BHO

List of Illustrations

Pages iv-xii

Ancient and Historical Monuments in the County of Gloucester Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Gloucestershire Cotswolds. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1976.

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LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

GENERAL plate or (p.) page
Map showing distribution of Iron Age and Romano-British monuments End pocket
Map showing parish boundaries, with list of parishes End pocket
PREFACE
Geological map of area N.E. of Cirencester, showing distribution of Iron Age and Romano-British monuments opp. p. xxiii
Selected hill-forts, comparative plans opp. p. xxvi
Dyke systems at Bagendon and Minchinhampton, comparative plans p. xxviii
Discredited 'hill-forts' and 'camps' Dixton Hill, Alderton. Plan p. xxxi
Eubury, Condicote. Plan p. xxxii
    "      Air view 68
Hawkesbury Knoll. Air view from N.W.† 68
Rendcomb Camp. Plan p. xxxiii
Upper Coscombe, Stanway. Air views† 67
    "     "      Plan p. xxxiii
Drakestone Point, Stinchcombe. Profile p. xxxiv
Langley Hill, Winchcombe. Plan p. xxxiv
Romano-British monuments near Cirencester. General plan opp. p. xxxvi
Rectilinear enclosures, probably Romano-British p. xxxix
Roman villas, comparative plans of selected examples opp. p. xl
Roman Roads and Tracks p. xlvi
Prehistoric and Romano-British monuments in the area of Upper Thames river gravels p. liv
PARISHES
Alderton
Natural ridges and hollows on Dixton Hill p. xxxi
Aldsworth
(1) 'Celtic' fields (also Eastleach) Plan p. 2
    "      Detail p. 1
Ampney Crucis
(1) Probable settlement. Plan p. 3
Ampney St. Peter
Map p. 3
(1) Ranbury Ring hill-fort. Plan and profiles p. 4
Avening
(1) and (2) Romano-British settlements. Plan p. 5
Badgeworth
(1) Roman villa at Dryhill. Plan p. 5
Badminton
(1) 'Celtic' fields. Air photograph 42
Bagendon
General air view from E. Frontispiece
Dyke systems at Bagendon and Minchinhampton. Comparative plans p. xxviii
(1) Iron Age and Romano-British settlement. Plan opp. p. 7
    "     "      Profiles p. 7
    "     "      Crop-marks of Dyke 'a' etc., from N.E.† 46
    "     "      Crop-marks of Dyke 'a' and possible enclosure 'o', from W.† 46
    "     "      Dyke 'a', W. of Cutham Lane, looking S. 47
    "     "      Air view, looking S.W.† 47
Barnsley
(1) Roman villa. Plan p. 10
(2) 'Celtic' fields opp. p. 11
(4) Probable settlement. Air view from E. 55
Barrington
Map p. 11
(2) Romano-British settlement. Air view from N.W., before 1939 50
Batsford
(1) Romano-British settlement at Dorn. General plan of area p. 12
    "     "      Detailed plan p. 12
    "     "      Air view from S.W.† 48
Bibury
Map p. 14
(1) Ablington Camp. Plan p. 14
(2) Roman villa. Plan of earthworks p. 15
Bisley with Lypiatt
Map p. 15
(1) Roman villa. Plan p. 16
Blockley
(1) Probable Romano-British settlement at Upton. Plan p. 17
Bourton-on-the-Water
Map p. 18
(1) Salmonsbury. Plan and profile opp. p. 19
(2a) Roman Buildings, Lansdown. 'Leadenwell' Villa. Plan p. 20
Brockworth
Map p. 41
(1) Cross-ridge dyke. Plan and profile p. 22
Buckland
(1) Hill-fort on Burhill. Plan and profile pp. 22–3
Charlton Kings
(2) Linear dyke. Plan and profile p. 24
Chedworth
Map p. 25
