Calendar of the Plea and Memoranda Rolls of the City of London: Volume 2, 1364-1381. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1929.
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ROLL A 24
The King's letters under the privy seal to the Mayor, Sheriffs and Aldermen, desiring to be informed as to the cause of certain disturbances and disputes in the City (fn. 1), which were reported as having been raised by the commons. In the meantime all such disputes are to be suspended until the coming of the Council to London. Dated at Northampton, 12 Nov. Ao 4 Ric. II . [French]
Reply, addressed to the King and his Council, from his simple and humble lieges and subjects the Mayor, Sheriffs and Aldermen, that there had been no such great commotions as reported, and such disturbances as had occurred had been punished according to the law and custom of the City, the City authorities having been sufficiently strong in the past, as they hoped to be in the future, with God's grace and the King's authority, to punish rebels and preserve the peace. They pray the King's favour and profess themselves ready to obey his commands. Dated 16 Nov. [French]
Bond of Thomas Clench, fishmonger, and John Campion, waxchandler, in £63 to deliver Geoffrey Scut to the Sheriffs on Monday after the Feast of St Andrew the Apostle [30 Nov.]. Note that the said Geoffrey was thus bailed by consent of John Pope, waxchandler, and John Senygere.
The following indicted persons were bailed for their appearance before the Mayor and Aldermen: Richard Waltham, cutler, and Richard Leukenore, corsour, by William Cheyne, Recorder, and David Bertevylle; William Temple, by John Bures, draper, Thomas Kele, spurrier, Walter Lynot, tanner, and John Shirewode; Nicholas Reyner, cordwainer, by John Bryan, John Cressy, Reymund Stamden, goldsmith, and Nicholas Symond, spurrier; William Melt, cutler, by William Neuport, fishmonger, and Richard Forster; Walter Yepeswych, cordwainer, by Nicholas Twyford, Robert Plume, brewer, Richard Reve, spurrier, John Morys, armourer, William Develyn, spurrier, John Hey, steynour, John Henle, horner, and Ralph Astwyk, cordwainer; Richard Gibbe, cordwainer, by Roger Elys, William Waryn, chandler, and Thomas Duke, skinner; Thomas Ecton, glasier, by Nicholas Twyford and Roger Elys; Robert Tillebury, glover, by Nicholas Twyford; Nicholas Preston, carter, by Adam de St Ives; William Hare, cordwainer, by Richard Forster; Henry Pountfreyt, skinner, by Gilbert Meldebourne and Gilbert Savage; and Roger Skempston, cordwainer, by Roger Elys, John Leneham, Reymund Standelf and William Sallowe, junior.
Membr. 1 b
John Pope, waxchandler, was summoned to answer John Senyger, merchant of Worcester, in a plea that he render him a reasonable account for the time he was receiver of 4000 woolfells, which the plaintiff declared had been delivered to him by the hands of Thomas Bright to trade therewith for the plaintiff's benefit.
The defendant having denied that he was receiver, this issue was left to a jury, which found for the plaintiff. Thereupon the Court assigned John Phelipot, Robert Warbulton, Adam de St Ives and William Cressewyk as auditors to hear the account. On Saturday before the Feast of St Edmund King [20 Nov.] the auditors brought in a sealed report that the parties had not come to an agreement and that the only evidence offered by the defendant to clear himself of the debt was a writing obligatory made to him and a certain Geoffrey Scut by a certain Thomas Clerk. Both parties having appeared before the Mayor and Aldermen, the plaintiff prayed judgment As the report contained no mention of the value of the woolfells, the action was remitted to the auditors, who subsequently reported that both parties agreed that the value was £60, that being the sum for which they had been sold. They added further that the above-mentioned writing obligatory was for the sum of £120 and related to the purchase of the woolfells by Thomas Clerk.
As it seemed clear to the Court that the action concerned the law merchant (fn. 2) and should be terminated according to the same by the custom of the City, the Mayor, after informing the parties that he was Mayor of the Staple of Westminster as well as Mayor of the City of London, and that the law merchant was pleadable before him both in the Staple and the Chamber of the Guildhall, asked them if they were willing to have judgment by the law merchant. Both parties consented. The Mayor then asked the defendant if he had anything to say against making satisfaction to the plaintiff for the woolfells. The defendant said nothing except that the plaintiff ordered him to deliver the woolfells to Thomas Clerk, tapicer, and to take from him a writing obligatory made out to the defendant and Geoffrey Scut. This the plaintiff denied outright. He was then sworn according to the law merchant and repeated his denial on oath, saying that he had told the defendant expressly that he must answer either for the woolfells or for £60.
Judgment was given by the law merchant that the plaintiff recover that sum. The Court then handed over to the defendant the above-mentioned writing obligatory and its defeasance and the defendant was committed to prison quousque. The said Geoffrey Scut, who had been committed to prison at the suit of John Pope and afterwards bailed by Thomas Clench and John Campyon, was likewise committed to prison. Afterwards, on 17 Dec. the plaintiff, John Senyger, acknowledged satisfaction and John Pope was released.
Defeasance of the same, on condition that Geoffrey Scut does nothing to render null an obligation entered into by Thomas Clerk, and assists John Pope to recover for his sole use the money mentioned in that obligation. [French]
John de Fraunceys, merchant of Pistoja, and Peter Gracyan, merchant of Lucca, brought a bill of complaint against John Donat, merchant of Sienna, for unlawfully detaining two bonds whereby the said John Fraunceys and Peter on the one hand and Matthew Cheyne, merchant of Lombardy, on the other had bound themselves to each other to stand by the award of the said John Donat and Golstan Pinal, merchant of Genoa, in certain differences which had arisen between the parties. [French]
The Court ordered both parties and the arbitrators to appear on 15 Nov. The award was then produced. In examination, both parties declared themselves ready to abide by it, and the plaintiffs offered to bring evidence that they had done their best to cause the arrest of a certain Leonard mentioned in the award. No objection being raised by the arbitrators, the bond made by the plaintiffs to the said Matthew was returned to them.
