Great-grandson of James I, he came to throne because other claimants were excluded for being Catholic. He was the first monarch of the House of Hanover.
Despite the claims of the James II's son, 'The Old Pretender', George, Elector of Hanover, succeeded Anne in a smooth transition in 1714.
This Act changed the frequency of General Elections from three to seven years. It remained in force until it was amended in 1911.
The famous composer lived in London for 40 years and applied to the House of Lords for naturalisation in 1727.
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