BHO

The bedchamber: Gentlemen of the Bedchamber

Pages 14-19

Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.

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Citation:

Table of contents

Gentlemen of the Bedchamber 1660–1702, 1714–1837

One gentleman of the Bedchamber provided close attendance on the Sovereign per week. His duties included assisting the King at his dressing, waiting on him when he ate in private, guarding access to him in his bedchamber and closet and providing noble companionship, generally. The offices of gentleman of the bedchamber were in the gift of the Crown. (fn. 1) From 1660 the office of first gentleman was invariably coupled with that of groom of the stole. Originally the gentlemen were sworn in pursuance of royal warrants directed to the lord chamberlain. (fn. 2) From 1685 to 1688 these warrants were directed to the groom of the stole who swore them. (fn. 3) During the reign of William III it became the practice for new appointments to be communicated by the groom of the stole to the lord chamberlain, who thereupon swore them, saving the right of the groom of the stole to admit them into waiting. (fn. 4) On average 12 other gentlemen served at any one time but the number fluctuated considerably. During the reign of James II the number was reduced to eight. Between 1672 and 1714 extra gentlemen were occasionally appointed. No gentlemen were appointed during the reign of Anne.

The salary attached to the office, payable at the Exchequer, was £1,000 except during the reign of James II when it was reduced to £600. (fn. 5) In addition, they received lodgings and diet when the court was on progress. (fn. 6)