Inquest held before the Mayor and Aldermen to discover what evildoers had destroyed a piece of wall and pavement near la Grate at London Wall, causing the filth and refuse, which used to run down the streets and pass through the grate into the City's ditch, to descend into the Walbrook and choke up the bed of the stream. A jury find that the damage was done by Katherine Caleys, Richard, servant of John Wolveseye, by his master's orders, John Matchyng, William Nowel, capper, and Margery, wife of Richard le Irisshman; that they did it because the grate was not big enough to receive the amount of water descending in rainy seasons, whereby the houses in the neighbourhood became flooded, and that the damage had been committed two and a half years ago, when the wall was the private property of John Pecche, as now it was the private property of William Kyng. Finally, they found that the course of the Walbrook had been stopped up owing to the breaking down of the wall and pavement.
Martin Alman of Navarre sued William Hales, spurrier, for the return of divers goods entrusted to him, including a cloak, gown, hood, a pair of hose, a pair of linen sheets and divers boxes of unguents. The defendant said that the plaintiff, who had lodged with him at Gracechurch, owed him 12s 2d for his board, and the goods were given in security. The plaintiff replied that he only owed 14d, which he paid into court. On the matter being referred to a jury, the plaintiff deposited a further 4 florins, called "francs," and received his goods. The jury, which consisted of Englishmen, because no men of Navarre could be impanelled, found for the defendant. Judgment accordingly. The florins, less 12d, were handed to the defendant in settlement of his claim.
Membr. 3 b
Nicholas Louthe and Lodewicus de Portico came into Guildhall at the Husting of Pleas of Land and declared that a certain Bartholomew Sanouchy, who had hitherto been one of the supporters (fn. 3) of the Lombard Society of Guynyse, had left the society and gone abroad. They prayed that public proclamation might be made, in order that the society might not be bound by any contracts entered into by the said Bartholomew after leaving it. Proclamation made accordingly.
The following were mainprised to keep the peace and obey the officers of the City: Henry Goudchep, John North, cordwainer, William Paul, botilmaker, Thomas Coton, bowyer, Laurence Tillebury, glover, William Pountfreyt, Henry Peper, glover, Urban Glovefe and Thomas Henle, glover.
Mutual bonds of Matthew Cheyne, merchant of Lombardy, John de Fraunceys, merchant of Pistoja, and Peter Gracyan, merchant of Lucca, to abide by the award of John Donat, merchant of Sienna, and Golstan Pynal, merchant of Genoa. Dated 5 May 1379. [French]
The above-mentioned award, dated 9 May 1379, in a dispute between Matthew Cheyne of Florence, demandant, and John de Fraunceys and his companions of the Company "Darigi" of Pistoja, defendants. They awarded that the latter should deposit with some agreed person the sum of £50 to be at the disposal of the arbitrators, which money should be returned to them if they diligently took steps in Bruges and the neighbourhood and in Florence, Lucca, Sienna, Pistoja, Pisa and elsewhere to recover from Leonard Bencini of Florence, executor of Austin Simon of Florence, the sum of £100, that being the amount for which the late Austin Simon had sold a quantity of Cotyswold wool at Caleys, belonging to Matthew Cheyne. If the money were recovered, their expenses should be deducted from it, but if they could do no more than have the said Leonard Bencini imprisoned for debt, their expenses shall be reported to the arbitrators.
The arbitrators gave a limit of six months for recovering the money in Bruges and one year in Italy, and if the said Francis and his companions showed due diligence during that period, their £50 should be returned to them, the decision as to their diligence being left to the arbitrators.
Membr. 4 b
Simon Docer and Henry Poterel were summoned to answer the King and Richard atte Pole, saddler, on a charge arising out of the recent ordinance of the King and his Council, which forbade any servant to leave his master within the period of his contract without permission, under penalty of imprisonment, and also forbade any other person to employ a servant so defaulting. The plaintiff declared that a certain William Huby, latouner, took service with him for a year and departed without leave within his term, taking service with the defendants, who refused to give him up.
The defendants pleaded that the matter had already been submitted to the arbitration of John Lucas, Thomas Kyrwode, William Valdrian and John Haryngeye, four masters of the Saddlers, together with six other men of that mistery, the final award to be given by an umpire, if they were unable to agree. The arbitrators had agreed that the servant was only engaged by the week at a wage of 20d and his keep, but not knowing whether he left before a week was ended, they had left that question for the umpire to settle. The defendants prayed judgment as to whether the plaintiff had any action against them.
The plaintiff admitted the arbitration, but said that the arbitrators were not agreed and left it to the umpire to bring the matter to a conclusion, and that the latter refused to do so, telling the parties to go to law. He put himself on the evidence of the ten saddlers, and the defendants did likewise.
The ten saddlers, on being summoned, swore that they were fully agreed that the servant's contract was by the week and not for a year. The Court thereupon gave judgment that the plaintiff take nothing by either of his bills, and be in mercy.
Membr. 5 b
John Eston was summoned to answer Thomas Cunstable, late apprentice of Adam Stable, for detinue of a general acquittance, made by the said Adam Stable to the said Thomas, and entrusted to the defendant, under condition that he should hand it over to the said Thomas at Christmas.
The defendant said that the conditions were that the said Thomas should indemnify his late master against any claims arising from any loans or contracts made by him, and that, if no such claims were made, the acquittance should be handed over. As he did not know whether the conditions had been fulfilled or not, he prayed the Court to summon the said Adam.
Writ of certiorari demanding the record and process of an action between Philip de Kendale and Elena his wife, demandants, and Isabella, widow of John de Stratton, carsour, tenant, as regards a messuage and two shops in the suburb of London. Dated at Westminster, 20 Jan. Ao 4 Ric. II [1380-1].
