The temporall Gouernment of this City, somewhat in briefe manner.
Patent. Aserius Meneuen. Florencius Wigorn. Marianus Scotus.; Portgraues.; Robert Fabian.
THIS Citie of London being vnder the gouernment of the
Britons, Romaines, and Saxons, the most ancient and famous
City of the whole realme, was at length destroied by the Danes,
and left desolate: as may appeare by our histories. But
Aelfred king of the west Saxons, hauing brought this whole
realme (from many parts) into one Monarkie, honourably
repayred this Citie, and made it againe habitable, and then
committed the custody thereof to his sonne in law Adhered
Earle of Mercia: after whose decease the Citie with all other
possessions, pertayning to the saide Earle, returned to king
Edward surnamed the Elder, &c. And so remained in the
kings hands, being gouerned vnder him by Portgraues (or
Portreues) which name is compounded of the two saxon
words, Porte, and gerefe or reue. Porte betokeneth a Towne,
and Gerefe signifieth a Gardian, ruler or keeper of the towne.
These Gouernors of old time (saith Robert Fabian) with the
lawes and customes then vsed within this citie, were registrated
in a booke called the Doomes day, written in the saxon
tongue: but of later dayed when the said booke was of a small
were changed, and for that also the said booke was of a small
hand, sore defaced, & hard to be red or vnderstood, it was lesse
set by, so that it was imbeseled, & lost. Thus farre Fabian.
Notwithstanding I haue found by search of diuers old
Registers and others record abroad, namely in a booke sometime appertayning to the Monastery of saint Albons, of the
Portgraues, & other Gouernors of this citie, as followeth.
Cittizens of London called Burgesses.
First, that in the raigne of king Edward the last before the
con quest, Wolfegare was Portgraue: as may appeare by the
Charter of the same king, in these words. Edward king,
greeteth Alfward Bishop, and Wolfgar my Portgraue, & all
the Burgesses of London. And afterward that in another
charter, king Edward greeteth William Bishop, and Swetman
my Portgraue. And after that in another charter to the Abbey
of Chertsey, to William Bishop, and Leofstane, and Alssey
Portgraues. In the raigne of William Conqueror, William
Bishop of London procured of the said Conqueror his Charter
of liberties, to the same William Bishop, & Godfrey Portgraue,
in saxon tongue, and corrected in English thus:
Charter of W. Conquerour; Prouost.
William king greet W. Bishop, & Godfrey Portgraue, & all
the Burgeses within London, French and English. And I
graunt that they be all their law worth, that they were in
Edwards dayes the king. And I will that each child bee his
fathers heire. And I will not suffer that any man do you
wrong, and God you keepe. And then in the raigne of the said
Conqueror & or W. Rufus, Godfrey de Magnauile was Portgraue, (or shiriffe) as may appeare by their Charters, and
Richard de Par was Prouost.
In the raigne of king Henry the first, Hugh Buche was
Portgraue, and Leofstanus Goldsmith Prouost, buried at
After them Aubery de Vere was Portgraue, and Robert
Bar Querel Prouost. This Aubery de Vere was slaine in the
raigne of K. Stephen. It is to be noted also that K.H. the first
granted to the Citizens of London the Shriuewicke thereof,
and of Middlesex, as in another place is shewed.
In the raigne of king Stephens, Gilbert Becketwas Portgraue,
and Andrew Bucheuet Prouost.
After him, Godfrey Magnauile, the sonne of William, the
sonne of Godfrey Magnauile, by the gift of Maulde the
Empresse, was Portgraue or shiriffe of London and Middlesex,
for the yearely farme of three hundred pound, as appeareth by
Portgraues, since called Shiriffes, and ludges of the Kings Court, & have therefore vnder Shiriffes men learned in the law, to sit in their Courts. Domesmen of Iudges of the kings Court.
In the time of king H. the second, Peter Fitz Walter was
Portgraue: after him, Iohn Fitz Nigel was Portgraue: after
him Ernulfus Buchel became Portgraue: and after him,
William Fits Isabel. These Portgraues are also in diuers
recordes called Vice counties, Vicounties, or shiriffes, as being
vnder an Earle, for that they then, as since, vsed that office
as the shiriffes of London do till this day. Some Authors
do call them Domesmen, Eldermen, or Judges of the kings
William Fitz Stephen, noting the estate of this Citie, and
gouernment thereof, in his time vnder the raigne of king
Stephen, and of Henry the second, hath these words.
This Cittie (saith he) euen as Rome, is diuided into wards,
it hath yearely shiriffes insteade of Consuls, it hath the Dignity
of Senators and Aldermen, it hath vnder Officers, & according
to the quality of lawes, it hath seueral Courts, and general
assemblies vpon appointed dayes. Thus much for the antiquity
of shiriffes, and also of Aldermen, in seuerall Wardes of this
Cittie, may suffice. And now for the name of Bailiffes, and
after that, of Maiors as followeth.
Bailiffes of London.
In the first yeare of king Richard the first, the Citizens of
London obtained to be gouerned by two Bailiffes, which
bailiffes are in diuers ancient deeds called shiriffes, according
to the speech of the lawe, which called the shire Balliua, for
that they, like as the Portgraues, vsed the same office of
shriuewicke, for the which the City paid to fee farme three
hundreth pounds yearely as before, since the raigne of Henry
the first, which also is yet paid by the Citie into the Exchequer
vntill this day.
They also obtained to haue a Maior, to be their principall
Gouernour and Lieftenant of the citie, as of the kings Chamber.
1189. The names of the first Bailiffes, or Officers, entring
into their office at the feast of Saint Michael the Archangell; in the yeare of Christ 1189. were named (fn. 1) Iohn
Herlison, Roger Duke, William de Hauerhill, (fn. 1) bailiffes or
First Maior of London.
Their I. Maior was H. Fitz Alwin Fitz Liefstane, Goldsmith, pointed by the said king, and continued maior from
the first of Richard the first, vntill the fifteenth of king Iohn,
which was 24. yeares and more.
1190. The 2. of Richard I, shiriffes William de Haverhill,
Iohn Bucuinte. (fn. 2) Maior Henry Fitz Alwin. (fn. 3)
1191. The 3. shiriffes Nicholas Duket, (fn. 4) Peter filius Neuelon. (fn. 5)
Maior Henry Fitz Alwin.
1192. The 4. Roger le Duc, Roger Fitz Alan. (fn. 6)Maior Henry
1193. The 5. William Fitz Isabel, William Fitz Alulf. (fn. 7)
Maior Henry Fitz Alwin.
1194. The 6. Robert Besaunt, Iukel. (fn. 8) Maior Henry Fitz Alwin.
1195. The 7. Godard de Antioche, (fn. 9) Robert filius Durand. (fn. 10)
Maior Henry Fitz Alwin.
1196. The 8. Nicholas Duket, Robert Blund. (fn. 11) Maior Henry
1197. The 9. Constantine Fitz Alulf, (fn. 12) Robert de Bel. (fn. 13) Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
1198. The 10. Arnold Fitz Alulf, (fn. 14) Richard Blunt. (fn. 15) Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
King Iohn began his raigne the sixt of April 1199.
1199. The I. of King Iohn, shiriffes Roger de Deserto, (fn. 16)
Iames the Alderman (fn. 17); Maior H. Fitz Alwin.
King Iohn granted the shiriffewicke of London, and
Middlesex, to the cittizens thereof, as king H. the first
before had done, for the summe of 300. pound yearly. Also
he gaue them authority to chuse and depriue their shiriffes
at their pleasure.
1200. The 2.shiriffes Simon de Aldermanbury, William Fitz
Alis. (fn. 18) Maior Henry Fitz Alwin.
1201. The 3. Norman Blund, (fn. 19) Iohn de Cayo or Cay (fn. 20); M.
Henry Fitz Alwin.
1202. The 4. Walter Brun, (fn. 21) William Chamberleyn. (fn. 22)Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
Walter Brune, and Rose his wife, founded the Hospitall
of saint Mary without Bishopsgate, commonly called saint
1203. The 5. Thomas Haverel, Hamond Brond. Maior Henry
1204. The 6. Iohn Walran, (fn. 23)Richard Winchester. (fn. 24) Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
1205. The 7. Iohn filius Elinandi, (fn. 25) Edmund Fitz Gerard. (fn. 26)
M. Henry Fitz Alwin.
1206. The 8. Henry of St. Alban's, Serlo the Mercer. (fn. 27) Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
1207. The 9. William Hardel, (fn. 28) Robert Winchester. (fn. 29)Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
1208. The 10. Peter Duke, (fn. 30) Thomas Nele, (fn. 31) Maior Henry
The King, by his letters Patents, graunted to the Citizens
of London, libertie and authoritie yearely to chuse to themselues a Maior.
1209. The II. Peter Neuelun, (fn. 32) William Blund. (fn. 33) Maior Henry
1210. The 12. Adam de Withebi, (fn. 34) Stephen le Gras. (fn. 35)Maior
Henry Fitz Alwin.
