Registrum Statutorum et Consuetudinum Ecclesiae Cathedralis Sancti Pauli Londiniensis. Originally published by Nichols and Sons, London, 1873.
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IV. ACCOUNT OF MANUSCRIPTS EMPLOYED IN THE PREPARATION OF THE PRESENT VOLUME.
A folio volume, about fourteen inches in height by nine and a half in width, bound in wooden boards (very much decayed), covered with a rough skin of leather. On the outside of the last cover is a horn plate, secured by small nails to the board of which the cover is composed; and beneath the plate a piece of vellum inscribed Statuta Majora Ecclesic Sancti Pauli. The volume is so called to distinguish it from the Statuta Minora, from which it differs in being a much larger volume, though it contains less of the Statutes than the smaller volume, and it is also written in a much bolder hand. I proceed to give an account of its contents.
5 b. Descripcio vasorum aureorum et argenteorum, Librorum, Caparum, Tunicarum, Dalmaticarum, Vestimentorum, Pannorum de serico, Thesaura Ecclesie Sancti Pauli London: facta in crastino Sancti Bartholomei Apostoli, Anno gracie Mo CCo xl. quinto, per Henricum de Cornehille, Decanum. Tunc ibi presentibus Alex. Thesaurario, Magistro Roberto de Barton, Johanne de Bullmere, Canonicis. (fn. 1)
An account of the livings in the Archdeaconries of London, Essex, Colchester, and Middlesex, set down under the several Deaneries, with the patronage and value of each, together with the nomina domorum religiosorum.
92 b. Carte Episcoporum London de licencia concessa Decano et Capitulo Sancti Pauli, ut ipsi auctoritate sua possunt proferre sentenciam excommunicacionis in omnes detentores reddituum Ecclesie Sancti Pauli.
The Manuscript is well preserved; the fine bold handwriting both of the text and of the rubricated headings being as fresh as if it were executed yesterday. The letters lying within the lines, such as a, m, n, &c. are usually about one-fifth of an inch in height: the portion containing the Statutes is written in double columns, with about thirty-five lines to a full page. The Volume is in the possession of the Dean and Chapter: it consists of 149 folios, written upon vellum, temp. Richard II. [Press mark w. d. 9.]
MS. B. THE "STATUTA MINORA."
A manuscript on vellum, quarto size, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter, in a hand of the early part of the fifteenth century. It measures nearly ten and a half inches in height, by about six inches in width, and was rebacked, the original boards being preserved, about the year 1832, as I gather from the evidence of the water-mark on a leaf of paper inserted at the beginning. Under a horn plate on the upper cover are the words, Statuta Minora Ecclesie Sancti Pauli. The volume is called the Statuta Minora because it is written in a small hand, unlike the previous volume the Statuta Majora, which is written in majuscular letters. Its contents, however, are far more extensive, so far as the Statutes are concerned, than those of its larger rival; for, in addition to the Statutes comprised in folios 96 to 141 of MS. A, the present MS. (whilst it preserves the same Statutes in folios 1–47) adds a large body of other Statutes in folios 48–56, and folios 71–103, which are printed from this Manuscript in the present volume, pp. 99 to 171. The text exhibited in Book I. supra is almost invariably that of MS. B; deviations from its text are carefully noted in the margins. I proceed to give a detailed account of the more important contents of the volume, which consists of 103 numbered leaves, preceded by 4, and followed by 2, unnumbered leaves. The latter leaves are almost blank; the former contain a list of the principal sections of the work in a contemporary hand, together with a catalogue of the Archbishops of Canterbury, the Bishops of London, and Deans of S. Paul's, in various hands, continued (in the case of the Bishops) down to 1813.
71 a. The larger portion of this leaf was originally left blank, and on this space are written, in a later hand, some brief notes of Cardinal Wolsey's Statutes, continued on a similar space on fo. 91 b. See p. 263 supra.