[Cf. Roll ciii. The plaintiffs there claimed the property, on a writ of right, as having been given to the said Elena by Robert de Stratton, rector of Lampadern, when she was the wife of William de Stratton, and that the latter demised the same to John de Stratton and Isabella his wife against her wishes. The defendant pleaded that the property was granted in fee by William de Stratton, knight, to her and John de Stratton, her husband, who was a bastard and was now dead without issue, so that she held the property for life with reversion to the King. She prayed the King's aid and the Court concurred.]
Writ of certiorari as to proceedings in the Husting between Thomas de Farendon, demandant, and Richard Weston, goldsmith, and Roesia (fn. 4) his wife, tenants of two messuages, twenty-one shops and a garden in the suburb of London. Dated at Westminster, 6 Feb. Ao 4 Ric. II [1380-1].
[Cf. Roll lxxxvi. The demandant there stated that the property was devised by William de Farndon to Isabella his wife with remainder to Nicholas his son-in-law and Isabella his wife, the testator's daughter. From her it descended to Roesia her daughter, from Roesia to Nicholas her son, from Nicholas to Robert his son, who died without an heir, and so it reverted to Thomas de Farndon his uncle, and from him it descended to Thomas, his son, who now claimed it against Richard de Weston. The defence pleaded by Richard and Roesia was that Thomas de Farndon, the demandant's father, was a bastard. On this issue they went to a jury, but the demandant withdrew from the suit.]
John Gremany, merchant of Venice, was summoned to answer Paul Mageri, merchant of Lucca, in a plea that he render account of 102 silk cloths, of which 52 were of baldekyn (fn. 5) and 50 of siclatoun (fn. 6), delivered to him by Bartholomew Donat, Simon Pichelo and Richard Markadel, to trade therewith on behalf of the said Paul.
Both parties appeared and, as it seemed to them that the plaint concerned the law merchant and ought to be terminated by that law, they prayed that William Walworth, who was Mayor of the City of London and at the same time Mayor of the Staple of Westminster, and so was competent to administer the law merchant (fn. 7), should take the action before him and bring an end to it, and they willingly agreed to abide by his judgment. The Mayor accepted, and in order that he might be more fully informed as to the full truth of the matter, the parties chose Galdinus Rest, James Fane, Peter Peateys, Peter Rodolf, Gulstan Pynnel and John Sturtilion, Lombards, to see and examine the papers and other evidences and, together with the Mayor, to hear and examine the parties on all circumstances relating to the matter, so that the Mayor might be able to render a better and juster judgment according to the law merchant. To the same end the six Lombards were sworn. Since it appeared after examination that the aforesaid cloth came into the defendant's hands in the manner alleged by the plaintiff, that the defendant sold them to a certain John Deinterminellis and his partners for 234 livres gross of Flanders, that the defendant was not a partner of John Deinterminellis, and that he promised the plaintiff that the said John would give the plaintiff sufficient security for the money, which he had failed to do, judgment was given by the Mayor that the defendant should obtain from the said John sufficient security before midsummer next, failing which, or in case of the said John's death, he should himself pay the money due. As he was unable to find security for carrying out the judgment he was committed to prison till he did so.
Grant by John Iverswerde (fn. 8) of Zeeland, chapman, to Peter Blower, dyer, of the parish of St James Garlickhithe, of all his goods and chattels.
Recognizance by the said John to the said Peter of a debt of £120 for victuals supplied to him, for payment of which he binds himself, his heirs and executors, and all his goods and chattels, present and future.
Membr. 6 b
Letter of attorney from Paul Magery to Nicholas Louche (fn. 9) and Lodewic de Portico to recover debts etc.
John Pyel, John Donyngton, skinner, Richard Spark, skinner, and Gilbert Walden, tailor, were summoned to answer Floria, widow of Andrew Shaldeford, for detinue of a box of deeds, one of which was an assignment of a life interest in a tenement in Walbrook from Maude, widow of Simon Grene, to the said Andrew Shaldeford. The box was produced in court with a document (French) fixed to it, which set forth that it had been entrusted to the care of John Pyel, on condition that it should be restored to the plaintiff if she gave John Donyngton a reasonable and legal status in the tenement above mentioned during the life-time of Maude Grene. The plaintiff professed herself ready to give the status. The defendant John Donyngton, however, said that he did not want the status, and he raised no objection to the restoration of the box and deeds. With the consent of John Pyel judgment was given for the plaintiff.