Gentlemen 1660–1837

1660 5 June Granville, Sir J.
1660 7 June Gerard, 1st Lord
1660 25 June Wentworth, Lord
1660 3 July Lauderdale, 2nd Earl of
1660 21 Sept. Newcastle, 1st Marquess of
1660 26 Sept. Crofts, 1st Lord
1660 23 Nov. Albemarle, 1st Duke of
1660 23 Nov. Ormond, 1st Marquess of
1661 30 Jan. Newport, 1st Earl of
1661 9 July Buckingham, 2nd Duke of
1661 9 July Richmond, 3rd Duke of
1662 21 May Mansfield, Viscount
1665 4 Mar. Suffolk, 3rd Earl of
1666 13 Feb. Mandeville, Viscount
1666 11 Apr. Ossory, Earl of
1667 6 Mar. Rochester, 2nd Earl of
1667 23 Sept. Buckingham, 2nd Duke of
1669 23 Dec. Buckhurst, Lord
1673 19 Jan. Mulgrave, 3rd Earl of
1673 19 Jan. Albemarle, 2nd Duke of
1673 18 Oct. Middlesex, 3rd Earl of
1674 2 Mar. Lindsey, 3rd Earl of
1674 Oct. Sunderland, 2nd Earl of
1677 Sept. Oxford, 20th Earl of
1679 1 June Ranelagh, 1st Earl of
1680 29 July Latimer, Viscount
1680 1 Aug. Sussex, 1st Earl of
1682 11 Nov. Arran, Earl of
1683 3 Apr. Lichfield, 1st Earl of
1685 23 Jan. Bruce, Lord
1685 22 Apr. Churchill, 1st Lord
1685 16 May Somerset, 6th Duke of
1685 16 May Beaufort, 1st Duke of
1685 16 May Ossory, Earl of
1685 16 May Mulgrave, 3rd Earl of
1685 16 May Feversham, 2nd Earl of
1685 23 Oct. Ailesbury, 2nd Earl of
1687 9 July Dunbarton, 1st Earl of
1688 28 Nov. Northumberland, 1st Duke of
1688 29 Nov. Salisbury, 4th Earl of
1689 1 Mar. Ormond, 2nd Duke of
1689 1 Mar. Mordaunt, 2nd Viscount
1689 1 Mar. Oxford, 20th Earl of
1689 1 Mar. Churchill, 1st Lord
1689 1 Mar. Lumley, 2nd Viscount
1689 1 Mar. Sydney, Hon. H.
1689 16 Mar. Clare, 4th Earl of
1689 6 Aug. Drumlanrig, Earl of
1689 6 Aug. Selkirk, 2nd Earl of
1691 Sept. Essex, 3rd Earl of
1693 Mar. Lexinton, 2nd Lord
1697 2 Apr. Clifford of Lanesborough, Lord
1699 7 Feb. Arran, 1st Earl of
1700 24 June Carlisle, 3rd Earl of
1701 22 May Bedford, 2nd Duke of
1701 14 June Albemarle, 1st Earl of
1702 8 Mar. Offices vacant (see Ladies of the Bedchamber)
1714 18 Sept. Berkeley, 3rd Earl of
1714 18 Sept. Dorset, 7th Earl of
1714 16 Oct. Richmond, 1st Duke of
1714 16 Oct. Grafton, 2nd Duke of
1714 16 Oct. Kent, 1st Duke of
1714 16 Oct. Lincoln, 7th Earl of
1714 16 Oct. Manchester, 4th Earl of
1714 16 Oct. Stair, 2nd Earl of
1714 16 Oct. Selkirk, 2nd Earl of
1714 16 Oct. Carteret, 2nd Lord
1714 16 Oct. Orrery, 4th Earl of
1716 6 July Orkney, 1st Earl of
1717 12 Feb. Leicester, 6th Earl of
1717 16 July Portland, 1st Duke of
1717 19 July Lonsdale, 3rd Viscount
1719 9 May Bridgwater, 4th Earl of
1719 9 May Warwick, 7th Earl of
1719 9 May Holdernesse, 3rd Earl of
1719 9 May Lindsey, Marquess of
1720 13 June Queensberry, 3rd Duke of
1720 13 June Harold, Earl of
1721 10 Aug. Bute, 2nd Earl of
1721 31 Aug. Rutland, 3rd Duke of
1722 31 Jan. Manchester, 2nd Duke of
1722 1 Feb. Sussex, 1st Earl of
1723 2 Feb. Teynham, 8th Lord
1723 25 May Lynne, Lord
1723 1 June Waldegrave, 2nd Lord
1725 3 June Delawarr, 7th Lord
1726 6 Oct. Richmond, 2nd Duke of
1727 1 June Hamilton, 5th Duke of
1727 24 July Chesterfield, 4th Earl of
1727 24 July Delorain, 1st Earl of
1727 24 July Essex, 3rd Earl of
1727 24 July Albemarle, 2nd Earl of
1727 24 July Herbert, Lord
1727 24 July Paget, Lord
1727 24 July Manners, Lord W.
1727 24 July Clinton, 14th Lord
1730 31 Oct. Waldegrave, 1st Earl
1731 16 July Dunmore, 2nd Earl of
1733 9 Feb. Hinton, Viscount
1733 13 Apr. Cowper, 2nd Earl
1735 9 May Harcourt, 2nd Earl
1737 23 June Tankerville, 2nd Earl of
1738 11 Aug. Marlborough, 3rd Duke of
1738 11 Aug. Rochford, 4th Earl of
1738 11 Aug. St. Albans, 2nd Duke of
1738 11 Aug. Fauconberg, 4th Viscount
1739 7 Dec. Manchester, 3rd Duke of
1741 17 Apr. Holdernesse, 4th Earl of
1741 17 Apr. Kingston, 2nd Duke of
1743 21 Jan. Lincoln, 9th Earl of
1743 17 Dec. Waldegrave, 2nd Earl
1748 18 Mar. Ashburnham, 2nd Earl of
1751 18 May Hertford, 1st Earl of
1751 24 June Fitzwilliam, 3rd Earl
1751 18 July Rockingham, 2nd Marquess of
1752 22 Nov. Coventry, 6th Earl of
1752 22 Nov. Hyndford, 3rd Earl of
1753 3 Jan. Northumberland, 2nd Earl of
1755 17 Mar. Ancaster, 3rd Duke of
1755 17 Mar. Essex, 4th Earl of
1755 17 Mar. Orford, 3rd Earl of
1756 15 Nov. Buckinghamshire, 2nd Earl of
1760 27 Nov. Carnarvon, Marquess of
1760 27 Nov. Richmond, 3rd Duke of
1760 27 Nov. Eglintoun, 10th Earl of
1760 27 Nov. March, 3rd Earl of
1760 27 Nov. Weymouth, 3rd Viscount
1760 11 Dec. Lichfield, 3rd Earl of
1760 11 Dec. Oxford, 4th Earl of
1760 11 Dec. Bruce, 2nd Lord
1761 13 Jan. Pembroke, 10th Earl of
1761 17 Mar. Bertie, Lord R.
1761 21 Mar. Pulteney, Viscount
1761 3 Nov. Bolingbroke, 2nd Viscount
1762 27 Mar. Masham, 2nd Lord
1762 2 Aug. Pomfret, 2nd Earl of
1762 2 Dec. Manchester, 4th Duke of
1763 1 Jan. Willoughby de Broke, 14th Lord
1763 9 Apr. Denbigh, 6th Earl of
1767 6 Nov. Botetourt, 4th Lord
1767 10 Dec. Roxburghe, 3rd Duke of
1768 2 Jan. Bolingbroke, 2nd Viscount
1769 8 Sept. Pembroke, 10th Earl of
1769 20 Sept. Jersey, 4th Earl of
1776 5 June Carmarthen, Marquess of
1777 27 Feb. Fauconberg, 2nd Earl
1777 19 Dec. Winchilsea, 9th Earl of
1777 19 Dec. Aylesford, 4th Earl of
1780 15 Sept. Onslow, 4th Lord
1780 15 Sept. Boston, 2nd Lord
1782 11 Apr. Rivers, 1st Lord
1782 23 May Essex, 4th Earl of
1784 1 Jan. Galloway, 7th Earl of
1789 11 Mar. Delawarr, 4th Earl
1790 21 Oct. Wentworth, 2nd Viscount
1795 19 Nov. Poulett, 4th Earl
1797 27 Apr. Macclesfield, 4th Earl of
1799 5 Mar. Somerville, 14th Lord
1800 20 July Sydney, 2nd Viscount
1802 27 Apr. Amherst, 2nd Lord
1804 19 May Rivers, 2nd Lord
1804 24 May Arden, 2nd Lord
1804 28 June St. Helens, 1st Lord
1806 15 Nov. Spencer, Lord C.
1812 10 Mar. Headfort, 1st Marquess of
1812 10 Mar. Murray, Lord J.
1812 10 Mar. Ormond, 18th Earl of
1812 10 Mar. Melbourne, 1st Viscount
1812 10 Mar. Petersham, Viscount
1812 10 Mar. Heathfield, 2nd Lord
1813 5 Feb. Whitworth, 1st Lord
1813 13 Mar. Lake, 2nd Viscount
1813 13 July Delawarr, 5th Earl
1813 13 July Graves, 2nd Lord
1814 25 June Stewart, 1st Lord
1815 18 Apr. Amherst, 2nd Lord
1819 15 Jan. Fife, 4th Earl
1820 16 June St. Helens, 1st Lord
1821 23 Mar. Lovaine, Lord
1823 12 Mar. Erroll, 18th Earl of
1826 27 May Strathavon, Lord
1827 22 Aug. Clinton, 18th Lord
1827 27 Aug. Fife, 4th Earl
1828 6 Mar. Brooke and Warwick, 3rd Earl
1828 6 Mar. Roden, 3rd Earl of
1828 23 July Chesterfield, 6th Earl of
1829 20 Nov. Amherst, 1st Earl
1829 20 Nov. Howe, 1st Earl
1830 17 July O'Brien, Lord J.
1830 17 July Hastings, 2nd Marquess of
1830 4 Aug. Denbigh, 7th Earl of
1830 30 Nov. Waldegrave, 6th Earl
1830 30 Nov. Napier, 9th Lord
1830 14 Dec. Byron, 7th Lord
1830 23 Dec. Falkland, 10th Viscount
1831 11 Mar. Gosford, 2nd Earl of
1831 22 Aug. Queensberry, 6th Marquess of
1831 5 Oct. Lilford, 3rd Lord
1832 23 May Ashbrook, 4th Viscount
1832 8 Oct. Elphinstone, 13th Lord
1833 5 Jan. FitzClarence, Lord A.
1834 10 Jan. Torrington, 7th Viscount
1834 7 Nov. Gardner, 3rd Lord
1834 30 Dec. Tullamore, Lord
1834 30 Dec. Brudenell Bruce, Lord E.
1834 30 Dec. Sheffield, 2nd Earl of
1835 10 Jan. Verulam, 1st Earl of
1835 10 Jan. de Lisle and Dudley, 1st Lord
1835 10 Jan. Sydney, 3rd Viscount
1835 10 Jan. Morton, 17th Earl of
1835 10 Aug. Fife, 4th Earl
1835 11 Aug. Falkland, 10th Viscount
1835 11 Aug. Elphinstone, 13th Lord
1835 11 Aug. Gardner, 3rd Lord
1835 11 Aug. Torrington, 7th Viscount
1835 11 Aug. Headfort, 2nd Marquess of
1835 11 Aug. Queensberry, 6th Marquess of
1835 11 Aug. Templemore, 1st Lord
1836 29 June Lilford, 3rd Lord
1836 26 Oct. Gordon, Lord J.F.