A Manuscript on vellum preserved in the Library of the University of Cambridge. From a book-plate within the cover the volume appears to have been purchased by the University with money presented by George I. "Munificentia Regia. 1715." It was formerly in the possession of Bishop Moore of Ely. (fn. 2)
The whole of this volume has been very minutely collated with the text, and all the important variations are noted in the margins. The manuscript is carefully written; the first page of the Statutes is illuminated in gold and colours. The height of the volume is eleven inches and a quarter, by eight inches and a quarter in width. It comprises 145 leaves, numbered in pencil: leaf 136 was wanting, 21 Oct. 1867. The following account of the volume is condensed from the Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the University Library. (fn. 3)
Liber Statutorum Ecclesie Cathedralis Sancti Pauli Londoniarum scriptus ad mandatum Magistri Thome Lyseux, ejusdem Ecclesie Decani, anno decanatus sui nono: anno gracie millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo: Anno Nicholai Pape iiiito. Et anno translacionis Magistri Johannis Stafforde ad sedem Cantuariensem viiio. Anno autem consecracionis Magistri Thome Kempe in sedem Londoniensem primo: Anno Henrici Regis Anglie post Conquestum sexti xxixo: anno sicli solaris xiiiio: Litera dominicalis D: Anno sicli lunaris septimo: anno indiccionis xiiiio.
Registrum Statutorum et Consuetudinum Ecclesie Sancti Pauli London, que sunt extracte ex pluribus antiquis libris et munimentis in archivis ipsius Ecclesie existentibus, ipsas Consuetudines sparsim preter certum ordinem olim confuse continentibus, in presens opusculum seriosius redactum per recolendum memorie Radulphum de Baldok tunc Decanum, cum Capitulo ipsius Ecclesie, cum quibusdam Injunccionibus et Declaracionibus postea subsecutis.
8. On f. 42. He sunt declaraciones super quibusdam dubiis emergentibus in Ecclesia Sancti Pauli London post priorum consuetudinum in unam compilacionem, extracte de Registris Capituli Sancti Pauli London tam novis quam antiquis, que in precedenti compilacione non comperiuntur plene determinate.
9. On f. 79 the only rubric is Septima Pars, and of this Cap. I. is the Carta Edwardi iiiti, which recites and confirms the charters of Edward the Confessor, William II., Henry I., John, Henry III., Edward I.
A MS. on vellum about 7¼ inches in height by 6 inches in width, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. It comprises eleven numbered leaves, containing the Statutes of Bishop Warham, who was installed Bishop of London 5 Oct. 1502, and translated to the See of Canterbury towards the end of 1503. This little volume is water-stained, and in one or two places is legible only with difficulty. It is here printed in extenso, (fn. 4) and has been carefully collated with a transcript made, probably from another copy, by the Rev. W. Hall, about the year 1724. Press mark [W. D. 10.]
A MS. on vellum, 10½ inches in height, by about 6½ inches in width, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. It consists of 29 numbered leaves, and contains the first four parts of Dean Baldock's Statutes, to which is added the section "De firmariis Maneriorum:" this is the original MS. from which the Transcript a was taken. The headings of the chapters are in red, and the principal initial letters and section marks in red or blue. It commences on fo. 1 a with the usual heading In Dei nomine, Amen. and ends abruptly on fo. 29 b, in the section De firmariis maneriorum. It is identified as the original from which the Bishop of London's Transcript a was taken, not only by the general agreement with the readings of that copy, but also by an erasure at the foot of fo. 19a, and by the abrupt termination on fo. 29 b. Press Mark [W.D. 7.]
A MS. on vellum, 9¾ inches in height by 6½ inches in width, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter, of 112 numbered leaves, preceded by eight, and followed by three, unnumbered leaves, the latter blank. The following collation exhibits the most important contents of the volume.
Anno Domini Millesimo lxxxvijo, mense Julii die septimo, Ecclesia Sancti Pauli London et omnia que in ea erant igne consumuntur, tempore Mauricii, Episcopi London, regnante primo Rege Normannorum Willielmo.
A MS. on vellum 11½ inches in height by 8 inches in width, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. Press mark [W. D. 8.] It consists of 38 leaves, the matter arranged in double columns, with the headings of the sections in red. It is sewn in a vellum cover, on the outside of which is a large letter T, and the words Liber Statutorum.