1211. The 13. Ioce (fn. 36) Fitz Peter, Iohn Garland. Maior Henry
Fitz Alwin. (fn. 37)
This Henry Fitz Alwin deceased, and was buried in the
priorie of the holy Trinitie, neare vnto Aldgate.
1212. The 14. Ralph Helyland, (fn. 38) Constantine Fitz Alulf. (fn. 39)
Maior Roger Fitz Alan. (fn. 40)
1213. The 15. Martin Fitz Alis, Peter Bate. (fn. 41)Maior Roger
Fitz Alan. (fn. 42).
This yeare the ditch about London was begun to bee
made of 200. foote broad, by the Londoners.
1214. The 16. Salomon Basing, Hugh Basing. Maior Serle
Mercer. (fn. 43)
1215. The 17. Iohn Travars, Andrew Neuelun. (fn. 44) Maior
King Henry the third began his raigne the 19. of October,
1216. The I. shiriffes, Benet Senturer, (fn. 45) William Blund, (fn. 46)
Maior Iames Aldermanfor part, and Salomon Basing for
part. (fn. 47)
1217. second, Thomas Bokerel, Ralph Eiland. (fn. 48) Maior Serle
Mercer. (fn. 49).
1218. The third, Iohn Viel, Ioce le Spicer. (fn. 50) Maior Serle Mercer.
The Forrest of Middlesex, and the warren of Stanes were
this yeare disaforrested.
1219. The fourth, Richard Wimbledon, Iohn Viel. (fn. 51) Maior
1220. The fifth, Richard Renger, Ioce le Ieofne. (fn. 52) Maior Serle
1221. The sixt, Richard Renger, Thomas Lambart. Maior
Constantine Fitz Alulf raised great troubles in this citie,
and was hanged with his Nephew and other.
1222. The seuenth, William le Ioynour, (fn. 53) Thomas Lambart.
maior Richard Renger. (fn. 54)
1223. The eight, Iohn Trauars, Andrew Bokerel. Maior
1224. The ninth, Iohn Trauars, Andrew Bokerel. Maior
The king graunted to the comminaltie of London to haue
a common seale.
1225. The tenth, Roger Duke, Martin Fitz William. maior
1226. The eleuenth, Roger Duke, Martin Fitz William. maior
This yeare the king confirmed to the citizens of London,
free warren or libertie to hunt a certaine circuite about the
citie, in the waren of Stanes, &c. And also that the citizens
of London should passe tol-free throughout all England,
& that the keddles, or weres in the riuer of Thames, and
Midway should be plucked vp and destroyed for euer, &c.
patent xi. Henry3.
1227. The twelfth, Stephen Bokerel, Henry Cocham. (fn. 55) Maior
Roger Duke. (fn. 56)
The liberties and franchises of London were ratifield, and
the king granted that either shiriffe should haue two Clarks
and two sergeants, also that the Citizens should haue a
1228. The thirteenth, Stephen Bokerell, Henrie Cocham. maior
1229. The fourteenth, Walter de Winchester, (fn. 57)Robert Fitz
Iohn. Maior Roger Duke.
1230. The fifteenth, Richard Fitz Walter, (fn. 58) Iohn de Woborne.
Maior Roger Ducke.
1231. The xvi. Michael de St. Helena, (fn. 59) Walter le Bufle. (fn. 60)Maior
Andrew Bokerel (fn. 61) Pepperer.
1232. The xvii. Henry de Edmonton, (fn. 62)Gerard Bat. Maior
Andrew Bokerel Pepperer.
1233. The xviii. Simon Fitz Mary, Roger Blunt. (fn. 63) Maior
Andrew Bokerel Pepperer.
1234. The xix. Ralph Ashwye, (fn. 64) Iohn Norman. Maior Andrew
1235. The xx. Gerard Bat, Robert Hardel. (fn. 65) Maior Andrew
1236. The xxi. Henry Cocham, (fn. 66) Iordan of Couentrie. Maior
1237. The xxii. Iohn Toloson, (fn. 67) Geruaisthe Cordwainer. (fn. 68)Maior
Andrew Bokerel (fn. 69)pepperer, [and then Richard Renger] (fn. 69).
1238. The xxiii. Iohn de Codres, (fn. 70) Iohn de Wylhale; (fn. 71); M.
Richard Renger, [and then William Ioyner]. (fn. 72)
This William Ioynerbuilded the Quire of the Gray
Friers church in London, and became a lay brother of that
1239. The xxiiii. Reiner (fn. 73)de Bongey, Ralph Ashwy. (fn. 74)Mayor
Gerard Bat. (fn. 75).
1240. The xxv. Iohn de Gisors, Michael Touy. (fn. 76) Maior
Reginald Bungeye. (fn. 77)
This yeare, Aldermen of London were chosen, and
chaunged yearely, but that order lasted not long. Gerard
Batwas againe elected Maior for that yeare to come, but
the king would not admit him, being charged with taking
money of the victualers in the precedent yeare.
1241. The xxvi. Thomas Duresme, (fn. 78)Iohn Viel. (fn. 79) M. Rolph
Ashwy. (fn. 80)
1242. The xxvii. Robert Fitz Iohn, (fn. 81)Ralph Ashwye (fn. 82)Maior
Ralph Ashwye. (fn. 83)
1243. The xxviii. Hugh Blunt, Adam Basing. (fn. 84)Maior Ralph
1244. The xxix. Ralph de Arcubus spicer, (fn. 85) Nicholas Bat
Maior Michael Touy. (fn. 86)
1245. The xxx. Robert of Cornehil, Adam of Bentley. (fn. 87)Maior
Iohn GisorsPepperer. (fn. 88)
1246. The xxxi. Simon Fitz Mary, Laurence Frowicke. Maior
Peter Fitz Alan. (fn. 89)
Simon Fitzmaryfounded the Hospitall of Mary called
Bethelem without Bishopsgate. Queene Hith let to farme
to the cittizens of London.
1247. The 32. William Vyel, (fn. 90)Nicholas Bat. Mayor Michael
Touy. (fn. 91).
1248. The 33. Nicholas Fitz Iosey, (fn. 92) Geffrey Winchester. M.
Michael Touy. (fn. 93)
1249. The 34. Ralph Hardel, (fn. 94)Iohn de Tolesane. (fn. 95) M. Roger
1250. The 35. Humfrey le Feure, (fn. 96)William Fitz Richard.
Mayor Iohn Norman.
1251. The 36. Laurence Frowike, Nicholas Bat. Mayor Adam
1252. The 37. William Durham, Thomas Wimborne. M.Iohn Tolason Draper.
The king graunted that the Mayor should bee presented
to the Barons of the Exchequer, and they should admit him.
1253. The 38. Iohn Northampton, Richard Pickard. Mayor
Nicholas Bat. (fn. 97)
1254. The 39. William Ashwy, (fn. 98) Robert de Linton. (fn. 99)Mayor
Ralph (fn. 100)HardelDraper.
The liberties of this city were seized, the Mayor charged
that hee looked not to the assize of bread.
The Maior, diuers Aldermen, and the shiriffes of London,
were depriued, and other placed in their roomes.
1255. The 40. Mathew Bukerel, Iohn le Mynur. (fn. 101)M.Ralph (fn. 102)
1256. The 41. Richard Ewel, (fn. 103) William Ashwie. (fn. 104)Mayor
Ralph (fn. 105)Hardel.
1257. The 42. Thomas Fitz Thomas, William Grapefige.
Mayor William Fitz Richard. (fn. 106)
The king caused the walles of this Cittie to bee repayred
and made with bulwarks.
1258. The 43. Iohn Adrian, Robert Cornhill. Mayor Iohn
Gisors Peperer. (fn. 107)
1259. The 44. Adam Bruning, (fn. 108) Henry de Coventry. Mayor
William Fitz Richard.
1260. The 45. Iohn Northampton, Richard Picard. Mayor
William Fitz Richard.
1261. The 46. Philip le Tayllur, (fn. 109) Richard Walbrooke. Mayor
Thomas Fitz Thomas. (fn. 110)
1262. The 47. Robert de Mountpiler, Osbert de Suffolke.
Mayor Thomas Fitz Thomas. (fn. 111)
1263. The 48. Gregory Rokesley, Thomas de Ford. (fn. 112)Mayor
Thomas Fitz Thomas. (fn. 113)
The cittizens of London fortified the Cittie with iron
chaines drawne thwart their streetes.
1264. The 49. Edward Blund, Peter Angar. Mayor Thomas
Fitz Thomas. (fn. 114)
1265. The 50. bailiffs, Iohn Adrian, Walter Hervi, till 28. Nov.,
and then Sir Iohn de la Linde and Iohn Walrauen; custos
Hugh Fitz Otho. (fn. 115)
The chaines and postes in London were plucked vp, the
Mayor and principall Cittizens committed to Ward, and
OthonConstable of the Tower, was made Custos of the Citty, &c.
1266. The 51. Iohn Adrian, Lucas de Batencourt (fn. 116)custos
Alan de la Souche. (fn. 117)
This Alen de la Souchbeing a Baron of this Realme, and
also chiefe Iustice, was in the yeare 1270. slayne in Westminister hall by Iohn WarrenEarle of Surrey.
