Historical Collections: Or, An Exact Account of the Proceedings of the Four Last Parliaments of Q. Elizabeth. Originally published by T. Basset, W. Crooke, and W. Cademan, London, 1680.
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February 4th - March 29th
An exact and perfect Journal of the Passages in the Upper House of Parliament, holden at Westminster, Anno xxxj° Reginæ Eliz. Annoq; Dom. 1588. which began there Feb. 4. and then and there continued until the Dissolution thereof; which was on March 29 Anno Dom. 1589.
THE Queens Majesty, soon after that her wonderful and glorious Victory which God Almighty had given her Navie over that vainly-stiled Invincible Armado, sent against her Realm of England by the King of Spain; summon'd this her High Court of Parliament to begin on Tuesday the 12th day of November that present year 1588. and in the 30th year of her Reign; that so by common Advice and Councel she might prepare and provide against the inbred malice of that Prince and Nation: But other occasions of great importance requiring the deferring of the said Assembly, her Majestie prorogued the same to a further day, in manner and form following.
Memorandum, Whereas the Queens Majestie by her Writ summoned her Parliament to begin and be holden at Westminster this present Tuesday the 12th of November 1588. her Highness for certain great and weighty Causes and Considerations her Majestie specially moving, by the advice of her Privie Council, and of her Justices of both her Benches, and other of her Council learned, did prorogue and adjourn the said Parliament until the fourth day of February next, by vertue of her Writ-Patent, sealed with the Great Seal, and bearing date the 15th day of October last past. Whereupon, at this said 12th day of November, the Archbishop of Canterbury, Sir Christopher Hatton Lord Chancellor, William Lord Burghley Lord Treasurer, The Earl of Huntingdon, the Bishop of London, and three other Barons, repaired to the Parliament-chamber (commonly called the Upper House) and there, in the prefence of the Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses summoned to the said Parliament, declared, That her Highness, for divers good Causes and Considerations her specially moving, by her Highnes's said Writ had prorogued the said Parliament from the said first summoned day, until the fourth day of February next: Whereupon the Writ for the said Prorogation, in the presence of all that Assembly, was openly read by the Clerk of the Upper House, in hæc verba.
Elizabetha Dei gratia, Angliæ, Franciæ, & Hiberniæ Regina, Fidei Defensor, &c. Prædelect is & Fidelibus nostris Prelatis, Magnatibus, & Proceribus Regni nostri Angliæ, ac dilect is & fidelibus nostris Militibus, Civibus, & Burgensibus dicti Regni nostri, ad præsens Parliamentum nostrum apud Civitatem nostram Westm. duodecimo die Novembris prox. futurum inchoandum & tenendum, convocatis & electis, & vestrum cuilibet, salutem. Cum nos pro quibusdam arduis & urgentibus negotiis nos statum & defensionem dicti Regni nostri Angliæ, & Ecclesia Anglicana concernentibus, dict. Parliamentum nostrum ad diem & locum prædict. teneri ordinavimus, ac vobis per seperalia Brevia nostra apud Civitat. & diem prædict. interesse mandaverimus, ad tractandum, consentiendum, & concludendum super hiis in dicto Parliamento nostro tunc & ibidem proponerentur & tractarentur; quibusdam tamen certis de causis & considerationibus nos ad hoc specialiter moventibus, dictum Parliamentum nostrum usq; ad quartam diem Februarii prox. futur. duximus prorogandum; It a quod nec vos nec aliquis vestrum ad dictum duodecimum diem Novembris apud Civitatem præd. comparere teneamini seu autemini: volumus enim vos & quemlibet vestrum nos penit us openerari Mandantes, & tenore presentium firmiter injungendo precipientes, vobis & cuilibet vestrum ac omnibus aliis, quibus in hac parte intererit, quod ad dictum quartam diem Februarii apud prædictum Civitate Westmonaster. personaliter compereatis, & intersitis, & quilibet vestrum compereat, & intersit, ad tractand. faciend. agend. & concludend. super hiis quæ in dicto Parliamento nostro de Communi consilio dicti Regni nostri favente Domino contingerint ordinari. In cujus rei testimonium, has liter as nostras sieri fecimus Patentes. Teste meipsam apud Westm. quinto decimo die Octobris, Anno Regni nostri tricesimo.