Certificate under the Mayoralty Seal, dated on Monday before the Feast of SS. Perpetua and Felicitas [7. March] Ao 4 Ric. II [1380-1], that Robert Marny, knight, had brought into the Husting a deed, which was exemplified at his request, as follows:
Grant from Andrew Blund, knight, son of Robert Blund, late citizen of London, to his sons Hugh and Henry of quitrents amounting to 9s ¾d and a capital messuage on Walbrook in the parish of St Mildred in the Poultry. The quitrents were payable from a tenement in the occupation of Adam de Northton, cordwainer, bounded on the west by a tenement of William le Rus, farrier, and the Church of St Mildred on the east; a row of tenements lying between the church on the west and the tenement of Walter de Berden, in the above parish and the parish of St Mary Newechurch, on the east, in the several occupations of Edmund the cordwainer, Henry le Wayner,William de Canefeld, Aluyna Sutel and Agnes Coman; a tenement of Serlo de la Bordhawe between the capital messuage of John Colos' on the west and the tenement of John Colos' on the south; two shops belonging to the latter tenement in the occupation of John de Wodeford; a tenement of Ralph de Walebrok in the parish of St Christopher between the grantor's chief messuage on the west and the tenement of John de Eure on the east; John de Eure's said tenement bounded on the east by a tenement late of Alan de Bretthon; a tenement of Pentecost le Ferron in the parish of St Magnus by London Bridge, between the tenement of Geoffrey de Chesewyk on the east and a lane formerly belonging to Stephen de Ostergate on the west; a tenement of Hugh Fyspond in the parish of St James on Thames Street, lying between the tenement of John de Flete, capper, opposite the church door and the tenement of Simon de Haddestok on the west; a tenement of Augustus de Haddestok in the parish of St Michael on the Hithe (super Ripam) between his own messuage on the east and the tenement of St Mary Southwark on the west; a tenement of Alan Godard in West Cheap in the parish of St Vedast between the tenement late of Stephen Blund on the west and the tenement of Henry de Frowyk on the east; a tenement of Master Robert de Wynton; a tenement of Richard de Basyngg in the parish of St Mary Aldermanbury between the churchyard on the east and the tenement of the Abbot of Stratford on the west; a tenement of Walter Baker in the churchyard of St Michael Basisshawe between the tenement of Thomas Fitz Thomas on the west and Walter's tenement on the east; a tenement of Cresse the Jew, son of Master Mosseus, in the parish of St Lawrence Jewry between the land called "Sabelinesbury" on the south and the land of William le Sauser on the north. The above grants are made in return for a payment of 6d per annum to the grantor and £30 per annum to his wife Helen, mother of the grantees, who shall have the right of re-entering and taking pledges if the rent be in arrears. Provided also that the said Helen shall have her lodging (hospitium) in the chief messuage during her life-time, and that the grantees shall not alienate the quitrents in such a way as to deprive her of her annual rent. Both parts of this cyrograph, of which one was delivered to the grantees and the other to the said Helen, were sealed with the grantor's seal. Witnesses: Sir John de Gisors, then Mayor, and Alderman of Vintry, John, son of Adrian, and Robert de Cornhull, then Sheriffs, Adam de Basyngg', Peter, son of Anger, Richard de Ewelle, Peter Fitz Alan, Roger Fitz Roger, William Eswy, Thomas Fitz Thomas, Alexander le Poter, Alan Godard, Adam de Northon, Robert de Fuleham of Gynges, Geoffrey Bukuynt, John de Gynges, Simon de Crahe, William de la Grene, Bartholomew and Alexander the clerks.
Peter Cully, haberdasher, was mainprised to be faithful to the King and his people, to report all evil covins to the Mayor and officers of the City, not to sell any merchandise for other than what it was, nor to carry such goods for sale secretly under his cloak, nor to pretend that he was a man engaged in work overseas, or engage in any other deception, under penalty of the pillory.
Membr. 7 b
Alexander Prentyz and Thomas Chaundeler of Stanes entered into bond with the Chamberlain of London in the sum of £10 not to exact toll, pontage or any other custom from freemen of the City travelling by land, or on shouts or boats by water.
William Taillour of Popelere was mainprised by William Neuport and John Pecche, fishmongers, not to place in the Thames any net that was contrary to the City assize or of too close a mesh, nor use too narrow a wilehous (fn. 10) so as to destroy the fry, nor put any posts in the water so as to impede boats.
Membr. 8 b
Hankyn Bonnovel, servant and attorney of John Bonnovel, merchant of Spynal, appeared before the Mayor and acknowledged that a quitclaim, dated 1 May, which he delivered to Robert Brynkelee, mercer, was his own deed, willingly executed, and that he was not in prison when it was made.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for the restoration of 46 mill-stones of Brie and a quantity of plaster, belonging to John Buk and Arnald de la Mare, burgesses of Sluys, which had been seized at sea on board a vessel called "Sconeweder" of Sluys, of which Henry Fitz Andrew was master, between Dover and Calais on the voyage to Flanders, by certain English barges, in breach of the treaty between the King and the men of Flanders. Dated at Reading, 8 Aug. Ao 5 Ric. II .
By virtue of which writ and letter, Robert Parys, into whose hands the goods had come, was summoned to appear on 20 Aug. He said that he had bought the goods from the Mayors of Dover and Sandwich and from Laurence Condy (fn. 11), Admiral there, and that he had no knowledge as to whether they belonged to the men of Flanders or whether the treaty had been broken. As he did not deny it, judgment was given that the goods be delivered to James Drees, attorney of the complainants.
Names of divers men who were suspected of consenting with the men of Kent and Essex to rise against the King and kingdom, and who were of ill fame, and by reason of the said insurrection withdrew from the City of London and suburbs, as was declared by the returns of the Aldermen below.
Bread Street (Thomas Welford, Alderman): John Cook, William Cook, servant of Geoffrey Colman, John Jacob, hostiller, servant of John Sexten, William Leget, servant of Roger Godhewe, Thomas, apprentice of Elias Thomelyn, John Stodesbury, cobeler, Ralph Rede's brewer, Thomas Pynkeston's brewer, Thomas Cook, servant of Robert Wormwell, John Dunton, joiner, John Bribrek, goldsmith, John, servant of John Andrew, goldsmith, William Harlay, servant of William Thorngate, John Sandwych, servant of Robert de York, John Breuer at the Lamb, John Coke, servant of John Lowe, John Hostiller, servant of William Rothewell, John Pope, servant of William Bromlee, John Grantham, hostiller, servant of William atte Barre.
Queenhithe (John Ragenell, Alderman): Thomas March, servant of Henry Grenecobbe, John Monford, servant of the same, Nicholas Cornmeter, Roger Webbe, William Clerr, William Vaysi, cornmeter, William Brewer, servant of John Chipstede, William Kent, Morice Brewer, servant of John Galon.
Walbrook (William Baret, Alderman): John Whitheved, porter, Richard Bon, weaver, Thomas Creek, servant of John Clerk, Richard Waterberere, Robert Enefeld, cobeler, Simon Gerard, fuller, Henry Poul, skinner, Thomas Bannebury, pouchmaker.
