BHO

The Chapel Royal: The children and their masters

Pages 291-297

Office-Holders in Modern Britain: Volume 11 (Revised), Court Officers, 1660-1837. Originally published by University of London, London, 2006.

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In this section

Master of the Children 1660–1837

The master of the children was appointed by lord chamberlain's warrant. (fn. 1) According to William Lovegrove,

The Master of the Children hath generally (tho' not always) been chosen out of the Organists or Gentlemen of the Chapel....The Master's Duty is to teach [the Children of the Chapel] to sing, play upon the Harpsichord or Organ, Writing Arithmetick, and compose. (fn. 2)

This officer was paid £15 4s 2d at the Restoration, raised in 1661 to £30 plus £200 for outfitting the choristers. By May 1667 the master was paid a total of £700 per annum for winter and summer liveries. (fn. 3) Pelham Humfrey was paid £40 in salary for life; this rose to £80 in 1710. In 1704 Blow was paid an additional £240 (i.e., £24 per pupil) for outfitting the boys. (fn. 4) Beginning in August 1715 the master was also paid £40 `for finding Masters to teach them to Read, Write, and cast Accounts' and £40 `for teaching them to compose, Play on the Organ and harpsichord'. (fn. 5) Under George III, total remuneration, including the outfitting of the boys, came to £361 10s. (fn. 6)

1660 29 June Cooke, H.
1672c. 15 July Humfrey, P.
1674 15 July Blow, J.
1708 18 Oct. Croft, W.
1727 4 Sept. Gates, B.
1757 18 Mar. Nares, J.
1780 1 June Ayrton, E.
1805 14 May Smith, J. S.
1817 16 June Hawes, W.

Children 1660–?

Children of the chapel royal were appointed by the master of the children, often after having been requisitioned from leading cathedral choirs. They were taught, clothed, fed and boarded by the master who received an allowance from the Crown for this purpose. There were twelve such children at the beginning of the period, but their number was reduced to ten by 1720. (fn. 7) Upon the breaking of his voice, each chorister was dismissed with `the usual Allowance of One Suit of plain Cloth one hatt and band two holland Shirts two Cravatts two pair of Cuffs two handkerchiefs two pair of Stockings two pair of Shoes and two pair of Gloves' plus a cash payment of £20. By the late eighteenth century the suit was commuted into an additional payment of £20. (fn. 8)