The Early of Glocester entered the Citty with an Armie,
and therein builded bulwarkes, cast trenches, &c.
1267. The 52. [bailiffs] (fn. 118)Iohn Adrian, Lucas de Batencourt;
Custos (fn. 119) Alen de la Souch.
Thomas Fitz Theobaldand Agneshis wife founded the
Hospitall of S. Thomas of Acon in Westcheape.
1268. The 53. Walter Haruy, William Duresme. (fn. 120)Custos
Sir Stephen de Edeworth. (fn. 121)
A varience fell in London betweene the Goldsmithes and
the Taylors, where through many men where slayne.
1269. The 54. Thomas Basing, Robert Cornhill; C. Hugh Fitz
Ottonis, custos of London and constable of the Tower. (fn. 122)
1270. The 55. Gregory Rocksley, Henry Waleys. M. Iohn
Adrian, Vintoner. (fn. 123)
The steeple of Bow church in Cheape fell downe, and slew
1271. The 56. Richard Paris, Iohn de Bodele. (fn. 124) M. Sir Walter
1272. The 57. Iohn Horne, Walter Potter. (fn. 125) Mayor Sir Walter
Haruy; (fn. 126) Custos Henry Frowike, Peparar, for part of that year. (fn. 126)
King Edward the first beganne his raigne the 16. of
1273. The first, Shiriffes Nicholas Winchester, Henry Couentrie. (fn. 127) M. Henry Walles.
1274. The 2. Lucas Bate <n> corte, Henry Frowike. M. Gregory
Rocksley: chiefe Say-maister of all the kings Mints throughout England, and Keeper of the Kinges Exchange at
1275. The 3. Iohn Horne, Raph Blunt. Mayor Gregory Rocksley.
1276. The 4. Robert de Araz, (fn. 128) Raph Le Feure. (fn. 129) Mayor
1277. The 5. Iohn Adrian, Walter Langley. (fn. 130) Mayor Gregorie
1278. The 6. Robert Basing, William le Mazerer or Mazeline. (fn. 131)
M. Gregorie Rocksley.
1279. The 7. Thomas Box, (fn. 132) Raph de la More. (fn. 133) M.Gregorie
1280. The 8. William Farindon, Nicholas Winchester. M.
This W. Farindon Goldsmith, one of the shiriffes, was
father to Nicholas Farindon: Of these two, Farindon Ward
took that name.
1281. The 9. William le Mazerer or Maseliner, (fn. 134) Richard
Chigwel. M. Henry Walleis.
This Henry Walleis builded the Tun vpon Cornhill to bee
a prison, and the Stockes to be a Market house.
1282. The 10. Anketel de Betevil, (fn. 135) Walter le Blund. (fn. 136) M.
1283. The II. Iordaine Goodcheape, Martin Box. Mayor
Laurence Ducket Goldsmith, murdered in Bow Church,
and the murtherers hanged.
1284. The 12. Stephen Cornhill, Robert Roksley. Mayor
Gregory Roksley, (fn. 137) Custos Raph Sandwitch. (fn. 138)
It was ordained, that Millars should haue but one half
peny for a quarter of Wheat grinding, and the great water
Conduit in Cheape was begun to be made.
1285. The 13. Walter le Blunt, (fn. 139) Iohn Wade. C. Raph
Sandwitch. (fn. 140)
1286. The 14. Walter Hawtoune, (fn. 141) Thomas Cros. (fn. 142) C.Raph
Wheate was solde at London for sixteen pence, and for
twelue pence the quarter.
1287. The 15. William Hereford, Thomas Stanes. C. Raph
1288. The 16. William Betain, (fn. 143) Iohn Canterbury. C. Raph
Sandwitch, Raph Barnauars and Sir Iohn Britaine. (fn. 144)
1289. The 17. Salomon le Cutiller, (fn. 145) Folke S. Edmond. C. Sir
Iohn Briton knight.
This yeare a subsidie was graunted, for the reparations of
1290. The 18. Thomas Romain, William de Leyre. (fn. 146) C. Ralph
Sandwitch. (fn. 147)
1291. The 19. Raph Blunt, Hamo Box. C. Raph Sandwitch. (fn. 148)
1292. The 20. Henry Bole, Elias Russel. C. Raph Sandwitch.
Three men had their right hand cut off, at the Standarde
in Cheape, for rescuing of a prisoner, arrested by a Sergeant
1293. The 21. Robert Rokesley the yonger, Martin Amersbury. (fn. 149) C. Sir Raph Sandwitch. (fn. 150)
1294. The 22. Henry Box, Richard Gloucester. C. Sir Iohn
Briton. (fn. 151)
1295. The 23. Iohn Dunstable, Adam de Halingbery. C. Sir
Iohn Briton. (fn. 152)
1296. The 24. Thomas of Suffolke, Adam of Fulham. C. Sir
Iohn Briton. (fn. 153)
This yeare all the liberties of the Citty were restored, the
1297. The 25. William de Storteford, Iohn de Storeford. (fn. 154) C.
Sir Iohn Briton.
Certaine Cittizens of London brake vp the Tunne vppon
Cornhill, and took out prisoners, for the which they were
1298. The 26. Richard Refham, (fn. 155) Thomas Sely. (fn. 156) Mayor
1299. The 27. Iohn de Armenters, (fn. 157) Henry de Fyngrye. (fn. 158) Mayor
1300. The 28. Lucas de Hauering, Richard Champs. Mayor
1301. The 29. Robert Callor, Peter de Bosenho. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Blunt knight.
1302. The 30. Hugh Pourt, Simon Paris. Maior, Sir Iohn
1303. The 31. W. Combmartin, Iohn Bureford. (fn. 159) C. Sir Iohn
1304. The 32. Roger Paris, Iohn de Lincolne, C. Sir Iohn
Geffrey Hertilepole, Alderman, was elected to bee Recorder
of London, and tooke his oath, and was appointed to weare
his apparrell as an Alderman.
1305. The 33. William Cosine, Reginald Thunderley. C. Sir
1306. The 34. Geffrey Cundute, (fn. 160) Simon Bolet. (fn. 161) C. Sir. Iohn
Seacole was forbidden to be burned in London, Southwark, &c.
Edward the second began his raigne the 7. of Iuly, the
yeare of Christ, 1307.
1307. The first, shiriffes, Nicholas Pigot, Nigellus Drury. M.
Sir Iohn Blunt.
1308. The second, W. Basing, Iames le Boteler, (fn. 162) Mayor Nicholas Faringdon Goldsmith.
1309. The third, Roger le Paumer, Iames of S. Edmond.
Maior Thomas Romaine.
1310. The fourth, Simon de Corpe, Peter Blakeney. (fn. 163) Mayor
Richard Reffam, Mercer.
The king commaunded the Mayor & Comminaltie to
make the wall of London from Ludgate to Fleetbridge and
from thence to the Thames.
1311. The 5. Simon Merwod, Richard Wilford. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Gisors, Pepperar.
Order was taken, that Marchant straungers should sell
their wares within forty dayes after their arriuall, or else the
same to be forfeited.
1312. The sixt, Iohn Lambin, Adam Lutkin. (fn. 164) Maior, Sir
Iohn Gisors, Peperar.
1313. The seuenth, Robert Burdeyn, (fn. 165) Hugh de Garton. Maior
Nicholas Farindon, Goldsmith.
Prices set on victuals, a fat stalled oxe, 24.s. a fat mutton,
20.d. a fat goose two pence halfe penny, a fat capon two
pence, a fatte henne one penny, two chickens one penny,
three pigeons one penny, twentie foure egges one penny, &c.
1314. The eight, Stephen Abingdon, Hamond Chigwel. Mayor,
Sir Iohn Gisors, Pepperar.
Famine and mortality of people, so that the quicke might
vnneath bury the dead: Horse flesh, and dogs flesh was
1315. The ninth, Hamond Goodchepe, William Bodelay, Mayor
1316. The 10. William Caustone, (fn. 166) Raph Belancer. Mayor
An earely Haruest, a Bushell of Wheate that had beene
sold for ten shillinges, was now sold for ten pence, &c.
1317. The eleventh, Iohn Prior, W. Furneis. Mayor Iohn
Such a murren of kine, that dogs and rauents that fed on
them were poysoned.
1318. The twelfth, Iohn Pontel, (fn. 167) Iohn Dalling. Mayor Iohn
1319. 13. Simon Abindon, I. Preston. M. Hamond Chickwel,
Iohn Gisors, late mayor of London, and many other
cittizens fled the citty for thinges laid to their charge.
1320. The 14. Renauld at Conduit, W. Produn. (fn. 168) Mayor
Nicholas Farendon, Goldsmith.
1321. The 15. Richard Constantine, Richard Hackney. M.
Hamond Chickwell, Peperar.
1322. The 16. Iohn Grantham, Richard Elie. M. Hamonde
Fish and flesh market established at the stockes in the
midst of the Citty.