And according to this Prorogation, the Parliament held on the fourth day of February following; when the Queen's Majesty in her accustomed state and order came to the Upper House, accompanied by Sir Christopher Hatton Knight, then Lord Chancellor of England, and divers of the Nobility: of which the Journal-book maketh mention in manner and form following.
Tuesday the fourth of February
On Tuesday the fourth of February, in the 31th year of the Reign of Queen Elizabeth (to which day the Parliament had been last prorogued, and accordingly now held) the Queen's Ma jestie was personally present in Parliament; but the Journal-book doth not mention the names of such Lords as were then present.
The Queen being set under her Cloath of Estate, and the Lords placed in their several ranks and order, and as many of the House of Commons as conveniently could, being let in, and standing before the Bar, Sir Christopher Hatton Knight, Lord Chancellor of England, in a well-framed and discreet Speech, did there declare unto them at large, the Queens gracious disposition to Peace, and her great wisdom in preserving the same, and singular government of the Realm.
He further declared, how much the King of Spain remained bent against this Kingdom: And lastly, shewed, that the cause of calling this Parliament, to be, that by the consent of the most grave and wise persons now called together out of all parts of the Realm, preparation may (as far forth as by councel of man is possible to) be made and provided; that Arms, Souldiers, and Moneys, may be in readiness, and an Armie prepared and furnished against all Events.
Receivers of Petitions for England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. Sir Christopher Wray, Chief Justice; Sir Gilbert Gerrard Kt. Master of the Rolls; Sir Robert Shute, one of the Justices of the Kings-bench; Dr. Aubery, and Dr. Ford.
Receivers of Petitions for Gascoigne and other Countries beyond the Seas, and the Isles. Sir Edmond Anderson, Chief Justice of the Common-Pleas; Sir Roger Manwood, Chief Baron; Francis Windham, one of the Justices of the Common-Pleas; Dr. Clarke, and Dr. Cary.
Triers of Petitions for England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. The Archbishop of Canterbury, the Earl of Darby, the Earl of Worcester, the Earl of Sussex, the Bishop of London, the Bishop of Winchester, the Lord Howard of Essingham Lord Admiral, the Lord Cobham, and the Lord Gray of Wilton.
Triers of Petitions for Gascoigne, and for other Countries on the other side the Seas, and the Islands. The Earl of Oxford great Chamberlain of England, the Earl of Warwick, the Earl of Pembrooke, the Bishop of Salisbury, the Bishop of Lincoln, the Bishop of Rochester, the Lord Hunsdon Lord Chamberlain to the Queen, the Lord Lumley, and Lord Buckhurst.
Et not andum, That all the said Spiritual Lords, excepting one, did every one constitute two several Proctors; and the fifth being John Bishop of Carlisle, whose Proxie was returned February the fifth, made onely one, viz. the Archbishop of Canterbury his Proctor. It likewise seldom happeneth, that any Bishop doth nominate fewer than three or two Proctors; nor any Temporal Lord more than one.
Thursday, February 6.
On Thursday, February 6. (to which day the Parliament had been last continued) the Queens Majestie was personally present, coming to the said Parliament in her accustomed state and order, about three of the clock in the afternoon, it being the time appointed for the House of Commons to present their Speaker, who they had been authorized to chuse on Tuesday last, when the Parliament first began. And thereupon accordingly, the Queen and Lords being set, and the said Knights, Citizens, and Burgesses of the House of Commons being let into the Upper House, two of the most eminent persons of the said House did lead up to the Bar of the Upper House George Snagg Serjeant at Law, who was chosen the Speaker of the said House of Commons; who being placed at the said Bar, and silence being made, did in a modest and discreet Speech, disable himself, by reason of his many imperfections; and humbly desired her Majestie to discharge him of that great Place, and to nominate some other more able and sufficient Member of the same House.
Whereupon the Lord Chancellor, by commandment from the Queen, did let him know, That her Majestie did very well allow of his Choice; and thereupon encouraged him willingly and cheerfully to undertake and execute that Charge and Place, to which he had been by the free and unanimous consent of the House of Commons elected and chosen.
Upon which Speech of the Lord Chancellor's, the said Speaker, according to the usual course and form, rendering all humble thankfulness to the Queens Majestie for her undeserved goodness towards him, in conceiving him able and worthy for the execution of a Place of that great Charge and Trust; and promising his care and readiness with all diligence to undergo the same, he did offer up unto her Majestie divers Petitions, in the name and on the behalf of the House of Commons.