Coleman Street (William Kyng, Alderman): William Bylneye, pinner, Richard Smert, cardmaker, John Gildeford, brewer, Thomas Bannebury, pouchmaker, John Geynes, esquier, John Nichol, cordwainer, John Cook, dwelling with the lord of Gomeneye (fn. 12).
Aldgate (William Tong, Alderman): Thomas Willes, carpenter, in Belyetereslane, Edward, apprentice to Henry Bitterden at Blank Chapelton, John Skinner, living in Savage's shop, John Northfolk, tailor, John Thomas, dauber, John Sawyer and his mate, James Brewer, Thomas de Lye.
Billingsgate (John Horn, Alderman): John Roo, Walter Godewyn, John Morys, Nicholas Papworth, William Glover, John Heth, Richard Spicer, Robert Blaunchard, Hamo Godeboure, Philip Taillour, Richard Waryn, Thomas Taillour, Robert Brewer.
Cripplegate Within (Robert Lucas, Alderman): Richard Sadelere and Geoffrey Sadelere, dwelling in the rents of Geoffrey Marchal, William Brompton, dwelling within Cripplegate, William Gatesby, dwelling in the rents of John de Bures, Walter de Dene, dwelling at the Keye in Wood Street, Thomas, servant of John Garon.
Dowgate (Edmund Oliver, Alderman): John Noke, weaver, Rauf Taillour, dwelling at Dowgate, John Thame, servant of William Ledebury, William Potekyn, weaver, John Baker, dyer, Thomas Crawe, fuller, Richard Trente, dyer, John Monford, Nicholas Cordewaner, Bernard Noke, weaver.
Membr. 9 b
Castle Baynard (John Redynge, Alderman): Robert Panyere, Walter Key, John Sutton, materasmakere, and his brother, John Tunbryg, boatman, William Englond, boatman, William Bernard, boatman, William Vertesauce, boatman, Thomas Pountfret, saddler, Gilbert Hattere, carter, William Mereward, carter, William Barbour, woodmonger, John Cartere, John Chambre.
Bishopsgate (John Chircheman, Alderman): William Alayn, quernpeckere (fn. 13), John Barbour, dwelling without Bishopsgate.
Farndon Without (Robert Boxford, Alderman): John Prat, marberer, Patrick Long, William Longe, Robert Gardener, Thomas Daubere, John Hardy, John Persivall, Richard atte Hall, John Graunt, Richard Taillour, Richard Masson, John Wyngrave, Henry Daubere, Nicholas Carpentere, William Sadelere, servant of Robert Blythe, Robert Hostiller, servant of William Sallowe, junior, Ralph Notyngham in Sholane, John Whytbred, saddler in Sholane, John Thederich, Richard Botteler, Thomas Hattere.
Cheap (John Bosham, Alderman): John Littelbury, servant of John Kymbel, John Soule, servant of John West, Robert Gloucestre, Philip Sendel, Robert and William, servants of John Stonlay, wiredrawer, John Tonnbriche, servant of John Baudewyn.
An inquest was taken before the Mayor by oath of Roger Payne, John de Dene, Robert Mortimer, William Ketel, Thomas Kene, William Dibelyn, Richard Reve, John Frensshe, Ralph Bode, Gilbert Piryman, John More, spurrier, and Thomas Frenssh, who said on oath that Nicholas Symond, John Swyneshed, Richard Surby, Richard Wych, Walter Kydenay, William Bedeford, Walter Bannam, Thomas Leuecok, John Symcok, Michael Causton, Thomas Cook and Roger Blythe on Sunday before the Annunciation B.M. [25 March] in St Bartholomew's Church, Smithfield, and for nine years before that in the garden called "Hyginesgardyn," made a covin and confederacy to the damage of the common weal (res publica) and ordained that none of them should make a quartern (fn. 14) of spurs for less than 20d nor take less than 2s for the polishing of the same under penalty of perjury.
That the said Nicholas etc. ordained that there should be a meeting every month in the said church or other place assigned by the captains of their company for the making of new ordinances, and that any person failing to appear should pay to the fraternity for each absence a pound of wax.
That the said Nicholas etc. set up a common box, of which John Swyneshed had custody, the keys being kept by the said Nicholas, into which box each person of the fraternity was to put ½d a week, whereby the fraternity had collected 18 marks 12s, besides other pledges, for the maintenance of their ordinances.
That the said Nicholas etc. ordained that if a master keeping house within the City receive to work any foreigner, all the journeymen of their society should leave his service until he had dismissed the foreigner; and further that if any of them heard any evil word spoken of any of their fellows in their absence they should inform the society thereof. That the said Nicholas etc. had a public instrument made under the seal of a notary, in which, it was suspected, unsatisfactory (inutiles) ordinances were written.
By virtue of the above indictment, William Wircestre, serjeant of the Chamber, was ordered to take the indicted persons and bring them before the Mayor and Aldermen on 15 April to answer to the King and the Commonalty of the City on the said articles. On that day Nicholas Symond and John Swyneshed were reported as being in the hands of the Sheriffs, but the other persons could not be found. On 25 May the said Nicholas pleaded not guilty and put himself on the country, while the said John pleaded not guilty only to certain articles, admitting the charges concerning the citation of John Bonere and Richard Pollard, the monthly meeting and the common box. He further admitted that he had taken part in a congregation in Easter week, though he and the rest had been forbidden to do so by the Mayor on 9 April. On 29 May a jury found him guilty of the other four articles of the indictment, and the said Nicholas now pleaded guilty of all charges. They were mainprised to come up for judgment.
