Ancient and Historical Monuments in the County of Gloucester Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Gloucestershire Cotswolds. Originally published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1976.
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ROYAL COMMISSION ON THE ANCIENT AND HISTORICAL MONUMENTS AND CONSTRUCTIONS OF ENGLAND
Report to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty
We, the undersigned Commissioners, appointed to make an Inventory of the Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions connected with or illustrative of the contemporary culture, civilisation and conditions of life of the people of England, excluding Monmouthshire, from the earliest times to the year 1714, and of such further Monuments and Constructions subsequent to that year as may seem in our discretion to be worthy of mention therein, and to specify those which seem most worthy of preservation, do humbly submit to Your Majesty the following Report, being the thirty-third Report on the work of the Commission since its appointment.
2 With regret we have to record the retirement from the Commission upon expiry of term of office of Sir John Newenham Summerson, Knight, Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Fellow of the British Academy, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, Associate of the Royal Institute of British Architects, and John Nowell Linton Myres, Esquire, Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Fellow of the British Academy, past President of the Society of Antiquaries.
3 We have to thank your Majesty for the appointment to the Commission of Paul Ashbee, Esquire, Master of Arts, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and Arthur Richard Dufty, Esquire, Commander of the Order of the British Empire, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, and for the reappointment of Courtenay Arthur Ralegh Radford, Esquire, Fellow of the British Academy, Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, all under Your Majesty's Royal Warrant dated 5 March, 1975.
4 We have pleasure in reporting the completion of our recording of the Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Cotswold area of the County of Gloucester (excluding Cirencester), an area of 182 civil parishes containing about 330 relevant Monuments, including 29 Hill-forts, 56 Romano-British Settlements and 40 Roman Villas. We believe that no relevant Monument known at the time of writing has been omitted from our survey.
5 Following our usual practice we have prepared an illustrated Inventory of these Monuments which will be issued as a non-Parliamentary publication entitled Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Gloucestershire Cotswolds. This will be the first volume (Glos. I) of the general Survey of Monuments in Gloucestershire which we intend, in due course, to complete in obedience to Your Majesty's command.
6 Our thanks are due to many owners and occupiers of lands who have allowed us and members of our staff to investigate the Monuments in their charge or ownership. We are also grateful for ready assistance furnished by Directors, Curators and Officers of numerous Institutions: notably the Ordnance Survey; the Institute of Geological Sciences; the Committee for Research into the Iron Age in the North-west Cotswolds; the Committee for Aerial Photography in the University of Cambridge; Gloucester City Museum; Corinium Museum; Cheltenham Museum, and Stroud Museum.
7 Many persons have helped our staff in the execution of this survey, and we especially wish to thank Mrs. H. E. O'Neil, M.B.E., F.S.A. and Instructor Captain H. S. Gracie, C.B., M.A., F.S.A., R.N. (rtd.), whose assistance has been of outstanding value. We are also glad to acknowledge information and other help generously provided by—Mr. W. A. Baker, Mr. B. Beveridge, Dr. R. Cave, Mr. Giles Clarke, Mr. Wilfred Cox, Dr. G. C. Dunning, Miss S. Evans-Lawrence, Mr. P. J. Fowler, Mrs. E. Gander, Mr. P. E. Gascoigne, Capt. P. Gibbs, Mr. R. Goodburn, Mr. A. N. Irvine, Mrs. M. U. Jones, Dr. G. A. Kellaway, Mr. C. E. Key, Mr. R. Knight, Dr. J. Liversidge, Dr. R. M. Reece, Mr. J. F. Rhodes, Mr. R. D. A. Savage, Mr. N. Spry, Miss M. Travell, Mr. D. J. Viner and Dr. Graham Webster: to all these, and others named in the Inventory, the Commissioners offer sincere thanks.
8 The rapid and widespread destruction of field monuments continues to be a cause of anxiety. All field monuments listed in the Inventory of Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Gloucestershire Cotswolds should be treated with respect, not only on account of their rarity, but also because the visible remains need not by themselves indicate a monument's archaeological importance; this can be revealed only by excavation. Destruction should never be allowed until competent archaeological investigation has taken place. With this in mind, we humbly recommend to Your Majesty's notice the following Iron Age and Romano-British Monuments in the Cotswold area of Gloucestershire, as Most Worthy of Preservation:
(1) Roman Villa, Lillyhorn. (fn. 1)
(4–6) Settlements, Enclosures and Tracks, (fn. 1) indicated by crop-marks extending over some 50 acres.
(2) Probable Iron Age and Romano-British Settlement. (fn. 1)
(3) Pit-alignment. (fn. 1)
(7) Enclosures, Tracks and Linear Ditches, (fn. 1) indicated by crop-marks over some 70 acres.
(1) Romano-British Settlement, (fn. 1) The Chessalls, especially notable for its size.
(2) Enclosures and Tracks, (fn. 1) revealed by cropmarks covering some 50 acres.
(4) Pit-alignment. (fn. 1)
(5) Enclosures and Ditches, (fn. 1) probably Iron Age and Romano-British.
(2) Romano-British Settlement, (fn. 1) Wycomb, with temple and paved streets.
(1) Roman Villa, (fn. 1) of exceptional size and magnificence including the largest Roman mosaic pavement known in Britain.
9 The foregoing list has a purely scholarly basis. In compiling it we have considered the archaeological importance of each Monument, its rarity in the national as well as in the local field and the degree of cultural loss that would result from its destruction, always bearing in mind the extent to which the Monument is connected with or is illustrative of the contemporary culture etc. of the inhabitants of this land, as required in Your Majesty's Warrant. We have taken no account of attendant circumstances such as cost of maintenance or difficulty of preservation.
10 We desire to acknowledge the good work done by our executive staff in the production and preparation of the Inventory; especially by our Investigators, Mr. H. C. Bowen, O.B.E., M.A., F.S.A., Mr. B. N. Eagles, B.A. and Dr. I. F. Smith, B.A., F.S.A.; also Mr. J. N. Hampton, F.S.A. and Mrs. V. G. Swan, B.A. We commend the skilful work of our illustrator, Mr. A. L. Pope, A.R.C.A., A.R.E., and that of our photographers, Messrs. W. C. Light, R. E. W. Parsons, R. F. Braybrook and J. Parkinson. The index was compiled by Mrs. H. Green. The editor was Mr. G. U. S. Corbett, PH.D., F.S.A.
11 In conclusion we desire to commend our Secretary and General Editor, Mr. R. W. McDowall, O.B.E., M.A., F.S.A., who continues to afford unremitting assistance to us in the discharge of Your Majesty's Commission.