?1660 Blow, J.
?1660 Edwards, T.
?1660 Humfrey, P.
?1660 Price, T.
?1660 Wise, M.
1662 Maxene, G.
By 1664 Flexney, G.
By 1665 Blundivile, J.
By 1666 Loggins, J.
By 1666 Saunderson, N.
By 1666 Turner, W.
By 1668 Hart, R.
By 1668 Purcell, H.
By 1669 Farmer, J.
By 1669 Montagu, H.
By 1669 Tudway, T.
By 1670 Symcoll, R.
By 1671 Isaack, P.
By 1673 Hall, H.
By 1673 Heywood, T.
By 1674 Conisby, G.
By 1674 Goodgroome, W.
By 1674 Benford, A.
By 1674 Holder, W.
By 1674 Isaack, B.
By 1674 Searle, W.
By 1674 Smith, F.
By 1674 Waters, J.
By 1674 Greene, J.
By 1676 Charrinton, J.
By 1678 Carrington, R.
By 1678 Wise, M.
By 1678 Bradock, H.
By 1678 Piggott, F.
By 1678 Purcell, D.
By 1678 Richardson, V.
By 1678 Thatcher, J.
By 1679 Elmes, R.
By 1679 Butler, E.
By 1680 Cutler, J.
By 1682 Husbands, C.
By 1682 Norrice, W.
By 1682 Henman, R.
By 1682 Smyth, W.
By 1684 Frost, E.
By 1685 Allanson, C.
By 1685 Allinson, R.
By 1685 Clark, J.
By 1685 Richardson, T.
By 1685 Rogers, G.
By 1685 Townsend, J.
By 1685 Wood, J.
By 1689 Corbett, S.
By 1691 Barrett, J.
By 1692 Christmas, T.
By 1692 Richardson, W.
By 1693 Pennington, J.
By 1694 Gerrard, A.
1697 Gates, B.
By 1698 Luddington, W.
By 1698 Spalding, R.
By 1698 Wood, J.
By 1699 Croft, W.
By 1699 Robert, W.
By 1699 Reading, J.
By 1700 Young, A.
By 1700 Clarke, T.
By 1700 Marshall, M.
By 1700 Mascal, T.
By 1700 Robinson, J.
By 1700 Sweet, J.
By 1700 Silvester, H.
By 1700 Wheeley, S.
By 1702 Baker, E.
By 1702 Benson, M.
By 1702 Deane, J.
By 1702 Franks. H.
By 1702 Gwatkins, W.
By 1702 Heseltine, J.
By 1702 Priest, J.
By 1702 Priest, N.
By 1702 Reeve, H.
By 1703 Freeman, J.
By 1703 Griffith, H.
By 1707 Smith, S.
By 1707 Perry, W.
By 1708 Henderson, G.
By 1709 Forster, J.
By 1709 Mountier, T.
By 1710 Brignall, T.
By 1710 Centlivre, J.
By 1710 Duncomb, J.
By 1710 Jackson, B.
By 1710 Payne, W.
By 1710 Willliams, J.
By 1716 Ellis, T.
By 1716 Getling, T.
By 1716 Getling, R.
By 1716 Godwin, B.
By 1716 Kent, J.
By 1716 Keyes, S.
By 1716 Peach, C.
By 1716 Powell, T.
By 1716 Woodeson, E.
By 1718 Dean, J.
By 1718 Jones, W.
By 1720 Allanson, J.
By 1720 Barker, J.
By 1720 Strode, C.
By 1723 Barret, W.
By 1723 Hinchley, H.
By 1723 Lamb, W.
By 1723 Mason, J.
By 1723 Shackleton, S.
By 1723 Skelton, T.
By 1726 Brown, H.
By 1726 Coltman, L.
By 1726 Digard, C.
By 1726 Lloyd, H.
By 1726 Martin, J.
By 1726 Morgan, M.
By 1729 Weldon, T.
By 1730 White, C.
By 1730 Potter, J.
By 1731 Nares, J.
By 1733 Howard, S.
By 1735 Randall, J.
By 1735 Beard, J.
By 1735 Butler, J.
By 1735 Cleavely, P.
By 1735 Moore, J.
By 1735 Allen, J.
By 1735 Barrow, T.
By 1735 Denham, R.
By 1735 Morland, T.
By 1735 Wynn, J.
By 1737 Randall, W.
By 1737 Purcell, E. H.
By 1740 Dipper, T.
By 1742 Isaac, E.
By 1744 Lucas, T.
By 1747 Cappell, L.
By 1748 Cox, H.
By 1748 Buswell, J.
By 1748 Shaller, W.
By 1748 Dupuis, T. S.
By 1748 Abington, N. J.
By 1748 Champnes, S.
By 1748 Monk, W.
By 1748 Randall, R.
By 1748 Haughton, T.
By 1748 Waller, J.
By 1754 Gaudry, J.
By 1755 Arnold, S.
By 1755 Steele, N.
By 1755 Medley, G.
By 1755 Valton, P.
By 1755 Reynolds, J.
By 1755 Morton, C.
By 1755 Edmonds, B.
By 1755 Hamilton, H. J.
By 1755 Luther, J. C.
By 1755 Smart, T.
By 1763 Taylor, R.
By 1764 Forbus, W.
By 1766 Goodman, T.
By 1766 Tomlins, S.
By 1766 Ladd, C.
By 1767 Coile, M.
By 1767 Dornbush, J.
By 1768 Raynard, J.
By 1770 Remy, F.
By 1771 Brown, T.
By 1771 Dupuis, J.
By 1772 Butler, T. H.
By 1772 Dale, W.
By 1773 Hoppner, J.
By 1773 Jackson, G.
By 1774 Barrow, J.
By 1775 Friend, J.
By 1775 Simpson, D.
By 1776 Carter, G.
By 1777 Cooke, M.
By 1778 Church, S.G.
By 1779 Holder, J. W.
By 1779 Camidge, M.
By 1779 Capon, W.
By 1780 Ayrton, E.E.
By 1781 Attwood, T.
By 1782 Firth, S.
By 1783 Vicary, W.
By 1787 Phelps, J.
By 1789 Mayor, T.
By 1791 Carnaby, W.
By 1791 Aaire, W.
By 1791 Stocking, H.
By 1794 Brailsford, I.
By 1794 Ayrton, F. M.
By 1794 Baron, J. A.
By 1798 Evans, J.
By 1798 Smart, C.J.
By 1799 Meyers, G.
By 1801 Hedgley, J.
By 1801 Hawes, W.
By 1802 Cahusae, W.
By 1802 Gould, W.
By 1804 Gifford, G.
By 1804 Gawler, W.
By 1806 Robinson, G.
By 1806 Rogers, H.J.
By 1806 Walsh, W.
By 1806 Smith, W.

Footnotes

  • 1. Cooke held by patent: C 66/2932 no. 21, cited RECM V, 27.
  • 2. Lovegrove MS. quoted in Baldwin, p. 306. Cooke was neither a gentleman nor an organist of the chapel.
  • 3. LS 13/252, ff. 37, 59–60; RECM V, 55 citing SO3/16, p. 96.
  • 4. RECM I, 128 citing LC 5/140, p. 304; LS 13/258, f. 82v; Rimbault, p. 28; Chamberlayne (1704) III, 511.
  • 5. Rimbault, p. 28; Chamberlayne [1716] II iii, 553.
  • 6. EB 32, p. 3
  • 7. Baldwin, p. 323; PSBC, p. 52; CJ XL, p. 339.
  • 8. LC 5/156, f. 35v; LC 3/28, p. 226.