Thirdly, That they might have free liberty of speech in the said House, to debate and dispute of such matters and things as should be there proposed. And lastly, he petitioned her Majestie on his own behalf, that if any thing should be mistaken, or unwillingly omitted by himself, that she would be graciously pleased to pass by and pardon the same.
To which Speech the Lord Chancellor, by commandment from the Queen, shortly replied, That her Majestie was graciously pleased to grant all his Petitions; and that he the said Speaker, and the House of Commons, should use and enjoy all such Liberties and Priviledges as others in like cases before them had been accustomed to use and enjoy in the times of her Majesties most noble Progenitors: withal admonishing them not to extend the said Priviledges unto any irreverent and mis-beseeming Speeches, or unnecessary Accesses to her Majestie.
Saturday, Feb. 8.
On Saturday, Feb. 8. to which the Parliament was continued, were present the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, the Lord Treasurer, the Marquiss of Winton, the Earl of Derby great Steward, six Earls, twelve Bishops, and eighteen Barons more.
February the ninth, Sunday
Munday, Feb. 10
On Munday, Feb. 10. were four Bills read, whereof the last being a Bill concerning Captains and Souldiers, secunda vice lect. & commissa Domino Thesaurario, Marchioni Winton, six other Earls, three Bishops, eleven Barons, Serjeant Puckering, & nostro Atturnato.
Nota, That here meer Attendants of the Upper House, and no Members of it, are made joynt Committees with the Lords; which is very usually done in the Parliaments foregoing in the Reign of this Queen: where also the Judges being but meer Assistants of the said House, are often nominated Committees also. Whereas in the last Parliaments of her Majesties Reign, viz. in Anno 39, & Anno 43. and in the latter times of King James, and our present Soveraign his Son, these are seldom or never nominated as Committees, but onely as Assistants to the Committees, to give their advice if it shall be required, and not otherwise. And although the Clerk of the Parliament might at some times mistake and erre in setting such down for Committees as were onely commanded to be attendant upon or assistant unto the said Committees; yet that he should so often mistake in so many Parliaments, and the rather because such Committees are frequently named divers times in sundry of the several Sessions, it is most unlikely and improbable.
Friday, Feb. 14.
Memorandum, The Lords Committees brought in the Bill concerning Captains and Souldiers, with Amendments: And by reason of divers defects in the same Bill, they had framed a new Bill; which new Bill, by consent of all the Lords, was received, and prima vice lect.
An Act to save discontinuance of Writs of Errour upon Errours in the Courts of Exchequer, secunda vice lect. & commissa Archiepisc. Cant. & Ebor. Dom. Senescallo, three Earls, three Bishops, fix Barons, Magistro Rott. Servient. Shuttleworth, nostr. Attur. & Solicitor.
Dominus Cobham & Dominus Stafford, Robis Parliamentaribus induti, introdxerunt Dominum Talbott, cumque ad locum suum perduxerunt, præeunte Gartira Principale Rege Armorum, qui etiam tunica Armorum indutus erat.
Because the dayly continuing of the Parliament in these words, Dominus Cancellarius continuavit præsens Parliamentum, &c. is but matter of form, it is henceforth omitted, unless somewhat extraordinary fall out in respect of the person or manner of continuing of it.
Saturday, Feb. 15.
On saturday, Feb. 15. three Bill were read; whereof two of them, the first being an Act for maintainance of Houses, for Husbandry and Tillage; and the second being an Act against Horsestealing, were secunda vice lect. & tunc commissa Domino Thesaurario, 4 Comitibus, 2 Episcop. 8 Baronibus, Justiciario Gawdy, servienti Puckering, & Solicitatori Reginæ.
February the 16th, Sunday.
Munday, Feb. 17.
On Munday, Feb. 17. four Bills were read; whereof the first was an Act for Reformation of Excess in Apparel, secunda vice lect. & commissa Domino Thesaurario, 3 Comitibus, 2 Episcop. 6 Baronibus, Servienti Shuttleworth, & Solicitatori Reginæ.
Tuesday the 18th of February
On Tuesday the 18th of February, four Bills were read; whereof the first was an Act providing Remedy against discontinuance in Writs of Errour in the Exchequer and Kings-bench, tertia vice lect. & conclus. and sent to the House of Commons by Serjeant Shuttleworth and Doctor Awbry; and three other Bills.