1323. The 17. Adam of Salisbury, Iohn of Oxford. M. Nicholas
Of this Nicholas Farindon, and of William Farindon his
father, reade more in Farindon Warde.
1324. The 18. Benet of Fulsham, (fn. 169) Iohn Cawson. (fn. 170) M. Hamonde
1325. The 19. Gilbert Mordon, Iohn Cotton. M. Hamond
The Cittizens of London tooke the Bishoppe of Excester,
& cut off his head at the Standard in Cheape.
1326. The 20. Richard Rothing, Roger Chaunteclere. Mayor
Richard Betoyne, (fn. 171) Goldsmith.
This Richard Rothingis said to new build the Parish
church of S. Iames at Garlicke Hith.
Edward the third beganne his raigne the 25. of Ianuary,
the year, 1326.
This king Edward granted, that the Mayor should be
Justice for the Gaole deliuery at Newgate, that the Cittizens
of London should not be constrained to goe out of the Citty
of London to any warre. More he granted, that the liberties
and franchises of the citty should not after this time, for
any cause, bee taken into the kinges hands, &c. More hee
graunted by his letters Patents, dated the sixt of March,
that no Escheter should be in the Citty, but the Mayor for
1327. The first, shiriffes, Henry Darcie, Iohn Hauton. Mayor
Hamond Chickwell, Peperar.
This yeare the Walles of London were repayred.
1328. The second, Simon Francis, Henry Combmartin. M.
1329. The 3. Richard le Lacer, (fn. 172)Henry Gisors. (fn. 173)Maior,
This yeare, the king kept a greate lusting in Cheape,
betwixt Sopars lane, and the great Crosse.
1330. The 4. Robert of Elie, Thomas Harewolde or Harrewode. (fn. 174) Mayor, Sir Iohn Pultney, Draper.
1331. The 5. Iohn Mocking, Andrew Auberie. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Pultney, Draper.
1332. The 6. Nicholas Pike, Iohn Husbond. Mayor Iohn
This yeare was founded Elsinges Spittle, by W. Elsing,
Mercer, that became first Prior of that Hospitall.
1333. The 7. Iohn Hamond, William Hansard. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Pultney, Draper.
1334. The 8. Iohn Hingstone, (fn. 175) Walter Turke. Mayor Reginald at Conduit, Vintoner.
1335. The 9. Walter de Moredon, (fn. 176) Ralph de Vpton. (fn. 177) Mayor
Reginald at Conduit. (fn. 178)
1336. The 10. Iohn Clarke, (fn. 179) W <illiam> Curtes. (fn. 180) Mayor, Sir
Iohn Pultney, Draper.
This Sir Iohn Pultney founded a colledge in the parish
church of S. Lawrence by Candlewicke streete.
1337. The II. Walter Nele, Nicholas Crane. Mayor Henry
Walter Nele, Bladesmith, gaue lands to the repaying of
the high wayes about London.
1338. The 12. William Pomfret, Hugh Marberer. (fn. 181)Mayor
Henry Darcy. The king graunted that the Sergeantes of
the Mayor and shiriffes of London, should beare mases of
siluer and guilt with the kings armes.
1339. The 13. William Thorney, Roger Forsham. (fn. 182) Mayor
Andrew Aubery, Grocer.
1340. The 14. Adam Lucas, Bartlemew Deumars. (fn. 183) Mayor
Andrew Anbery, Grocer.
1341. The 15. Richard de Barking, Iohn de Rokesly. Mayor
Iohn of Oxenford, (fn. 184)Vintoner.
1342. The 16. Iohn Loueking, Richard Kyslyngbury. (fn. 185) Mayor
Simon Francis, Mercer.
The price of Gascoyn Wines at London, 4.d & Reinish
wine, sixe pence the Gallon.
1343. The 17. Iohn Syward, (fn. 186)Iohn Aylesham. M. Iohn
1344. The 18. Geffrey Wichingham, Thomas Leggy. (fn. 187) Mayor
1345. The 19. Edmond Hemenhall, Iohn of Glocester. Mayor
1346. The 20.Iohn Croyden, William Claptus. (fn. 188) M. Geffrey
1347. The 21.Adam Brabasoun, (fn. 189)Richard Bas. M.
Thomas Leggy, Skinner.
King Edward wonne Callis from the French.
1348. The 22. Henry Picard, Simon Dolsely. (fn. 190)Mayor Iohn
A great pest. Sir Walter Mannie, knight, founded the
Charterhouse by Smithfield, to be a buriall for the dead.
1349. The 23. Adam of Bury, Raph de Lenn. (fn. 191)M. Walter
1350. The 24. Iohn Notte, W. Worcester. Mayor Richard
Kyslyngbury. (fn. 192)
1351. The 25. Iohn Wroth, Gilbert Stayndrop. (fn. 193)Maior Andrew
1352. The 26. Iohn Peche, Iohn Stodeye. (fn. 194) M. Adam Frauncis,
This mayor procured an act of Parliament, that no knowne
whore should weare any hoode, or attire on her head, except
reied or striped cloth of diuers colours, &c.
1353. The 27. W. Welde, (fn. 195)Iohn Little. Mayor Adam Francis
This Adam Francis was one of the founders of the
Colledge in Guildhall chappell, &c. Henry Frowikewas the
1354. The 28. William de Todenham, (fn. 196)Richard Smelt. Mayor
Thomas Leggy, Skinner.
Aldermen of London, were vsed to be changed yearely,
but now it was ordayned, that they should not be remoued,
without some speciall cause.
1355. The 29. Walter Forester, (fn. 197) Thomas Brandon. Maior
Simon Francis, mercer.
1356. The 30.Richard Notingham, Thomas Dolsely, (fn. 198) Maior
Henry Picard, Vintoner.
This H. Picardfeasted the Kings of England, of France,
Cipres, and Scots, with other great estates, all in one day.
1357. The 31. Stephen Cauendish, (fn. 199)Bartholomew Frestlynges. (fn. 200)
Maior, Sir Iohn Stody Vintoner.
This Iohn Stodygaue tenements to the Vintoners in
London, for reliefe of the poore of that Company.
1358. The 32. Iohn Barnes, Iohn Buris. Maior Iohn Louekin,
1359. The 33. Simon of Benington, Iohn of Chichester. Maior
Symon Dolsely, (fn. 201) Grocer.
1360. The 34. Iohn Denis, Walter Berny. Maior I. Wroth,
1361. The 35. William Holbech, Iames Tame. Maior I. Peche,
1362. The 36. Iohn of S.Albons, Iames Andrew. Maior Stephen Cauendish, (fn. 202) Draper.
1363. The 37. Richard Croyden, Iohn Hiltoft. (fn. 203) Maior Iohn
1364. The 38. Iohn de Mitford, Simon de Mordon. Maior
Adam of Bury, Skinner.
1365. The 39. Iohn de Briklesworth, (fn. 204) Thomas Ireland. Maior
Iohn Louekin, Fishmonger, and Adam of Bury, Skinner. (fn. 205)
1366. The 40. Iohn Warde, Thomas of Lee. Maior Iohn
This Iohn Lofkinbuilded the parish church of saint
Michael in Crooked Lane.
1367. The 41. Iohn Turngold, William Dikeman. Maior
Iames Andrew, Draper.
1368. The 42. Robert Girdelere, (fn. 206) Adam Wimondham. Maior
Simon Mordon, Stockfishmonger.
This yeare Wheate was sold for 2.s. 6.d. the bushell.
1369. The 43. Iohn Piel, Hugh Holbech. (fn. 207) Maior Iohn Chichester, Goldsmith.
1370. The 44. William Walworth, Robert Geyton. Mayor
Iohn Barnes, mercer.
1371. The 45. Adam Stable, (fn. 208) Robert Hatfield. Maior Iohn
This Iohn Barnes gaue a chest with three lockes, and one
thousand marke to be lent to poore yong men.
1372. The 46. Iohn Philpot, Nicholas Brembar. Maior Iohn
1373. The 47. Iohn Aubury, Iohn Fifhyde (fn. 209) Maior Adam of
1374. The 48. Richard Lions, William Woodhouse. Maior
William Walworth, Fishmonger.
1375. The 49. Iohn Hadley, W. Newport. Maior Io. Ward,
1376. The 50. Iohn Northampton, Robert Laund. Maior
Adam Stable, mercer.
The Londoners ment to haue slaine Iohn Duke of Lancaster: Adam Stable maior put downe, and Nicholas
Brembar elected. Also the Aldermen were deposed, & other
set in their places.
Richard the second began his raigne the 21. of Iune, in
the yeare 1377.
1377. The first, shiriffes, Nicholas Twiford, Andrew Pikeman.
Maior, sir Nicholas Brembar, Grocer.
Iohn Philpota Citizen of London, sent shippes to the sea,
and scoured it of Pirates, taking many of them prisoners.
1378. The 2. Iohn Boseham, Thomas Cornwalis. Maior, sir
Iohn Philpot, Grocer.
This Sir Iohn Philpot gaue to the Citie lands for the
finding of thirteene poore people for euer.
