An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, Volume 3, North West. Originally published by His Majesty's Stationery Office, London, 1934.
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39 KINGTON RURAL (A.c.)
e(1). Castle Twts, mount and bailey earthwork, 1¼ m. S.W. of Kington church, occupies the top of a small irregularly shaped hill, the slopes of which appear to have been artificially steepened to some extent. The S. part of the top appears to have been roughly levelled to form a bailey, with a small motte at its S. end. At the foot of the bailey-scarp on the N.W. is a small irregular terrace with traces of a bank on its W. side. The N.E. part of the hill-top is sloping, and there are indications of an approach-causeway on the E. side. The motte is some 57 ft. in diameter at the base and rises some 8 ft. only above the level of the bailey. The area within the defences is little over half an acre.
e(2). Hergest Court, house, outbuilding and moat, nearly 1¼ m. S.W. of the church. The House is of two storeys with cellars and attics; the walls are partly of stone and partly timber-framed and the roofs are slate-covered. It was the seat of the Vaughan family and is said to have been built c. 1430 for Thomas, second son of Sir Roger Vaughan, on the site of an earlier house; the Welsh bard, Lewis Glyn Cothi, describes the court as having eight strong buildings. About the middle of the 18th century the dilapidated parts of the building with subordinate buildings to the S. were demolished. The existing house forms an L-shaped block with the wings extending towards the S.W. and S.E. The S.W. wing has exposed and close-set timber-framing, probably of the 15th century, on the whole of the N.W. side (Plate 31). The other sides have been refaced. The S.E. wing is a stone structure perhaps of mediæval date; in the angle between the wings is a stone-built projection containing a doorway with chamfered jambs and two-centred head. Inside the building are some exposed ceiling-beams. The kitchen, in the S.E. wing, has a stone fireplace of c. 1500, with moulded jambs and four-centred head; above it is a later moulded shelf. In the S.W. wing is a considerable amount of late 16th or early 17th-century panelling, that in the S.W. room having a frieze, with lozenge-enrichments. A room on the first floor is also partly lined with early 17th-century panelling with a frieze of enriched panels. The early 17th-century staircase (Plate 73) has flat shaped and pierced balusters, square moulded newels with shaped terminals and moulded handrails. On the first floor of the S.E. wing is a blocked mediæval window with a chamfered sill and a moulded wooden cornice. There are also remains of 16th-century colour-decoration.
The Outbuilding, S.W. of the house, is of two storeys; the walls are of stone and the roofs are slate-covered. It was probably built in the 14th century, but has been reduced in height. In the E. wall is an original doorway with rounded jambs and segmental-pointed head. There is a second doorway at the first-floor level, but this has lost its original head, as have two windows, both of which are now plain square-headed openings; a third and smaller window retains its pointed head. The W. wall has a large chimney-projection and a second projection to the ground floor only, finished with a moulded weather-course. In the upper storey are two blocked windows, probably original, and two blocked loops below.
The house and buildings occupy the end of a long and narrow spur of land, the slopes being in part artificially steepened. The river Arrow and a tributary stream run along the S.E. side of the spur, and on the N.W. side is a pool communicating by a channel at the end of the spur with the tributary stream and forming a partial moat.
The following monuments, unless otherwise described, are of the 17th century and of two storeys. The walls are of stone and the roofs are slate or stonecovered. Many of the buildings have exposed ceiling-beams.
e(6). Mahollam Cottages, house, now three tenements, 2 m. S.W. of the church. The S.W. wing is of mediæval date and of five timber-framed bays divided by crutch-trusses. The upper floor was inserted early in the 17th century and at the same period the S.E. wing, also timber-framed, was added. Some of the framing is exposed. Inside the older wing is a 17th-century staircase with moulded newels, and this wing has a blocked window of two lights cut out of the solid.
e(8). Empton Farm, house (Plate 24), 700 yards S.E. of (7), is timber-framed and has a cross-wing at the E. end. The framing is exposed and is set diagonally in the gable of the cross-wing. Inside the building are three original doorways.
e(10). Apostles Farm, house and stables, nearly 2¾ m. S. of the church. The House (Plate 25) is partly timber-framed. The middle part is of mediæval date and has two crutch-trusses incorporated in later partitions. In the 17th century an upper floor was inserted, the building extended towards the E. and the W. cross-wing added. The upper storey projects at the N. end of the cross-wing. Inside the building are some early 17th-century moulded ceiling-beams. The Stables, N. of the house, are of mediæval origin, and of three bays with crutch-trusses. An upper floor has been inserted.
f(12). Pound Farm, house, about 1½ m. S. of the church, is of mediæval origin and was originally timber-framed. There are remains of five 14th or 15th-century crutch-trusses, some at any rate with curved braces under the collar-beams and foiled openings above them. One bay of the building is still open to the roof.
f(15). Lilwall Farm, house, over ½ m. N.N.E. of (14), is partly timber-framed and of L-shaped plan with the wings extending towards the W. and N. The N. wing is of mediæval origin and retains one crutchtruss. An upper floor was inserted and the W. wing added in the 17th century. Some timber-framing is exposed. Inside the building, a room in the N. wing is lined with early 18th-century panelling and the fireplace (Plate 53) has a moulded surround, shelf and panelled overmantel; there is a similar fireplace in a second room.
d(29). Old House, 50 yards W. of (28), is timber-framed and of mediæval origin. The original building is of three bays with crutch-trusses, collars and foiled wind-braces. At the N.E. end is a 17th-century extension.
f(32). Mound, 1¾ m. S.E. of the church, is circular, 23 yards in diameter and rises 4–5 ft. above the surrounding ground. It is encircled by a dry ditch with traces of an outer rampart on the W. and S. and an outer enclosure on the N.W.