A MS. on vellum, 11½ inches in height by 8 inches in width, sewn in an overlapping vellum cover, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. Press mark [W. D. 5.] It comprises three blank leaves, two at the beginning and one at the end, with eighty numbered leaves: very carefully written in black ink only, with spaces left for initial letters, and with broad margins.
A MS. on vellum, 10¾ inches in height by 7½ in width, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. Press mark [W. D. 19.] It consists of fourteen numbered leaves, besides the old parchment cover: and has been bound, comparatively recently, in red morocco. The folioing of the leaves is ancient, and is so arranged that the two pages seen ad aperturam libri bear the same numbering. The volume, which appears to have been written in the time of Edward II. or even earlier, presents some of the Statutes of the Cathedral in their most ancient forms, before their reduction into order by Dean Baldock. Excerpts from this MS. will be found supra, Book II. No. I., pp. 181–190. The chief matters contained in the MS. are indicated in the following brief collation.
A Manuscript on vellum, 8¼ inches in height, by 5½ in width, in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. Press mark [W. D. 22.] It consists of eight numbered leaves, written circa 1325, and has been bound in red morocco. It comprises a few Statutes and Ordinances, and is valuable chiefly on account of its very early date.
A very interesting and valuable MS., written on vellum, 11 inches in height by 7¼ in width. In Dean Lyseux's Catalogue, this volume is described as, "antiquum et notabile Registrum de tempore Willielmi Conquestoris:" this date, however, is not really accurate. The twentysix leaves at the commencement of the book probably belong to the time of Stephen: the date of the latest document contained in this section is 1141. That portion of the volume which contains part of the Statutes was written about the time of Edward III., or even a little earlier. The manuscript comprises one hundred and forty-eight numbered leaves, and retains its ancient overlapping- leather cover: portions have been printed in Archdeacon Hale's Domesday (See Preface, p. xv.) The first section of the MS., fos. 1–26, contains Privileges granted to the Cathedral by Æthelberht, Adelstan, Ædeldred, Cnudus, William I., William II., and Henry I.
A manuscript on paper in a vellum cover, lettered outside "Paulles, 1611," "Collections and Extracts of Statutes," written in several different hands; in the possession of the Dean and Chapter. [Press mark, W. D. 6.] The volume contains
TRANSCRIPTS OF THE STATUTES.
The MS. designated by the letter a is in the possession of the Bishop of London. It is a volume about 12½ inches in height by 8 inches in width, bound in calf, and lettered on the upper side, The Statutes of the Cathedral Church of Saint Paul. On the verso of the first blank leaf is written—"This Book belongs to the Bishop of London for the time being. Edmd. London." (fn. 5) In the same hand is also written, "Given by Mr. Hall, who was Secretary to Bishop Compton, and afterwards Rector of Acton, for the use of the Bishops of London." On the recto of the same leaf is the following:—"Memorandum. This and another folio book contain the Statutes of the Cathedral Church of St. Paul, London. It was collated at my desire with another copy of those Statutes, transcribed by Mr. Ascough (fn. 6) for the use of the Dean and Chapter of St. Paul's; and was found much more correct; but the latter contained a few articles of no importance which are not in the former, and which are specified in the Paper here annexed. Mr. Watts who made the collation for me is a Prebendary of St. Paul's, Librarian of Sion College, and a man of great accuracy. Beilby London, (fn. 7) March 1804." Pasted within the cover of the volume is the following note from Mr. Watts:—
Inclosed are the Notes and Extract respecting the Statutes of St. Paul's, in which I have corrected
a mistake I made as to Cardinal Wolsey's Statutes, printed in Dugdale, which I thonght were the same
with those in Mr. Hall's larger folio, page 57, but upon collation find to be different. Dugdale's, however,
are those to which Dr. Knight refers in his Life of Dean Colet.