1379. The 3. Iohn Helisdon, William Barrat. Maior Io.
1380. The 4. Walter Doget, William Knightcoate. Maior
W. Walworth, Fishmonger.
This William Walwortharrested Wat Tilerthe rebel,
& was knighted. He increased the parish church of Saint
Michaelin Crooked lane, and founded there a colledge.
Other Aldermen were also knighted for their seruice in the
1381. The 5. Iohn Rote, Iohn Hend. Mayor Iohn Northampton,
1382. The 6. Adam Bamme, Iohn Sely. Mayor Iohn Northampton, Draper or Skinner, as I find in record.
1383. The 7. Simon Winchcombe, Iohn More. Mayor, Sir
Nicholas Brembar, Grocer. Iohn Northampton, late Mayor
of London, was committed to perpetuall prison, and his
1384. The 8. Nicholas Exton, Iohn Fressh. (fn. 210) Mayor, Sir
Nicholas Brembar, Grocer, knighted with William Walworth.
1385. The 9. Iohn Organ, Iohn Churchman. Mayor, Sir
Nicholas Brembar, Grocer: the foresaid Iohn Churchman
new builded the custome house neere to the Tower of
London, and did many other works for the commodity
of this Citie.
1386. The 10. W. Standone, (fn. 211) W. More. Maior Nicholas
Exton, Fishmonger. This yeare the Citizens of London,
fearing the French, pulled downe houses neare about their
City, repaired their walles, and clensed their ditches, &c.
1387. The II. William Venor, Hugh Fastolf. (fn. 212)Maior Nicholas
Exton, Fishmonger. Sir Nicholas Brember, late Maior of
London, was this yeare beheaded.
1388. The 12. Thomas Austin, Adam Carlhul. Maior Nicholas
Tuiford, Goldsmith, knighted with W. Walworth.
1389. The 13. Iohn Walcot, Iohn Louenay. (fn. 213)Maior William
1390. The 14. Iohn Francis, Thomas Viuent. Maior Adam
Bamme, Goldsmith: this Adam Bamme prouided from
beyond the seas Corne in great aboundance, so that the
Citie was able to serue the countrie.
1391. The 15. Iohn Shadworth, Henry Vanner. (fn. 214) Maior Iohn
Hend, Draper: this mayor was for displeasure taken, sent
to Windsor Castle, and the king made Warden of the Citty,
1392. The 16. Gilbert Maghfield, Thomas Neuton. (fn. 215) maior
William Stondone, Grocer.
1393. The 17. Drew Barintin, Richard Whitington. mayor
Iohn Hadley, Grocer: Faringdon Warde was by Parliament
appointed to be diuided into two Wardes, to wit, infra,
1394. The 18. William Brampton, (fn. 216) Thomas Knoles. mayor
Iohn Froshe, (fn. 217) mercer.
1395. The 19. Roger Elles, William Shyryngham. (fn. 218) maior
William More, Vintner.
1396. The 20. Thomas Wilford, William Parker. maior
Adam Bamme, Goldsmith.
1397. The 21. Iohn Wodcoke, William Askam. maior
Richard Whitington, mercer.
1398. The 22. Iohn Wade, Iohn Warnar. maior Drew
Henry the fourth began his raigne the 29. of Septemb.
the yeare 1399.
1399. The i. shiriffes, William Waldern, William Hyde. (fn. 219)
mayor Thomas Knoles, Grocer.
1400. The 2. Iohn Wakel, William Enote. (fn. 220) maior Iohn
1401. The 3. William Venor, Iohn Fremelyngham. (fn. 221)maior
Iohn Shadworth, mercer; the Conduit vpon Cornhill was
this yere made of an old prison house called the Tunne.
1402. The 4. Richard Marlow, Robert Chicheley. maior I.
1403. The 5. Thomas Falconer, Thomas Poole. maior W.
1404. The 6. William Louthe, (fn. 222) Stephen Spilman. maior Iohn
Hend, Draper; this Iohn Hendwas a new builder of the
parish church of Saint Swithen by London stone.
1405. The 7. Henry Barton, William Crowmere. (fn. 223) maior Iohn
Wodcocke, mercer: this maior caused all the Weres in the
riuer of Thames, from Stanes to the riuer of Medwey, to
bee destroyed, and the trinkes to be burned,&c.
1406. The 8. Nicholas Wooton, Gefferey Brooke. maior
Richard Whittington, mercer. This year a great pestilence
in London tooke away more then 30000. people.
1407. The 9. Henry Pontfrackt, Henry Halton, Mercer. Maior
William Stondon, Grocer.
1408. The 10. Thomas Duke, (fn. 224) William Norton. Maior Drew
Barentine, Goldsmith. This Drew Barentine builded a part
of the Goldsmith Hall, and gaue them lands.
1409. The II. John Lane, (fn. 225) William Chichley. M. Richard
Marlow, Ironmonger. A great play at Skinners well, which
lasted eight dayes, and was of matter from the creation of
the world: the most part of all the great Estates of England
were there to behold it.
1410. The 12. Iohn Penne, Thomas Pike. Maior Thomas
Knoles, Grocer. This Thomas Knoles began anew to build
the Guild hall in London, &c.
1411. The 13. John Rainwel, William Cotton. Maior Robert
1412. The 14. Ralph Lobenham, (fn. 226) William Seuenocke. Maior
William Waldren, Mercer.
Henry the fift began his raigne the 20. of March, the
1413. The i. shiriffes, Iohn Sutton, John Micholl (fn. 227). Maior
William Cromar, Draper. Sir John Oldcastle assembled
a great power in Fickets field by London, which power was
ouercome and taken by the king and his power.
1414. The 2. John Michell, Thomas Alen. M. Th. Falconer,
mercer: this maior caused the Posterne called Moregate to
bee builded, and he lent to the king 10000. marks upon
1415. The 3. William Cambridge, Alen Euerard. maior
Nicholas Wotton, Draper.
1416. The 4. Robert Whittington, John Couentrie. M. Hen.
Barton, Skinner: this Henrie Barton ordayned Lanthornes
with lights to bee hanged out on the Winter euening betwixt
Hallontide and Candlemasse.
1417. The 5. H. Read, Io. Gidney (fn. 228) M. Ri. Marlow, Ironmonger.
1418. The 6. Iohn Brian, Raph Barton, Iohn parnesse. (fn. 229) maior
William Seuenoke: this William Seuenoke, sonne to William
Rumsched of Seuenoke in Kent, was by his father bound an
Apprentise with Hugh de Bois Citizen and Ferrer of London,
for a terme of yeares, which being expired in the yeare 1394.
the xviii. of Richard the 2. Iohn Hadley being maior of
London, and Stephen Spilman Chamberlaine of the Guildhall: he alledged that his maister had vsed the trade or
mystery of a Grocer, and not of a Ferrer, and therefore
required to bee made free of the Grocers companie, which
was graunted: this William Seuenokefounded in the towne
of Seuenoke a free schoole, and almes houses for the poore.
1419. The 7. Robert Whityngham, (fn. 230) Iohn Butler. (fn. 231) Maior
Richard Whittington, Mercer: this maior founded Whittington Colledge.
1420. The 8. Iohn Butler (fn. 232) Iohn Wells. Maior William
1421. The 9. Richard Gosseline, William Weston. Maior
Rob. Chichley, Grocer. This maior gaue one plot of ground
thereupon to build the parish church of S. Stephen vpon
Henrie the sixt began his raigne the 31. of August, the
1422. The i. shiriffes, William Eastfield, Robert Tatarsall.
Maior William Waldern, mercer. This yeare the west gate
of London was begun to be builded by the Executors of
1423. The 2. Nicholas Iames, Thomas Wandesford (fn. 233) Maior
William Cromer, Draper.
1424. The 3. Simon Seman, Iohn Bywater. (fn. 234) Maior Iohn
1425. The 4. William Melreth, iohn Brokle. (fn. 235) maior Iohn
1426. The 5. Iohn Arnold, Iohn Higham. M.Iohn Reinwell,
Fishmonger. this maior gaue tenements to the Citie for
the discharge of three wards in London for fifteenes, &c.
1427. The 6. Henrie Frowicke, Robert Oteley. Maior Iohn
1428. The 7. Thomas Duffehouse, Iohn Abbot. Maior Henry
1429. The 8. William Russe, Raph Holland. Maior William
Eastfield, mercer. Raph Holland gaue to impotent poore
120 pound, to prisoners 80. pound, to hospitals 40. pound, &c.
1430. The 9. Waltar Chartsey, Robert Large. Maior Nicholas
Wotton, Draper. Waltar Chartesey, Draper, gaue to the
poore 100.li. beside 20.li. to the Hospitals, &c.
1431. The 10. Iohn Hatherley (fn. 236) Stephen Brown. Maior Iohn
Wels, Grocer. This Iohn Wels, a great benefactor to the
new building of the Chappell by the Guild hall, and of his
goods the standard in west Cheape was made.