Afterwards, on 24 Sept. all the indicted persons appeared before the Mayor and Aldermen in the Chamber of the Guildhall in the presence of the masters of the said mistery, viz. Roger Payn, Roger Mortymer, William Harecourt, John de Dene, William Ketil, John Frenssh, Ralph Node, Gilbert Piriman, William Dybelyn, Richard in the lane, Thomas Kene, Thomas Frenssh, John Brackele, Thomas Reve, John More and John Boner, who were summoned by the Mayor. They put themselves on the mercy of the Court. Thereupon they were sworn severally that they would not keep any of the articles mentioned in the indictment, make suits or divisions among themselves, bind anyone by an oath under colour of their said fraternity, make or engage in any separate covins, or attempt anything whereby the peace of the mistery or the common good of the City should be prejudiced, but that they would be obedient both to the ministers of the City and the overseers of the mistery for the time being in all things relating to their craft, under penalty of £100, by way of recognizance, payable to the Chamberlain for the use of the City. As regards the charges admitted by them, the Court, at the request of the good men of the mistery, remitted fines and imprisonment, warning them that any future offence would be punished by loss of the freedom, and by the pillory—the proper penalty for breach of an oath. An agreement was then made between John More and John Boner, prosecuting on behalf of the good men of the mistery, and the defendants, that the articles in the indictment should be annulled.
Next day Thomas Nichol, William Brente, Richard Large, Richard Wych, Richard Shrympelyng, Thomas Haye, Simon Bosegate, John Reynold, John Pountfret, Richard Pollard and Richard Smyth, who were also members of the fraternity but had not been indicted, were likewise charged. They admitted their offence and were bound over in the same terms as their fellows, an agreement being made between them and the prosecutors. The Court directed that the goods and chattels held in common by the fraternity, which had been arrested, should be distributed by them, with the exception of the common box, to the poorer members of the fraternity, according to their discretion and good conscience.
Membr. 10 b
Deed of gift by John atte Wode, salter, of all his goods and chattels, including debts, apprentices (fn. 15), and all other things in the City and elsewhere, to Henry Smale and Alice his wife, daughter of the said John, Thomas Erl, Robert Yvynghoo, John Reyner and John Folvyle, for them to provide him with all necessaries and look after him (ad gubernandum) for life. Dated 1 Oct. Ao 5 Ric. II .
The same day the aforesaid Henry and the other donees covenanted to provide for the said John out of the proceeds of the property during his life, and at his death to dispose of the remainder as he might assign, provided he be then of sound mind, but if not, to dispose of it as the Mayor and Aldermen for the time being should direct.
Afterwards, on 18 Dec. the said Thomas, Robert, John and John quitclaimed all their interest in the said goods and chattels, which were valued at £332, and handed them over to Henry and Alice, who entered into bond under security of Henry Vannere and William More, vintners, to carry out the terms of the deed of gift.
Afterwards the said Henry died, and then the aforesaid John atte Wode, being of sound memory, made a deed of gift of all his goods and chattels to his daughter Alice on the same conditions as before. The latter, being sole, covenanted by deed to provide for her father competently, according to his rank, in food, clothing, bed, shoes and other necessaries, and to give him 14d a week to spend as he liked. On this the Court released Henry Vannere and William More from their security.
Robert Brabazon, who claimed to have paid £220 to John Wiryng and Robert Havelok on behalf of Bartholomew Beauveys, sued the latter for £151 arrears. The defendant having made four defaults, the plaintiff prayed that the foreign attachment might be delivered to him according to the custom of the City. The goods were valued by oath of Gilbert Maunfeld, Richard Blomvyll, John Derneford and Thomas Blosse as follows: 1200 Boghestaves, £12; 200 Botmeholt (fn. 16), £6; 300 Rigeholt (fn. 17), £6 10s; 3000 of waynscot at 15s the 100, £22 10s; 200 ores, £3 13s 4d; 2000 of Barelbord at 22d the 100, 36s 8d; 6 lasts of tar, £7; 18 barells of sendres Roche (fn. 18), £4 10s; 6 lbs dazure, 5s; ½ cwt of stokfissh, 7s 6d; one bolle of Beche (fn. 19), 2½d; 9 barrels of sendres of poudre (fn. 20), 27s; one box of pruce (fn. 21), 4s; 2 morters, 6s 8d; 300 pavyngtighel, 18s; one dosser, 3 bankers and 10 quissons (fn. 22), 6s 8d; one countour, 5s; one foldyngtable, 13s 4d; 2 tables with trestles, 3s 4d; one chair and seven seats (sedilia), 3s; one axe, 2 pollaxes and three chests, 6s; two pieces of wax, 3s 4d; two pipes and six empty tubbes, 2s 6d; 2 vates, 2s 6d; 40 lbs of peynture at 2d the lb, 7s 6d; 20 lbs of old iron, 20d; 3 bushels and 9 empty barrels, 2s 8d; 3 Ruwelles (fn. 23) and one presse for cloth, 12s; 2 chests, one form, boards for beds, pressebordes and one little table, 6s 8d; 20 pounds of brass (darresme), 3s 4d; 3 morters with pestells, 20d; one cooking-pot (cacabus) and 8 empty barrels, 12s; 200 ash billets, 5s 4d; total £72 6s 10½d. All of which were delivered to the plaintiff under pledge of Walter Sibile, Alderman, to answer therefor if the defendant within a year and a day should come and submit to justice.
Writ to the Mayor and Sheriffs for an inquest to discover the names of those persons who had recently been involved in the insurrection of certain of the commons against the King and his peace, and who had threatened Bartholomew Attelburgh, chaplain, in Ivylane in the parish of St Faith, and would have killed him if he had not bought his life for 60s. Dated at Westminster, 25 Sept. Ao 5 Ric. II .
Return to the above, containing the finding of a jury to the effect that Thomas, the servant of Robert Dyngele of co. Kent, with other unknown evildoers, came to the house of Bartholomew Attelburgh, chaplain, on 14 June and threatened to lay his house in ruins unless he paid them 60s, which the same Bartholomew for fear paid the same day by the hands of Simon Goderich.