I am, my Lord,
With the greatest respect,
Your Lordship's dutiful and obliged Servant,
The "Paper here annexed," which is also in Mr. Watts's handwriting, adds the following information. "The copy of the Statutes of Saint Paul's made by Mr. Hall, Chaplain to Bishop Compton, and Rector of Acton, is much more correct than the original from which Mr. Ayscough made his copy, at least in the first four parts. At the beginning of part V. in Mr. Hall's copy it is noted that this part was wanting in the original from which his was transcribed, and that this and many other things were supplied from a book intituled Statuta Minora. Perhaps this was the very MS. from which Mr. Ayscough's copy was made. (fn. 8) In the other four parts are some small variations. All the contents of Mr. Ayscough's copy are in one or the other of Mr. Hall's two Folios, except the following:—
The Statutes of Cardinal Wolsey respecting Residence, &c. are printed in Dugdale's History of S. Paul's, second ed. Appendix, p. 43, and also in his Monasticon Anglicanum, vol. iii. p. 347, second ed., of which Dr. Knight thus speaks in his Life of Dean Colet, p. 227–229, &c., "I do not transcribe this passage here as I shall have to refer to it in another place."
The actual Transcript itself, written on one side of each leaf, in a small but clear hand, is a very careful copy of MS. E. It exhibits a text which is not verbally identical with that of either A or B, though it is substantially the same; it is occasionally collated with B, from which MS. it receives matter not included in E. It comprises Dean Baldock's Statutes, Parts I.–IV., together with Part V. cap. 5 and part of cap. 6.
MS. B. is a folio volume, 15 inches by 9¾, bound in calf, and lettered on the first cover The Statutes of the Cathedral Church of Saint Paul; like the volume just described, it is in the possession of the Bishop of London. Within the first cover Bishop Gibson has written the inscriptions which are found in MS. B. Pinned to the first fly-leaf is the following letter from the transcriber, the Rev. W. Hall, addressed to Bishop Gibson:—
I am sorry my illness hath hindered me from performing my promise to your Lordship. I have a
pretty strong Tertian Ague, wch first appeared when I was at Fulham; but am indeavouring to dislodge
so uncomfortable an Inmate. The Bearer is charged with the two Books I mentioned; wch, if I dye, I
desire your Lordship's acceptance of. If not, that when you have made what use you please to make of
them, they may be returned to me. I have inclosed a Paper relating to the choice of a Residentiary. It
seems to me to be the stating of that case when it began to be disputed in K. Ch. 2ds time. Your Lordship must know better of what use it may be towds the recovery of the Rights of the Church, than I can
pretend to. I beg the Benefit of your Prayers, and am,
Your Lordship's most obedient humble servt,
The transcript is in a small clear hand, written on both sides of the leaf, by Mr. Hall himself, and occupies 90 pages. The remainder of the volume consists of blank paper; except ten leaves at the end of the book, which are filled with copies of the following Letters Patent granted by Bishops Sheldon, Henchman, and Compton:—
MS. D is a transcript made in the time of Bishop Compton, as we gather from the circumstance that a list of Bishops prefixed to the Statutes ends with that Prelate's name; the character of the handwriting is consistent with the date suggested. It is a copy of MS. B, the Statuta Minora. The transcriber has copied all the contractions as he found them. The volume is in the possession of F. H. Dickinson, Esq. who has kindly allowed me to examine it. The following excerpta from this volume are printed by Dr. Rock in The Church of our Fathers, vol. iii. pt. 2, pp. 113–126.
TANNER MS. No. 221.
3. The Actes and Ordenaunces examened, approued and accept by the most reuerend fader in God William, Archebisshopp of Caunterburry, and Chaunceller of Englonde, Thomas Surrey. Tresourer of Englonde, &c.; Apr. 28th, 1507, fol. 3 b.
In folio codicis premisso legitur: This booke bought and ordeigned by Maister John Colett, doctour of diuinite, Deane of the Cathedrall Chirche of Poules, and Rectour of the ffraternite and Guilde of JJh[es]us in the Crowdes of the said Chirch, William Bromewell and John Monke, wardenis of the same, recordeth and sheweth the copies of certeine lettres patents of Kyngis and ordenaunces for the fundacion and corporacion of the foreseid Fraternite, and also the copies of divers Chartres and Dedys, with accompts and othir necessaries, whiche hereafter are to be hadde, entitled, and remembred for the behof of the said Fraternyte and Guyld.