(1) Roman villa, Chedworth Woods. Plan p. 26
    "     "      Apses etc. 25
    "     "      Hypocaust 25
    "     "      Column bases 26
    "     "      Pillar 26
    "     "      Miscellaneous columns 26
    "     "      Corridor to room 14 6
    "     "      Pavement of room 5 3
    "     "      Pavement of room 5 4 and 5
    "     "      Pavement of room 10 2
    "     "      Pavement of room 11 6
    "     "      Pavement of room 14 6
    "     "      Fragments of mosaics in room 22 7
(6) Roman villa, Listercombe. Plan p. 28
Cherington
(1) Roman building, Hailstone. Plan p. 29
Cirencester
Geological map of area to N.E., showing distribution of Iron Age and Romano-British monuments opp. p. xxiii
Romano-British monuments near Cirencester. General plan opp. p. xxxvi
(1) Roman villa, The Barton. Mosaic pavement 1
(3) Romano-British settlement. Plan p. 30
(4) Enclosure. Plan p. 30
    "      Crop-marks† 65
(5) Enclosures. Plan p. 30
(6) Enclosures. Plan p. 31
Coates
Map p. 31
(1) Trewsbury hill-fort. Plan and profiles p. 32
(6) Enclosure. Air view from S.E. 58
Coberley
(1) Hill-fort on Crickley Hill. Plan and profile p. 33
    "     "      During excavations 40
Colesbourne
Map p. 54
(1) Norbury hill-fort. Plan and profile pp. 34–5
    "      Air view from S.W.† 37
(2) Roman villa. Plan by Lysons p. 36
    "      Plan as at present p. 35
    "      Pavement of corridor in Building A (Lysons) 7
    "     "      Building B (Lysons) 7
    "      Column bases etc. probably from Colesbourne villa 27
Coln St. Aldwyns
(1) Dean Camp hill-fort. Plan and profiles pp. 36–7
(2) Romano-British settlement, The Chessels. Map (2½ inches to 1 mile) and plan p. 96
Coln St. Denis
(1) Enclosure and linear ditches. Plan p. 37
Compton Abdale
(1) Roman villa. General plan of area p. 38
    "      Plan made in 1931 p. 38
Condicote
Eubury. Discredited hill-fort. Plan p. xxxii
    "     "      Air view 68
(1) Pit-alignment, ditch and enclosure. Plan p. 39
    "      N. part, and ditch. Air view 56
Cowley
(6) Enclosure. Plan p. 40
    "      Air view from S.W.† 57
Cranham
Map p. 41
Daglingworth
Map p. 42
(3) Enclosure. Plan p. 42
Didmarton
(1) Probable settlement. Plan p. 42
Dowdeswell
(1) Hill-fort. Plan and profiles pp. 43–4
    "      Air view from N.W.† 38
Down Ampney
(1) Enclosures and linear ditches. (2) Settlement and road. Plan p. 44
(4) Rectilinear enclosure. Plan p. 45
Doynton
Map p. 45
(1) Royal Camp. Plan and profile p. 46
Driffield
(1) Roman villa and enclosures. Plan p. 47
    "     "      Air view from S.† 49
(2), (3) Enclosures and linear ditches. Plan p. 47
Duntisbourne Abbots
Map p. 48
Track N. of (1). Air view from S.E. 62
(2) Enclosure and broad track. Air view from S.E. 63
Duntisbourne Rouse
Maps p. 48
(1) Pinbury hill-fort. Plan p. 49
(4) Romano-British settlement, Stancombe. Plan p. 50
    "     "      From S.E. 50
    "     "      Building 'a' 51
Dyrham and Hinton
Map p. 50
(1) Hill-fort on Hinton Hill. Plan and profile p. 51
(2) Probable settlement. Plan p. 51
    "      Air view from N.† 64
Eastleach
(1) 'Celtic' fields and (2) Roman road. Plan p. 52
(2) " " From S.E. 43
(2) Roman road. Profile p. 52
Ebrington
Map p. 53
(1) Roman villa. Plan p. 53
    "      Mosaic pavement 8
Edgeworth