Thomas Strouston, mercer, sued John More, mercer, for the sum of £180 due under a bond. The defendant pleaded that the bond was defeasible on payment of £90 by instalments and that only £55 were due, which he now deposited in court. He further stated that he was bound on behalf of Norman Swynford, knight, who owed money to the aforesaid Thomas and had appointed the same Thomas to pay his other creditors. As it was not clear to the defendant how much was still owing to the plaintiff himself, he asked that the latter should be examined on oath. Thereupon the plaintiff declared on oath that of the £55 due, the sum of £27 was owing to himself. Thereupon that amount was paid to him and the bond was cancelled.
Afterwards, on the same day came Nicholas Roune, clerk, attorney of William de Wyndesore, knight, and declared that the said Norman owed his master a large sum of money and asked that the sum of £28 (the residue of the £55 above mentioned) might be arrested at the suit of his master. Accordingly the money was put in arrest till 2 Oct. when there came before the Mayor Simon de Burgh, who asked that the money might be given to him, inasmuch as the said Norman had, at the time of his death abroad, made a gift to him of all his goods and chattels, and had previously written to the aforesaid Thomas authorizing him to pay the bearer of the letter the sum of £90, of which the aforesaid sum of £28 formed a part. He prayed that Thomas might come before the Court to show the letter.
The said Thomas came of his own accord the same day and showed the letter [French], written at Mailly le Viscount, near Sayns in Burgundy, on 26 Aug., sealed with the said Norman's seal and marked " S & A," that being a private sign agreed upon between Norman and Thomas. The letter called upon him to pay £90 to the bearer, Symkin de Burgh.
Membr. 11 b
Quitclaim, bond and defeasance and covenants between Walter Sibyle and Margaret his wife, widow of John Hotham, grocer, of the one part and John Bradfeld and Richard Aylesbury, grocers, executors of the will of John Hotham, of the other, providing that the latter should collect debts due to the testator, and pay over to Walter Sibyle by instalments the sum of £427, that amount being due to Margaret and her children by way of portion and legacy.
William Burgh, serjeant-of-law, was mainprised by John Phelippot, knight, and Hugh Fastolf to keep the peace with Edward Dalyngerigge, knight (fn. 24).
John Swetenham of co. Chester, William Garlthorp of co. Lincoln and John Pycard were committed to prison for making a disturbance with giternes (fn. 25) at 11 o'clock on the night of 20 Oct. Afterwards, on 18 Nov. they were released on mainprise of £40 not to raise disturbances or wander about at night, and were likewise sworn to keep the City's ordinances and to save their mainpernors harmless.
Thomas Cherleton and John Hervy, junior, brought a bill complaining that John Phelipot, knight, refused to pay them the sum of 2000 francs, each franc being worth 3s 2d, which sum had been entrusted to him by the hands of Peter Merk, Gerard Beek and Nichol Luke, Lombards, attorneys of Oliver Claykyn (fn. 26), on 7 Sept. for delivery to the plaintiffs. [French]
The said John, who was present in court, said that the money had been entrusted to him under the conditions of a document [French] which stated that Reymund de Spars and Martin Seyns, who were keepers of a certain prisoner called Oliver Claykyn and joint owners of a portion of his ransom called "les Marz" had by their proctor, Master Pascal, sold the "Marz" to Thomas Cherleton and John Hervy and that the executors of John Darundell had claimed the money, whereupon it was agreed that it should be placed in his hands until the law of London adjudged to whom it belonged.
Thereupon came John Mautravers, Robert Rous, knight, Laurence Seybrok, John Frome, Sir John Chelrey, Sir Robert Skarclyf and William Ryvere, executors of Sir John Darundell, by Richard Forster, their attorney, and said that they were parties to the above agreement, and asked leave to interplead directly with the plaintiffs. The plaintiffs consented and by John Juel, their attorney, declared that the money belonged to them, because after certain disputes and claims to the ransom of the prisoner it had been agreed that the King of Navarre should have the third part of the ransom, Sir John Darundell the third part of the residue, Amcot de Solle and Johanco Dartaisso, masters of the prisoner, the remainder, and Reymund Despars and Martin Seyns, who had borne the cost of keeping the prisoner, should receive from him, as "les Marz" at the rate of 5 francs for every 20 francs he paid as ransom. The prisoner was put to ransom by his masters for 40,000 gold francs with the consent of Reymund and Martin. Afterwards the latter took loans of silver and other goods from the plaintiffs, for which Master Pascal, Amcot and Johanco were sureties, and in order to pay the plaintiffs they gave Master Pascal a power of attorney to sell their rights called "les Marz" to them. The prisoner was then put in their keeping, and it was agreed that there should be no diminution of the ransom demanded and that the prisoner should not be removed from the tower of Ludgate without their consent. Following on that the plaintiffs had spent about £20 for the prisoner's keep. Afterwards, because of the sudden arrival of divers commons who had broken into insurrection, the masters and joint-owners of the prisoner, being afraid that he might be killed and being anxious to set him at liberty, reduced the ransom demanded to 25,000 francs. The 2000 francs above mentioned were put into the hands of John Phelipot as being a portion of the "Marz." The plaintiffs now demanded delivery of this money and damages against the executors.
The defendant John Mautravers, appearing personally, and the other defendants by their attorney, pleaded that as executors they had sued the said Reymund and Martin for sums of 750 marks and 200 marks due on bonds, and by the custom of the City the 2000 francs in the hands of John Phelipot had been attached as a foreign attachment as being the moneys of the said Reymund and Martin. The prisoner, they said, belonged to the King of Navarre, Amcot and Johanco, and the executors, and the fifth part, called "les Marz," to Reymund and Martin for their expenses. By the law of arms, the masters of the prisoner had the right to put him to ransom without the consent of those to whom the fifth part belonged, the latter having no right of interference. Further, by the law of arms, if a prisoner were put to ransom by his masters and did not observe the day of payment, his masters could put him to ransom afresh either at a less or greater sum. The prisoner, who should have paid 40,000 francs in equal portions at the Feast of the Purification and Easter, had failed to pay, and the ransom had then been fixed at 25,000 francs. The appointment of Master Pascal as proxy and his sale of "les Marz" to the plaintiffs had taken place before the new ransom was fixed. Further, by the law of arms, no joint-owner of a prisoner was entitled to put the prisoner in anyone else's keeping without the consent of his coparceners, and this consent had not been given. Thus the 2000 francs could not legally be sold to anyone, and the plaintiffs had no right or title in that sum. They prayed judgment as to whether the plaintiffs ought to have delivery of the money.
