large and commodious house, now occupied by his relict, and which, from its lofty situation, is one of the most healthy and airy residences in the vicinity of the town.
On passing the new hospital, near where the old gate stood, a road branches off to the left, which conducts to the Close by the Forth and Infirmary. From its commencement to the turn leading to the Forth, it is called Thornton Street, in honour of the opulent and beneficent Roger Thornton, who first entered Newcastle by the Westgate. On both sides of this street are many new and convenient dwellinghouses. Turning to the right hand from the Westgate, another road leads to the Town Moor, &c. past the Warden's Close. At a short distance up this road, and near the town-wall, stands the Fever House; and, a little further, the Lunatic Hospital, which has been recently much enlarged and improved. These buildings are erected in a field immediately behind the house of the Black Friars, called the Warden's Close, between which and the monastry there was a direct communication through a postern in the wall. (fn. 1) On the opposite, or left hand side of the road, is the entrance to the Public Baths, near to which there is a considerable extent of ground divided into gardens, partly occupied by private individuals, and partly by Mr. Allen Moat, gardener. A cart-road bounds his garden-wall on the north-west to Westgate toll-bar. (fn. 2)