1432. The 11. Iohn Olney, Iohn Paddesley. M. Iohn Parneis,
1433. The 12. Thomas Chalton, Iohn Ling. Maior Iohn Brokle,
1434. The 13. Thomas Barnewell, Symon Eyre. Maior Robert
1435. The 14. Thomas Catworth, Robert Clopton. Maior
Henry Frowicke, Mercer.
1436. The 15. Thomas Morsted, William Gregorie. Maior
Iohn Michel, Fishmonger.
1437. The 16. William Hales, William Chapman. Maior, Sir
William Eastfield, mercer: this sir William Eastfield knight
of the Bath, a great benefactor to the water Conduits.
1438. The 17. Hugh Dyke, (fn. 237)Nicholas Yoo. Maior Stephen
Browne, Grocer. Wheate solde for three shillings the
Bushell: but this man sent into Prusia, & caused to be
brought from thence certaine ships laden with Rie, which
did great reliefe.
1439. The 18. Philip Malpas, Robert Marshal. Maior Robert
Large, Mercer. Philip Malpas at his decease gaue 120.li.
to poore prisoners, and euery yeare for fiue yeares 400.
shirts and smocks, 40. payre of sheetes, and 150. gowns of
frise to the poore, to poore maides marriages 100. markes, to
high wayes, 100. markes, and to 500. poore people in London
euery one six shillings eight pence, &c.
1440. The 19. Iohn Sutton, William Wetinhale. Maior Iohn
Paddesley, Goldsmith, mayster of the Workes of money in
the tower of London.
1441. The 20. William Combes, (fn. 238) Richard Rich. M. Robert
1442. The 21. Thomas Beamont, (fn. 239) Richard Nordon. (fn. 240) M. Iohn
1443. The 22. Nicholas Wyfold (fn. 241) Iohn Norman. Maior Thomas
1444. The 23. Stephen Forstar, Hugh Witch. Maior, Henrie
Frowicke, mercer: this yeare Powles steeple was fiered with
lightning and hardly quenched.
1445. 24. Iohn Darby, Godfrey Filding. (fn. 242) Mayor Simon Eyre,
Draper: this Simon Eyre builded the Leaden Hall in
London, to bee a common garner for the citty, &c.
1446. The 25. Robert Horne, Godfrey Bolaine. (fn. 243)Maior Iohn
1447. The 26. William Abraham, Thomas Scot. Mayor Iohn
Gidney, (fn. 244) Draper.
1448. The 27. William Cantelowe, (fn. 245)William MarrowMayor
Stephen Browne, Grocer.
1449.The 28. William Hulin, Thomas Caninges. Mayor
Thomas Chalton, mercer: this yeare Iacke Cade a Rebell of
Kent came to London, entered the Citty, &c.
1450. The 29. I[ohn] Middleton, William Deere. Mayor
Nicholas Wyfold, (fn. 246)Grocer. Souldiers made a fray against the
maior the same day he tooke his charge at Westminster.
1451. The 30. Mathew Philip, Christopher Warter. (fn. 247) Mayor
William Gregory, Skinner.
1452. The 31. Richard Lee, Richard Alley. Mayor Godfrey
Filding mercer, of counsell to H. the 6. and E. the fourth:
this yeare was a great fray at the wrastling.
1453. The 32. Iohn Walden, (fn. 248)Thomas Cooke. Mayor Iohn
Norman, Draper: this Iohn Norman was the first Maior
that was rowed to Westminster by water, for before that
time they rode on horsebacke.
1454. The 33. Iohn Field, W. Taylor. Mayor Stephen Forstar,
Fishmonger: this Stephen Forstar enlarged Ludgate for the
ease of prisoners there, &c.
1455. The 34. Iohn Yong, Thomas Olgraue (fn. 249) M. William
Marrow, Grocer. The Mercers seruants in London made
a riote vpon the Lombards and other strangers.
1456. The 35. Iohn Styward, (fn. 250) Raph Verney. Maior Thomas
1457. The 36. William Edwards, Thomas Reiner. Maior
Godfrey Boloine, mercer. This Godfrey Boloine gave 1000
pound to poore householders in London, &c.
1458. The 37. Raph Ioceline, Richard Nedeham. (fn. 251) Maior
Thomas Scot, Draper.
1459. The 38. Iohn Plommar, Iohn Stockar. (fn. 252) Maior William
1460. 39. Richard Fleming Iohn Lambard. Maior Richarde
Edward the fourth began his raigne the fourth of March
in the yeare 1460. after the account of the Church of England.
1461. The first, shiriffes, George Ireland, Iohn Locke. Maior
Hugh Witch, mercer.
1462. The 2. William Hampton, Brtholomew Iames. M.
Thomas Cooke, Draper, made knight of the Bath in the fift
of Edward the fourth, and had great troubles after.
1463. The 3. Robert Basset, (fn. 253) Thomas Muschampe. Maior
Mathew Philip, Goldsmith, made knight of the Bath, the
fift of Edward the fourth, and after in the field the tenth of
Edward the fourth.
1464. The 4. Iohn Tate, Iohn Stone. Maior Raph Ioceline,
Draper, knight of the Bath, and also in the field.
1465. The 5. Henrie Wauer, William Constantine. Maior
Raph Verney, mercer. Henrie Wauer one of the shiriffes,
made knight of the Bath.
1466. The 6. Iohn Bromer, (fn. 254) Henry Brice. (fn. 255)Mayor Iohn Yong,
Grocer, made knight in the field. This yeare began the
troubles of sir Thomas Cooke, and of other Aldermen, as yee
may read in my Summarie.
1467. The 7.Thomas Stalbroke, Humfrey Heyford. Maior
Thomas Oldgraue, Skinner.
1468. The 8. Symon Smith, William Hariot.Maior William
Tayler, Grocer. This Maior gaue tenementes to discharge
Cordwayner streete ward of fifteenes.
1469. The 9. Richard Gardener, Robert Drope. Maior Richard
Lee, Grocer. This yeare the tower of London being deliuered
to the Maior and his brethren, they deliuered king H. from
1470. The 10. Sir Iohn Crosbie, Iohn Ward. Maior Sir <Iohn>
Stockton, Mercer. Thomas the Bastard Fauconbridge with
a riotous companie set vpon this Citie, at Aldgate, Bishopsgate, the Bridge, &c. and xii. Aldermen with the Recorder
were knighted in the field by Edward the 4. to wit, Iohn
Stokton Maior, Raph Verney late maior, Iohn Yong late
maior, William Tayler late maior, Richard Lee, late maior,
Mathew Philips late maior, George Ireland, William Stocker,
William Hampton since maior, Thomas Stalbroke, Iohn
Crosbie, and Bartlemew Iames since maior, with Thomas
1471. The 11. Iohn Allin, Iohn Shelley. Maior Willey Edward,
Grocer: the water Conduit at Aldermanburie, and the
standard in Fleetstreet were finished.
1471. The 12. Iohn Browne, Thomas Bledlow. Maior, Sir
William Hampton, Fishmonger: this sir William Hampton
punished strumpets, and caused stockes to be set in euery
ward to punish vagabonds.
1473. The 13. Sir William Stockar, Robert Belisdon. (fn. 256) Maior
Iohn Tate, mercer: this yeare the Shiriffes of London were
appoynted each of them to haue sixteene Sergeants, euerie
Sergeant to haue his yeoman, and six Clearkes, to wit,
a Secondarie, a Clearke of the Papers, and foure other
Clearkes, besides the vnder shiriffes Clearkes.
1474. The 14. Edmond Shaw, Thomas Hil. Maior Robert
Drope, Draper: this Robert Drope increased the water
conduit vpon Cornehill, &c.
1475. The 15. Hugh Brice, Robert Colwich. Maior Robert
Basset Saltar: this Robert Basset corrected the Bakers, and
other victualers of this Cittie.
1476. The 16. Richard Rawson, William Horne. Maior, sir
Raph Ioceline, Draper, Knight of the Bath: by the dilligence
of this Maior, the walles of the Cittie were repayred.
1477. The 17. Henry Collet, Iohn Stoker, Maior Humphrey
1478. The 18. Robert Harding, Robert Bifield, Mayor Richard
Gardener, mercer. Robert Bifield shiriffe was fined by the
Maior, and payd 50.li. toward the water Conduits.
1479. The 19. Thomas Ilam, Iohn Warde. Maior, Sir Bartholomew Iames, Draper, made knight in the field, by E.
the 4. T. Ilam newly builded the great Conduit in west
1480. The 20. Thomas Daniel, William Bacon. Maior Iohn
1481. The 21. Robert Tate, William Wiking. (fn. 257) Mayor William
1482. The 22. William White, Iohn Mathew. Maior Edmond
Sha Goldsmith. This Edmond Sha caused the Posterne
called Cripplesgate to be newly builded, &c.
Edward the fift began his raigne the 9. of April, in the
Richard the third began his raigne the 22. of Iune, in the
1483. The I. shiriffes, Thomas Norland (fn. 258),William Martin. M. Robert Bilisden, Haberdasher.
1484. The 2. Richard Chester, Thomas Brittaine, Raphe
Austrie. M. Tho. Hill, Grocer, sir William Stocker, Draper,
Ioh. Ward, Grocer: three shiriffes and three Maiors this
yeare by means of a sweating sickness, &c. Thomas Hil
appointed by his testament the water Conduit in Grassestreet to be builded.