Die Sabbati xxij° Feb. were three Bills read; whereof the last was an Act concerning Captains and Souldiers, tertia vice lect. & conclus. and together with the two Bills aforesaid, sent to the House of Commons by Serjeant Puckering and Doctor Ford.
Feb. 23. Sunday.
Munday, Feb. 24.
On Munday, Feb. 24. four Bills were read; whereof one of them being a Bill for Writs upon Proclamation upon Exigents to be currant within the County Palatine of Durham, secunda vice lect. & commissa Justiciario Gawdy; quod nota.
Tuesday, Feb. 25.
An Act for the abridgment of Proclamations upon Fines to be levied at the Common Law, secunda vice lect. wherein the Lords finding some imperfections, sent down Serjeant shuttleworth and Doctor Clarke to the House of Commons, to pray a Conference with some of that House; which being granted, the Lords for Committees were, Lord Treasurer, Lord Steward, Bishop of Winton, the Lord Cobham, and the Lord Chief Justice of the CommonPleas to attend the Lords.
Nota, That here one of the Judges is particularly nominated to attend upon the Lords Committees; which may further prove, that in all the former places where the Judges or the Queens learned Counsel are named as Committees, it is no errour or mistake of the Clerk. So that hence the difference may very well be gathered to be this: That where a Committee of the Lords was formerly used to be selected out to meet with another Committee of the House of Commons, here neither the Judges being but Assistants, nor the Queens learned Counsel being but Attendants of and upon the House, were ever nominated or appointed as joynt Committees with the Lords, because the very Members of either House onely are then admitted to partake of such matters of weight and secrecy as they do there commonly confer upon. But when the Lords, amongst themselves, do appoint a Committee to consider of some ordinary Bill that is to pass their House, and especially if the Bill do concern matter of Law, here it hath been anciently used, and may still, without any prejudice to the honour of that House, be continued, that the Kings learned Counsel, but especially the Judges, may be nominated as Committees alone, or as joynt Committees with the Lords: for in regard that nothing can be absolutely concluded at a Committee, but all matters shall still depend on the resolution of the House; and so no inconvenience shall ensue thereupon.
After the Committees of both Houses had met, the Lords Committees proceeded to the amendments of the Bill; and afterwards this present day the Bill and Amendments received their second reading and passed the House, and were sent down to the House of Commons to be amended by them, by Doctor Carewe and Master Solicitor.
Thursday, Feb. 27.
Saturday, March. 1.
On Saturday, March 1. were two Bills read, of no great moment. This forenoon also the Lords Committees return'd the Bill for the having Horses, Armour, and Weapons; signifying that they could get no meeting but of so small a number, as their Lordships would not deal in it.
March. 2 Sunday.
Munday, March. 3.
On Munday, March 3. two Bills were read; whereof one of them concerning the sale of Tho. Hanford's Lands towards the payment of his Debts, and another of no great moment, had been sent up to the Lords this morning from the Commons.
Tuesday, March. 4.
On Tuesday, March 4. two Bills were read; whereof the latter was a Bill for Sale of Tho. Hansord's Lands, &c. secunda vice lect. Whereupon the Lords ordered, that as well the said Thomas Hanford, as those that followed the Bill, should be warned to be before them with their learned Counsel, at the next sitting of the Court; which shall be on Thursday next, at nine a clock. Two Bills of no great moment were this forenoon also sent up to the Lords House from the House of Commons.
Thursday, March. 6.
On Thursday, March 6. the Amendments of the Bill for maintainance of Husbandry, were prima & secunda vice lect. & commiss. ad ingross. Three Bills also of no great moment, had each of them one reading. And one Bill concerning the preservation of Orford-haven, was brought up to the Lords from the House of Commons.
Saturday, March. 8.
March. 9 Sunday.
Munday, March. 10.
On Munday, March 10. four Bills; whereof the last being a Bill for an Assurance to be made of the Joynture of Anne, Wife of Henry Nevill Efq; Secunda & tertia vice lect. & communi omnium Procerum assensu conclus.