(1) Cross-ridge dyke. Plan and profile p. 53
Elkstone
Map p. 54
(2) Enclosure. Air view from N. 59
Fairford
(1) Track. Plan p. 55
(2) Enclosures and linear ditches. Plan p. 55
Enclosure 'a'. Air view from N.† 66
(3–6) Enclosures. Plan opp. p. 55
(3) Enclosure and other crop-marks, from S.W.† 58
(4) Enclosures and tracks. Air view from S.E.† 66
(6) " Air view† 61
Farmington
Map p. 88
(1) Roman villa. Plan p. 56
(2), (4) Romano-British settlements. (3) Enclosure. Plans. p. 56
Frocester
Map p. 57
(2) Roman villa. Plan p. 58
    "      Mosaics 8
Gotherington
(1) Nottingham Hill Camp. Plan and profile opp. p. 59
Great Rissington
Map p. 59
(2) Probable settlement. (3) Pit-alignment. Plan p. 60
Great Witcombe
(1) Roman villa. Plan p. 60
    "      From N.W. 24
    "      Mosaic in room 5 12
    "      Mosaic in room 6 11
    "      Mosaic in room 10 10
    "      Column base 28
    "      Column and balustrade fragments 28
    "      Columns 29
Hampnett
(1) Enclosure. Plan p. 62
Haresfield
Map p. 62
(1) Hill-fort on Ring Hill. (2) 'The Bulwarks'. Plan p. 63
(2) 'The Bulwarks'. Profile p. 64
Hatherop
(1) Probable settlement. Plan p. 64
Hawkesbury
Hawkesbury Knoll from N.W. showing strip lynchets 68
Horsley
(3) Enclosure. Plan p. 65
Horton
Map p. 66
(1) 'The Castles' hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 65
    "     "      Interior from S.W. 35
    "     "      Air view from N.† 35
Icomb
Map p. 66
(1) Probable hill-fort. Plan p. 67
    "      Air view from W. 36
Kemble
(1) Probable settlement p. 68
    "      Air view from S.† 63
Kempsford
Circular enclosure of Highworth type 64
(2) Enclosures, tracks and linear ditches. Plan p. 68
(3) Enclosures and linear ditches. Plan p. 69
(4–5) Enclosures etc. Plan opp. p. 55
(6) Enclosures. Plan p. 69
    "      Air view from S.E.† 62
(7) Enclosures, tracks and linear ditches. Plan p. 69
    "     "      Air view of crop-marks 60
King's Stanley
(1) Cross-ridge dyke. Plan and profile p. 70
Kingscote
Map p. 71
(1) Romano-British settlement, The Chessalls. Plan End pocket
(4–6) Enclosures, tracks and linear ditches. Plan p. 72
Lechlade
Map opp. p. 73
(1–6) Pit, enclosures, ditches, tracks and settlement. Plan p. 74
(2) Ring-ditches, enclosures and tracks. Air view from S.† 60
(5) Iron Age and Romano-British settlement. Plan End pocket
    "     "      Soil marks to E. of modern road. Air view 52
(8) Enclosures and tracks. Air view† 61
    "     "      Plan opp. p. 55
(9) Enclosure and linear ditches. Plan p. 75
(10–13) Enclosures, tracks, linear ditches and settlement. Plan p. 76
Leckhampton
Map p. 77
(1) Hill-fort. Plan and profile. (2) Barrow p. 77
Longborough
(1) Probable settlement. Plan p. 78
Lower Slaughter
Map p. 18
(1) Romano-British settlement. Plan opp. p. 79
    "     "      Crop-marks and soil marks from S.E. 53
(2) Enclosure. From S. 55
(4) Circular enclosure. From W. 65
Minchinhampton
Map p. 81
Dyke systems at Bagendon and Minchinhampton, comparative plans p. xxviii
General air view of monuments (1–3), (7) and (8)† 44
(1) 'The Bulwarks', Iron Age bank and ditch. Looking S.W. 44
(1) 'The Bulwarks'. (3) Bank and ditch 45
(1–8) Banks and ditches. Plan opp. p. 82
    "      Profiles p. 82
(7) Iron Age bank and ditch, facing S.W. 45