Henrie the seuenth began his raigne the 22. of August,
in the yeare 1485.
1485. The I. shiriffes, Iohn Tate, Iohn Swan. MaiorHugh
Brise (fn. 259), Goldsmith. This Hugh Brise was keeper of the
kings mints at London.
1486. The 2. Iohn Perciuall, Hugh Clopton. Maior Henry
Collet mercer: the crosse in Cheape was new builded in
1487. The 3. Iohn Fenkell, William Remington. Maior, Sir
William Horne, Saltar: this William Horne made knight
in the field by Henry the 7. gaue to the repayring of high
wayes betwixt London and Cambridge 500. marks, and to
the preachers at Paules Crosse, &c.
1488. The 4. W. Isaack, Raph Tilney. Maior Robert Tate,
1489. The 5. William Caple, Iohn Brocke. Maior W. White,
1490. The 6. Henry Cote, Robert Reuell (fn. 260),Hugh Pemberton
Maior, Iohn Mathew, mercer.
1491. The 7. Thomas Wood, William Browne. Maior Hugh
Clopton, mercer. Hugh Clopton builded the great stone
bridge at Stratford vpon Hauen in Warwicke shire.
1492. The 8. William Purchase, William Welbecke. Maior
William Martin, Skinner. A riot made vpon the Esterlings by the Mercers seruants and other.
1493. The 9. Robert Fabian, Iohn Winger. Maior, Sir Raph
Astrie, Fishmonger, made knight by H. the seueth: Robert
Fabian, Alderman, made Fabians Chronicle, a paineful
labour, to the honor of the Cittie, and the whole realme.
1494. The 10. Nicholas Alwine, Iohn Warner. Maior, Richard
1495. The 11. Thomas Knesworth, Henry Somer. Maior,
Henry Colet, mercer.
1496. The 12. Sir Iohn Sha, sir Richard Haddon. Maior
Sir Iohn Tate the yonger, mercer, the king made this maior,
Robert Shefield Recorder, and both the shiriffes knightes,
for their good seruice against the rebels at Black Hith field.
1497. The 13. Bartlemew Read, Thomas Windout. Maior
W. Purchase, Mercer. All the Gardens in the Morefielde
were destroyed and made playne ground.
1498. The 14. Thomas Bradbury, Stephen Ienings. Maior
Sir Iohn Perceuall, made knight in the fielde by king Henrie
1499. The xv. Iames Wilford, Thomas Brond. Maior Nicholas Alwin, Mercer. This Nicholas Alwyn gaue to three
thousand poore people in London, twelue pence the peece,
and to three thousand in the towne of Spalding the like, &c.
1500. The xvi. Iohn Hawes, William Steede. Mayor, W.
1501. The xvii. Laurence Ailmer, Henry Hede. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Sha, Goldsmith, made knight in the fielde by Henry
the seuenth: this sir Iohn Sha caused his Brethren the
Aldermen to ride from the Guildhall vnto the waters side,
where hee tooke his Barge to Westminster, hee was sworne
by the Kinges councell, hee commonly in the afternoones
kepte a Court alone, called before him many matters, and
1502. The xviii. Henry Kebel, Nicholas Nines. (fn. 261) Mayor Bartlemew Reade, Goldsmith.
1503. The xix. Christopher Hawes, Robert Wats, Thomas
Granger. M. Sir William Capell, Draper, made knight by
Henry the seuenth. This sir William caused a Cage in
euerie Warde to be set for punishing of vagabondes.
1504. The xx. Roger Acheley, William Brown. Mayor, Iohn
1505. The xxi. Richard Shore, Roger Groue. Mayor Thomas
Knesworth, Fishmonger: this Thomas Knesworth appointed
the water Conduit at Bishopsgate to bee builded, &c.
1506. The xxii. William Copenger, Thomas Iohnson (fn. 262), William
Fitzwilliams, Marchant taylor, after of Counsell to Henrie
the eight. Mayor Sir Richard Haddon, Mercer.
1507. The xxiii. William Butler, Iohn Kirkby. Mayor
William Browne, (fn. 263) Mercer, for part Laurence Ailmer
1508. The 24. Thomas Exmew, Richard Smith. Mayor
Stephen Ieninges, Marchant taylor: this Stephen Ieninges
builded the greatest part of S. Andrewes church called
Vndershaft. He builded a free schoole at Vlfrunehampton
in Staffordshire, &c.
Henry the 8. began his raigne the 22. of April, the
1509. The first. Shiriffes, George Monoxe, Iohn Doget. M.
Thomas Bradbury (fn. 264) Mercer, for parte Sir William Caple,
1510. The second. Iohn Milborne, Iohn Rest. Mayor Henrie
Keble, Grocer. This Henry Keble gaue one thousand
pounde toward the new building of his parrish church of
1511. The 3. Nicholas Shelton, Thomas Mirfine. Mayor
Roger Acheley, Draper. This Roger Acheleyprouided corn
for seruice of this Cittie in great plentie: Hee caused the
same to be stowed vppe in the common Garner called
1512. The 4. Robert Aldarnes, Robert Fenrother. Mayor, sir
William Copinger (fn. 265) Fishmonger, for part, Richard Haddon,
Mercer, for the rest. Sir W. Copinger gaue halfe his goodes
to his wife, and the other halfe to the poore that had most
1513. The 5. Iohn Dawes, Iohn Bridges (fn. 266) Roger Basford. (fn. 267)
Mayor, W.Browne, Mercer, and Iohn Tate, Mercer, this
Iohn Tate new builded the church of S.Anthonies Hospital
1514. The 6. Iames Yarford, Iohn Monday. Mayor George
1515. The 7. Henry Warley, Richarde Grey, W. Bayly
Mayor, Sir William Butler, Grocer.
1516. The 8. Thomas Seimer, Iohn Thurstone. Mayor Iohn
1517. The 9. Thomas Baldrie, Raph Simondes. Mayor, Sir
Thomas Exmew, Goldsmith. Sir Thomas Exmew made
the water conduit in London wall by Moregate, &c.
1518. The 10. Iohn Allen, Iames Spencer. Mayor, Thomas
1519. The eleuenth, Iohn Wilkenson, Nicholas Partrich. M.
Sir Iames Yarford, mercer. From this time the mayors of
London, for the most part, haue beene knighted by curtesie
of the kinges, and not otherwise.
1520. The 12. Sir Iohn Skeuinton, Iohn Kyme. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Bruge, Draper.
1521. The 13. Iohn Breton, Thomas Pargetor. M. Sir Iohn
Milborne, Draper. This Sir Iohn Milbornefounded foureteene Almes houses by the Crossed Fryers church, &c.
1522. The 14. Iohn Rudstone, Iohn Champneis. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Mundy, Goldsmith.
1523. The 15. Michaell English, Nicholas Ienines. Mayor,
Sir T. Baldry, mercer.
1524. The 16. Raph Dodmer, William Roche. M. Sir W.
1525. The 17. Iohn Caunton, Christopher Askew. Maior, Sir
Iohn Allen, Mercer.
1526. The 18. Stephen Peacocke, Nicholas Lambert. M. Sir
Thomas Seamer, Mercer.
1527. The 19. Iohn Hardy, William Holles. (fn. 268) M. Sir Iames
1528. The 20. Raph Waren, Iohn Long. M. Sir Iohn Rudstone, Draper.
1529. The 21. Michel Dormer, Walter Champion. Mayor,
Sir Raph Dodmer, Mercer. This yeare it was decreed that
no man should be mayor of London more then one yeare.
1530. The 22. William Dauntsey, Richard Choppyn. (fn. 269) M. Sir
T. Pargitor, Saltar.
1531. The 23. Richard Gresham, Edward Altham. Mayor
Sir Nicholas Lambard, Grocer.
1532. The 24. Richard Reynoldes, Nicholas Pinchon, Iohn
Martin, Iohn Preste. (fn. 270) Mayor, Sir Stephen Pecocke, Haberdasher.
1533. The 25. William Forman, Sir T. Kitson. Maior, Sir
Christopher Askew, Draper.
1534. The 26. Nicholas Leuison (fn. 271), W. Denham. Mayor, Sir
Iohn Champneis, Skinner.
1535. The 27. Humfrey Munmoth, Iohn Cootes. M. Sir Iohn
Allen, Mercer, by the kings appointment hee was of his
councell. A man of great wisedome, and also of great
charity. The fore named Shiriffes, Munmouthand Cootes,
put away xii. Sergeants, and xii. Yeomen, but were by
a common councell forced to take them againe.
1536. The 28. Robert Paget, William Boyer. (fn. 272) Maior, Sir
Raph Waren, Mercer.
1537. The 29. Sir Iohn Gresham, Thomas Lewen. Maior, Sir
Richard Gresham, Mercer.
1538. The 30. William Wilkenson, Nicholas Gibson. Maior
William Forman, Haberdasher.