The plaintiffs answered that the said Amcot and Johanco were sole masters of the prisoner and that the King of Navarre and Sir John Darundell had no claim to him or his ransom, beyond a third part. As regards the plea that a new ransom of 25,000 francs had been fixed, they answered that it was merely a diminution of the old ransom, which diminution was due to the insurrection and was approved by themselves. In view of the fact that the executors did not deny the sale of "les Marz" or the authority of Master Pascal to sell them, or the assent of Amcot and Johanco to the sale, or that the prisoner was bound over to pay "les Marz" to the purchasers, or that the prisoner was acquitted of all payments to Reymund and Martin, and in view of the fact that both the executors and the plaintiffs were bound to fulfil the conditions alleged by John Phelipot, they claimed judgment and delivery of the money. As regards the law of arms they did not acknowledge that the law was as alleged or that they need answer to the allegation. [Breaks off.]
19 June Ao 4 Ric. II  came Henry Aleyn, Thomas Wircestre, baker, John Adam, tailor, and Richard Evesham and mainprised Walter West, smith, body for body that he would be faithful to the King and obedient to the officers of the King and the City, that he would keep the King's peace well and faithfully, and that he would neither make nor cause to be made any illegal covins or congregations, but would hinder such, if he knew of them, and if he could not prevent them he would inform the officers of the City of such as took place in the City, and the King's officers if they arose outside, under penalty of £100 payable to the King if he should be convicted of any breach of the above, which sum both he and his mainpernors severally agreed to pay, if etc. And further, the same Walter was sworn to fulfil the above conditions and to save his mainpernors harmless.
Similarly mainprised between 19 June and 23 July: Nicholas Leonard, Andrew Colyn, smith, Richard Upton, John Munden, David Powys, trauelyngman, Richard Clerk of Berkyng, William Aleyn, Richard Mustel, Stephen Woderove, Simon Patrik, webbe, William Peek, tailor, Hugh Blankpayn of co. Essex, Ralph atte Swych, William Wheler of Maydenhithe, John Brynchesle of Suthwerk, Thomas Lyddale, Walter Gardiner, dwelling in Chauncelereslane, John Trigg, fuller, William Plomer, fuller, William, Knyght, William Kyng, greytawyere, Henry Waleys, thressher, Thomas Brymmesgrove, bokelermaker, Nicholas Marchaunt, John Blakthorne, letherdyere, John Berkele, Robert Maryner, John Tyby, cook, Thomas Somersete, Nicholas Dyer, dwelling at the Haywharf, John Longevyll, Richard Pakke, smith, Bernard Chandrell of Rochele, Henry Pountfreyt, skinner.
23 July. Henry Aleyn, smith, Stephen Lalleford, William Whelere and John Brynchele, smith, mainprised Richard Pakke, smith, to have him before the King's Justices at Newgate at the next Gaol Delivery.
Similarly mainprised between 23 July and 31 July: Thomas Clerk, butcher, Hugh Alwyne, tiler, John Corbet, capper, Robert atte Rose, brewer, John Princeman, John Karlill, tailor, Richard Skeet, fuller, Nicholas Dyere of the Haywharf, John Corbet, Maud White, Emma Chestenherst, Margaret Fisshwyf, John Shoot, Robert Northwych, John Shyngel, John Colder, miller, Bernard Parpoynt, Nicholas Sutton, tailor's man, John Ferrour of Shordich, William Thornhull, fourbour, Richard Mustell, joiner.
31 July. Richard Abberbury, knight, Nicholas Twyford, knight, Edmund Tettesworth, the King's Serjeant-at-Arms, and John Beaufoo of co. Oxon mainprised John Hardy and Richard Kemmes—who had been appealed of treason by Robert Benet of Berford seint John co. Oxon, approver— body for body and under penalty of £200 payable to the King to bring him before the Justices at the next Gaol Delivery of Newgate and so from day to day etc. This mainprise was taken by virtue of the King's writ directed to the Mayor. The same day, the said John Hardy and Richard Kemmes, being asked before the Justices at the suit of the said approver how they would acquit themselves, put themselves on the country that they were not guilty etc.
31 July-2 Aug. Mainprised to keep the peace and not to engage in covins: John More, mercer, John Thomelyn, grocer, John Budde, chaplain, William Kyffe, shipwright, Thomas Hunden, tailor, John Devenissh, shearman.
8 Aug.-30 Aug. Mainprised as above and for their appearance at Newgate: John Bosevyll, squyer, Thomas Wombe of London, taverner, Robert Kene, corsour, and John his brother, Thomas Pynnok, Robert Broke, webbe.
2 Oct. Richard Leaute was committed to prison, the Mayor having been informed that he had abused the King and all those who had caused men to be hanged at Rochester and all who had consented to the same. Afterwards, on 12 Oct. he was mainprised by Richard Bloumvylle, John Wynchestre, tiler, and Walter Suthwerk, tiler, for his good behaviour.
Henry Plot of Cobeham, who was committed to prison by John Salesbury, serjeant, on suspicion of being involved in the insurrection, and was not indicted, was mainprised on 24 March 1382 before John Norhampton, Mayor, by William Wodehous and Ralph Lubenham.
In an action for debt by John Grantham, plaintiff, against Peter Segre, dyer, a foreign attachment of two tuns of wode, value £18 6s 8d, was delivered to the plaintiff under surety to answer therefor etc.