The brother of Charles II, he reigned from 1685 and fled abroad when William of Orange invaded England in 1688.
The Duke of Monmouth's rebellion was an attempt to overthrow James II shortly after his accession. Monmouth's forces were defeated at the Battle of Sedgemoor and he himself was later executed.
Edmund Andros was appointed Governor of the Dominion of New England, and remained govenor until 1689 when Dominion was dissolved after the overthrow of of James II.
Seven bishops were tried for seditious libel for petitioning against James's Declaration of Indulgence. Their acquittal contributed to the downfall of the King.
William's army landed in Torquay in November 1688. Without having fought a battle, James left England in December.
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