Moreton-in-Marsh
(1) Probable settlement. Plan p. 84
North Cerney
(1) 'The Ditches'. Air view from W. 36
(2) Hill-fort. (3) Romano-British settlement. Plan p. 85
North Nibley
Map p. 86
(1) Brackenbury Ditches hill-fort. Plan and profiles p. 87
Northleach with Eastington
Map p. 88
(1) Norbury Camp hill-fort. Plan p. 89
    "     "      Profiles p. 88
(3) Linear ditches and enclosures. Plan p. 90
Notgrove
(1) Enclosures. Plan p. 88
Oxenton
(1) Iron Age settlement, 'The Knolls'. Plan and profile p. 92
Painswick
Map p. 93
(1) Kimsbury Hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 93
    "      Air view, from S.E.† 37
(2) Roman villa. Plan p. 94
    "      Pavement 8
Poole Keynes
(1) Wide track and enclosure. Plan p. 94
Preston
(1) Enclosures and linear ditches. Plan p. 95
(2), (3) Enclosures and linear ditches. Plan p. 95
Quenington
Map p. 96
(1) Probable settlement and linear ditches. Plan p. 96
(2) Roman road. (3) Probable settlement. (4) Track p. 96
(5) Enclosures and linear ditches. Plan p. 97
Randwick
(1) Cross-ridge dyke. Plan and profile p. 97
Rendcomb
Natural ridges and pillow mounds. Plan p. xxxiii
Rodmarton
Crop-marks (ST 928987). Air view from S.W.† 66
(1) Roman villa, 'Hocberry'. Plan p. 98
Sapperton
(1) Roman settlement. Plan p. 99
    "      Air view, from S.E.† 49
Sevenhampton
(1) Rectangular enclosure. Air view from S. 54
Sherborne
Map p. 100
(1) Romano-British settlement. Plan p. 100
Shipton
(1) Romano-British settlement. (2) Enclosure. Plan p. 101
Siddington
(2) Enclosures. Plan p. 101
(3) Romano-British settlement. (4), (5) Enclosures and trackway. Plan p. 102
(6) Romano-British settlement. Plan p. 102
Sodbury
Map p. 66
Possible enclosure. Air view, from S.† 59
(1) Sodbury Camp hill-fort. Plan and profiles p. 104
    "     "      Air view, from N.† 34
    "     "      Interior, between N. ramparts looking S.E. 34
Somerford Keynes
(1) Probable settlement. Plan p. 105
(3) Enclosure associated with track and other crop-marks. Air view from N.W. 59
(4) Probable settlement. Plan p. 105
South Cerney
(1–3) Enclosures etc., and possible trackways. Plan p. 106
Southam
Map p. 107
(1) Hill-fort, Cleeve Cloud. Plan and profile p. 108
    "     "      Air view, from N.W.† 40
(2–6) General air view from S.W. 41
(4), (5) 'The Ring' and Ringwork. Plan and profiles p. 108
    "     "      Air view from E.† 41
(6) Dyke. Profiles p. 109
Southrop
(1) Enclosure. Plan p. 109
    "      Air view, from W.† 54
Stanton
Map p. 109
(1) Hill-fort on Shenberrow Hill. Plan and profile p. 110
    "     "      Air view, from N. 39
Stanway
Ridges and soil-marks, Upper Coscombe. Air view, from S.† 67
    "     "     "      from W. 67
    "     "      Plan p. xxxiii
(1–6) Roman buildings etc., undated enclosures and tracks. Plan p. 110
Stinchcombe
Map p. 86
Natural ridges, Drakestone Point. Profile p. xxxiv
Sudeley
Map p. 112
(1) Roel Camp, ? hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 113
    "     "      Air view, from W.† 32
(2) Roman villa, Wadfield. Plan p. 113
    "     "      Pavement, after Lysons 13
(4) Roman villa, Spoonley Wood. Plan p. 114
    "     "      Room 18 from N.W. 24
    "     "      Pavement, room 8 14
Roman villa, Spoonley Wood. Rooms 7 and 18 15
