Periods > James II (1685-8)

The brother of Charles II, he reigned from 1685 and fled abroad when William of Orange invaded England in 1688.

1685  Monmouth's Rebellion

The Duke of Monmouth's rebellion was an attempt to overthrow James II shortly after his accession. Monmouth's forces were defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor and he himself was later executed.

Suggested resources

  1. James the Second, 1685 - An Act to Attaint James Duke of Monmouth of High-Treason. [Chapter II. Rot. Parl. nu. 2.]
  2. James II volume 1 - June 1685
  3. James II volume 1 - July 1685
  4. Middlesex Sessions Rolls - 1685
  5. Debates from the reign of James II - (not recorded by Grey)
  6. House of Lords Journal Volume 14 - 15 June 1685
  7. House of Commons Journal Volume 9 - 13 June 1685
  8. America and West Indies - January 1686
  9. Middlesex Sessions Rolls - 1686
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1686  Andros becomes Governor of New England

Edmund Andros was appointed Governor of the Dominion of New England, and remained govenor until 1689 when Dominion was dissolved after the overthrow of of James II.

Suggested resources

  1. America and West Indies - June 1686
  2. America and West Indies - January 1689
  3. America and West Indies - May 1689, 16-31
  4. Addenda - May 1689
  5. America and West Indies - July 1689, 22-31
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1688  Trial of Seven Bishops

Seven bishops were tried for seditious libel for petitioning against James's Declaration of Indulgence. Their acquittal contributed to the downfall of the King.

Suggested resources

  1. The archbishops - Gilbert Sheldon to John Moore
  2. House of Commons Journal Volume 10 - 23 May 1689
  3. House of Commons Journal Volume 10 - 7 June 1689
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1688  Invasion of William of Orange

William's army landed in Torquay in November 1688. Without having fought a battle, James left England in December.

Suggested resources

  1. Debates in 1689 - January
  2. Debates in 1688 - Preface and December debates
  3. America and West Indies - January 1689
  4. Calendar of State Papers Domestic: William and Mary, 1689-90
  5. Calendar of State Papers Domestic: James II, 1687-9
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