Gentlemen in Extraordinary 1672–1716

1672 23 Dec. Mulgrave, 3rd Earl of
1673 19 Oct. Sunderland, 2nd Earl of
1674 3 May Oxford, 20th Earl of
1674 31 Oct. Latimer, Viscount
1677 22 Sept. Sussex, 1st Earl of
1679 14 Jan. Arran, Earl of
1680 31 July Lichfield, 1st Earl of
1680 7 Aug. Hyde, Hon. L.
1682 27 Aug. Middleton, 2nd Earl of
1682 8 Nov. Feversham, 2nd Earl of
1683 3 Apr. Shrewsbury, 12th Earl of
1683 3 Apr. Lansdowne, Viscount
1692 4 Nov. Montpouillon, Marquess of
1697 Apr. St. Albans, 1st Duke of
1701 22 May Bedford, 2nd Duke of
1714 25 Oct. Orkney, 1st Earl of

Footnotes

  • 1. See PSBC, p. 22; Beattie, pp. 59–60.
  • 2. CSPD 1661–2, p. 36; CSPD 1683 Jan.-June, p. 155.
  • 3. CSPD 1684–5, p. 290; CSPD 1687–9, p. 367 (2017).
  • 4. LC 5/166, pp. 14, 60; LC 3/67, p. 5.
  • 5. LC 3/24, f. 2; Beattie, p. 211; CTB VIII, 222.
  • 6. Beattie, p. 211.