    "     "     "      Man with rake 15
    "     "     "      Column base 30
Swell
Map p. 115
(2) Roman villa, Abbotswood. Plan p. 116
Temple Guiting
(1) Beckbury Camp hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 117
(4) Pit-alignment. Air view, from N. 56
(5) Enclosures and ditches. Air view from S.E. 57
(4–9) Pit-alignment, enclosures and ditches. Plan p. 118
(10) Enclosure and ditch. Plan p. 119
(11) Enclosure. Plan p. 119
    "      Air view from S.E.† 54
Tormarton
(1) 'Celtic' fields. Air view, from S.E. 43
(2) Rectangular enclosure. Air view, from W.† 54
(1), (2) 'Celtic' fields and enclosure. Plan p. 120
(3) Enclosure. Plan p. 120
Uley
Map p. 121
(1) Uley Bury hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 122
    "     "      Air view from N.E.† 33
    "     "      Crop-marks inside hill-fort. Air view 32
Weston Subedge
Map p. 124
Whittington
Map p. 124
(2) Romano-British settlement, Wycomb. Plans opp. p. 125
    "     "      Air view, from S.W.† 48
(3) Roman villa. Area plan p. 127
    "      Plan of building p. 128
    "      Pavements in rooms 3 and 5, and in corridor II 9
    "      Impost 30
    "      Unprovenanced column base 30
Willersey
Map p. 128
(1) Hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 129
Winchcombe
Natural ridges, Langley Hill. Plan p. xxxiv
Windrush
Map p. 100
(1) Windrush Camp hill-fort. Plan and profile p. 130
Withington
Map p. 131
(2) Roman villa. Plan p. 132
    "      Mosaic pavement in B.M. 15
    "     "      of corridor (Lysons) 13
    "     "     "      14
    "      Mosaic pavements as drawn by Lysons 16
    "      During excavation (Lysons) 51
Woodchester
(1) Roman villa. Plan p. 133
    "      Plan of churchyard and adjoining land (Lysons) 31
    "      Mosaic pavement, room 1 17
    "     "     "      Details 19–21
    "     "      rooms 3 and 6 18
Roman villa. Mosaic pavement, room 10 19
    "     "      corridors 5 and 8 22
    "     "      rooms 12, 15 and 18 22
    "     "      corridor 2 23
    "     "      room 13 23
Wotton-under-Edge
(1) Enclosures. Plan p. 134
Yanworth
(2) Ditches. Plan p. 135

In the foregoing list, † indicates a photograph supplied by the Committee for Aerial Photography in the University of Cambridge. Mrs. O'Neil has supplied the photograph of Ebrington villa on Plate 8 and all photographs on Plate 9; those of the Frocester villa on Plate 8 were provided by Captain Gracie, R. N. The photograph of the Withington mosaic on Plate 15 is the property of the British Museum. The North Cerney photograph on Plate 36 was taken by Mr. W. A. Baker as also was that of Stanway from W. on Plate 67. The Crickley Hill photograph on Plate 40 was supplied by the Committee for Research into the Iron Age in the North-west Cotswolds. Plate 42 was photographed by the R.A.F. The view of Tormarton on Plate 43, taken by Major W. G. Allen, is the property of the Ashmolean Museum. Maps and plans based on data hitherto unpublished, generously made available by private research workers, include that of the Roman villa at Barnsley (1) by Dr. Graham Webster; of the fields associated with this villa by Mr. P. J. Fowler; of Roughground Farm, Lechlade (5) by Mrs. M. U. Jones; and of Chessels in Lower Slaughter (1) by Mrs. H. E. O'Neil.