1539. The 31. Iohn Feiry (fn. 273),Thomas Huntlow. Maior, Sir W.
1540. The 32. Sir William Laxton, Martin Bowes. Maior,
Sir William Roch, Draper.
1541. The 33. Rowland Hill, Henry Suckley. Maior, Sir
Michael Dormer, Mercer.
1542. The 34. Henry Habberthorne (fn. 274) Henry Amcotes. Maior
Iohn Cootes, Salter.
1543. The 35. Iohn Toleus (fn. 275),Richard DobbesMaior, Sir W.
Bowyer, Draper: For parte, Sir Raph Waren, Mercer.
1544. The 36. Iohn Wilford, Andrew Iude. Maior, Sir W.
1545. The 37. George Barnes (fn. 276)Ralph Alley. Maior, Sir Martin
1546. The 38. Richard Iarueis, Thomas Curteis. Maior, Sir
Henry Hubbarthorne, marchant taylor.
Edward the sixt began his raigne the 28. of Ianuary, in
the yeare 1546.
1547. The 1. Shiriffes Thomas White, Robert Charsey. (fn. 277) Maior,
Sir Iohn Gresham, Mercer.
1548. The 2. William Locke, Sir Iohn Ailife. Maior, Sir Henry
1549. The 3. Richard Turke, Iohn Yorke. Maior Rowland
1550. The 4. Augustine Hind, Iohn Lyon. Maior, Sir An drew
1551. The 5. Iohn Lamberd, Iohn Cowper. Maior, Sir Richard
1552. The 6. William Gerard, Iohn Maynard. Maior, Sir
George Barnes, Haberdasher.
Queene Mary began her raigne the 6. of Iuly the yeare
1553. The I. shiriffes, Thomas Ofley, William Huet. Maior,
Sir Thomas White, Marchant taylor. This Thomas White
founded Saint Iohns Colledge in Oxford. Hee gaue to the
Citie of Bristow two thousand pound.
1554. The 2. Dauid Woodrofe, William Chester. Maior, Sir
Iohn Lion, Grocer.
1555. The 3. Thomas Leigh, Iohn Machil. (fn. 278) Maior, Sir William
1556. The 4. William Harper, Iohn White. Maior, Sir Thomas
Ofley, Marchant taylor.
1557. The 5. Richard Malorie, Iames Aitham. (fn. 279) Maior, Sir
Thomas Curteis, Fishmonger.
1558. The 6. Iohn Halse, Richard Champion. Maior, Sir
Thomas Leigh, Mercer.
Queene Elizabeth began her raigne the 17. of Nouember,
in the yeare of Christ 1558.
1559. The 1. Shiriffes Thomas Lodge, Roger Martin. Maior,
Sir William Huet, Clothworker.
1560. The 2. Christopher Draper, Thomas Row. Maior, Sir
William Chester, Draper: this yeare the Marchant taylors
of London founded their notable free schoole for poore
mens children, &c.
1561. The 3. Alexander Auenon (fn. 280),Humfrey Baskeruile. Maior,
Sir William Harper, Marchant taylor.
1562. The 4. William Alin, Richard Chamberlaine. Mayor,
Sir Thomas Lodge, Grocer.
1563. The 5. Edward Bankes, Rowland Heyward. Maior, Sir
Iohn White, Grocer.
1564. The 6. Edward Iackeman, Lionel Ducket. Maior, Sir
Richard Malorie, Mercer.
1565. The 7. Iohn Riuers, Iames Hawes. Maior, Sir Richard
1566. The 8. Richard Lambert, Ambrose Nicholas, Iohn
Langley. Maior, Sir Christopher Draper, Ironmonger.
1567. The 9. Thomas Ramsey, William Bond. Maior, Sir
Roger Martin, Mercer.
1568. The 10. Iohn Oleph, Robert Harding, Iames Bacon.
Maior, Sir Thomas Row, marchant taylor.
1569. The 11. Henry Becher, William Dane. Maior,Alexander
1570. The 12. Francis Bernam (fn. 281) William BoxMaior, Sir
Rowland Heyward, Clothworker.
1571. The 13. Henry Miles (fn. 282), Iohn Braunch. Maior, Sir
William Allin, Mercer.
1572. The 14. Richard Pipe, Nicholas Woodrofe. Maior, Sir
Lionel Ducket, Mercer.
1573. The 15. Iames Haruy, Thomas Pullison. Maior, Sir
I. Riuers, Grocer.
1574. The 16. Thomas Blanke, Anthony Gamage. Maior
Iames Hawes, Clothworker.
1575. The 17. Edward Osborne, Wolstane Dixie. Maior
Ambrose Nicholas, Salter.
1576. The 18. William Kimpton, George Barne. Maior, Sir
Iohn Langley, Goldsmith.
1577. The 19. Nicholas Backhouse, Francis Bowyer. Maior
Sir Thomas Ramsey, Grocer.
1578. The 20. George Bond, Thomas Starkie. Maior, Sir
Richard Pipe, Draper.
1579. The 21. Martin Calthrope (fn. 283), Iohn Hart. Maior, Sir
Nicholas Woodrofe, Haberdasher.
1580. The 22. Ralph Woodcock, Iohn Alate. (fn. 284) Maior, Sir Iohn
1581. The 23. Richard Martin, William Webbe.Maior, Sir
Iames Haruie, Ironmonger.
1582. The 24.William Roe Iohn Haydon, (fn. 285), Cuthbert Buckle.
Maior, Sir Thomas Blancke, Haberdasher.
1583. The 25. William Masham, Iohn Spencer. Maior Edward
1584. The 26. Stephen Slany, Henry Billingsley. Maior, Sir
Thomas Pullison, Draper.
1585. The 27. Anthony Radclife, Henry Pranell. (fn. 286) Maior, Sir
Wolstane Dixie, Skinner.
1586. The 28. Robert House, William Elkin. Maior, Sir
George Barne, Haberdasher.
1587. The 29. Thomas Skinner, Iohn Katcher. Maior, Sir
George Bond, Haberdasher.
1588. The 30. Hugh Ofley, Richard Saltenstall. Maior, Sir
Martin Calthrope (fn. 287), Draper, for part, and Richard Martin,
Goldsmith, for the rest of that yeare.
1589. The 31. Richard Gurney, Stephen Some. Maior, Sir
Iohn Hart, Grocer.
1590. The 32. Nicholas Mosley, Robert Broke. Maior Iohn
Allot (fn. 288), Fishmonger, for part, Sir Rowland Heyward, Clothworker, for the rest.
1591. The 33. William Rider, Benet Barnham. Maior, Sir
W. Web, Salter.
1592. The 34. Iohn Garrard, Robert Taylor. Maior, Sir W.
1593. The 35. Paule Banning, Peter Hauton. (fn. 289) Maior, Sir
Cuthbert Buckle (fn. 290), Vintner, for part: Sir Richard Martin,
Goldsmith, for the rest.
1594. The 36. Robert Lee, Thomas Benet. Maior, Sir I. Spencer,
1595. The 37. Thomas Low, Leonard Holiday. Maior, Sir
Stephen Slany, Skinner.
1596. The 38. Iohn Wattes, Richard Godard. Maior, Thomas
Skinner (fn. 291), Clothworker: for part, Sir Henry Billingsley,
1597. The 39. Henry Roe (fn. 292), Iohn More. Mayor, Sir Richard
1598. The 40. Edward Holmeden, Robert Hampson. Mayor,
Sri Stephen Some, Grocer.
1599. The 41. Humfrey Welde, Grocer, Roger Clarke, Salter.
Mayor, Sir Nicholas Mosley, Clothworker.
1600. The 42. Robert Cambell Ironmonger, Thomas Smith,
Haberdasher, William Crauen, Marchant taylor. Mayor,
Sir William Rider, Haberdasher.
1601. The 43. Henry Anderson, Girdler, W. Glouer, Dier.
Maior, Sir Iohn Garrard, Haberdasher.
1602. The 44. Iames Pemberton, Goldsmith. Iohn Swinerton,
Marchant taylor. Mayor, Robert Lee, Marchant taylor.
Thus much for the chiefe & principal gouernours of this
famous Citie, of whose publike gouernment, with the assistants
of inferior officers, their charges for this keeping of the peace,
seruice of the Prince, and honour of this Citie, much might
haue beene said, and I had thought to haue touched more at
large: but being informed that a learned gentleman (Iames
Dalton) a Citizen borne, minded such a labour, and promised
to performe it, I haue forborne, and left the same to his good
leysure: but hee being now lately deceased without finishing
any such worke (a common fault, to promise more then to
performe) and I heare not of any other that taketh it in hand,
I haue beene diuers times minded to adde certayne Chapters
to this booke, but being (by the good pleasure of God) visited
with sicknes, such as my feete ( which haue borne mee many
a mile) haue of late yeares refused, once in foure or fiue
monethes to conuay me from my bed to my study, and
therefore could not do as I would.
At length remembring I had long since gathered notes to
haue Chaptered, am now forced to deliuer them vnperfected,
and desire the Readers to pardon me, that want not will to