Memorandum, That before the third reading and the passing of the Act of the Joynture of the Wife of Henry Nevil, by which all former Conveyances made by the said Henry Nevil of the Mannors of Waighfield and Wadhurst, &c. in the County of Sussex, were made frustrate and void;
The Lords ordered, That the said former Conveyance should by the Parties to the same, be brought into this House, and delivered to the Clerk of the Parliament sealed up; to the end that if it shall please her Majesty to give her Royal assent unto the said Act, that then the said Indentures and Conveyances should be forthwith cancelled. But if it shall not please her Majesty to give her Royal assent, that then the said Indentures and Conveyances should safely be redelivered to the said Parties, unseen of any, and uncancelled. And to this, all the Parties agreed, as well before the Lords the Committees, as before the whole House.
Tuesday the 11th of March
On Tuesday the 11th of March, was one Bill read, of no great moment. And two Bills were brought up to the Lords from the House of Commons; whereof the first was an Act of four Fifteens and Tenths, and two entire Subsidies, granted by the Temporalty; and another of no great moment.
Thursday the 13th of March
The Amendments also, and a new Proviso annexed unto the Bill against Informers, Secunda & tertia vice lect. & communi omnium procerum assensu conclus. and one other Bill of no great moment, read prima vice.
Friday, March. 14.
Saturday, March. 15.
Sunday, March. 16.
Munday the 17th of March
Tuesday, March. 18.
On Tuesday, March 18. were seven Bills read; whereof one being an Act that the Children of Aliens shall pay Strangers Customs, tertia vice lect. & conclus. and sent with the former to the House of Commons, by Dr. Clarke and Dr. Carewe.
Wednesday, March. 19.
Thursday the 20th of March
Friday, March. 21.
On Friday, March 21. were four Bills read; whereof the first being an Act concerning the Hospital of Lamborn, tertia vice lect. & conclus. and sent to the House of Commons by Serj. Puckering, and three other Bills of no great moment.
Saturday, March. 22.
On Saturday, March 22. were four Bills of no great concernment, brought from the House of Commons: And the Lords having this forenoon given three readings to the Bill for the better Assurance of Lands and Tenements for the maintainance of the Free Grammar-School of Tunbridge in the County of Kent, did send the said Bill with those new Amendments, to be passed also in the House of Commons; the Bill it self having before passed that House, and had been sent up from them to the Lords on Munday last.
March. 23 Sunday.
Munday, March 24.
Memorandum, quod Christopherus Wray Miles, Capital. Justiciar. de Banco Reg. secum adduxit in Parliamento in Camera Parliamenti, intra Dominos Breve de Errore & Billam de Regina indorsat. ac Rotul. in quibus continebantur placit. & processis in quibus supponebatur error, & ibid. reliquit transcript. totius Recordi cum Clerico Parliamenti, simul cum prædicto Breve de Errore in Parliamento.
Tuesday, March. 25.
On Tuesday, March 25. three Bills were brought up to the Lords from the House of Commons, of no great moment; and other Bills of as small consequence, read in the House; whereof one was read twice, and the other thrice.
Wednesday, March. 26.
On Wednesday, March 26. three Bills were read; whereof the first being an Act to avoid secret Outlawries of her Majesties Subjects, tertia vice lect. and sent to the Commons by Dr. Carewe: And the last being an Act for the relief of Jurors, read secunda & tertia vice, and rejected.
Thursday the 27th of March
Friday, March. 28.
On Friday, March 28. three Bills were sent up to the Lords from the House of Commons; whereof the first was an Act for the explanation or declaration of the Statute of 8 Hen. 6. concerning forcible Entries, the Indictments thereupon found expedit. and two other Bills of no great moment.
Saturday, March. 29.
Here, by the negligence of the Clerk, the Lords Spiritual that were present, are omitted; but the Lords Temporal that attended the Queen, are thus named, who was there personally present this day at the dissolving the Parliament.
These being thus set, and the Commons House with their Speaker, and as many as conveniently could, being let in, the said Speaker, according to the usual form, presenting her Majesty with the Bill of two Subsidies and four Fifteenths granted by the Temporalty; desired her Highness graciously to accept thereof, as the free Testimony of the faithful and loyal Respect of her Subjects: and withal desiring her Majesty to give her gracious consent to such Acts as had been prepared and expedited by the two Houses of Parliament.
The Clerk of the Parliament having read this former Answer of the Queens acceptance of the Bill of Subsidie, did then read in these French words following the thanks of the Lords and Commons, for her Majesties most free and gracious Pardon.
Les Prelats, Seigneurs, & Communs in ce present Parliament assembles, au nom de touts vos antres Subjects remercient tres-humblement vostre Majestie, & prient a Dieu que il vous donne en bonne vie & longue.